Planted currant? CUT
Pruning is a must in currant care. And to start forming a plant is better and easier immediately after planting (in October).
One-two-year-old seedlings, bought in a nursery or grown from cuttings, mainly shorten the growth. The gardening guide has recommendations to cut all the shoots in half or on 2 / 3.
And this is true: your task is to quickly get a well-branched bush. Therefore, cut the seedlings, leaving 3-5 buds on each shoot (as a result, from the awakened side buds you will get a sufficient number of growth points).
It happens that the seedling is the only branch with roots, and the gardener regrets to cut off the top of this "stick". As a result, in a couple of years, instead of a bush, you will get a stem (often curved and not at all vertical) with weak lateral branches, very low-yielding.
What to do with such a seedling? In the fall, plant it according to all the rules in fertilized soil (having dug by 3-5 cm above the root neck). And in April, cut off its top, leaving it above the surface of the earth ... 5-10 cm (that is, 3-4 kidneys should remain)! Do not worry: by the fall a good bush will already grow from it in 2-4 branches.
By the way, if during the season one of the young branches of the currant grows very actively, clearly “distorting” the leadership role and suppressing the growth of the other branches, it can be restrained in development - pinch the tip of the top on 1-3 see. You can do this in July . And in the autumn, shorten the strongest branches far sticking out of the general outline of the bush, leading to a “common denominator” - aligning in height with the other branches of the seedling.
CUTING CURRANT IN AUTUMN - VIDEO
In the next article we will tell you how to properly approach with pruning shears to currant bushes and gooseberries, which have not been pruned for many years. Do not miss!
© Author: Alexander PETROV, candidate of agricultural sciences