APPLE-TREE AND LOLCHES - WE REPRODUCE THE REJUVENED APPLE
Usually, apple trees are propagated by seeds or seedlings, but there is also a third, rather curious way, which in the literal sense of the word gives a stable result.
Reproduction of the apple tree - measure seven times!
My passion for apple trees began with two seedlings that I purchased back in 1974 (barely graduating from the institute) from good friends in neighboring gardening - in those years it was only in this way that I managed to get proven planting material. It was already early May in the courtyard, and I was afraid that these trees would not take root or would hurt, but they began to grow so vigorously that in three years they treated me to delicious delicious apples.
But in 1979, the winter was unusually harsh, and my apple trees were hit hard. One of them never recovered, having died after two years, and the other, though survived, was far from brave. Once I noticed that on the trunk above the vaccine, two tops grew. In theory, it was possible to remove them, but, considering the condition of the tree, I judged differently: one top was bent down and covered with earth, and the other was left as it is. He quickly went into growth and after a few years reached a diameter of about 10 cm, then fruits began to appear on this stem (it was difficult to name it). And the apple tree itself began to dry, and I finally cut it down. Alas, removing the old trunk, I did not take into account the fact that the trunk that had grown from the top was at an acute angle to it, therefore there is no strong connection between them. And one day, after a strong autumn wind, I found that the growing trunk-top was broken off, lying on the ground and held only on the bark and a thin layer of wood that was a centimeter thick.
I would cut off the old trunk at the height of 1-1,5 m from the start of the top and then attach it to it, but ... In general, I recommend everyone to take into account my mistake and leave the old trunk in similar situations.
I did not want to lose a tree, so I put a support around the trunk, to which I attached a broken trunk, relying on a miracle. And it happened: the young trunk did not die, in the spring its branches began to grow. Here are just in places of contact with props formed "bedsores", devoid of bark. And in place of the old sawn trunk, despite all my efforts, it remained a hollow. Then the apple tree finally came to its senses, and in the following years my family was always with apples.
However, this apple tree began to age with time, and I had to rejuvenate it. To this end, I sawed off small branches on one third of the crown, leaving only thick hemp up to half a meter in length. The following year, strong tops grew on them, and in the fall I cut branches into another third of the crown in the same way, and a year later I subjected this procedure to the rest of the crown.
We also recommend reading: How to propagate plants with green cuttings
All the outgrowths on the ground cut quickly grew, and after three years they bloomed. With this pruning, I kept the balance between the crown and its roots.
The apple tree became like a young one, and for ten years I did not know where to harvest. He brought apples to friends, sent them to relatives and was generally ready to give them to anyone who wanted to pick them up. Only those fruits that they plucked from the branches were left for storage, but he did not take the fallen ones at all. In those years, I also dried many apples and then cooked compotes from them. And what jam from these apples turned out - just a song! Fragrant, transparent, slices just like candied fruits ...
We loved to rest in the shade of this apple tree. Sometimes motley flew from the forest
woodpecker and began to sanitize wood, finding pests under the bark. Toward the end of August, in silence yesterday, it was heard how a ripe apple comes off from a branch and falls with a unique rustle to the ground.
How I loved to stand next to this apple tree and look at the eternal stars! And although in the garden by this time other apple trees were already growing, this one remained my favorite.
That was until the year before last. That autumn, the leaves from all the apple trees never fell off, and the trees went green in winter. I, frankly, was upset, because it was a bad sign of their preparation for the cold. And my forebodings were justified. In early February, the frost hit below -40 ° and lasted several days. Despite the fact that by that time a lot of snow had fallen, the apple trees suffered from the cold so much that I then had to cut them all but one.
And what happened to that top on my first apple tree, which I bent down to the ground? After a couple of years, I cut it off the trunk and transplanted it into a free space. The roots of this tree were weak, and it was gaining strength for a long time. I even wanted to destroy it, but gradually the apple tree got stronger and after five years began to give a lot of apples. It was she who survived after extreme cold. Yes, I still had some good first apple trees!
So that gardeners who want to get saplings from prikupannyh branches, I recommend to be patient, because such trees will be a long time in the fruiting stage. But then they will thank you for it with interest.
I had another interesting apple tree: I grew it from a seed, and then planted it. She also grew well, but the stock stem was more powerful than a graft, and strong tops came from him. I wanted to know what kind of variety it was, and I did not completely remove these tops, leaving one the strongest. From him in the autumn preceding that frosty winter, I received some good tasty apples. I decided that I would leave this branch in a tree and get a harvest of two varieties of apples, but the cold crossed out my plans.
However, from the roots of that apple tree, strong growth has gone, which I am not in a hurry to cut: the balance between the crown and the roots must be maintained. I will wait until the main one stands out among the trunks and the apples ripen on it, then I will remove all of its competitors.
Or maybe some good sort of graft on him. How to know ...
We also recommend reading: How to grow a rooted apple tree - my way and reviews
SEVEN UNUSUAL WAYS OF APPLE BREEDING - VIDEO
© Author: Vladimir V. Makarov. Rybinsk. Yaroslavl region
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