BEST VARIETIES OF WINTER-RESISTANT GARLIC
Among all the plants of the onion family, garlic accumulates the largest amount of essential oils with bactericidal properties.
By the way, their number largely depends on the time of collection, variety and origin of garlic. So, in particular, the greatest amount of essential oils contains young garlic. It is being cleaned at the end of June. True, it is stored no more than 15 days. There is evidence that plants growing in the southern regions - in the Rostov Region, Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, accumulate more essential oils.
In modern home gardening, large-toothed and large-baked varieties are required, suitable for drying and long-term storage. To date, the State Register of Selection Achievements Approved for Use has registered 85 varieties of winter shoot garlic. I will list the most interesting of them. All of them are characterized by high winter hardiness - of the order of 90-95%, the crop can be harvested after 105-110 days after emergence.
Demidov - leader in productivity. The bulb is round-flat, large, weighing 50-80 g, dense, pungent taste. Dry outer scales are purple with stripes. The teeth are large, numerous (11-14 pcs.), With an average weight of 7,3. Yield - about 2 kg / sq. m. In inflorescence, up to 180 air bulbs are formed.
Odintsovo anniversary also very yielding -1,7-2 kg / sq. m. This variety has very high arrows - up to 110 cm, and the number of air bulbs in the inflorescence can reach 250 pcs. Bulb rounded flat, large, weighing 60-75 g, dense, pungent taste. Dry outer scales are white. Teeth 5-6, they are large (average weight 12,6 g), the color of the leathery scales of the tooth is purple.
The same tall arrows with many bulbs are formed in garlic varieties Losevsky. Its productivity is 1,7-1,8 kg / sq. m. "Business card" varieties - round-flat bulbs weighing 50-60 g with white outer scales. Teeth 3-5, they are large (average weight 15 g), with white flesh.
Zaoksky and Sarmat allow you to get 1,8-1,9 kg of bulbs with 1 square. m beds. Large, rounded flat, weighing 50-60 g, dense, pungent taste. Dry outer scales of Zaoksky garlic are dirty white with pink touches, and at Sarmat they are pale lilac with stripes. Teeth 7-11, they are large (weighing 9-10 g), the flesh is white.
Dubkovsky forms dense bulbs of regular regular round shape with a run up, weighing 35-40 g, with 8-12 teeth. The hard scales are shiny, from beige to light brown in color with lilac to the bottom, juicy hard, creamy fabric. General dry scales are reddish-purple; when grown in the south, they are almost white. Productivity 1,5-1,6 kg / sq. m
It is impossible not to mention the novelties of domestic selection. Bulbs of garlic of the Lyudmila variety are able to be stored, without losing quality, for up to 10 months. Productivity 1,7-1,8 kg / sq. m, cloves 5-7 pcs., all planting, large (average weight 8-10 g), flesh of creamy clove, dry matter 41%, total sugar up to 30%. The color of the dry outer scales is white. Bulb rounded flat, large, weighing up to 60-80 g, dense, pungent taste.
Unusually dark bulbs form a variety Sagittarius. With 1 sq. m beds he gives 1,7-1,75 kg bulbs. They are rounded, large, 55-70 g, dense, pungent. Dry outer scales are dirty purple with purple touches. Teeth 6-8, large (average weight 9 g). The buns are large.
Scorpio - Another novelty of domestic selection. This variety is resistant to fusarium wilt. Productivity 1,5-1,6 kg / sq. m. Onion round-round, dry outer scales of dirty-violet color.
Reference by topic: Cultivation of garlic - planting and care, varieties, benefits and recipes
Varieties Celestial and Replicant the yield is approximately the same -1,7-1,8 kg / sq. m. Bulbs are round-round, weighing 50-55 g, dense, pungent, with white flesh. They differ in the color of dry outer scales: in the first case they are white, and in the second they are reddish-white. Teeth 7-9 (for Replicant - up to 11), they are large (weighing 7-8 g).
Well, the leader in acuity can be considered Anniversary Gribovsky. His bulbs are rounded flat with a run up, weighing 35-40 g, with 7-9 teeth. General dry scales are thin, grayish with thick purple spots, the covering scales of the tooth are strong, juicy, creamy. The variety is relatively winter-hardy, resistant to bacterial diseases. Productivity 1,5-1,65 kg / sq. m
Planted winter garlic in different regions at different times. They determine it so that before the onset of stable frosty weather there should be at least 45-50 days. During this period, the teeth form a well-developed root system, and the plants overwinter well. In Non-Black Earth region, the best landing dates are the first decade of October (from 1-15 of October).
IMPORTANT. Previously planted garlic overwinter better. The plants will be stronger next year and will give the largest bulbs.
GARLIC MAKES HIGH REQUIREMENTS FOR SOIL FERTILITY, therefore it is planted after crops under which large doses of organic and mineral fertilizers were applied. In particular, good predecessors for garlic are weed-free fields from legumes, pumpkin crops, as well as green manure, clean black steam fields fertilized with fresh manure in the amount of 6-8 kg / sq. m
IMPORTANT. Garlic should not be planted after potatoes, otherwise it will be severely affected by Fusarium and Nematode. After garlic and onion, garlic is planted at the earliest in 5-6 years.
Like onions, garlic prefers light loamy and sandy loamy soils with a soil solution reaction closer to neutral. The relief of the garlic area should be smooth, without depressions that contribute to the accumulation of water on which the garlic will be soaked.
The soil for winter garlic is prepared and fertilized for 2-3 weeks before planting, the ridges are cut in a day or two. At this time, make nitrogen fertilizer (ammonium nitrate) and carefully close it, the norm is 60-80 g / sq. m
IMPORTANT. On a flat surface, garlic succeeds worse. Ridges and ridges in early spring are better warmed up and dry out, garlic grows earlier, and excess moisture leaves in rainy summers.
MINERAL FERTILIZERS are applied in the same quantities as for onions. Of these, 3 / 4 parts of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied under the main tillage in the fall, as well as organic fertilizers - humus or well-overripe compost (4-6 kg / sq. M). The rest of the mineral fertilizers are given as top dressing in the spring.
BEST VARIETIES OF GARLIC - WHICH TO CHOOSE? VIDEO
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