WHAT CAN BE PREPARED FROM ELDER
Some gardeners shun elderberries - they don't like the pungent smell of leaves.
Elderberry is planted in the garden, wanting to drive away the voracious rodents and pests.
However, this shrub is much more useful. The fruits of black and Canadian elderberry are edible, have medicinal properties.
In addition, varieties with variegated leaves are very beautiful.
Black elderberry is thermophilic, grows in the south, but also bears fruit in central Russia. They are black and ripen in August.
It tastes sweet and sour. In Europe, fruit varieties with high yields were bred: Sambu, Corsair, Gamberg (late ripe), Danau (early ripe). Decorative leafy varieties will decorate the site, while their fruits can also be eaten and processed. This is a golden-leafed Aurea, with an openwork crown made of carved leaves of Laciniata, Albarginate with a silver edge of leaves, Aureomarginate and Madonna with gold. Black Beauty, Gerda, Purple with dark leaves, and the variety Eva is called "black lace" due to openwork.
Originally from America, Canadian elderberry. In the middle lane, plants can freeze above snow levels. The Indians ate the fruits of this species long before the Europeans arrived on the American continent. She also bred a variety of varieties, including decorative ones with edible fruits.
Elderberry (leaves, inflorescences) people have been treating for a long time. We will not repeat how many different diseases elderberry treats. Here are just a few recipes that can be put aside "in the piggy bank."
Vitamin tea is made from a mixture of black elderberry, currant and rosehip fruit. Use 0,5 glasses of 2 once a day.
prepared from the flowers of black elderberry, fruits of barberry and raspberry in equal quantities. Accepted with a cold in the form of hot 0,5 cups at night.
Sweatshops tea. Black elderberry flowers, linden, peppermint leaves are mixed in equal amounts. 1 Art. tablespoon the mixture pour 2 cups of boiling water and boil 5 min. Accepted for colds by 1 glass (this tea is more effective than linden tea).
Laxative tea is prepared from the flowers of black elderberry, fennel seeds and anise in the ratio 3: 1: 1. 1 Art. spoon the mixture pour 1 a glass of boiling water and insist 30 min.
Diabetic tea is prepared as follows: Dried black elderberry fruit (1 tablespoon) pour 1 a glass of boiling water, leave for 20 minutes and drink a quarter cup three times a day after meals.
1 Art. spoonful of dried black elderberry fruit, fill 2 with glasses of warm water and leave 40 min. Now cook the broth, bring it to a boil and filter. 2 Art. tablespoons honey sweeten the drink. It is better to drink it warm.
Pass the peeled elderberry fruit (500 g) through the meat grinder, add sugar (500 g), pour 1 a glass of water and cook over low heat until cooked.
Heat the fruit drenched in water over a fire and hold for 15 min. Remove from the stove. Separate the seeds (this is convenient to do by rubbing the berries through a sieve). Add sugar and citric acid (per 1 kg of mashed mass -1 kg of sugar and 15 g of citric acid) and cook. Marmalade should thicken, then quickly pour it into molds.
Boil 3 L of water and cool. Add 0,5 kg of sugar, 2 lemon, sliced, and 6 black elderberry inflorescences. Put in a warm place - let 5-7 days roam. Filter, pour into a bottle with a stopper, cool. You will get an original fizzy drink.
Elderberry jam with walnut. When the elderberry is already finishing flowering, collect the inflorescences, rub through a sieve to shake off the pollen. Pour boiling water and leave for 10 min. Drain. Bring fresh water to a boil and lay out scalded flowers. Add 1 kg of sugar, 0,5 liters of honey, 3 cups of walnuts (based on 1 kg of flowers). Cook over low heat for 15 minutes, removing from heat and again setting 3-4 times.
Prepare the dough from 1 cups of flour, 2 cups of milk, 3 eggs and 1 st. tablespoons of vegetable oil. Separate the flowers of black elder from the pedicels and dip in the dough. Sauté, sprinkle with powdered sugar and cinnamon.
Elderberry grows in the middle lane everywhere. Unlike black, it has red berries, which are considered inedible, although not poisonous. Direct shoots are suitable for making strong grape supports. The infusion, made from inflorescences and leaves, repels aphids and buds from currants, ognevka from gooseberries, weevils from raspberries. It is noticed that the pulp of the fruit helps cleanse heavily soiled hands.
Elderberry - USEFUL FEATURES AND RECIPES - VIDEO
© Author: A. KUKLINA, candidate of biological sciences GKRLI
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