VINOGRAD FROM THE CHERK TO BERRIES
Grapes successfully grown almost 30 years. Accumulated considerable experience, which I want to share.
FROM SCHOOL TO ADULT LIFE
2. Watering pipe
3. Sand layer in 10 cm
4. "Pillow" of broken brick
In the spring, as the snow melts, the cuttings are first planted at an angle into the school - on a fertilized bed. I water with warm water and cover with spunbond (I clean after returning frosts). If by the fall 5-6 of eyes has ripened on the shoot - I’m planting such a seedling next spring to a permanent place.
The bottom of the planting pit (width 50 cm and depth 60 cm) is covered with broken brick, slate, I fill it with sand on top of the 10 layer. Sideways at an angle, I attach a plastic pipe for watering and fertilizing (I do not dig it in the sand). After that, fill the pit with a mixture of sod land with compost (1-2 buckets), a handful of superphosphate and a glass of ash. The top of the pit I fall asleep with sand (10cm), which does not allow the soil to agitate, to some extent plays the role of mulch. Sapling I fall asleep so that 2-3 ocellus remains above the ground.
FIRST CUTTING OF GRAPES
In the autumn after the fall of the leaves cut 80% of matured wood. On each bush I leave 2-4 bitches (each with 2-3 eyes).
After the development of the shoots on the bush, I leave either the 2 shoot (with a two-arm formation) or the 4 shoot (when creating 4-6 sleeves). When the sleeves reach the length of 70-100 cm, I pinch the top to form stepchildren. For the winter I carefully cover the plants.
BASES OF CARE FOR GRAPES
Grapes hold on the trellis. All season the soil under the bushes loose. I water in a pipe at a bush. I also feed it once a month (1 bucket of dry bird droppings or manure is poured in a barrel of 200 l with water, I draw 10 days, I dilute the composition with 1: 10).
In the fall, after leaf fall, I take a vine from a trellis, tie it in bunches and put it in a box, covering it with spruce or mat and from moisture - with a film.
In the spring as snow melts, I take off the mats, but I cover the grapes with spunbond to protect them from frost.
And in April-May, I raise the vines on the trellis. My grapes (varieties Muromets, Zarnitsa, Aleshenkin, Sasha) with this method of cultivation begins to bear fruit in the second year.
BASES OF CARE OF GRAPES - VIDEO
© Author: Joseph Voytyuk, Kazan. Fig. the author