IS IT FAVORABLE TO GROW THE SILK (TUMBER) FOR SALE? OUR EXPERIENCE AND FEEDBACK
This plant - the record among the fruit on the content of biologically active substances that are useful for humans. No wonder the people of Central Asia and the Caucasus call mulberry "the tree of life." Everything is healing for her: leaves, shoots and, of course, fruits. In addition, mulberry is a very productive culture, with great commercial prospects. But you need to grow not wild species that give small, quickly ripening "berries", but the varieties selected by breeders - large-fruited, with a high-yield crop.
SELECTION AND TESTING OF SILKER VARIETIES FOR CULTIVATION FOR SALE
Mulberry saplings we grow 12 for years (for comparison, saplings of other garden crops are three times longer). At first, we did not consider mulberry as a culture for a nursery: its trees grow everywhere, literally along the roads, and it gives small and too tender fruits that cannot be transported over long distances. Then we learned about the large-fruited species from the South Coast of Crimea, - they have large and sweet fruits. But the winter hardiness of southern trees in our climate zone is very low. In the nursery in the winter, with such seedlings, almost the entire one-year increment froze out - mainly due to the lingering vegetation period. Their wood did not have time to ripen before the leaves fell, in the winter these plants entered with green shoots and immediately after the first frost their leaves turned black.
However, as often happens, the situation has changed the case. In our region (Kharkiv region) a mulberry tree with large, transportable and very tasty fruits was found. And not a single dry branch in the crown! This is evidence of high winter hardiness of the tree. We began to grow the found variety on the site. Later acquired several cuttings of the best varieties. Gradually buy new varieties from different nurseries. Today, there are no even-aged trees in our garden area, because we are constantly updating plantings.
According to our long-term observations, out of the many tested new varieties or forms of any fruit crop, only 5-7% are suitable for cultivation. The rest of the material is discarded. Therefore, in one landing well rationally planted on 2-3 tree at some distance from each other.
Gradually, most of them have to be removed - some of the seedlings are frozen out in cold winters, some are “written off” after the trees enter fruiting, because the fruits do not meet the desired condition. Sometimes all plants are tested - rarely, but it happens. Then we transplant large-sized seedlings to a permanent place.
Mulberry is no exception to this rule. Of the many varieties tested, a small amount remained. But we continue to constantly explore new items. We select the forms and varieties suitable for commercial use, with the possibility of creating large industrial plantations. Therefore, the transportability of fruits is one of the main criteria for the selection of varieties for further reproduction. High winter hardiness, yield, self-fertility and large-fruited are also important.
PROSPECTS FOR GROWING SILVERY FOR SALE
Market prices for fruit and berry products in Ukraine change every year - something is rapidly becoming more expensive, something, on the contrary, is getting cheaper.
Many farmers have to constantly review their business strategy in order to stay afloat. It is always profitable to grow skip crops, early harvest quickly pays for the costs of planting and maintenance of plantations.
See also: Mulberry (photo) - planting and care
MILK VEGETABLE VARIOUS.
Its trees begin to bear fruit in the second year after planting, and in the third year they produce industrial crops. Thus, the third year after planting can be considered the estimated year of entry into fruiting in the recoupment formula for industrial plantings of mulberry. In subsequent years, the plants increase productivity. So, in our garden, Nadezhda mulberry plants at the age of five years were given 30-40 kg from a single tree. Plants aged seven to twelve years were already more productive: we sold wholesale from 70 to 141 kg of fruit from each tree of varieties Nadezhda and Giant, and about 20% of the crop we left.
So, some calculations are needed to understand how profitable it is to grow mulberries.
The cultivation of industrial varieties of mulberry with dense fruits, which can be shaken from the trees, is more ergonomic than the "dessert" several times. Harvesting - the main component of the formation of its cost. If you shake off the fruits and not pick them off, the profit from the nine-year plantings rises to 4384 UAH / ap, and the level of profitability is equal to 1160%!
In 2013-2014 the wholesale price of the fruits of this crop “in the field” did not fall below UAH / kg 15 (the price of the first and a couple of subsequent charges was higher, but we take the average number for the calculation). The harvest from one tree in those years was 70-90 kg, we multiply it by 15, we get UAH / kg 1050-1350.
In 2015, the yield increased, and the market value of the fruit increased: 100 kg per tree multiplied by 20 UAH / kg, we get 2000 UAH. Profit from 1 macaw plantings - 3432 UAH. According to our calculations, the profitability of nine-year mulberry stands is 258%.
In 2016, we collected about 100 kg of fruits from each ten-year-old mulberry tree (80 kg was handed to wholesalers, and 20 kg was left to us). From 8 June 2016 for mulberry “in the field” gave 40 UAH / kg wholesale, from 12 June - 30 UAH / kg, from 18 June - 25 UAH / kg, and from 22 June until the end of the harvest - 20 UAH / kg We collected and sold the fruits of the early Nadezhda mulberry variety (10 trees) for a month, from 8 June to 4 July. Each tree brought 2185 UAH profit.
In 2017, the early variety harvest Nadezhda was harvested from 11 June to 19 July (87,9% of fruits ripened from 14 June to 3 July), later varieties from 21 June to 5 August. The highest wholesale purchase price was given in the first days of collection - 45 UAH / kg, then it dropped to 25 UAH / kg, we did not sell cheaper. As a result, 39,5% of the mulberry crop of the Nadezhda variety was sold at the highest possible cost (from 45 to 30 UAH / kg).
The average yield of eleven-year-old trees of Hope is about 108 kg per plant. Consequently, the profit from the wholesale sale of the harvest of one tree amounted to 3161 UAH. The yield and profitability of late-varieties of nine-year-old trees (Giant) - respectively, 88,9 kg from one tree and 2227 UAH.
In 2018, the massive harvest of mulberry fruits began on 10 days earlier: early - from June 1, late - from 11 ten-year-old mulberry trees of the Nadezhda variety made 141,2 kg from one tree, ten-year-old Velian trees - 138,2 kg. 54,2% of the harvest of Hope and 14,4% of the crop of Zelikan were sold "in the field", at the cultivation site, at the maximum wholesale price - 45-30 UAH / kg (revenue from sales of the fruits of Hope - 4195 UAH from a tree, for a Giant harvest - 3725 UAH from a tree ).
After analyzing the dynamics of prices for / give birth to mulberries, we made the following conclusions. First, you need to grow only high-yielding self-fruiting varieties with large, marketable, transportable fruits. The demand and price for high-quality fruit products are always above average. For comparison, in 2017-2018. the wholesale price for the fruits of standard mulberry varieties during the mass collection period was 10-15 UAH / kg, and for a kilogram of fruits of large-fruited transportable varieties they gave at least 25 UAH. Secondly, preference should be given to varieties of early ripening - the first crop harvest in the season can be realized at a very high price.
It is interesting
The beneficial properties of mulberry fruits are indisputable. In season, they should be eaten daily - they improve the work of almost all organs in the human body.
Every year we freeze fresh fruits in order to enjoy them in the winter. You can add them to milkshakes, sculpt dumplings with mulberries and eat just like that. In the Caucasus, where this plant has been grown for a long time, its fruits are added to many traditional dishes.
FROM THE HISTORY OF CULTURE OF MUNITISH
In the ancient Tajik city
Khujand two blocks were called mulberry trees: Tahti Shah here, Tahti Tutikalon. The word "tahti" means "under" (the quarter under Tuticalon). The locals called the huge tree bearing the sweet fruit “the royal mulberry tree” (the shah is here). This giant tree was felled during the Second World War. His colleague Tuktikalon lived to this day. This is one of the attractions of Khujand, is under state protection. The tree is over a thousand years old. Its height is about 30 m, its girth is 12 m. Pictures and photos of the tree, made by researchers, travelers and botanists, are kept in museums around the world.
To take into account all the "surprises", when laying the plantings for industrial cultivation, you should contact the specialists and get professional recommendations on the choice of varieties, a detailed description of the cultivation technology. This will help to avoid many mistakes and get the most out of the plants in the coming years.
We wish you all a generous harvest!
When choosing a place for growing mulberries, one should consider the location of the site, microrelief features, the soil and climatic conditions of the region, and so on. It is important on which rootstock seedlings are grown, and how they grew — on boghara or under drip irrigation. All this determines the technology of cultivation and selection of varieties. In general, when planting mulberries should take into account the characteristics of the culture, which is better to know in advance. For example, for the convenience of caring for plantations, we form a low (up to 2,6-3,0 m), but wide crown for mulberry trees. Therefore, the minimum distance between the trees in the area should be 7-8 m.
CULTIVATION OF SILK AND BENEFITS - VIDEO
© Author: Lily and Alexander YAHIMOVICH, town Krasnokutsk, Kharkiv region.