Autumn care for the plum
The tree is up to 12 m in height with a wide or narrow-oval crown
Simple, lanceolate, along the rim
White, with a diameter of 1,5-2 cm
Odnokostyanka: purple, yellow, pale green, red, black and blue, with a bluish wax coating
To ensure that every year the yield of plum trees continues to "stay on top", it is important to take good care of the plants. Including in the fall.
At this time, a number of simple works will ensure plum safe hibernation, protection against pests and, on the whole, significantly prolong their life.
See also: Renewal of the old plum
Top dressing plum
In the fall (late September-October), the trunks are dug to a depth of up to 20 cm along the periphery of the crown and up to 8 cm near the trunk and add a mixture of organic, phosphorous and potassium fertilizers (not nitrogenous!). Dosage per adult tree: 1 -2 buckets of humus (or compost), 200-500 g superphosphate, 200-400 g potassium salt (or 1-1,5 kg of wood ash). Through 2-3, fertilizers are reapplied.
It is effective (albeit troublesome) to feed into grooves that are digged from two sides of a tree with a depth of 40-50 cm and a width of 50 cm.
The bottom is filled with a nutrient mixture and covered with earth.
Watering the plums
Plum is the most hygrophilous garden tree. For the best winter (first of all in dry years) in September, water-charging irrigation is carried out: 5-7 buckets of water per plant.
Plum Life -15-20 years; fast-growing varieties enter fruiting at 2-3 the year after planting
FACT: DRAIN RELEVANT TO THE ROD OF PRUNUS, WHICH INCLUDES ABOVE 30 KINDS. THE MOST IMPORTANT CREAMES OF CULTURAL VARIETIES - PLUMBING HOME, ALYCHA, TERN, CHINESE DRAIN, USSURIUS DRY, ULTIQUE PLUM, WILD GOUSINE DRAIN, PLUMBING APRICOT.
Diseases and pests
The most common diseases of the plum are the clasterosporiosis (perforated spotting) and monilial burn (gray mold). In the first case, in spring, small yellowish-brown spots appear on the leaves, surrounded by a brown border. Then the affected tissue dies and falls, the leaf becomes holey. Fruits crack, rot.
A monilial burn affects the shoots along with the leaves, which as a result shrivel. Fruits rot.
What can I do now? Process the trees after the fall of 3% Bordeaux liquid. Spray repeated in the spring before blooming flowers. Pests of plum are plagued by a brown fungus, gooseberry, plum aphid. After harvesting the last crop as a preventive measure, you can use the infusion of onion husks (fill the jar half-full with husk, pour 1 l of hot water, insist two days, strain and dilute with water about 2 before use) or garlic with laundry soap (5- 6 g crushed denticles per 1 l water, infuse for 24 hours, add 5 g soap before use). In case of severe damage, treat the whole crown with an 5% solution of urea.
Reference by topic: Growing a tree of fruit plum and caring for it. Plum sorts.
Prepare a pit in the fall ...
On a permanent place, it is better to plant a plum in the spring, before budding. However, landing pits are prepared in September-October. For culture select well-lit and warmer slopes - from the southeast to the west. Less suited to the north-west and east due to cold winds in winter. In addition, in the cold areas of the plants, the fructification stops.
On good loamy soil, planting pits are digging with a width of 50-70 cm and a depth of 40-50. See on poor loams of success in growing plum trees can only be achieved with partial replacement of soil, while landing pits dig in much larger sizes - with a diameter of 2m and a depth of 1 m At the bottom lay a layer of clay with a thickness of 5-10 cm, which is well rammed, then filled with fertile soil.
... and seedlings
Even for spring planting seedlings should be purchased in the autumn (not older than 2-x years). They are buried obliquely (at an angle of 45-60 degrees) in trenches with a width of 80-100 cm and a depth of 30-35 cm. It is desirable to cover plants in the frost from above and from the sides with fir-tree legs or other material for additional protection against colds and rodents. When backfilling, the trench is filled with soil with all the gaps between the roots, primed with her foot for a more complete fit to roots.
TIP: Before prikopkoy seedlings, cut the secateurs ends split or damaged roots, cut the intertwining roots (otherwise they will further oppress one another), trim individual long roots.
Note: the benefits of plum
In a plum rich in minerals and vitamins, especially a lot of vitamin P (remains even after processing) and P-vitamin substances that help lower blood pressure, and strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
Due to the high iron content, plum fruits are useful for people suffering from iron deficiency anemia.
Dried fruits reduce high body temperature.
In plums, a lot of potassium, so they have a diuretic effect and are useful in cardiovascular diseases, especially with hypertension.
Mask from puree plums on the face before going to bed will moisturize, refresh, relieve fatigue and soak up the skin with vitamins and microelements.
See also: Reproduction of plum by cuttings
A few delicious recipes from plums
Gem from plums and apples
Cut the apples (1,5 kg) and the pitted plums (1,5 kg) into a bowl, add the ginger cut (a piece of 5 cm in length), sugar (2 kg), water (cover the bottom of the dishes). Bring to a boil, then cook on low heat for about 45 minutes (until the softness of the fruit). Add the juice and zest of one lemon and boil over medium heat for another 15-20 minutes.
Cut plums (10 kg) into halves, lay in a glass bottle, add water (1 L) and sugar (4,7 kg), leave in the heat for 3-4 days under gauze. With signs of fermentation, close the container and leave it for 20-30 days. Then the contents are filtered, squeezed, poured into pre-packaged bottles, corked and put in a dark cool place for aging. Through 2-3 months the wine is ready.
Plums with dense pulp (2,5 kg) and without damage to wash and pour in a container of brine (water - 2 l, sugar - 2-3 tbsp, salt - 1 tbsp, malt - 30 g). After aging at room temperature for a few days for preliminary fermentation, take it out to a cold place. After a month you can eat plums.
© Author: Ilya Polubyatko, Jr. teach, comp. RUE "Institute of Horticulture" of the Republic of Belarus
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