Shiitake on the windowsill
After ten years of cultivation shiitake on pieces of wood decided to try to get mushrooms on a substrate of sawdust by the so-called industrial, or intensive technology. It is more rapid: mushrooms do not appear in a year, but two months after the introduction of the mycelium.
And such blocks can be placed in any suitable room, even on the windowsill in the apartment or in the country house under a canopy. And grow mushrooms - at any time of the year!
Reference by topic: How to grow shiitake mushrooms (Siitake) Its useful properties
Making blocks for Shiitake
For the production of blocks I take 4 parts of fresh sawdust (oak, birch, alder), add 1 part of wheat bran (to feed mycelium), 1% of the weight of the whole mixture of gypsum (to improve the structure of the substrate and the desired acidity) and I spill everything with water in volume , equal to the weight of the dry mixture. Thoroughly mix and pack, without condensing, into plastic bags of 600-700 g each. I put on sterilization for 3 hours at a temperature of + 98 ... + 100 degrees.
I do it this way: I lower the grate into a large pot, pour water to its level, put unbound packages with a substrate on the grate, cover it with a lid (a thermometer is mounted in it) and turn on the small flame. The resulting steam disinfects the sawdust. After the fire I turn off and let the sawdust cool down (I do not remove the lid). In a day I repeat the procedure again.
How do I colonize the Shiitake mycelium?
Blocks are filled with a mycelium (I take a grain mycelium) under sterile conditions in a home "micro laboratory". He made a sealed box with a glass on the top cover, a bactericidal lamp and an incandescent lamp (attached to the back), sleeves with elastic bands on the front wall for hands (see photo).
Before the procedure, the inner walls of the chamber and the bags with the substrate are wiped with hydrogen peroxide, then for 30 minutes I turn on the bactericidal lamp. In each bag from the top I spray on 3-4 st.l. mycelium, pre-scalded spoon with boiling water (for reliability I put it in a glass with boiling water, I put it in the same box and take it out of the water in it, and pouring the mycelium, I try not to touch the package and the substrate with a spoon). After that, I shake the bags for a more even distribution of the mycelium and tie it.
Where to keep the substrate with shiitake?
Packages with the substrate immediately after settling the mycelium should be kept in a dark place at a temperature of + 22 .. + 28 deg.
It can be a container, a closet, personally I have an old idle refrigerator. Mycelium "colonizes" the substrate for 30-40 days. When there are white swellings, I untie the bags and put them in a bright room with a temperature of + 15 ... + 25 degrees, but avoiding direct sunlight. In this period, the first mushrooms begin to grow. As soon as they begin to rest against the walls of the bag, in these places I make small incisions, so that the fungi do not deform.
I watch every block constantly. If the mushrooms dried, to increase the humidity on the unit, I put on a clean plastic bag or spray it with water (do not overdo it, otherwise mold will appear!). When the temperature of the air increases above + 30 degrees, I carry the blocks to a room with a lower temperature.
The second wave
After the first fruiting, I give the block a rest 15-30 days (I watch that at that time the substrate does not dry out, otherwise the mycelium will die). Then I soak it in water at room temperature, dry it in fresh air or in a ventilated room (at a temperature of + 10 ... + 17 hail, - after such stress, the mycelium "wakes up") and wait for another wave of harvest.
Shiitake helps with liver disease. Reduces the risk of stroke, atherosclerosis. It inhibits the growth of malignant tumors, strengthens immunity, helps with chemical poisoning, has antibacterial properties. The most effective method of treatment: 1 tsp. powder shiitake pour 100-150 ml of warm boiled water, insist 15 minutes, stir. Drink with a draft on an empty stomach and for 30 minutes before meals two or three times a day. You can drink it with water. The course of treatment is 3-4 months. Victor CHIKUENOK, fungotherapist, Beloozersk
TIP: blocks usually withstand 3-4 fruiting, and then become loose and fall apart. Then I make a new batch of blocks, and the old ones are scattered on the beds - this is an excellent fertilizer.
© Vsevolod SHINGAREV, Gomel. Photo of the author
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