SEPTEMBER AND THE BEGINNING OF OCTOBER - MANDATORY WORKS IN THE GARDEN
The hottest time in the infield is behind. However, in September and early October, there was still a lot of work in the garden. Experienced summer residents already keep in mind a list of urgent matters. And for beginners, the recommendations of the doctor of agricultural sciences Valery MATVEEV will help to create their work schedule in the garden.
WHAT SHOULD NOT BE DONE IN SEPTEMBER
- Additionally water the plants
- Feed trees and shrubs with nitrogen fertilizers
- Add organics every fall (enough times in 3-4 years)
- Plant trees before 25 September
1. Foliar calcium supplementation
Be sure to treat late-grade apple and pear trees with calcium nitrate or calcium chloride at the beginning of the month. These are not pesticides, but mineral fertilizers containing calcium. So you will save the crop from bitter fossility, all kinds of rot, subcutaneous spotting. And this year, judging by the weather, these problems can not be avoided. Two weeks before harvesting, dilute calcium preparations according to the instructions with water and spray the trees on the leaves.
According to the lunar calendar, the nearest favorable days for the collection of apples and pears of late varieties are from 15 to 19 of September
2. Cleaning and disinfection of trees
It's time to remove pheromone and aromatic traps from the tree crowns, remove the hunting belts from the trunks. Clean them from pests and burn or disinfect and put them in a dry place until next year. Then clean the trunks with a brush from mosses, lichens, growths that could have formed under the hunting belt during the summer, and treat these places with a solution of copper or iron sulfate (30 g per 1 l of water).
FACT: IN SEPTEMBER, EXCLUDE NITROGEN FERTILIZERS FROM FEEDING. OVER NITROGEN provokes the growth of trees; as a result, the tree does not succeed in ripening. As a result, they will cope with impending frosts badly.
This year there was no abundant harvest of fruit trees, so many did without support for overloaded branches. Those owners who still used the backwater should not forget to remove and disinfect them.
Often amateur gardeners are skeptical of this advice, and they have wooden stakes in the garden almost all year round. As a result, they dry, crack, and harmful insects winter in these cracks.
3. Protective treatment
It's not about apple trees and pears, from which we still harvest. But for berry plants and fruiting cherries, cherries, plums, apricots, protective measures at the beginning of September are mandatory. The task is to preserve the green foliage on the trees until the end of the month. Especially on plants affected by coccomycosis. Due to this fungal disease, the leaves begin to fall prematurely, and the protective functions of the tree decrease. And a good harvest next year will have to be forgotten. Treat plants with fungicide (Chorus, Abiga-Peak, azophos). And to reduce the number of wintering pests, use insecticides (Fufanon, Spark).
Prepare storage facilities for apples and pears. There must be no mold in the room! If humidity is above normal (85-90%), ventilate the store more often. You can put a box of slaked lime - this will help to cope with excessive moisture.
Clean and disinfect the room in advance. The easiest way is to whitewash with lime or treat with Bordeaux liquid (100 g per 10 L of water).
You can fumigate with sulfur. In the corners of the storage place braziers with hot coals, on which pour sulfur powder (at the rate of 60 g per 1 sq m). Close the room tightly on 2-3 of the day so that sulfur fumes do not harm people and pets. Then remove the braziers and ventilate the basement well.
4. Digging trunk trunks
Until now, gardeners cannot come to an unequivocal answer to the question of whether it is worth digging tree trunks in autumn. Let's figure it out!
The soil under the planted plants, before they entered into fruiting, it is necessary to dig up. Trunk circles or stripes must be free of weeds! As soon as the trees began to actively bear fruit, there is no longer an urgent need for this work (it is enough to mow the grass in the tinned strip).
But! If you plan to feed fruit-bearing trees in September, then you must bring in organic matter (rotted manure, compost) for digging - 6-8 kg per 1 sq.m. Potassium phosphate fertilizers can simply be embedded in the soil under loosening - 15 g superphosphate and 20-25 g potassium chloride. You can replace “mineral water” with wood ash - 200-250 g on 1 sq.m.
5. Landing pit preparation
It is impossible to acquire and plant seedlings before the end of September. Otherwise, you risk buying an unripe plant that will not survive the winter. But dig the landing pits right now: on loams - with a width and depth of 60 cm, on a clay section the diameter will be larger - 80 cm, and in the sand make a depth of 80 cm.
When digging, lay the upper fertile layer on one side of the pit, and the lower infertile on the other. But just digging a hole is not enough. It is important to fill it in accordance with all the rules, so that the soil at the time of planting is caked, has settled. First, pour drainage from broken brick, expanded clay or pebbles to the bottom. Then fill the pit with a mixture of fertile soil with rotted manure or compost (1-2 buckets) and wood ash (1 st.). Superphosphate (100-200 g) can be added. At the end pour 20 l of water.
Recorded by Victoria Gulko
ON A NOTE:
HOW TO MAKE FERTILIZED SOIL
We bought a plot on which we plan to lay a garden through 2-3 of the year. What is the best way to prepare the soil?
- Now clear the area of debris and stones. Dig the ground and pick weeds. For repeated digging, add rotted manure (there are a lot of weed seeds in fresh) and mineral fertilizers. To save strength and fertilizer, the latter can only be applied to strips with a width of 1,5-2 m - for future rows. For 1 sq. M, calculate approximately 10 kg of manure and 20 g of double superphosphate and potassium chloride.
During the 2-3 years before planting the garden, in order to improve the soil structure, I advise growing on the siderata site: cereal herbs, rapeseed, oilseed radish, bluish mustard, vetch-oat and pea-oat mixtures. Before sowing (in spring) for soil cultivation, apply 15-20 g of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers per 1 sq.m, and after emergence, feed with the same dose of urea or ammonium nitrate (incorporate into the soil). Mow siderata several times during the summer, when their height reaches 15-20 cm. Lightly close the cut grass to the ground or leave to rot in place.
Alexander KARPITSKY, Associate Professor, Department of Horticulture, BSAA, Ph.D. agricultural sciences
WORKS IN SANDU-SEPTEMBER AND OCTOBER - VIDEO