HOW TO GROW THE HERBAL - PLANTING, TIES, CUTTING AND CARE
Who would have thought that such a prickly blackberry, delivering its thorns a lot of trouble to the dacha, in fact, quite touching and shy girl! And even her girlfriends are plain-looking (such, for example, how to conceal).
CROP YARNS REMOVE
As well, that more and more readers began to talk about the blackberry (for example, all my neighbors have it dissolved and very satisfied with it). I, of course, understand that the queen of the garden was and will remain a strawberry with raspberries, but the berry "menu" in the country house must also be diverse. Otherwise, just boring to deal with planting! Personally, I have on site two whole blackberry plantations.
Once upon a time I was given a few roots of blackberries. The hostess did not know the names of the variety, and it was impossible for me to establish this, because at that time no literature on this culture was published. I also did not have much experience of gardening, but curiosity and enthusiasm - more than enough. And here I want to make a small digression: I consider these qualities to be the most important for gardeners, because only thanks to them you can gain experience and confidence.
So, near the fence, I dug up the earth, put there humus, ash, rotted sawdust, sprinkled a little with mineral fertilizer and planted seedlings. They took root, but only in three or four years their roots came into full force and gave strong bushes with thick thick stems under the height of 2,5 m. Then I received the first crop of large berries with a rather interesting taste. I must now say that the blackberry does not require special care, but loves a gentle touch to it.
Here she is, a mysterious charmer: herself and strives to prick with thorns, and wants affection.
And for her the most important thing is to lean on the shoulder of a friend, that is, on a reliable support. Branches in fact it is heavy (not that of raspberries), especially during the filling of berries, so they strive to fall to the ground. And it's not so bad - they can and break under the weight of berries. That's why a friend-support for her should be reliable and durable. ABOUTthe usual wooden trellis here will not help. I coped with this task as follows.
See also: How to grow a cover blackberry
Around the bushes vertically dug in the ground at a distance of 2,5 m from each other remaining after repair cutting metal pipe with a diameter of 1,5-2 cm and a length of 2 m (outside left approximately 1,5 m) and pulled between them three rows of wire, thick line and synthetic rope (everything that I found on the farm). During this work it was found out that such long pipes are not enough, and we had to use short ones, driving them into the ground (above the surface it remained about 30-40 cm) away from the bushes.
To each such "shorty" tightly tied in two places with the help of wire and pliers on a long floss (the ground they do not touch so as not to rot), and then they hammered nails, to which I attached three rows of fishing lines and ropes. I liked this system, and on the same principle I built support for raspberries.
Many readers, by the way, write that both these cultures should be cut off for the winter for a root, to bend more tightly to the ground and cover with nonwoven material. Maybe, it really needs to be done in regions with an "evil" climate, but I have never done this. Every autumn in raspberries and blackberries I cut out the old secreting stems (they are immediately visible - their cortex is dark) near the soil itself, and in young ones I cut off the tops for 20-30 cm and then each stem is tied vertically to the support (so "at attention" they and winter). Under the roots I throw humus. Sometimes, if it turns out, late autumn or early spring, right on the snow, I spread mineral fertilizer.
Under the blackberries and raspberries, the land is never loosened and watered. What for? After all, for all this there is to be heard! In June, when she is full of "beating", juicy and young, I tear it with my hands and tightly cover the whole space under and between the bushes, and I fill the humus and ash from above. As a result, moisture is perfectly preserved in the soil, and the soil is soft and crumbly. And we can forget about the weeding.
In the summer, additionally tie young growing stems and their numerous branches with berries to the supports with ropes, as they are very fragile: just a little - they break right away. Therefore, compared to raspberries, the work on the garter of the blackberry is much greater, but it gives berries not as an example richer. And I also grew among the bushes from the roots of the plum - I came to visit from neighbors, and so I stayed. Now its trunk also serves as a support, and on its lower branches I put the stalks of the blackberry, not fixing them anything.
Before I thought that the blackberry is not sick at all and no insects are afraid of it, but three years ago the leaves in all the bushes suddenly became covered with a dark coating and became sticky (this was also observed in the neighbors). For a long time I could not understand what was wrong, and then I noticed the whitefly fluttering over the blackberry. It turns out that she is also an enemy for the berry! Autumn treated the bushes and burned all the fallen leaves. Next year everything was already in order.
Blackberry root offsets I planted on a permanent place either in early spring (before bud budlap), or in autumn (in this case I cover the roots of the seedlings with a film, over which I fill the fallen leaves).
In general, plant blackberries, friends, and it will not let you down, you will always be with berries! And they have a healing power (for example, they help with coughing, joint pain). But the main thing is that you can use other parts of this plant. Say, a decoction of leaves helps with gastritis and stomatitis, it can be used as a sedative. A decoction of young branches helps with neuroses and dyspnea. Roots are used as a diuretic in dropsy.
© Author: Olga Poskoneva Moscow
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