HYDROGENISM TINY AND TREE - DIFFERENCES IN LANDING AND CARE
Hydrangeas, these magnificent flowers, in their natural habitat grow in East and South Asia, in America, in China and Japan. And of course in Russia - in the south and in the center of the country. In colder regions they do not grow - they perish in the winter.
The most widespread varieties among us are panicled and tree-like. We will tell about them and their differences.
HOW TO PLANT A HYDROCENCY ANTIQUE ...
The nutrition area of one plant of this species should be at least one and a half meters. Therefore, it is advisable to make a hole for the landing with a depth and a width of half a meter.
Be sure to put a layer of broken brick or expanded clay a couple of centimeters thick at the base of the landing pit.
On top, pour a bucket of a mixture of nutrients - peat, humus, compost, good soil.
When planting, pay attention to the root neck, it should not be deepened, it should remain on the surface of the soil.
At the end of the planting, compact the soil as well as possible and pour a bucket of water at room temperature, and then mulch it.
HOW TO PLANT PREPARED HYDRENCY
Pits for planting are usually made with a width of about 70 cm and a depth of about 40 cm. As for the distance between plants, it is entirely determined based on the characteristics of the variety.
It is clear that large plants with a spreading crown need to be placed away from each other - at a distance of up to 2 m, more modest-sized specimens can be planted at a distance of about 5 m from each other.
Often panicled hydrangea is made a hedge, then seedlings can be planted not in separate planting pits, but in a groove.
At the bottom of the planting fossa or grooves, put a mixture of equal shares of soddy soil, leafy soil, peat, humus, add a couple of teaspoons of superphosphate and potassium sulfate there, and also urea when planting in spring.
The root neck, as in the case of tree hydrangea, should remain on the surface of the soil. After planting, compact the soil well, pour a bucket of water on the plant and mulch the soil surface.
Water hydrangeas need water at room temperature or better rain. You can water at least every day, every other day or once a week.
Panicled hydrangeas need two buckets of water per week, and treelike one and a half. Watering is best done either early in the morning or late in the evening.
With the onset of autumn, watering should be halved.
Usually hydrangeas that paniculate, tree-like are fed only in the autumn season. During this period, make a teaspoon of superphosphate and potassium sulfate.
In the spring, you can add under each bush a teaspoon of urea, but if the bush grows and develops normally, then they do not.
Usually pruning is done only in the fall. At the same time, all broken shoots and those that very thicken the crown are removed. If the bushes are very old, then you can rejuvenate them by choosing 5 of the youngest shoots and deleting all the rest.
See also: Hydrangea pruning - how to
HOW TO BREAK
Usually, they either root the cuttings or simply dig a bush and divide it into parts.
FINE HYDROENCY: INTERESTING VARIETIES
This variety is especially common in central Russia. Its flowers are bright, up to 25 cm in size. Coloring varies from pale green to deep pink by the end of flowering.
They usually appear at the very end of June, and the entire remaining warm period lasts for flowering, usually until the first severe frosts.
Little Blossom - a compact hydrangea with dark green leaves, against which openwork inflorescences look great.
The flowers are mostly white, gradually turning pink over time. Flowering in July - September. Bush height 80 cm, width 70 cm.
White light - It grows easily, branches well and has dark green leaves that contrast beautifully with white flowers. Initially, the flowers have a lemon color, then cream and eventually turn white. And in the fall they get a light pink tint.
Little Quick Fire - a plant of more than modest size, not exceeding a height of 80 cm. Inflorescences appear already at the very beginning of the summer period. The flowers are initially very dense, have a snow-white color, but after only a couple of days they begin to turn pink and turn dark pink in the fall. The shoots of the variety are characterized by a darkish-greenish color and increased strength.
Strawberry blossom - an excellent novelty with very large, dense inflorescences, up to 30 cm long. The flowers at the beginning of flowering are creamy white, then pink with a white top; Subsequently, the pink tone thickens to crimson, and the top remains white. The bush is low, about 100 cm, width 100-120 cm, with strong, durable shoots.
Weems Red. The variety is not at all afraid of direct sunlight, but it can grow well in partial shade. A plus of the variety is that it does not need any shelter for the winter. The variety perfectly develops on acidic soils, where its flowers are most brightly colored.
Baby lays ("Children's lace"). Inflorescences of this variety bear the largest flowers for hydrangea, they are lacy and have a wide conical shape. At the very beginning of development, flowers are snow-white in color, over time, the color becomes cream. The variety blooms in July and pleases with its flowering until the beginning of September. The plant itself is quite compact, not exceeding a height of 1 m and a diameter of 80 cm.
Zinfin Doll - the plant forms rather dense in structure and simply giant inflorescences. At the very beginning of their development, the flowers are snow-white in color, then slowly acquire a pink color.
Flowers from the bottom of the plant turn pink, and this wave of color change slowly moves up.
Often the color changes smoothly throughout the summer, and only in the fall all the flowers on the plant finally change their color to pink and red. The stems of the variety are very thick and quite strong, they easily retain powerful inflorescences and reach a height of 2 m.
TREE HYRENCY: INTERESTING VARIETIES
This plant is unpretentious, sufficient winter hardiness and prefers slightly open shaded areas. Not afraid of the appearance of a small drought, which can not be said about panicle hydrangea. Even if the leaves from the drought wilt, then immediately after heavy watering they together take on their former shape.
Flat or spherical inflorescences are formed on the very tops of annual shoots. At the beginning of flowering, flowers in inflorescences are painted in a snow-white shade, sometimes they are greenish, and as soon as all the flowers in the inflorescence blossom, they acquire a cream color.
Sterilis - in its inflorescences, all flowers are sterile, at first whitish-greenish, and after a short time acquire an exclusively white hue. The diameter of the crown and the height of the plant are approximately equal to 1 m. The inflorescences themselves are quite dense and very heavy. The first flowers bloom closer to the middle of the summer period, and flowering continues until the first frost, often until the end of October.
Hayes Starburst - a variety with terry asterisk flowers. At the very beginning of flowering, flowers are greenish in color, after a short time they become snow-white. The first flowers appear at the very end of June, and the bush blooms until the end of September. The height of the plant is about 1 m. The disadvantages of the variety include its very thin shoots, which necessarily require the presence of supports.
Candibel Marshmallow. The inflorescences are light pink, gradually pink color changes to white. The shoots are so strong that they withstand large inflorescences and do not bend.
It blooms very plentifully and for a long time: all summer until September inclusive. This variety, given that the height of the bush is only 90 cm, can be grown even in a container.
Candibel Bubblegum - Another variety with pink flowers. Distinctive feature: very plentiful and long flowering - from June to September.
The bush is not high (maximum up to 130 cm), can be grown in a small garden or container.
Pink Pincushon - the variety is characterized by simply a huge number of small flowers collected in inflorescences. At the beginning of flowering, the color of the flowers is pinkish, after a short time it becomes white.
In the natural habitat, there are nearly 80 varieties of hydrangeas: vines, shrubs and even small trees.
The most widespread are: large-leaved - came from China and Japan, it is a shrub that often exceeds 4 m in height; petiolate - originally from Korea, has aerial roots that allow it to climb to a height of up to 25 m as a liana; tree-like - native to North America, paniculate height - originally from Chinese land, it is a large shrub or tree reaching a height of 10 m.
Hydrangeas appeared in Europe around the XNUMXth century; their participants brought one of the first round-the-world trips from the island of Mauritius; it was, as it later turned out, large-leaved hydrangea.
Its name - hydrangea - received a flower in honor of the sister of one of the members of the expedition, her name was Hortense. However, there is another version of the origin of the name of the flower - from the Latin word hortensis, meaning "from the garden", because this flower was first discovered in the garden of the governor of the island of Mauritius.
Interestingly, hydrangea was not always called that way. For a short time it was called "hydrangia" which literally means "water tank."
This name came from the similarity of the appearance of the testes with a jug, but according to another version - from the unusually high love of the plant for watering.
Tiny hydrangea and tree hydrangea - differences on the video
© Author: Nikolai CHROMOV, wonderful specialist
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