DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE - TREESHIP OF TREES, PREPARATION OF SEEDS AND OL.
No matter how armed the dacha experience the author of this fascinating letter, there is something that helps him to easily achieve success in all matters. This optimism and sense of humor are the main features of a real summer resident.
My precious all the spring longs: "Give up the dacha! Give up the dacha! "And in the fall:" Bring tomatoes back, and the peppers and cucumbers are already over, and look at the dog-rose, or else the others will take it before you ... "These are the abandoned areas, overgrown with hips, mean, and hundreds of them !! Because they crushed the truckers of the problem. That with transport is too difficult and expensive, then with water - pipes and valves steal, then the harvest will not be removed by those who grew up ... I myself now help neighbor Lyudmila Nikolaevna, and my plot had to be abandoned: four kilometers of pipes to feed someone scrapped ...
But here is my precious on business, and I Lafa: sit and write - no one interferes, so I decided to describe something from my experience. The first is the transplantation of perennial trees.
Archimedes and Vobla
It so happened that thirty years ago a friend of mine received a site from Gazprom, which no one mastered for three years, and he was told that if he did not immediately master it, the site would be taken away and given to another dacha. A friend rushed to me on a motorcycle: "Pavel! Help me to raise the plot, or else it will be taken away ... I myself have no time for myself: spring is a vobla, it's necessary to grab it and push tourists. I've already bought nets ... "
Well, how can you refuse a person in this situation? Although I myself was going to fishing with a fishing rod, because selling jerky vobla always helps to get something you need - a moped, a boat boat motor, to travel with an overnight stay, a walleye catch. In general, I was on the vobl their plans, but he asked! And I agreed to equip his site literally in one season.
And he did it. Instead of fishing, I traveled by bus every day on the bus, then I stole three kilometers through the grove of "dates" (silver fir) and, until the very darkness, in the stormy southeast wind, did not let out a shovel and rake from my hands.
And once among the thickets of "dates" I saw a large apricot tree, the zherdel - itself grew from a stone, almost four meters, into two trunks, and two hundred fruit in the size of hazelnut.
And already in May, the twentieth! What was to be done? I already planted a few such trees earlier with seedlings from the market, but this is very fruitful! In short, my eyes caught fire, but how to drag it for half a kilometer to one, and even so that it does not wither? And I went ... to the bookstore. And there on the shelf I saw the "Handbook of the builder of green spaces".
Hooray! That's right: the book describes in detail, how to transplant any trees at any time. But the most important thing is the formula! "The lump of earth must be about ten times the diameter of a tree trunk."
I felt like an academician, and with this book and sharply sharpened shovel, crowbar and pipe jerked into the "date" grove - he became an ax and a hacksaw to clean trees and bushes from the road, which was to drag a huge heavy tree. One! To the Skinny! Horror…
I measured the diameter of the seedling: 8 cm, also bifurcated a meter from the ground - it means it will be even harder to drag. But I could not retreat from my dream and, measuring the circle in 80 cm, began to dig a circular ditch. And there are roots! .. Different - and "dates" and poplars. Here was the work ... Two days of sweat streamed with sweat, barely able to move this lump and somehow root out the central roots. It seems to have turned out, but how to raise it by half a meter up?
I remembered Archimedes. He lacked only a fulcrum to move the Earth. Only the lever can do this. I also coped with this matter, but a new task arose: how to drag a tree half a kilometer without damaging the roots at the same time? I found a large piece of plywood and the same piece of tin, stuck them in the hole, bent the tree and in this position, I cleaned it of unnecessary twigs and fruits, so that it would be easier and more convenient for me to harness, and it was easier for the roots of the tree to feed the foliage and fruits .
This is the second formula of the "green builder": severely cut off the roots - severely cut the branches, then the tree will not wither.
Well, half the work is done, you can drag. I remembered the famous painting by I. Repin "Burlaki on the Volga". Likewise, I tied a tree and a sledge with wide straps, and myself braced them with my chest - I built a precious load from my place. Mastered it! And when, already "speeding up," dragged the hulk by other sites, one young summerman shouted to me:
-Oh, you got rid of the zeal badly! Look, look-one also uprooted the tree, but back in April, and still withered.
-You should know the formula! - I answered cheerfully.
- The formula? Well, as you know, "growled the summer resident with disbelief.
And I dragged my cargo through all the barriers, pits, hummocks, weeds, dragged it to the site and held it to the irrigation pipe with a valve, so that this "seedling" would have enough water for it, otherwise it would not survive. I prepared the hole in advance, and now, turning, like an ant around a straw, gently squeezed the com into the pit. He squeezed in, quickly showered the moist, moistened earth beforehand and stamped it "on-the-ground," pushing the earth deep between the roots and "slightly" shaking the "seedling" four meters high ...
Then he made a circular shaft over the hole and filled the water so much that it would constantly stand for several days. But at night the water left. The sun dried the earth, and the stormy wind so beat the poor leaves that almost all of them were in holes and kept out of their last strength. But soon the tree rose steadily above all the manors, and the summer residents were amazed: "It's strange, where did it come from? After all, there was nothing! "People approached to look closer, and did not believe their eyes - yes, on it, and the fruit is ripening!
See also: Krupnomery - landing and transplantation
"GIFT" FROM THE BAR
I mastered the plot by one hundred percent. Grew huge pumpkins, smart cabbage heads, large tomatoes hid in the tops from prying eyes. And the corn stood as a wall and served as an obstacle to the summer thieves. New trees of apple trees and peaches quickly gained strength.
One day, when I was not there, the landlord drove to his site and drove back: he did not recognize me. I decided that I got it wrong. And when I came to his place in the village, where he wobbled at night "hapal", he looked out for a long time in his stocks dried jowls, what would I offer as a reward. Approaching the wires stretched out over the whole yard with bundles of roach, he pointed to the one in which there were ten fish, and said cordially:
"Take this one." All the same it is not read, - and went.
And I also went - to the exit and to the bus. Without fish.
- Hey, what are you? Asked the friend in bewilderment.
- Yes, the bundle is too big, - I answered, - it will not fit in the bag ...
Well, what else could I say? The owner turned and left silently. Finished roach, he had a few cubic meters. ..
That's how I got a wonderful dacha experience. And life too.
A few years later I drove into this plot that I had mastered. The zherdel grew enormously, with yellowish, medium-sized, but sweet fruits. Gorged enough.
Apples were perfectly poured, and the peach, though wild for three years, also pleased with the taste of large sweet fruits.
But the owner-huckster abandoned his plot. And next spring I again uprooted the four-meter-long "seedlings" in the spring and transported them to the reed land and apricot I bought and the Yandyk apple tree on a motorcycle with a stroller. By the same formula for as many as thirty kilometers! And again everything turned out - I immediately began to keep up the fruit. So, dear farmers, if you really want, you can also transplant large trees with success.
PROCESSING SEEDS BEFORE SEED - MY ADVICE
And I want to share my special way of processing seeds before planting.
I read how some dacha women sew bags and soak seeds in them. Lord, how many problems is it to sew meshchochki, dunk them then and there, then here, pick out the seeds from them ... But seeds for some summer cottagers have to process dozens and hundreds!
At me all is simple simple. In shops where plastic dishes are sold, they also sell wonderful strong box-sails. They have a lid that is sealed, easy to open and close. They are transparent, of different capacities, and their tens and hundreds can be transported and transported directly in bulk in bags along with solutions and seeds - not a drop will spill.
So, at the right time, lay out before you bags and bags with dry seeds. And on the left side - piles of sausages and before them glasses with a solution of potassium permanganate, water and other "accelerators of life".
We take saucepans, open them, pour a half-finger or more of potassium permanganate, lay seeds and close tightly. Have shaken. At the right time, a little bit open the lid and in another empty glass merge permanganate. Then a thimble of water, again shook, again opened and drained the water into an empty glass. That's all. It is necessary only to prepare in advance the pieces of paper and paste them on the lids, so that it is possible to mark the varieties. (And I sow parsley and carrots with radishes from a kettle with jelly, as they often wrote, in a broad furrow - a snake.) How they grow afterwards!)
When the seeds are processed (in each species in their own way) in all the saucepans, I put a few pieces of toilet paper in them, so that the seeds come in contact with both moisture and air. It is advisable to put two layers of paper on the bottom. Then these round boxes can be laid out anywhere - on pallets, shelves and so on.
It's good that everything is perfectly visible in them, and you do not miss the moment when the seeds begin to peck. In addition, in tightly closed boxes they will not dry up-even in a drop of water.
And how nice to watch the seeds of cucumbers, eggplants, melons, watermelons! Only to them it is necessary to put more paper, so that the sprouts do not dry out, and put a little proklyunuvshimsya.
So you can soak and very small seeds - parsley, carrots, onions, petunias. In a transparent vessel everything is visible, and as soon as the sprouts appear - immediately into the ground. Everything is under control and without much trouble. And it's easy to temper in the fridge. When the seeds begin to peck, the lids need to be slightly opened, and when it's time to take them to the dacha, cover tightly, and at the cottage again open.
In the writers' field
And now I want to return to the recent past. About three years ago I wrote a letter about tyapur, sabelku and tachurku, and about the "dances" to the music of A. Borodin and A. Khachaturian (№19,2017).
All articles were so interesting and significant that I was even happy that my was postponed, because there were materials more valuable for the toilers of the land-wet nurse.
Thanks that have considered it necessary to promulgate my experience of development of the neglected sites and the new earths with a grass and a bush as very much summer residents and summer residents complain of thickets and trees with which do not know how to consult.
In general, there was a double miracle.
HOW TO TRANSLATE FRUIT TREE - VIDEO
© Author: Pavel Semenovich KASICHEV. Astrakhan