APPLE-TREES IN FORM ... CREATURES
Spouses Irina PAVLOVA and Igor EFIMOV from Irkutsk 15 have grown large-fruited apple trees for years, but not simple ...
Gardeners do not interfere with either the harsh climate or the location of the site in the cold zone (at the bottom of the hill). But there is an important point: spouses grow apple trees in the bush-shaped form.
In our Siberian conditions it is better to forget about tall trees with a spreading crown. Apple trees in shape should resemble more currant bushes.
We have developed a method of caring for apple trees, thanks to which we grow trees of almost any variety, except perhaps winter ones.
Spouses emphasize: the main problem of the region is not a small summer, but a very short autumn. As a result, the trees simply do not have time to prepare for the winter (too abrupt transition from heat to low temperature) and die. To avoid such a result helps correct farming. And the formation in the Stalan-bush form for the subsequent shelter is one of the key moments.
In our country, apple trees never shed their leaves - they do not have time. In the winter always go with foliage. But we shelter the plants, thereby extending autumn, smoothing the transition to a low temperature. This is our cunning device.
Reference by topic: Stlant-apple trees in Siberia - care: gardener's advice (Irkutsk region)
TREE WITH BOTTLES
Gardeners will start the shelter of apple trees when the soil is grasped a little by the frost and even the snow passes, which melts in the morning. As a rule, this is the end of October and the beginning of November.
But in the beginning we bend down to the ground as far as possible, - Irina explains. - We tie the load to them - first big bottles of water, a little later we hang up small bottles so that the apple tree lays down completely. And so that in the future the crown would not break under the weight of snow drifts, we place props under the large skeletal branches that bear the main weight. In places where there is a big congestion of branches, we place arches from fittings.
After that, an agrofiber is thrown over the whole tree - two stitched cloths of the size 6 × 10 m each. But the main shelter is still a good layer of snow.
The famous varieties of apple trees - Papirovka, Melba, Orlik, Spartan - are quite suitable for the stanza type of cultivation. It is even more correct to find the varieties Wonderful, Brother-miracle, Carpet, Grounded. The height of these plants barely exceeds 1 m, so they are much easier to grow in the North.
Apple trees are opened in late April and early May. If tightened with this, they will fade away right under the shelter, which will not destroy the trees, but may affect the quantity and quality of the crop. After removing the shelter and freeing the branches from the load, it is necessary to give the apple trees time to rest. For a couple of weeks, the trees stand and straighten. And after the branch is tied to a support.
- Near each tree at a distance of 15-20 cm from the main trunk, a metal profile 130 cm long was driven in, in which a square with sides of 2,5 cm was cut in section. 50 cm left above the ground, ”explains Igor. - It turned out stationary design, which is not removed at the end of the season. In the spring, we insert another smaller pipe into this piece of pipe.
At its upper end, hooks are fixed, to which we tied branches with the help of polypropylene twine. At the same time, we distribute them in such a way that they do not interfere with each other, each has enough sunshine, air, and then the fruits do not fight against each other in windy weather.
See also: Currant on the stem - how to grow
HOW TO FORM AN APPLE IN STLANT FORM - VIDEO
© Author: Irina GURYEVA