THE BEST VARIETIES OF THE PEPPER AND THEIR GROWING - TIPS FOR CUTTING AND CARE
The beds of fruit-bearing pepper can turn the head with its diversity. What kind of shapes and colors rewarded his nature: round and long, conical and square, and still green, yellow, red, purple ... Possessing unparalleled taste and aroma, this vegetable can not only decorate any table, but also provide our body with vitamins and other necessary substances. But pepper is a culture with character, and will open in all its glory only to the most zealous gardeners.
Growing peppers requires a balanced approach. It has long been convinced that only a seedling method allows plants to create favorable conditions for a successful start. Soil mixture for seedlings is prepared in the fall. Its composition: two buckets of sod land (prepared in the forest plantation, and then sieved through a sieve) and humus (at least two years old) and a bucket of sand. For each bucket of this mixture add a liter jar of wood ash. Fill the boxes with at least 15-16 depth with finished soil mixture. We put tanks with soil mixture at freezing under the shed, before sowing we disinfect them with boiling water and transfer them to the room where the seeds will germinate.
We plan to sow hot peppers for the second decade of February, and sweet ones a little later, focusing on the lunar calendar. We start seed preparation for sowing in 30-45 days. To do this, we warm them near the heating devices in plastic bags, in which, before sowing, we make holes for air circulation.
After warming up, many gardeners usually disinfect the seeds with 1% potassium permanganate solution at room temperature for 20-25 minutes, then wash them with running water.
We use another method: soak the seeds in aloe juice solution (10 ml per 100 ml of water) on 6-8 h and, without rinsing, dry to flowability. In a box through 6-8, we make an edge of the ruler of the groove 0,5 depth, see. Use tweezers and carefully fold the seeds in the grooves at a distance of 2-3. Then we cover the box with a transparent film and leave it in a room with air temperature 5-25 ° C. If the box is installed near the battery, daily change its position in relation to heat.
Under favorable conditions, seedlings appear after 7-9 days (at 22-25 ° C temperature - on 9-12-th day). When sprouts (in the form of white loops) will be up to 10%, move the box to a cooler room (air temperature is 5-6 ° C below). A new home for plants should be well lit.
When the 50-60% seedling appears, remove the plastic wrap from the drawers. This will provide the root system with additional heat and allow it to fully develop. If you miss this moment, the plants will stretch out, they will be very thin, with weak roots and will “lie down” at the very first watering. Seeds are sown not randomly, but in rows, so that in case of lodging, seedlings can be saved by sprinkling with soil.
Since the pepper is very painful for picking, we abandoned this procedure. Instead, we roll the sprout together with a lump of soil into a more spacious place and pour it with soil mixture. Thus, the root system is formed more efficiently.
See also: Pepper on "lazy" technology - my tips
Water in the morning (up to 9: 00) with warm rain or melt snow water of room temperature (if it is not there, you can use regular tap water that has been settled for 24 hours).
Feed the seedlings every 10-12 days with infusion of chicken manure (1 kg per 20 l of water) or mullein (1kg per 10 l of water), combining with irrigation. The first 20 days of watering try not to abuse, so that the plants are not "knocked down" black leg. And if you accidentally overdone with watering, treat the surface with wood ash as soon as possible - it will absorb excess moisture and add a few degrees of heat.
By the time of planting in the open ground, the plants should be at the age of 60-65 days, by which time they already have 6-8 leaflets. For 10 days before disembarking, seedlings are hardened. The first two or three days we take the plants to fresh air in the afternoon. Starting with 20 min. then gradually increase the time. The last three or four days before planting seedlings leave overnight on the street. We plant the plants in the garden in the late afternoon, but before that, we pour plenty of water in the morning, so that they can be easily removed from the box with a clod of earth. Planting pattern 45-50 × 35-40 cm, for varieties with small bushes - 30-35 × 20-25 see
When planting seedlings in any case, do not add fresh manure or bird droppings to the wells, as this has a detrimental effect on the pepper. To preserve moisture in the soil and to protect the root system from overheating during the sultry heat, we row the rows between straw, hay or grass (layer up to 10 cm). Among other things, this technique facilitates weed control. Water the plants two or three times a week.
We make the beds with pepper backstage. As wings, we sow three or four rows of sweet corn of the varieties of lingonberry or gourmand. The scenes are placed at a distance 2 m from each other, between them - three rows of pepper of the same variety. A wall of powerful plants protects peppers from cold wind currents, creates a greenhouse effect in hot weather, and also partially eliminates pollination with a nearby variety.
If the weather is cloudy for a long time, the microclimate is regulated by dusting the plants with wood ash in the early morning, in the dew. Ash powder absorbs excess moisture, enriches the bush with potassium, protects against fungal diseases. After each harvest, we feed the plants with infusion of chicken manure (1 kg per 20 l of water) or mullein (1 kg per 10 l of water), combining top dressing with watering over the mulch. If strong heat, in the evening, at sunset, we spend sprinkling using irrigation tape "Mist".
Each pepper has its own character, its own advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, having experienced a huge number of varieties, we chose those to which the soul lies, which are able to charge us with energy and give the maximum yield. And now on our beds, as on the podium, adorn varieties Boneta, Valya, Lumin and others. The plants are small, each bush forms 12-18 pcs. small creamy red, juicy and sweet fruits.
Apricot favorite, Golden Pheasant, Gladiator, Aphrodite, Golden Jubilee, Orange Miracle, California Golden Miracle, Sketch, Gourmet, Bogdan and others with fruits of a peculiar shape and golden-yellow coloring settled in the scenes in friendly ranks.
It is impossible to take your eyes off the varieties Merchant, Hussar Cup, Olenka, Gem, Rojo, Citrine, Apple Saved. The color of the fruits and technical ripeness - from yellow-orange to pink-orange of different intensity, in the biological - red.
It is also interesting to observe the ripening of the red fruits of the varieties Anastasia and Ranche (light green in technical ripeness), Ratunda, California miracle, Paprika, Mercedes, Lyudmila, Marinkin tongue, Red Giant and Nokera Sel Hypponez (dark green in technical ripeness). From violet to cherry-brown transforms the fruits of ultraearly varieties Lilac Bell. The super-early grade Oda with cone-shaped, 70-100 mass with purple fruits is pleasing to the eye.
High-yielding varieties of banana dessert, Paprika, Corno di Toro Rosso, Tusk, Little Mammoth with long fruits are able to surprise any gourmet. Pepper is ideal for drying, followed by grinding. It is used as a spice for seasoning, grilling, barbecue or lecho.
A real find for a professional culinary specialist and an ordinary hostess is very early varieties Bugay and White Gold with large cubic fruits of a glowing pearl yellow color. Fruit wall thickness - 8-10 mm. Peppers are very juicy, suitable for fresh consumption and whole-canning, especially in lecho or grilled.
Impressive for their size and beauty varieties of giants Northern King, Nokera Sel Hipponese, Marconi Rosso, Quadro Red and others. Kvadro Red is an early ripe variety that bears fruits well during the whole season. On a stocky bush is formed up to 15 cubical, bright red fruits.
Pepper is a very delicate plant. But if you pick up a key to it and draw attention to it, this healthy and tasty vegetable will delight you every year with a bountiful harvest.
CULTIVATION OF PEPPER WITHOUT CLICKING - VIDEO
© Author: Valentina CHEBANENKO. with. Breusovka. Poltava Obg.
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