FELLODENDRON OR AMUR VELVET - USE, LANDING AND CARE
Amur velvet is a dioecious deciduous tree. Its dark green leaves resemble ash leaves and have a specific smell, bloom quite late in early summer, and fall already in early October. It blooms briefly, in early July, with small yellow-green nondescript flowers. Fruits - black spherical drupes - ripen in September. When propagated by seeds, it blooms for 18-20 years of life.
Amur velvet comes from the Far Eastbut it grows well and bears fruit in the middle lane. Other names: Amur fellodendron (Phellodendron amurense), Amur cork treeoh, and for the valuable healing properties it is also called the "green pharmacy." Velvet fits perfectly into the garden of lovers to collect rare and valuable species of trees.
FELLODENDRON AMUR CARE
Absolutely unpretentious drought tolerant plant. It prefers sunny areas, although it is quite shade-tolerant, it feels better in fertile, drained garden soil. Frost resistant.
At a young age, early spring seedlings can be fed with any fertilizer (manure, urea, etc.). Also, they need to be watered more often in hot, dry weather.
If necessary, cut off in the spring, before the dissolution of the kidneys. For better aeration of the roots, the near-stem circle is neatly loosened in spring and autumn, mulched in the first years of life.
Propagation of the Amur Velvet
Propagated mainly by seeds that germinate for a long time, about a year. Freshly sown seeds are sown before winter. With spring sowing, stratification is required for three months. They are sown in a prepared light area to a depth of 1, 5-2 cm and sprinkled with earth. Shoots are often watered in dry, windy weather and protect against drafts. The grown seedlings easily transfer the transplant to a permanent place. Adult trees do not need care.
Amur velvet will certainly become the highlight of your garden, and it does not matter whether it will perform solo in the middle of a green lawn or in a composition with other plants. In the role of tree neighbors, undersized shrubs, as well as oak, maple, birch and coniferous, are perfect.
AMUR VELVET - USE
Almost all parts of the plant are highly valuable. The tree bark has a cork structure. If you plant several copies, then with age, upon reaching large sizes, you can remove the cork, which in the future will grow again, without harming the tree. It is used in construction for finishing panels. Yellow color is also made from bark for dyeing natural fabrics.
Inconspicuous flowers are valuable not only for gardeners, but also for beekeepers, because this is an excellent honey plant.
AMUR VELVET IN FOLK MEDICINE
It is believed that honey from the flowers of balsa wood helps in the treatment of tuberculosis. Amur velvet berries are used for diabetes - they lower blood sugar. For
this is recommended for 6 months on an empty stomach to eat 3 berries.
Before use, be sure to consult your doctor!
They recommend fruits at the first sign of a cold. Itself was repeatedly treated in this way, chewing on an empty stomach several berries with seeds until complete recovery.
Also used in folk medicine, decoctions of leaves and bark (bast) in the treatment of atherosclerosis, diarrhea, pancreatitis, influenza and other diseases.
AMUR VELVET - LANDING AND CARE: VIDEO
© Author: Victor TEREKHIN, owner of the Severny nursery, village Konosha, Arkhangelsk Region
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