WHAT IS THE FLIGHT OF FLOWERS? HOW IT'S RIGHT TO MAKE IT IN HOME CONDITIONS
The long winter months are over, and I want to bring the coming of spring, the sun, flowers and the freshness of greenery more quickly! That is why tulips, daffodils and hyacinths grown by artificial forcing are so in demand in the spring months. But it is not necessary to buy pots with already blossoming onion bulbs in stores - you can distill at home.
Distillation of flowers is a directional complex of events whose purpose is to achieve flowering in a season that is not characteristic of a given culture.
In nature, bulbous plants bloom only after a period of cooling, which triggers the formation of certain substances that affect development and flowering. Theoretically, the distillation can be carried out throughout the year.
For distillation use only the best bulbs.
2.SETS INTO THE COLD
The bulbs can be refrigerated or stored in the basement.
3. WE LOOK INTO HEAT
As soon as the leaves have grown a little. we transfer them to heat.
THE DRIVING OF HYACINTS
This is almost a classic of the genre, easily amenable to forcing. Hyacinths attract a beautiful noble form of large slender inflorescences, a variety of colors and a strong pleasant aroma. Cut inflorescences retain freshness in water for up to 7 days.
For forcing use large, dense, heavy onions, with a diameter of at least 4 cm and weight of 70 g. In order for the hyacinths to bloom, you need to prepare the bulbs for distillation. After purchasing them, they are stored for 3 - 4 weeks at + 25 'C, then (before planting) they are stored at + 17 * C. Such preparation allows to receive flowering plants by the New Year and later. When choosing a grade, it is preferable to take the early and middle varieties.
Suitable varieties for forcing (early and medium flowering):
- · Blue - 'Atlantic', 'Delft Blue', 'Blue Jacket', 'Blue Pearl';
- · Purple and violet - 'Anna Liza', 'Violet Pearl', 'Splendid Cornelia';
- · Pink - 'Anna Marie', 'Marconi', 'Pink Pearl', 'Fondant',
- · White - 'White Pearl', 'Carnegie';
- · Salmon-apricot - 'Gipsy Queen';
- · Crimson-red - 'Jan Bos'.
'Blue Pearl', 'Blue Star', 'Delft Blue', 'Fondant', 'Miss Saigon', 'White Pearl', 'Splendid Cornelia' - 10 —11-weekly varieties (i.e., their bulbs should be in the cold this term). A 'Blue Jacket', 'Gipsy Queen', 'Marconi' and others are 12 — 13-weekly. To simplify, you can average the cooling period to 10,5 weeks. For example, in order for hyacinths to begin to bloom on March 20 — 25, put them on the January 18 — 20 rooting.
TIP: It is better not to keep potted plants in bright sunshine. It is best to give the plant with an inflorescence in half-let. Until such time as the flower arrow does not fully develop, and the buds do not bloom, it is useful to spray them.
The bulbs are planted in pots (so that the neck of the bulb is at the level of its edge), filled with light nutrient soil (peat, humus, sand). After planting the pots must be shed. Then - put in a cool place with a temperature of + 9 C. This may be the bottom shelf of the refrigerator or the basement of a country house. After about a week of 2, the bulbs begin to take root. They should be watered about 1 — 2 once a month. Through 2 — 3 months appear leaves.
When the leaves grow to about 6 — 8 cm, the pots can be taken to a warm room with a temperature of + 15 ... + 17 C. In the first 4 — 5 days, the sprouts are covered with dark paper or cloth (in order to pull the peduncle).
After a week, the paper is removed, the temperature is raised to + 20 ... + 23 C. From the moment the hyacinths are brought into a warm room, it takes about 30 - 40 days before flowering. When the hyacinths bloom, the temperature is better to lower to prolong the flowering period. In room conditions, it usually lasts about 15 days.
The most popular flower for distillation after hyacinths is a tulip. It is better to drive out bright, stunted and early ripening short-stemmed varieties or early botanical ones (obtained from ot. Gray-ha, t. Kauffman and t. Foster).
- red - Brilliant Star, 'Abra', 'Pinocchio', 'Princeps', 'Showwinner';
- yellow - 'Flair', Tellow Baby, 'Kikomachi'.
When growing tulips in pots, large bulbs of high quality are used; for botanical tulips, the size is 10 / 11. And for other species - 12-b.
Purchasing bulbs prepared for planting is the best option for a florist. If you buy uncooled bulbs, they must be stored before planting at + 17 C in a dry place. If they are already chilled, then it is better to store them in the refrigerator in the vegetable chamber at + 5 ... 4-9 C.
Tulips planted in pots. For planting bulbs use pots with a diameter of 7 cm, for planting 3 — 5 bulbs use pots of round shape with a diameter of 9 — 13, see. It is important that the substrate layer above the bulb is not less than 5. water and air.
When planting several onions in a pot, they are placed in flattened parts against the walls of the pot. Plant in such a way that two thirds of the bulbs are in the substrate, and one third is above its surface. If the soil is not sufficiently moist, then it is watered before and after planting. To prevent bulging, on top of them sprinkle with a layer of pure sand in 3, see.
If the cooling period is carried out in the basement, you need to make sure that the temperature was not lower - 1,5 C, it is already disastrous for the bulbs. Care must be taken to maintain constant humidity. The optimum temperature for cooling is + 9 'C. The cold period of a tulip is 14 weeks. From the refrigerator and cellar, tulips are carried out when the height of sprouts is 10 cm.
If the bulbs are bought already chilled, then after planting in pots and rooting they do not need to be in the refrigerator or basement. You can immediately put them in room conditions, and they will bloom in 3 — 4 weeks.
If you want to donate tulips not in a pot, but cut them into a bouquet, then you need to do this in the stage of a densely colored bud. Tulips can be cut, wrapped in paper and stored in a refrigerator at about + 5 'C. Just before giving, they need to cut the ends and put in cool water for a few hours.
Daffodils - the sunniest of all bulbous plants.
Small-flowered varieties look especially elegant in pots.
- yellow - Tete-a-tete ',' Baby Doll ', Topolino', 'Gold Medal', 'Van Sion' (terry);
- white - 'Bridal Crown' and 'Paper White'.
Terms of planting bulbs are determined depending on the planned period of flowering. After purchase, the bulbs can be stored in a dry place at + 17 ... + 20 'C.
When filling pots, a soil mixture with a large amount of lowland peat is used, filling it with substrate to the edge. Since daffodils are very susceptible to diseases, it is recommended to soak them before planting in Fludoxonil solution (4 ml per 2 l of water) for 20 minutes. The bulb is placed on the surface of the substrate and slightly pressed into it. On a pot with a diameter of 9 cm need 3 bulbs. The top should be above the edge of the pot. The surface of the substrate is sprinkled with a layer of sand of at least 3 cm to prevent bulbs from bulging. After planting the soil should be shed. Temperature conditions for distillation may not differ from tulips.
If the distillation is carried out in the basement, you need to remember that daffodils, especially miniature ones, are damaged by low temperature. In order for them to bloom at the end of March, they need to be cooled for about 13 weeks from mid-November. After the pot is taken out of the cold, 2 weeks remain until flowering.
TIP: Daffodils emit harmful mucus for other colors, so do not put them in the same vase with roses and tulips. First, they are placed in water for 24 hours so that they release mucus.
WHERE IS A CHILD BUCKER?
Usually the bulbs used for forcing are thrown away: they are no longer suitable for forcing in the next year. But in order to preserve them, who have been on the forcing, for subsequent flowering, you need to continue to care for them after they have faded.
The temperature after flowering is desirable to reduce to + 13 ... + 15 C. The plants are left in bright light and continue to be watered. With an interval of 10 — 12 days, 2 — 3 are used for top-dressing at the rate of 1,5 — 2 g of a mixture of mineral complex fertilizers per 1 l of water.
When the leaves begin to turn yellow, watering is stopped. After drying, the bulbs are removed from the ground, dried and cleaned. Before planting in the soil for growing, they are stored at + 20 ... + 22 C, and planted at the end of October.