Proper growing of blackberries
Someone has an innate love for the land, someone got it, I am very grateful to my grandmother Masha and my mother for the knowledge they invested in me. I've always dreamed of my dacha, and now 5 years ago I had it.
This is a small piece of land, only 10 acres, but how you want it to become a favorite place for every member of the family! There should be a recreation area (and not only one), a rose garden, winding paths, arched constructions, a playground, a garden, a garden and, of course, a berry. That's what I want to talk about him about.
I have planted black, red and white currants, yellow and red raspberries, strawberries, blueberries, honeysuckle, goji, gumi, but the queen of my berry - blackberry. For some reason, it is not very common on our sites, and in vain! Blackberries are considered a very valuable culture, which reproduces faster and easier than others, but this is not its only merit
It is fruitful, unpretentious, not affected by diseases and pests, drought-resistant, has a long fruiting period (from August to frosts, almost three months) and is very useful. But in order to achieve good results, it is necessary to comply with the basic rules of agricultural technology.
Reference by topic: Blackberry growing Part 1
There are many varieties and types of blackberries, but I chose to blackberry brand Thornfrey. Now, three years after planting, my blackberry is a solid wall, strewn with a huge number of large, fragrant, healing berries. You can only dream of such a bush! But after all, it was only a stick of length 30-40. How did I achieve this result? Let's talk about this.
1. A place to plant a blackberry
It is necessary to choose the correct landing site. Many plant blackberries under the fence, but I think this is fundamentally wrong! Under the fence, of course, you can plant a prickly blackberry to create an obstacle for uninvited guests. But it must be remembered that the berry should be in the sun and blown out by the breeze, and harvesting should be made easy and accessible from all sides. Therefore, it is better to plant a blackberry in a sunny place, preferably under the eastern and southern sun, a few meters from the fence.
2.Distance between blackberry plants
Optimum can be considered 3,5-4 m between the bushes. I'll explain why. The Tornfree variety produces young shoots for replacement up to 6 m, but this does not mean that plants should be planted at this distance. Shoots reaching 4 m, become thin and do not yield a full crop, so it is advisable to shorten them, so as not to load the bush (shoots shorter 4 m cut no sense, because we are depriving ourselves of the crop). In addition, do not forget about shelter for the winter, because the smaller the shoots, the easier it is to put them on the ground, but more on this later.
3. Support for blackberry
It is necessary to have a support, which can be used as a trellis from a wire stretched on poles. You do not need to skimp on a prop, because it is not done for a couple of years. The height of the columns should be 1,8-2 m, and the distance between the posts is our 4 m. The wire is stretched in 4-5 rows, the lower one is half a meter from the surface, the upper one is the height of the trellis. Each sprig is picked up by wire, and the whole crop is on trellis (by the way, one brush of this variety can number up to 30 berries).
And one more subtlety: bushes on the trellis have branches to meet each other, and the place is saved, and then shelter is easier.
4. Blackberry watering and mulching
Blackberry needs four solid watering: watering during flowering, ovaries, ripening and water-absorbing watering in autumn. I usually put the hose in the drip irrigation regime for half a day at the base of the bush (three-year plant), then necessarily mulch the root zone with a thick layer of humus and cover with pine needles or lapnika. In our region there is no escape from slugs, but they do not like the needles, and they do not bother my blackberry.
5. Blackberry shell and shelter for the winter.
Pruning blackberries is similar to pruning raspberries - the fruit-bearing two-year-old shoot is cut out, and one or several young shoots that have already grown for the current season come to him (they should be protected as the apple of the eye, after all this is the harvest of next year!). Those who are afraid to cut out are not what they need, I can say that you can not cut anything at all, but simply lay the shoots on the ground under the snow. In spring, everything will be clear to you: last year's escape will simply dry out, and you can easily cut it. It is important to lay the shoots on the ground and cover it with lapnik, foliage or agrotex, and cover the top with the stem that remained at the end of the season-in general, anything.
Blackberries multiply rapidly by rooting the tops, which tend to burrow into the ground in the fall. If you want to get seedlings, help the tops - loosen the soil, dig deeper, pour and do not cut them off from the mother bush. Thus, by the spring you will get full-rooted roots. And in the spring they should be cut off to the height of 50-70 cm of shoot and transplanted to the right place.
Performing these simple rules 5, you will achieve a stable and, importantly, abundant fruiting. After all, it's great when the bush just bursts with big and juicy berries, which are so nice and easy to assemble!
© Author: Alena Zemnaya
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