MAXIMUM QUICK YIELD HARVEST - HOW TO REACH?
Autumn landing is just around the corner. But, having registered in his garden an annual apple tree seedling on a tall rootstock, the first apples will have to wait five, or even six years. But you really want to try your crop early! How to bring this pleasant moment closer
Dwarf apple trees
When choosing planting material, pay attention not to the seedling you are accustomed to on the seed stock, but to the apple trees on dwarf (up to 2 m) and semi-dwarf (up to 3,5 m) stocks, because they enter fruiting already on the 2-3 year.
A one-year-old seedling with an open root system will take root faster than the same two-year-old one, since its roots are less injured when excavated from the soil.
But the roots of the seedling from the container after planting will immediately begin to develop fertile soil. By the way, many summer residents plant roots from the tank slightly shake, they say, so they grow faster.
My experience shows that during a summer planting one should not be disturbed: it is worth breaking up a lump of earth - and the top leaves are immediately attached. But when planting in the spring before the leaves bloom and in the middle of autumn, you can shake the lump of earth a little and straighten the roots.
The more a branch tends to a horizontal position, the more fruit buds are laid on it. To bring the branch of a young plant to a horizontal position, it is unbent and tied to a stake, which is driven alongside, in early spring (the year after planting).
But I like the branch pruning method more. The next year, after planting an annual seedling in early spring, I cut off the top of the branch above the outer bud (see. Fig.).
A kidney waking up after such a pruning on its own gives an escape deflected to a horizontal position, on which fruit buds are quickly laid.
Fertilizer of young plants
The laying of fruit buds is also affected by the care of the seedling.
In the first two years after planting, the seedling has enough fertilizer applied to the planting pit.
In subsequent years, until mid-summer, fertilizing with nitrogen is needed, which causes enhanced leaf growth.
I use Kemir Spring-Summer mineral fertilizer (according to the instructions) and manure infusion (1: 10). In August I bring in ash (1 kg per 1 sq.m for loosening), and in September-October - fertilizer Kemira Autumn.
© Author: Elena LITVYAKOVA, experienced gardener, St. Petersburg Fig. Ivan Ershov