SPRING ROSES - CARE
In early spring, garden roses often die not so much from frost as from soaking and drying out. Therefore, it is important to free the bushes from the winter shelter at the start of the season, and then competently care for them.
THE MAIN THING IN CARE OF ROSES EARLY SPRING
- Shelter removal
- Forming pruning
- Treatment of diseases and pests
- Application of fertilizers
- Mounting supports and garter to them
Focus on the end of March and the beginning of April, when the danger of frost is below -5 degrees, and also as the soil thaws.
I gradually open my roses, preferably in cloudy weather or in the evening, so that they are not immediately under bright sunlight.
The scheme is approximately as follows: as soon as the temperature stops falling below -5 degrees, I remove the first layer - non-woven material. Through 2-3 of the day, when the temperature rises to 0 degrees, I remove the spruce branches or the rest of the covering material, and after a few days - dry leaves.
I give the bushes to adapt and only then break out. From the root collar (vaccination site), the protection is removed in the last turn. For the rest of the procedures
I will start about 4-7 days after the shelter has been removed (but here you need to monitor the kidneys: if they swell, it is better to speed up this work). Pruning
Stambov and climbing roses large-scale haircut in the spring is not needed. In all types of roses, I completely remove dry, diseased and frost-damaged stems, as well as thin and weak growths. Fully cut and wild shoots that appears below the budding (vaccination). Also tidy up branches older than 4-5 years.
With the beginning of the swelling of the kidneys I shorten healthy branches. On hybrid tea roses, pruning leaves 5-6 of buds from the base of the shoot, on floribunda roses - 4-5.
SPRING CUTTING OF ROSES IS CONSIDERED MORE IMPORTANT AUTUMN. EXACTLY FROM THE FIRST CUT OF THE BODY DEPENDS THE VOICE OF ITS FLOWER.
I work only clean (disinfected) and well-honed
All fertilizers need to be applied in a moist soil. Therefore, before dressing roses, pour water well on the tool. At the end of the work, I cut all pruning (I do the same with leaves from under bushes - spores of pathogenic fungi and pest larvae overwinter on them).
PROPHYLACTIC TREATMENT OF ROSE SPRING
Immediately after trimming, the bushes and the soil around them are sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate (200 g for 10 l of water) or bordeaux liquid (300 g for 10 l of water) to prevent the appearance of diseases and pests. Two weeks later I treat the fungicide (Topsin, Fundazole, Oxy) and the insecticide (Aktara, Spark).
Adult rose bushes are fed with a complex fertilizer with a nitrogen content or ammonium nitrate (30-40 g per 1 m2). A week after this - infusion of chicken manure (1: 15; 0,5 liters composition 10 liters of water). Young roses in the first year after planting a single infusion of chicken litter.
In a rainy spring, nitrogen supplements can be repeated after 2 weeks or, under each bush, 0,5 buckets of humus can be added to the soil. And do not forget to loosen the ground more often under the plants - roses, though moisture-loving, do not like stagnant moisture.
After dressing, mulch the soil under the roses with compost, peat, eggshell, rotted sawdust with a layer to 5. See that the mulch does not touch the base of the trunk.
ROSE DISCLOSURE AND SPRING CARE FOR THEM - VIDEO
© Author: Kennel Kennel Elena PETRENKO