PEONY: LANDING AND CARE - THE MOST FREQUENT ERRORS
Wrong choice of landing site for peonies.
Peonies do not like shade or close proximity to trees or shrubs. Every day, peonies need to receive five to six hours of sun, preferably in the morning. It should be remembered that peonies are not suitable for marshy places and areas flooded in spring with meltwater or flooded during the summer with groundwater.
When planting, the kidneys of renewal cannot be deepened more than 5 cm below the surface of the earth. When deepened, peonies bloom poorly. When planting, the bush should be divided into dividers (no more than five buds and roots should be trimmed). Incorrectly divided bushes should be dug up, divided again, leaving three or four roots shortened to 10-15 cm. The same is done with bushes replanted without dividing. The landing pit should be well prepared (at least 60 cm deep and filled with well-cultivated and fertilized soil).
In general, with regard to the planting of a peony, it is not superfluous to recall that a peony is a slowly developing perennial, which takes 3-4 years to fully blossom. This is due to the peculiarities of its development: it needs time to sufficiently develop the root system and lay down the kidneys. These features are taken into account when preparing planting material in special nurseries, and experienced gardeners are also aware of them. In connection with the foregoing, in order to avoid loss of time, it is not recommended to purchase planting material from random people.
Incorrect feeding of peonies.
At the age of 8-10 years, even under the most favorable conditions, peonies begin to bloom worse. The fact is that their root system by this time goes deep into the ground, and surface top dressing no longer gives a significant effect. Therefore, if your peony has reached a considerable age, it is recommended to increase the amount of fertilizer applied to stimulate its better flowering, and top dressing should be done in pits 30-40 cm deep drilled around the bush with a garden drill. But nevertheless, it is best to dig out the old bush, divide and transplant to a new place.
Lack of moisture in the soil and insufficient watering.
The lack of moisture in the soil may be due to proximity to trees (especially to birches), the surface roots of which strongly dry the soil in a radius of 6-8 m. Therefore, firstly, do not plant peonies near large trees and, secondly, in dry periods regularly and abundantly water them, and make sure that the soil gets wet to the depth of the roots (for this purpose it is recommended to make grooves or drill pits around the bushes).
Excessive application of mineral fertilizers.
Especially harmful is the excess of nitrogen fertilizers, which cause an active growth of green mass and at the same time reduce the resistance of the peony to fungal diseases. In general, the rule works here: it is better to underfeed the plant with fertilizers than overfeed it.
Insufficient soil aeration.
The fact is that the air exchange of the root system is important to the pion, and if the watering is improper, a dense crust of the earth can form. Therefore, it is not recommended to water through a hose with a strainer nozzle. Watering should be done in a thin stream under the peony bush or along the grooves. You should also regularly loosen the soil, especially after watering.
Errors when cutting peonies for a bouquet.
When cutting peonies for bouquets, remember that more than half of the peduncles should not be cut. Otherwise, you can weaken the plant and slow down the formation of kidneys, renewal and accumulation of nutrients in the rhizome.
Errors in the autumn pruning of peonies.
In the period from September 15 to 25 (in typical autumn weather) it is recommended to cut off the aerial part of peonies flush with the ground. Cropped stems cannot be stacked in a compost pile. As a sanitary measure, this part of the peony should be burned - in order to prevent the spread of diseases.
We also recommend reading: Peonies (photo) planting and care in the open ground from A to Z
CARE OF PIONES AFTER FLOWERING- ERRORS.VIDEO
Photo by Jan Vershor. A. Verschoor
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