GROWING A SPICY PEPPER - THE BEST VARIETIES AND OUR RESPONSES
Hot pepper is popular all over the world. It is well known that seasoning is prepared from it, which improves the taste of food, makes it fragrant and spicy. And all because of the content in pepper essential oil, which gives it a specific unique flavor, and capsaicin - a substance responsible for its sharpness. But few people know that this sharpness is measured not only by our feelings, but also by a special scale. Focusing on it, you can choose for yourself varieties with the fruits of the level of acuity that will be most comfortable. We did so, and now in our collection of 80 varieties of this wonderful vegetable.
Sharp, even sharper
In 1920, the American chemist Wilbur Scoville decided to measure pepper sharpness in special units - Scoville Heat Units (SHU). He took a small part of the fruit and diluted with water until he stopped feeling the sharp taste, and thus determined the unit of hotness of hot pepper, taking it as a basis. The Okoville scale starts at zero, which is occupied by ordinary sweet peppers, and the pepper with the highest level of sharpness completes the table. According to the Okoville scale, peppers can be:
- • weakly pointed (from 0 to 500 SHU);
- • Medium Hot (1000 to 30 000 SHU);
- • strongly acute (from 50 000 to 100 000 SHU);
- • supersharp (from 200 000 SHU).
The title of the hottest pepper in the world is transferred from one brand to another almost every year, because selection does not stand still. More recently, the leader of zhguchest was the variety of hot pepper Carolina Reaper with the sharpness of more than 2 million units of Okoville (the level of pepper spray). Fans of extremely hot peppers annually organize competitions on eating super-sharp fruits, and the hotter the pepper, the more entertaining.
There are many different types of hot peppers in the world. Collecting a collection, we chose three of them - the most common and, in our opinion, the most interesting - vegetable, Chinese and berry
Mexican spicy pepper
Vegetable or Mexican species (Capsicum annuum) encompasses a large squad of peppers: all sweet varieties, paprika and jalapeno (Jalapeno), named after the city of Xalapi (Mexico). It belongs to the medium-hot peppers, valued for hot, burning taste. Fruits of jalapeno of small size, bright coloring, thick-walled, juicy. They can be eaten fresh, added to salads, made from sauces, pickled, salted, dried and ground into powder. We pickle jalapeno fruits at different stages of their ripening, and colorful peppers in glass jars look very nice. Also experienced many varieties of pickles. Delicious!
Jalapeno is unpretentious in care and works well when grown in the garden and in the greenhouse. Sow seeds for seedlings need in early February, and planted it in open ground - in mid-May, in the greenhouse - in late April. Jalapenos can also be grown in flower pots, as the bushes are short and compact.
In our collection there are different varieties of jalapeno: Jalapeno Orange. Jalapeno White. Jalapeno Purple, Jalapeno Numex Pumpkin Spice Jalapeno Numex Orange Spice. All of them are very productive: from each bush can be removed from 25 to 50 fruits.
DECORATIVE SHARP PEPPER
There are many other equally worthy representatives of a large family of peppers. On our window sill, the medium-hot one Perple Delight (Purple Delight). Its sharpness may seem harsh before you feel the pleasant warmth. The height of the 20-30 shrub, see. Round, edible fruits in the process of maturation change the rich lilac color to bright red.
Very beautiful-looking variegated hot pepper Purple Flash (Purple Flash). Bush lush, undersized. The leaf is almost black with white and purple spots. Fruits resemble black beads, which, when fully matured, turn dark red.
Great decoration for windowsill, garden and vegetable garden - medium hot pepper Turkish Bieber (turkish Flower Biber). Bush compact, well leafy, lush, srednerosly. In the process of ripening, the cone-shaped fruits change color from green to purple-black, and when fully ripe they turn cherry with anthocyanin. Fruits grow upward in a bundle, in one knot it is tied and matures from 9 to 14, which is very similar to a flower. Productivity is very high: up to 80 fruits from the bush.
Exploding ember (Explosive Ember) considered one of the most beautiful varieties of ornamental pepper in the world. When ripe, the fruits of bright purple become orange, then acquire a pinkish hue, and finally turn into scarlet. Since up to six ovaries are formed at the site of each flower, with proper care, the plant is literally covered with miniature pods of different colors. In combination with leaves of an unusual purple shade, the fruits look spectacular. The height of the plant 25-35, see. The variety is fruitful, very easy to grow.
Eureka (Eureca) - variety of decorative pepper. Bush compact, powerful, height 30-35 cm and diameter 20-30 cm. Fruits of medium sharpness, elongated shape, knit and grow in bunches. The color of the fruit from dark purple to yellow-orange and red. The length of 2,5-4,5 peppers is cm, diameter is up to 1,1 cm. Peppers of all flowers grow on the bush at the same time, giving the plant an original look. Good edible decoration for the window sill. Heureka is grown in flower pots or planted in garden curbs for decoration.
Unlike other cayenne peppers, Cayenne long joe (joe's long cayenne) not so spicy, but much more productive. He gives in the open ground up to 200 pods from one bush, and in the greenhouse - two to three times more. Plant up to 80 cm, spreading. Fruits are pendant, screw, up to 25 cm, slightly wrinkled, from green to bright red. Very fresh and marinated, perfectly dried, they make excellent sauces, seasonings and flavor powder.
We really like Comstock Perple (Comstock Purple Pepper). The plant reaches a height of about a meter and gives elongated conical pods of an unusual, combined color (green and dark red with purple). Pepper is medium hot, slightly sweetish, well dried, suitable for many pieces, very productive.
Black cobra (Black Cobra, Goats Weed) - a very rare and productive fork of chili peppers from Venezuela with fleece leaves and stems. Fruits are long, slightly curved, grow upwards, in the process of ripening they change color from black to bright red. Used for fresh consumption, canning and drying.
The listed varieties of pepper are early and mid-season vegetables, therefore, it is possible to sow their seeds for seedlings from February to mid-March.
HABANNERO PEPPER - “BITTERED” TORCHES
Chinese Pepper (Capsicum Chinense) It is considered one of the hottest chilli peppers, has a strong burning taste. It is also characterized by the hanging position of the fruit and the specific aroma. The brightest and most popular representative is peppers habanera [Habanero], originally from South America, but named after the capital of Cuba, Havana. Its aroma for some people seems incredibly attractive, and for others - unusual, to which we must get used.
There is 18 varieties habanero pepper. Their fruits are similar in shape (resemble lanterns or hearts), but differ in color and degree of hotness (sharpness).
Habanero does not require special care and can give a very good harvest (up to 100 fruits from a bush!) Even in our climatic zone - whether it be a vegetable garden or greenhouse,
Grow varieties of this family seedling way. Terms of sowing seeds for seedlings - February-March. Water the seedlings very moderately, these peppers do not like a lot of moisture. Habanero grow well in hot weather, but the seedlings must be taught to the sun gradually, so as not to burn the leaves.
Habanero peppers are highly acute, so they are not recommended for fresh consumption. They make wonderful sauces, they are good for pickling. Habanero fruits can be dried and ground to powder, as well as frozen.
We grow these varieties Habanero: Habanero Gambia (Habanero Gambia), Habanera Ivory (Habanero Ivory), Habanero Orange (Habanero Orange), Habanero Chocolate (Habanero Chocolate), Habanero Peach (Peach Habanero), Green (Habanero Chocolate), Hearts red (Caribbean Ped Habanero), Habanero Numex Suave Orange
One of the most common ornamental types of pepper in the world - berry (Capsicum baccatum). Brazil is considered the birthplace of these peppers. Plants are powerful, reaching a height of 1,5 m. A distinctive feature of the species is the unusual coloring of flowers whose corollas have yellow or brown spots. In addition to the bright appearance, the fruit of the plant is an excellent seasoning with a soft, not too sharp taste. The brightest representatives of this species are hot sweet peppers. Aji. Fruits have a fruity aroma with overtones of berries. It is especially felt in the powder of dry fruits.
There are more than 30 Adji pepper varieties. In our collection it is represented by such varieties as Aji Habanero, Aji Fantasy, Aji Omnicolor. This season, our collection has replenished with a new variety of berry species - Peruviano Arancio (Peruviano Arancio) with large cone-shaped fruits of bright orange color, similar to Christmas-tree decorations. In the garden, the bush can reach up to 1 m in height, in an apartment (capacity up to 5 L) - up to 70, see. Pepper is medium sharp, has a refreshing taste with a fruity aroma, is good for sauces, pickling, pickling and fresh consumption. Fruits can be frozen. Very productive variety.
Hot pepper is a beautiful, tasty and extremely healthy vegetable. It is rich in vitamins C, B1, B2, P and others, carotene, as well as minerals. Shrubs with colored peppers of different shapes and sizes look original both on the garden and on the windowsill. Grow hot peppers to taste the taste of life!
CULTIVATION OF THE MOST ACUTE PEPPER IN A HOLIDAY - VIDEO
© Author: Svetlana RYABOVA