WHAT DO THE FLOWERS HAVE?
Flower bed - "frame" for plants
Could you give a brief description of the main types of flower gardens?
Vera Egorovna DUDINA, Tomsk
The most common 4 main type of flower beds. What we usually call a flowerbed, landscape designers call miksbordery. Let's start with it.
This is a flower garden of a regular (sometimes free) geometric shape in the form of a circle, ellipse, square, rhombus. As a rule, perennial plants are planted here, which are grouped by flower shades, height and flowering time. The last factor is very important, since the complete absence of flowering plants in the mixborder is not allowed. Therefore, it is necessary to pick them up so that shortly before the end of the flowering of one species began to “start” another.
In mixborders, they try not to use plants that are characterized by rapid growth and a tendency to displace other species. After all, the main goal is to provide diversity, which makes the flower garden decorative. But it is inevitably lost if a single culture begins to prevail.
Depending on the location, mixborders can be one-sided (reviewed only on one side, and the second is adjacent, for example, to the fence) and multilateral (reviewed from all sides). In the first case, tall plants are planted in the background, then - especially ornamental medium-growing perennials and in the foreground - stunted and creeping species. In the second variant, the tallest plants are located in the central “circle”, then (by a ring) middle-growth specimens, and “dwarfs” are planted around the perimeter.
This is a rectangular flower bed width 0,5-3 m, its length can be arbitrary, but not less than twice the width. Usually rabatki have along tracks, fences and buildings. Such flower beds are framed with a curbstone, which gives the composition rigor and completeness.
As well as mixborders, discounts can be one-sided and two-sided. The same rule applies: in the first case, tall plants are planted in the background, undersized - in the front. In the second version, the “giants” are located in the center, and the “Lilliputians” - at the edges.
Rabatki can be symmetrical and asymmetrical. Very long flower beds can be interrupted by laying paths between them. White plants with red, blue with yellow, blue with orange, and purple with yellow are considered to be classic color combinations in rabatka.
Unlike ravatok, these flower gardens are very narrow - no more than 30, see. They are usually bordered by paths, lawns, rabatki, mixborders. As a rule, low-growing plants with flowers or leaves of the same color are placed here. In this capacity, various ground covers with silver or reddish foliage are well suited.
This is the most complex composition, which can be compared to a carpet woven from flowers, ground cover plants, lawn gangways and even shrubs. Ornaments, formed by them, can be different - from Persian motifs to modern, built from geometric figures.
If any kind of flower bed is raised above the ground (on 0,3-1 m), this will be a raised flowerbed. It will certainly attract attention to itself, but its construction requires labor. It is necessary, in particular, to build a wall of brick, rubble stone or concrete blocks, to fill the space formed by them with drainage materials and soil so that water does not stagnate.
A landscape designer answered the reader’s question
© Author: Oleg P. PAVLOV, Moscow