HOW TO GROW A WALNUT - HOW AND WHEN TO PLANT AND HOW TO CARRY OUT
Laying the garden, we rely on traditional crops - apple, pear, cherry, plum. Why not try growing a nut garden? But we suggest first to get acquainted with the recommendations of experts and experienced amateur gardeners.
It is estimated for centuries, individual trees live 300-400 years
TIME FOR LANDING
In the spring before the swelling of the kidneys, in the southern regions - in the autumn
FULL RATING comes from 30-40 years
PERIOD OF FRUIT STORAGE
In shell - no more than a year, cleaned - no more than 6 months
Walnut "on the shoulder" even for a beginner. But only subject to the rules of landing.
The tree grows quite large, so you should not give him a place in the middle of the garden, next to the power lines. It is better to plant a seedling on the edge of the plot or near the outbuildings, but be sure to be in the sun (in the shade the plant develops poorly and may even die).
Walnut loves fertilized land, as well as rich in calcium. In the landing hole (1х1 m) is useful to make 1 kg of lime. In addition, fill it with a mixture of fertile soil, peat and humus (10-15 kg of each component), adding 100-120 g double superphosphate, 150 g simple superphosphate, 40-60 g potassium chloride. This power will be enough for the first 3-5 years.
According to its nutritional value, 1 kg of walnut kernels are, for example, 1 kg of meat or potatoes
The hillock for planting a seedling must be of such a height that the root neck is just above the edge of the planting pit (the soil will settle a little and the seedling will sink). Do not forget to drive a landing pin. After planting, even in rainy weather, pour buckets of water under the 2-3 plant.
In the first years for the winter, tie the trunk with spruce branches, and place the graft with a soil spud.
FACT: THE WALNUT AFTER THE LANDING IN THE FIRST-SECOND YEAR OF LIFE GROWS SLOWLY, BUT THEN THANKSLY “SHOTS”, EXTRACTING FOR SEASON TO 1 M.
See also: Walnut seedlings in the middle band
CALENDAR OF WALNUT SUPPORT
Walnut tree needs to be fed. It all depends on the age of the plant.
Every year in spring (April) under the young trees on 1 sq. Of the trunk circle, apply 100 g of nitrogen fertilizers, in the fall - 80 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium chloride. Evenly distribute the dry fertilizers over the soil surface, close them to a depth of 10 cm, and then pour the trees abundantly.
Double the rate of the above fertilizers for fruit-bearing trees.
Also, once in two years in October, apply organic fertilizer (humus, compost): for young trees - 10-15 kg per 1 sq. M of tree trunks, for adult fruiting - 25-30 kg.
MULTIPLE WALNUT WALNUT
Walnut can be propagated by arcuate layers. In the fall, lay young shoots in the groove with a depth of 20 cm and fill it with fertile soil so that the tip of the shoot with 2-3 remains on the surface with the kidneys. Tie it to a peg — to grow vertically.
In this position, the layers winters. In the spring, in order to accelerate the root formation, the base layer is pulled by a soft wire ring. Moisten the soil constantly. After a year, the separated roots will be separated from the mother plant and transplanted to a permanent place. He will have all varietal characteristics characteristic of the mother plant.
When buying a walnut seedling, keep in mind: most of them are of seed origin, i.e. harvest will only get through 10-12 years. But the plants of skoroplodnoy form come into fruition on the 3-4-th year. Preference is given to grafted walnuts local selection.
NOTE: OTHER NUTS IN THE GARDEN
Beneficial effect on the vessels of the brain, prevent the development of atherosclerosis. Doctors recommend eating them for cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, anemia.
Useful for diseases of the cardiovascular system, enlarged prostate, varicose veins. For anemia, you need to eat a handful of pounded hazelnut nuts with raisins per day.
They contribute to the restoration of cells, which means they rejuvenate our body. Cedar oil (according to 1 tablespoons per day) helps to heal wounds in the gastrointestinal tract.
They contain protein, calcium, iron, phosphorus, and the B2 and B3 vitamins are indispensable for maintaining teeth, hair and skin in a healthy state.
See also: Walnut: benefit and cultivation
Hazelnut is not for the lazy
For many years I grow hazelnuts.
This plant is not for lazy gardeners. But culture will not require much effort from you.
Soot hazelnuts on light fertile soil. But on the sandy ground or swampy area of a good harvest, do not wait. I fill the landing pit with a mixture of fertile land with two buckets of humus and 200 g of superphosphate (or two glasses of ash). This power sapling enough for at least 3 year.
Multifalted tree trunks with a mixture of sawdust (non-coniferous species) with fertile soil or humus (1: 1) so that the ground under the plants does not dry out and remains loose. Hazelnuts can be formed in a standard form (the distance when planting between plants and between rows is 6 m) or a bush (3 m between plants, 5m is between the rows). It is important that over the years the hazelnut garden does not become a crowned forest. Therefore, I immediately cut out all the sick, broken branches, and in early spring - branches older than 5 years. Of course, the yield of hazelnuts is directly dependent on care. But do not forget that those plants are cross-pollination. Therefore, for a full result, you need to plant on the site at least 2 bushes of different varieties. From one young plant in the first years of fruiting, I collect 1-3 kg of nuts. From 9-year-old trees of the varieties Cosford, Halle, Catalan, received on 8,5-9,5 kg of fruits. Older plantations can produce 15-18 kg of nuts per plant.
The easiest option is to plant cedar nuts in the ground in autumn (in October). So in winter they will undergo stratification under natural conditions.
Since cedars grow in the taiga on a substrate of rotted needles and leaves, the ground for digging made soil from coniferous forest (from under the pines and spruce; by eye). Nuts just pressed the sharp end down to a depth of 1,5-2 cm at a distance of approximately 2 cm from each other. Shoots appeared in early June. The first summer was shading them from direct sunlight. Polola, watered, loosened. In winter, the shoots covered shelter. The seedlings were transplanted to a permanent place in 3-th year of life in April. Cedars grow slowly. The first nuts can be tried only in a few years. I'm waiting!
See also: Walnut: useful properties and recipes
HOW IT IS CORRECT TO PLANT WALNUT - VIDEO
© Author: Vyacheslav BORISEVICH, cand. agricultural sciences, Lyudmila Semenok, agronomist