THAT THE SEEDS WILL NOT EXTRACT - 6 RULES AND 3 REMINDERS
Everyone knows that seedlings before planting should be strong and not overgrownYes, that's just not all can achieve that it was just that. Therefore, carefully read and learn.
I have been engaged in gardening for more than 40 years and this is what I want to say: very often you have to see the tortured form of many summer residents in the seedlings. Honestly, very sorry for the plants! I will share my experience.
First of all, I immediately determine what kind of tomatoes I will plant, because the timing of working with their seeds depends on it. If you break such a schedule, this is the first reason why seedlings are either already overgrown or still weak by the time they land on the ground. So, in tall late-ripening varieties, the age of the plants ready for transplant is 56-65 days; little school). So count down when you need to start a seedling strada.
I have the following quality criterion for seedlings: plants should have stems with a diameter of about 0,8 cm with 5-8 leaves and bud buds on the first racemes.
Here's a seedlings and give the best harvest! If she has long and thin stems with leaves only on the tops (and without buds), then the fruits on the bushes ripen late, there will be a few of them. So determine whether you have done your homework or not.
I will also say that I consider picking, unlike some summer residents-innovators, to be a necessary operation. Dive seedlings from the school into pots with a volume of 0,2 l through 8-12 days after germination. I put all this container on the northern windows on 3-4 of the day (where it is cooler around the clock), only then I transfer to the southern windows. And there I already follow the temperature regime more strictly: by day I withstand the temperature of 18-20 °, and at night (after all, the seedlings are drawn mostly just at night) - 8-12 °. To do this, I open the inner frame, but do not allow drafts.
I carefully observe the development of the root system. As soon as the roots are covered with earthy clumps, I immediately plant the plants in more spacious pots - half liter.
But one cannot immediately swoop into such a voluminous container, because the seedlings cannot use all the moisture that comes in during the irrigation. After all, its roots are still weak, and there is not enough air in wet ground, so they slow down growth. Here you have another reason for pulling seedlings!
If, however, the soil is compacted, I loosen it by pressing on the walls of the pots, I make a bed of earth. By the way, I never put pots close to each other on the window - only at intervals of 5-6, see that the plants are better lit. As soon as it warms up to 10 °, I can take the seedlings to the open air. The first two days I put in the shade so that the ultraviolet does not burn their leaves, and then they can sit quietly in the sun. If there is no threat of frost, leave the plants and overnight, covering with non-woven material. Seedlings grow in such conditions just gorgeous!
To a common denominator
- Summing up. So how insure seedlings from pulling? My observations suggest the following.
- As soon as the first loops of seedlings appeared (we do not wait for the rest!), We lower the temperature for several days in the afternoon to 16-18 °, and at night to 13-15 °. Then we raise it.
- In excess, we provide seedlings with lighting.
- We make sure that she was not too hot. nights and cloudy weather.
- We do not put tars with plants close to each other.
- Do not be late with a pick.
Make sure that the lower small leaves are not shaded by larger upper ones. To correct this situation (if there is good illumination and a sufficient supply area) it is possible to gradually break off these small leaves as the upper ones grow. But you can do this only three times at intervals of two weeks, and removing only two leaves from each plant in one procedure!
If the seedlings grew in shkalku to 7 cm, I cut it, leaving the subfloor knee height 3 cm, and put the remote parts in jars with water, ensuring that the leaves are not wet, otherwise they will not breathe and rot. Through 8-10 days, hedgehogs grow on these stems.
I make a pick of these sprouts in pots of 0,2 l as follows: first fill the container with soil of half the volume, put the small stalks in there and sprinkle them on the roots of the ground.
If the seedlings are stretched after picking, its stems can be divided into two parts at the level of 5-6 leaflets and also put the cut-off tops into the water, then waving into the half-liter pots. I do not throw out the remaining lower parts: as soon as the stepchildren appear on them, I leave the upper two, then the plants will be formed into two trunks.
You can also plant overgrown seedlings, putting them in grooves 10-15 depth cm and directing the tops to the south or southeast. I don’t water all the seedlings planted in the first 10-12 days to stimulate the growth of additional roots.
At the same time talk about the secrets of seedlings of peppers and eggplants. Although they don’t stretch them like tomatoes, they need to remember that she loves potassium and doesn’t like nitrogen too much. And there are a few points:
- Pepper seedlings require frequent, but not abundant watering;
- Pepper seeds should be planted to a depth of 4-5 cm;
- seedlings of both cultures do not like picking.
A good indicator of quality seedlings of pepper is the lighter color of young leaves compared to the rest. When landing in the ground be sure to remove the flowers in the first fork.
WHAT TO DO THAT THE SEEDS DON'T GROW - VIDEO
© Author: Vera Moskaleva. with. Keys of the Altai Territory