USE OF BIOFUNGICIDES FOR PROTECTION OF SEEDS
And here primacy, undoubtedly, should be given to biofungicides based on beneficial mushrooms of the Trichoderma class. They are issued under the following names: "Trichodermin", "Trichoderma veride", "Trihotsin", "Trikhoflora", "Trihofit", "Glyocladin". They actively stop the growth of pathogenic fungi and are completely non-toxic, do not accumulate in the fruit and therefore do not affect the quality of the crop, eliminate the high toxicity of the soil, which is caused by the constant use of toxic chemicals, do not cause addiction in pathogens.
Glyocladin has the mildest effect, which allows it to be used to protect seedlings.
TABLETS FOR YOUNG PEOPLE
The basis of the tablets "Gliokladina" -tank formations or hyphae of the soil fungus Trichoderma. Getting into the ground, he “wakes up” and begins to fight with competitors. At the same time, he manages to completely suppress pathogenic fungi that cause black legs, alternariosis (dry spot), late blight, fusarium, verticilliosis, pitioz (root rot), rizoktoni-oz (black scab) and sclerotinia (white rot) in tomatoes, cucumbers and other vegetable crops.
However, in order to get out of torpor and grow, the mushroom takes time: at a temperature of 22-23 degrees-3-4 days, with 20-21 and 24-25 - a week. If the thermometer drops below 20 and rises above 25 degrees, trichoderma is not able to develop to such an extent that it can fight pathogenic microflora.
For the development of the fungus, it also requires nutritious and at the same time well-permeable soil with moisture 60-80%.
It must be remembered that in some cases the Trichoderma fungus, which does not enter into symbiosis with plants, can begin to compete with them. This often happens after the stress of “green friends” due to unfavorable growing conditions: they begin to defend themselves, throwing out toxic root secretions. In this case, the fungus is usually defeated. For the same reason, Glyocladin is ineffective in protecting adult plants.
FEATURES OF GLYOCLADINE APPLICATION
Using Glyocladin to protect seedlings is very simple. Since its tablets do not dissolve in water, they are simply placed into the soil to a depth of 5-7, see. Before sowing the seeds, the preparation is applied at the rate of -1 tablet to a capacity of 0,3 l. The same dosage and when picking shoots.
And during transplantation of grown seedlings into the open ground 1, the “Glyocladin” tablet should be pressed into the ground near the root system of each bush.
In no case can not crush the tablets and, especially, crush them to a state of powder, because it breaks the compressed hyphae, which lose their viability.
The validity of the drug is quite long - 50-85 days, which coincides with or even covers the growing season of many vegetable plants.
For the greatest effect when using "Gliokladina" it should in no case be used together with chemicals. If, however, it is impossible to do without the treatment of plants with pesticides, it is necessary to sustain an interval between works for at least a week.
© Author: Alexander V. OBOLENTSEV, Kemerovo
GLIOKLADIN - APPLICATION: VIDEO