CULTIVATION OF FINE ONE-COLOR
Coniferous plants conquered me ten years ago, when we moved from an apartment to a private house. It was necessary to equip the site, choose the plants that will decorate it. Remembering how the city parks look like in the winter, I thought that I would miss the greenery on the plot in the cold, so I decided to plant several dwarf Christmas trees and pines.
Looking through the range of garden centers in search of planting material, she fell ill with fir. It turned out that there are a huge variety of species and varieties of fir and they are all so beautiful and unusual! And although I am passionately fond of peonies, for conifers there is always a comfortable place in my garden. Today I want to tell only about one species from my collection - fir monochrome.
White fir (Abies concolor) - evergreen coniferous plant of the pine family. The tree is strong, high. Crohn dense, sharply pyramidal shape. In old trees, the crown becomes flatter.
The bark of young firs is light gray in color, smooth, without growths, but as the fir grows it becomes covered with large cracks and thickens. The distinctive characteristic of the monochrome fir bark is resistance to fire.
Cones are oval, large, up to 12 cm, width - 4 cm, with rather large scales. Their distinguishing feature is a bright purple color with a red tint. They are very decorative. Unfortunately, concolor bears fruit only once in 2 — 3 of the year.
The needles of abies concolor are larger than those of other species of fir. On average, the length of the needle is 7 cm. Needles are flat, sickle-curved, gray-green, and equally colored on both sides. It is this feature that determined the name of the variety.
Under natural conditions, the height of the tree can reach 60 m, in artificial plantations it rarely exceeds 40 m. The annual increase is 15 — see 20.
Fir - long-lived: the average lifespan of a tree is 300 years. From the other species of the Pine family, monochrome fir is distinguished by the characteristic lemon aroma and taste of pine needles. It contains many vitamins and is used in folk medicine for ulcers and inflammations of the intestines, skin diseases, etc.
MAINTENANCE OF FINE COLOR
Fir monochrome prefers loamy soils, but it develops well on the soil with a high content of humus. She is the leader in drought tolerance among fir trees, characterized by high frost resistance, resistance to heat. Konkolor, perhaps. the most hardy of firs. Another distinctive feature that distinguishes concolor from its kind is the high need for sunlight.
FAVORITE SORTS OF ONE-COLOR FIR
Since my collection is constantly growing and already has dozens of varieties, and the journal publication does not allow to tell about all, I’ll dwell only on the most beloved ones.
Violacea (A. concolor Violacea) - slow-growing light-loving variety. He suitable loamy soil. The needles are soft, flat, bluish-blue, needles of length 5-6, see. Cones are large. Mature trees reach 11 m in height, 6 m in width. This variety is most resistant to air pollution by exhaust gases and tolerates drought well.
Winter Gold (A. concolor Winter Gold] - medium size tree (maximum height - 20 m). Crown symmetric, cone-shaped. The needles are long - about 8 cm! The name (winter gold in English means "winter gold") A remarkable property of needles to acquire a golden-green color in winter.
This variety is very sensitive to high humidity and stagnant water, which can even lead to the death of the plant. Therefore, it is important to provide him a place with good drainage, where water does not stagnate.
Island nad Ohri (A concolor Ostrov nad Ohfi) - absolutely amazing variety. Unusual prostrate form of the plant, strange twisted needles. He always attracts attention! The annual increment is only 5 — 7 cm, and this allows the adult plant to maintain fairly small size at the age of ten (60-90 cm wide and 30 — 45 high).
The variety originated from a witch's broom found near the town of Ostrov in the Czech Republic. Sometimes it is called and simply Abies concolor Island.
Masonic broom (A. concolor Masonic broom) - a very rare and extremely refined variety of fir, which forms a dense compact bush with densely located sprigs covered with gray-blue needles of 3 — 4 length, see. The annual growth is so insignificant that a ten-year plant can measure 15 × 30. It is an ideal plant for stony garden. It also looks very impressively grafted on low stock. Loves moderately wet soil, sunny location. Resistant to low temperatures. However, young plants can be damaged by frost, it is desirable to cover them.
Slama (A. concolor Slama) - a very beautiful witch's broom, discovered on fir konkolor Jan Slama (Jan Slama) in Ostrava (Czech Republic).
In severe winters, it can freeze, but with the right choice of place it preserves decorative qualities. Relatively resistant to drought.
Nova Gentlemen (A. concolor Nova Hospoda) - a beautifully colored dwarf variety of one-color fir obtained from a witch's broom found in 2004 by Ladislav Kreici in Rudawa (Czech Republic). Plant spherical shape, with a fairly long needles. The annual increase is only 4 — 5; therefore, such a little girl will find a place even in the smallest garden or on the hill. It can also be grown in containers for decorating patios, terraces and balconies. The plant is practically “maintenance free”, resistant to diseases, almost not damaged by pests. Unpretentious to the soil. For bright coloring needs a sunny location.
Blue Sapphire (A. concolor Blue Saphir) - This is a miniature variety of single-colored fir with short (only 1 cm long) bright blue needles, which at the tips are brightened to a silver color. An adult 10-year-old plant reaches a height of 30 cm and a width of 40 cm, because the average annual growth is 2,5 cm. This variety was obtained from a witch broom found in 1998 on A. concolor Violaceae Miroslav Malik in his Chesky cattery Budejovice (Czech Republic).
Bryce Canyon (A. Concolor Bryce Canyon) - a miniature variety created from a witch's broom found in 2000 near the Bryce Canyon (USA). The krone is very dense. smooth, nesting. The needles are silver and gray-green. Well done in dry places. Annual growth of all 3 — see 4. So 10 summer plant reaches the size of 20 × 40, see. Feels good in the sun or in light penumbra.
If you think that coniferous plants "in the winter and in the summer in one color" and it is boring to watch them, then you are deeply mistaken. Even those conifers, which are distinguished by very slow growth, are constantly changing: they release new soft needles on growths in spring, bear fruit, forming cones that change color depending on the degree of maturity ... And also, they exude such a delicate scent, which is always festive in my garden atmosphere. That is why they deserve attention and love!
Reference by topic: Growing fir on the site: planting, care and beautiful varieties and species
SINGLE-COLOR FIR - VIDEO
© Author: Svetlana PAVLOTSKAYA