reader Reviews Recent Comments gardeners and gardeners:Anatoly Article Growing grapes in Tatarstan - planting and care, tips and reviewsAppeal to experienced growers! All of you are writing wonderful articles about grapes, but about covering, and I really ask you to write how to grow, cut and shape uncovered and grapes for gazebos and sheds.Mikhail BOROVKOV Article Narrowing potatoes at home before planting + VIDEOBefore the New Year brought potatoes from the cellar. After a few days, growths began to appear on the tubers, which increased as the tuber dried out. A single case, previously nothing of the kind was observed. I enclose a photo. What could it be?Tatyana LARINA. Moscow Article Plant actinidia (photo) planting and care, new varietiesWhy don't people breed actinidia? This is a beautiful liana, in the fall it gives fruits that taste and color - real kiwi! In the autumn, after leaf fall, 10-12 buds should be left on long branches. It is better to plant both a “boy” and a “girl”, the “boy” has numerous stamens with yellow pollen inside the flower, and the “girl” has a large pestle in the center with stems and stigmas diverging in the form of star rays. Feed up in early spring: phosphoric , potash fertilizers and nitrogen, before flowering (May-June) - only phosphate. After harvesting - potassium chloride, superphosphate. In June, we cut the cuttings with three buds, immediately put them into the water, and then we root, like roses, under a can. Can be propagated and layering. Liana will delight children with berries and show their beauty! And on the left in the photo, large bushes with flowers like a chestnut tree is a silverweed, a medicinal plant that is excellent for bronchitis and arthritis (the roots are used). So beautiful in the garden with them, the berries are very fond of birds and granddaughters. I wish all readers warmth from the sun and from people!Tamara Konstantinovna Sayenko. Article Cultivation of early potatoes under cover material - specialist adviceEarly potatoes live in Siberia, and eat early potatoes oh how you want! Once my sister told me how they grow early radishes in the Far East, and I tried to grow potatoes in this way. I liked it, now I do it every year! In the beginning of March I take out potatoes from the cellar. The early variety, as they say, I don’t know: oval tubers, smooth skin, yellow, flesh also yellow. In mid-August, the tops are already completely dry. I put in a 5 liter bottle from under the water with a cut off top and put it on the germinating cabinet. In 20 April, I find a sunny spot in the garden where the snow starts to melt early, about 2X2 m in size, I make furrows every 70 cm, I put sliced potatoes in them at a distance 30 cm from each other. I cover it with covering material: I clutter it around the perimeter, and I throw the edges over the ground. As a result, the potato grows quietly until mid-May under the covering material. I do not open it and do not water it. In mid-May, when we plant the rest of the potatoes, we open this one and roll it up. And already in the middle of June we dig and eat new potatoes!Vera KALININA Article Onion fly - how to get ridI will tell you how I won an onion fly without any chemistry. Before, I planted sevok at the very beginning of May, and my whole fly was safely eaten by this very fly, or rather, its larvae. Only delicate feathers will grow, I will not have time to stop looking, as they are beginning to wither and turn yellow. Well, I didn’t grow a good bow, although I took some measures. And in recent years I have been planting onions in the fall, like winter garlic. It sprouts in the spring very early, grows large and is not affected by a malicious fly. I treat tomatoes from phytophtoras with an infusion with a hay stick. To get a hay stick, you need to fill hay in a black plastic bag, wet it with water and, tightly tied, put it in the shade for 7-10 days. Then shake out the hay in a barrel and pour water over it. After that, tomatoes can be processed. Strain the infusion through a colander and water it out of the watering can, indiscriminately, on the “head.” I really like tomatoes. Happiness is Russian. F1 is a hybrid that I buy seeds every year. But now she could not buy: it was not on sale. And in one shop the seller gave me two bags of expired seeds! The implementation period is up to 2015. Before the main landing I decided to check them for germination. Although they were inlaid, soaked in a solution of growth stimulant for a day, then planted in a pot. And after all, all four pieces have risen! Remember: the thicker the landing, the more vulnerable they are for vegetable flies. The insects themselves are harmless, but their voracious larvae easily move from plant to plant, overcoming to 50, see the path. The most “stubborn” fly is a cabbage: unlike the others, it flies twice - in spring and summer. There are many ways to fight; the main thing is not to miss the beginning of the departure of insects. Natalya Rep. Mari ElVera KALININA Article Daikon (photo) - cultivation and recipes, care and properties from A to ZThe secret of daikonMy method of growing daikon: in May, I plant phacelia on a prepared bed. When it grows on 25-30, see mowing and embedding it in the soil when digging. Daikon seyu July 15-16. I dig small holes, water them with potassium permanganate, sprinkle with ashes and put three seeds in each hole. Then I fall asleep with humus and then water it again with clean water. As soon as the seedlings appear, the bed covers the spanbond. Without feeding daikon I water on shelter. I feed ashes once a week, sprinkle it on top after watering, and once a fortnight I feed up gumi: 1 Art. l liquid fertilizer on 10 l of water. A month later, I take shelter - the leaves are clean, green. Of the varieties I like Sasha and Minovashi.V. KUDRYAVTSEVA Sredneuralsk Article Cauliflower (photo) - growing outdoorsFor a long time I tried to grow cauliflower, but all the time I made some mistakes. Only this year I was lucky. The seedling was planted by her daughter-in-law Oksana - brought in the form of two leaves at the end of May. I put it in the greenhouse for a week, and I myself started preparing the beds for other vegetables. I cooked beds of length 3 m like this: removed the top layer of 5-10 cm, and laid down the stems from the flowers, the herbs that did not rot during the winter, they were very thick. Then I returned the ground to the stalks. And then the eldest son Victor said that I chose the wrong place: there is not enough sun behind the greenhouse. And I wanted to plant two zucchini and two pumpkins here! But I had to agree, and I decided to plant cauliflower here. I made holes, put a little ash and poured. She planted in the evening and not on a sunny day, then watering every other day. Seedlings got accustomed perfectly: 12 from 15 roots. Bushes grew and pleased with their greens, twice I fed them with a solution of A.P. Bessaraba. I loosened every 10 days, for the prevention I sprayed ashes once, but surprisingly I did not observe any pests. The leaves were bright, dark green, powerful. The first three heads tore off huge - in diameter 25 cm, the next three - 15 cm, then - 10 see. Yes, I forgot to say that I cut off the first heads at the very beginning of August. In general, it turned out a good harvest. I was inspired, I will now be sure to plant cauliflower. And in the new season I'll try broccoli.Tatyana Moskalyuk Article Pumpkin - photo planting and growing from A to ZSince I discovered the Butternat pumpkin, I cook everything I can from it: cereals, soups, casseroles, pancakes, caviar ... I have not eaten anything more tasty than pumpkin porridge. Especially if it is with rice and milk. This is just delicious! And most importantly - sugar is not necessary. Even my fastidious grandchildren eat it with pleasure. A casserole with cottage cheese and pumpkin! This delicacy would be appropriate both on holidays and on weekdays. Try pumpkin salad with celery, apple and orange. This is a real delicacy. And the juice from it is wonderful. I think that it’s not worth talking about the fact that a pumpkin is an extremely useful product. The harmonious combination of vitamins, proteins, enzymes in it makes pumpkin indispensable as a diet and baby food. Butternat is a mid-ripening variety of nutmeg type. The fruits are not very large, resemble a guitar in shape, with a small seed chamber. The seeds are tiny. The flesh is bright orange, incredibly sweet, fragrant and very tasty. I have been growing this pumpkin variety for several years and I still continue to discover its advantages. I was very surprised when I discovered that this year I had grown as many as eight pumpkin plants on a plant. Maybe due to the fact that there were so many of them, they did not grow up to those declared on the bag with seeds 5-9 kg, but for me this is only a plus. Small pumpkins are very convenient to use for a small family. By the way, the cut pumpkin is perfectly stored in the refrigerator for up to three weeks. Growing a Butternat pumpkin is easy. I sow seeds in warm soil, seasoned with organic fertilizers, water, loosen and harvest. I want to try to grow a pumpkin in a rassadny way in a paper cup, because it late begins to bloom and tie fruit, the last of which sometimes get frost.Tatyana ZADRANOVSKAYA Article The best varieties of pepper - photo, description and name - planting and careFinally, I found a variety of pepper that meets absolutely all my requirements: tasty, juicy, fruitful, ideal for canning, characterized by good keeping quality and transportability, resistant to diseases. This Ratunda Variety is so unique that even an inexperienced consumer can distinguish it. Rounded flat, fleshy, as if divided into slices, the fruits have a bright color and look very much like a pumpkin. Wall thickness from 6 to 10 mm. Pepper moderately sweet, with a taste of honey. However, it is sharper than the usual Bulgarian pepper. All this combined with a delicate aroma made it a favorite product of our family. Ratunda - mid-season variety (150-170 days). The bush is powerful, compact. With one square meter you can collect 5 kg of fruit. Pepper has a complex of valuable components. According to the content of ascorbic acid and carotene, it is on a par with black currants and carrots. Eating sweet pepper strengthens the cardiovascular and circulatory systems. Pepper Ratunda gained deserved popularity in cooking. It is part of salads, first and second courses, sauces and homemade preparations. In winter, finding a good pepper on the vegetable shelves is not easy, but imported, greenhouse, does not have this taste, and there are practically no vitamins in it. But there is a way out - to prepare the pepper in advance, in the fall. Just put it in the freezer. When growing Ratunda pepper I adhere to clear rules. After the Solanaceae, I place the pepper no sooner than in three or four years. The best predecessors for him are cabbage or cucumbers. Before sowing, pepper seeds are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. I dive seedlings that have real leaves, feed them with standard mineral fertilizers and, of course, often, but in small doses, water them. To select Ratunda seeds, I choose large, fully ripened (but not overripe!) Fruits. I cut them with shears and place them in a warm place for ripening. Gathering seeds carefully. I dry the seeds in a warm place for several days and then put them in paper bags. If you have not yet decided which varieties of pepper you want to grow in your garden, stop at the Ratunda variety. I'm sure he will become your favorite.Natalya MARTYNYUK Article Super pumpkin - as it is grown in the middle lane (Moscow region)I am a beginner gardener. For four years of work in the garden so many times I was surprised. Vegetables are so unpredictable! This season, the Lunga Piena Di Napoli pumpkin variety came as a surprise. It can be said that this incredibly huge berry rapidly broke into our life and transformed it beyond recognition. It all started with the fact that I asked my husband to go to the exhibition of seeds. It was in February. Is he. however, he resisted for a long time, saying that there would be nothing new there, and it was too early to buy seeds ... In the end, he went. What was his surprise when he saw something huge on the table, thirty kilograms, of interesting shape. Curiosity took over. After getting the details of the mistress of this miracle, the husband purchased the seeds. The time has come to sow them, and then we looked forward to our growth. Watched as distributed in the amount of our pets. The first pumpkin was very heavy, barely the two moved it to the house. And then the most interesting thing began: what to do with it? I must say that until this moment we were not big fans of pumpkins. The maximum that I could cook from it - porridge and candied fruit. But our new inhabitant of the garden was so tasty that we expanded our culinary knowledge. It turned out that there are lots of recipes for its preparation. Pumpkin Lunga Piena Di Napoli is suitable for everything - from confectionery to the first and second courses. Donuts from it have just an unearthly taste. A definite plus - the pumpkin is long preserved. Now we proudly tell friends and acquaintances about our discovery. Are you intrigued? Then follow our example and plant a Lunga Piena Di Napoli pumpkin in your garden.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Caring for autumn rosesRevealing the roses after winter. For several years now, the snow has completely melted very early, sometimes in the middle of March it cannot be found. Therefore, in your garden you can start the first works very early. Particular attention is required in the spring capricious roses. We close them gradually, and we also have to open them gradually. You can proceed to the opening, when all is not melted. First of all, it is necessary to remove as much snow from the shelter as possible and around the bushes: the water melting from the hot sun during the day and freezing in cold nights usually causes great damage to both the roots and the stalks of the rose. then, unfortunately, you can lose a bush. Bright sunshine will begin to actively burn, drying up weakened plants, and the plant cannot get moisture from the completely thawed soil at this time. Next you need to make small holes for airing. If it becomes very warm during the day, you can gradually open the ends of the shelter, always closing them for the night. It is important that there is no excess moisture: too much water plus frost will negatively affect your plants, whereas dry cold roses are not terrible. When strong night frosts stop, you can remove the shelter and only shade the roses with lutrasil during the day - and at night they wrap the plants.Ivanka Zheleva Article Growing blueberries - planting and care: 10 rulesIs it possible to go to Borovinka in DobrudjaSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Amaranth (photo) planting and care, varieties and growing seedlingsAmaranth is a culture that is of particular interest for gardeners living in regions where summer is equally likely to be very rainy and, conversely, dry and hot. Seeds of almost all amaranth varieties germinate at temperatures above 10 ° C. The optimum temperature is 14-18 ° C, the most rapid development of the plant occurs at 30-35 ° C. For the cultivation of amaranth requires a very small amount of water. The main need for moisture occurs at the time of emergence. After emergence of shoots, it is enough to maintain the top layer of soil in a loose state. To the soil amaranth is not too demanding, but it will not grow anywhere. The main condition is good water and breathability. Therefore, before sowing amaranth, excessively dense soil is enriched with organic matter in advance. With a good supply of soil humus and mineral elements amaranth gives a high yield, regardless of weather conditions. The key to success in growing amaranth is high-quality seed. According to the Association of Amaranth and Amaranth Producers, today in Ukraine two seed farms are engaged in the sale of elite seed material - in Kiev and Nikolaev regions. Since 1 ha requires only 1 kg of seed, the costs are minimal. Despite the fact that amaranth is extremely resistant to diseases, it is a "tidbit" for some pests. Therefore, we recommend carrying out preventive treatment of plants with special biological products. This will allow not only to protect the plants, but also to preserve the purity of the harvest, because the main purpose of amaranth is to give people health. It is effective in diabetes, diseases of the cardiovascular and urogenital systems, the gastrointestinal tract and many others. There are many options for using the seeds of this amazing plant. In Ukraine, amaranth produces butter, flour, cereals, flakes, pasta, dietary mixes, bread, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, compound feeds, etc. Fresh leaves can be added to salads or dried, and subsequently obtained wonderful herbal tea .Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Growing raspberries - tips for gardeners and gardenersRaspberry conveyor with his own hands Last year, in May, he began to clean the shoots of raspberry - he dug up earth with a clod and transplanted it to another place. The stems are cut off, leaving the 20 cm to the roots, as experts recommend, and 40-60 see. And my experiment was a success! The left stems gave shoots, on which the harvest was ripe - on 10-20 large berries on a branch. True, this was when the main harvest was already coming to an end. And another tip. What to do to the usual raspberry gave two crops a year? A year has passed. Shoots above 1 m pinch in early June, be sure to number up to 5. If you are late with pinching on the tops of the ovary stalks, you may not have it, or the crop will not ripen until frost. When nipped, the stem becomes a bush, and the ovary appears on the tops of the lateral shoots. The following year, this bush fruits second time. I, for example, have a berry conveyor: strawberries, honeysuckle, strawberries, raspberries, blackberry spiny, blackberries covering, raspberries on the tops ...Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Abricos from the bone from A to Z: advice of a professionalWhen I lived in Bratsk, I was fond of gardening - I visited six clubs. Now I live in a village and inspire my fellow villagers to grow any crops from seeds and seeds. In the summer I collect apricot seeds, nectarines, plums, cherries, cherries, various nuts, put them in a container with fertile soil and place them in the basement, covering them with a bag. The soil should be slightly damp. In February, they almost all hatch, and I dive them into cups, bottles, cereal bags, put them in a box on a sunny window, and by June 10 I have ready seedlings on the window - I can plant it out of the weather, as usual. Germination 90%.tjhs Article Fighting pests in the garden and vegetable garden (bear, mole, slug) - folk remediesmay i ask where you are from? Dont say Russia. I get that. I know someone with the last name Semivarov. I wondered if you are related.ჯემალი Article Chinese cucumbers - planting and care, experience and reviews about gradesალმებით თუ შეიძლება რომ რჩევა მომცეთ დავთესე სახლის პირობებში კიტრი კასეტებში ამოვიდა 3 4 რ X თუ თუ ლებ რ შუ ლებ ლებ ლო ლებ ლებ ლებ ფოთოლ თ თ თ თ თ თ თ თ თElena Pavlovna LUKASH Article Bulbous flowers blooming in summer - photo, name and descriptionBeing on a business trip, for the first time I saw a blooming montrection, which is also styled as Japanese gladiolus. The plant immediately attracted attention not only because of its beauty, but also because it is rarely grown in our flowerbeds. And I got the idea to start the same flower in the country. What loves I learned that the plant loves humus-rich, fairly moist soil, but does not tolerate stagnant water. The soil should be cooked in the fall: on 1 square. m plot make 2 buckets of humus, 40 g of superphosphate, 20 g of potassium chloride, 100 g of hydrated lime. In the spring add 30 g of nitrogen fertilizers. Planted with montbretic bulbs in late April - early May, simultaneously with gladioli. At this time, the soil at a depth of 10 cm should warm up to 10 degrees of heat. If you are late in planting, the bulbs will root poorly. Tips are not always useful. It is often advised to dig up montbretic bulbs for the winter - in the second half of October. It is by this time that “kids” are growing and ripening. Store the bulbs in the refrigerator or basement. In March, and this is a month before planting in open ground, planting material is taken out from the place of storage and left in a warm and bright room for several days. After that, the bulbs are prepared for the upcoming landing: they dismantle the “nests”, remove the dry roots and mesh shells, separate the “kids”. I did so. For the first time having planted a montbrae, in the autumn I dug up bulbs and put them in storage in a refrigerator. The result was disappointing: some specimens dried up. The following year I decided to experiment and did not dig them, but left them in a flower bed. Montbrecia wintered well, and it blossomed just fine. At the same time it has grown splendidly. Only in cutting these flowers stand for a very short time and quickly fade. When the rule is in effect, Now I will always leave the bulbs in the flowerbed. This is another plus unpretentious plant. But I want to note that the montrection will tolerate the winter well, if the soil is dry. And if the garden area is in a lowland, where the groundwater is close to the surface, it is better to dig out the bulbs, otherwise they will get wet and rot. This must be done at least once in the 3 of the year. If we neglect the rule, then montbrecia will be worse to bloom because of thickening.Stepan Petrovich LUBOV, Tver Article Tree lilies (photo) planting and careNow there is a lot of speculation about the lily-tree. What sellers do not promise to sell their goods! And abundant bloom, and growth is almost twice as high as human. But in reality, gardeners are often disappointed. High lilies have been growing for a long time - about 120-140. They are terry, they have very large flowers that are rather low on the stem. Blossom is very long. But these are cut-off lilies, which eventually cease to amaze with color and growth. I wrote out bulbs of gladioli, tulips and lilies from abroad. The packages were on 50 pcs. In the first year, their bloom just fascinated and admired. It was a real miracle - a whole plantation of gorgeous flowers, in the second year the number decreased 5 times: something died, something did not survive in winter, some were reborn, the flower color changed. I thought I did something wrong. But a person who enjoys growing lilies told me that this is usually the case with many imported bulbs. First, they bloom profusely, and then quickly wither. After all, they need special care, treatment for viruses, but we do not have such drugs. Because foreign lilies and degenerate.OOO "Sad" Article Varieties of roses with unusual coloring, colorsTake a fresh white rose, blue ink, water and a jar. Cut off all the leaves from the stem of the flower. Fill a jar of 100 with a ml of room-temperature water, adding enough ink to produce a very concentrated solution. After this, make a diagonal cut on the stem with a length of no more than 1 cm. It will help the plant to quickly absorb the prepared solution. The stem on 3 is immersed in it. In the blue water, the rose should stand for at least 24 hours. Do not forget to periodically monitor how the rose is colored, because the flower can absorb more paint than you expect. Once the bud is colored, pull out the rose and place it in plain water. However, there is a faster way to color the petals - from a can. But he has one drawback: a rose can soak up the smell of paint, which is very far from pleasant, besides, such a bouquet will not be for long. Although adding ink to water, you should not count on long-term flowering either.Tamara V. LOBACHEVA, Nizhny Novgorod Region, Gorbatov Article Varieties of roses with unusual coloring, colorsI know that a live white rose can be painted blue. I saw a bouquet of such amazing flowers, and he delighted with its singularity and beauty. Tell me how to do it.OOO "Sad" Article Lemon at home for beginners (+ video)Since lemon is an exotic plant, originally from hot countries, in winter it is not always possible to create comfortable conditions. This is perhaps the most common reason for dropping leaves. However, this happens in the summer. You should not panic, because this situation can be corrected. The main thing is to find out in time the true reason why leaves fall. And they are many, and all are not very different. The plant may suffer due to poor light, excessive and frequent watering or, conversely, lack of moisture. Making the part with the leaves "helps" is also poor poor-quality soil, and still dry and hot air in the apartment.Daria Andreyevna SHISHKOVSKAYA, Sverdlovsk Region, Nizhny Tagil Article Lemon at home for beginners (+ video)For many years in my house a lemon grows. We even managed to collect a small, but very long-awaited harvest. However, now the plant has become sick. Yellow and fall leaves. Help advice!Hleb Article Aronia (photo) planting and care, reproduction and cultivationThe best time for planting aronia, or chokeberry - early spring. Having done this, you will get on the site not only amazingly beautiful, but also a bush generous with delicious berries. Aronia is recommended to be placed on fertile, well-fertilized and deeply cultivated soil. The distance between plants should be at least 2 m, the size of the planting holes is 60x60 cm, depth is 40-45 cm. On poor soils, pits are larger and must be filled with a mixture of organic and mineral fertilizers (a bucket of humus, 100-150 g superphosphate and 50-70 g of potash fertilizers). Before planting, each rowan of a mountain ash is necessarily dipped in a mash made of greasy clay, mullein and water. In the absence of these components, a peat, humus or just an earthen chaff is prepared. In the first year of 2, plantings are fed with ammonium nitrate (50 g per plant). From the age of five, pods of humus or compost are added to 1-1,5 buckets in the near-stem circles, up to 70 g of superphosphate and up to 30 g of potassium sulfate. The soil is kept in a sufficiently wet state is a necessary condition for a bountiful harvest. Aronia enters into fruiting early: seedlings please the first crop in a year or two after planting, when grafting with a cutting, in the same year. The productive period can last up to 20-25 years.Nina Ishchenko, general practitioner Article Thick-walled pepper - varieties, planting and careThe drug that will save from a heart attack is growing in almost every experienced summer resident. This is a sweet pepper. It is this vegetable that scientists recommend along with others to use as often as possible to prevent a heart catastrophe. Pepper is rich in carotene (vitamin A), which in ripe fruit is as much as in carrots; vitamin C - almost as much as dogrose; vitamins E, P, PP, group B. Among the mineral substances emit potassium and sodium, calcium, iron, iodine, phosphorus, silicon. Vitamins A, C, E strengthen blood vessels, normalize their permeability, the elasticity of the walls, help the capillaries. Scientists say that eating foods that contain a lot of carotene (this is pepper 40-50 g and one and a half carrots) reduces the risk of stroke by almost 50% , and if you use these products will be sick after hemorrhage, it will help him survive and overcome the effects of the attack. By the way, pepper is useful for the prevention of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, hypertension, even vascular diseases associated with damage to the vascular wall. Sweet pepper is also an effective cancer fighter. The National Cancer Institute of the USA has developed scientifically based recommendations for proper nutrition, in which a special place is given to sweet pepper rich in vitamins A and C. The aromatic substances of sweet pepper contribute to the release of the “happiness hormone” - endorphin, which has a beneficial effect on the nervous system. But what's the trouble — sweet pepper is incompatible with an increased excitability of the nervous system, insomnia, and especially epilepsy. First of all, pepper is useful for women, since, according to Italian scientists, this product is involved in the prevention of breast cancer. If a woman, as Italian researchers say, eats at least one green pepper a day, then her risk of getting cancer is three times lower. Also proven beneficial effects of pepper on the human immune system. In most cases, it improves breathing, prevents asthma attacks, manifestations of bronchitis. Note It must be borne in mind that sweet pepper is not useful to everyone. Dishes from sweet pepper are contraindicated in cases of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, liver, intestinal and kidney diseases. And even diluted freshly prepared juice from this vegetable is contraindicated in patients with severe coronary heart disease (angina), heart rhythm disturbances, hypertension, gastric ulcer and intestinal ulcer, gastritis with increased acidity of gastric juice, colitis, exacerbation of chronic liver and kidney diseases, hemorrhoids with increased excitability of the nervous system, as well as with epilepsy and insomnia.Anna Antonovna LUGOVA, Penza Article Growing and caring for beets - the best adviceBeets can serve as a kind of indicator of the general state of the gastrointestinal tract. To find out how he feels, conduct a kind of test. You need to drink 2 Art. l fresh beet juice, wait a bit and see what came of you. If the urine is painted in beet color, then this means that the gastrointestinal tract is in poor condition. Liver and kidneys also work poorly: the more beet color in urine, the worse their condition.Nikolai Fedorovich MARCHENKOV, Penza Region, Nizhny Lomov Article Improvement of soil (organic farming)I want to share with readers the secret of good soil. In the autumn, most summer residents pull out the sunflower stalks along with the roots, but in vain. After all, the root system of this plant penetrates deep into the ground to 2 m. And if you cut the stems and leave the roots in the soil, over the winter they will rot and turn into fertilizer, and at the same time loosen the soil to a considerable depth thanks to the channels laid by the roots. The virgin soil plot was very heavy, clayey. Then I made holes right on the sward and sowed a sunflower. When the sunflowers grew, they choked all the weeds. By the autumn, the plot was clean of grass - except for sunflower, nothing grew on it. I cut the stalks, dried them and burned them, and scattered the ashes around the garden. In the spring, he dug up the ground along with the half-decayed roots of weeds and sunflower. The result was a wonderful loose and light fertile soil. Vegetables are now growing on it, like leaps and bounds!Alla Fedorovna FEDOTOV, Tver Article Winter Garlic: 5 harvesting tricksSpring planting of winter garlic is most likely an exception to the rules that require it to be done in the fall, a couple of weeks before the onset of frost. However, if you didn’t have time for planting last year or after winter there were excess garlic heads, then you can try to get a harvest from them by planting cloves in spring. But this requires appropriate training. No less than a month before planting, the garlic heads are sliced into pieces, scaly and immediately soaked in any growth-stimulating solution on the 8-10 watch. After that, moisten the soft cloth with water, press and fold the garlic cloves into it, wrap and put in plastic bag, leaving it ajar. And then the garlic packaged in this way must be placed in the refrigerator. It is impossible that the fabric dries out, it should be periodically moistened with water. Within a month, roots with a length of up to 5 cm will appear on the garlic cloves. As soon as the earth warms up, it will be possible to begin planting. On the garden make grooves about 10 depth cm, in them spread out the sprouted teeth and fill with humus. When the garlic has risen, feed the plants with azofosca and potassium magnesia. After rains and watering between the rows of garlic be sure to loosen. In early June, it is useful to feed garlic with a solution of mullein or chicken manure. Over the summer, it is recommended to feed the garlic twice with mineral fertilizers. Such garlic, in contrast to what was planted in the fall, will have a growing season of about a month, but its heads will be larger.Vasily CHERNIK, Kostroma Article Growing cucumbers in barrels - planting and care (Moscow)Even those gardeners who have a car know how difficult it is to deliver a large metal barrel to the site. Therefore, I treat all my iron barrels very carefully. It is difficult to move them to the barn, and there is little space, so I arrange them to winter on the street. First, I put the containers on the flank and roll them on the bricks so that they do not touch the soil. However, if there is a strong wind, the barrels can roll, so I put stones on the sides. Top cover capacity slate and crush bricks. Even if water gets under the slate, it will drain.OOO "Sad" Article Onion sluzun (or drooping onion) - growing, photo, harvesting and seedsUnder the landing of a bow-slizuna, an illuminated place with fertile land will suit. This type of onion does not like stagnation of water, so the bed should be either high or be located in a place where water does not stagnate after the rains and during the period of snowmelt. At one place onions can be grown up to 4-5 years, after which a transplant is necessary. Onions slizun drought-resistant, but with a shortage of water leaves become tough and almost unsuitable for food. Therefore, planting should be watered regularly. A good effect in maintaining soil moisture is the application of grass, straw or hay cutting mulching. To ensure high yields in the fall, rotted manure should be introduced into the soil (8 kg / sq. M), and in early spring and after cutting the leaves, feed ammonium nitrate. It is better to limit the use of phosphorus-containing fertilizers if you do not have a goal to get seeds. Popular varieties of onion slizuna are Leader, Green, Well of Well, Broadleaf.Natalia TOPOLEVA, Kostroma Article Onion sluzun (or drooping onion) - growing, photo, harvesting and seedsI plan to plant a slizun onion so that spring will always have early greens for salads. What conditions does he need? What popular varieties are there?OOO "Sad" Article Narrowing potatoes at home before planting + VIDEOPreparation of potatoes for planting begins in the fall. Selected tubers are left in the light (green) for 2 weeks. Under the influence of sunlight, potatoes become green due to the accumulation of poisonous substance - solanine. Such potatoes are not suitable for human or livestock food, but are better stored and do not spoil with rodents. Spring planting potatoes are removed from storage sites approximately 3-4 a week before planting . It is sorted out, culled the affected tubers and subjected to germination. This process should occur at a temperature from 12 ° to 20 °. The presence of light is obligatory, since only in its presence green seedlings will be formed. However, direct sunlight throughout the day is unacceptable. Therefore, focusing on the conditions of the room where the germination takes place, the planting material can be covered with sacking, newspapers, etc. Depending on temperature conditions, air humidity, presence of moisture in potatoes, the germination process can last from 20 to 40 days. Tubers with green sprouts up to 2 cm are considered to be optimal for planting.Anna OZHEGOVA, Ulyanovsk Article Narrowing potatoes at home before planting + VIDEOSpring is around the corner. This year we want to plant potatoes for the first time in the country (we bought the plot last year). How to properly prepare for landing? I heard that the tubers must be green. What is it done for and in what time frame?OOO "Sad" Article Choosing an apple variety for Central Russia - photo, name and descriptionThe appearance of cracks in apples can be caused by several reasons. The physio-logical mechanism of cracking is as follows: the skin of the fetus in some places becomes rough, loses elasticity, cell growth in these places stops, and the pulp continues to grow, and as a result, a crack appears. This often happens if long-term drought is abruptly replaced by prolonged rains. . As the moisture in the soil dries, the growth of the fruit stops. After heavy rains and in warm weather there is an increased growth of the cells of the fruit pulp, and if the skin cells lag behind in growth, then a rupture of the fetus may occur. Timely watering during dry periods quite easily eliminates this problem. Also, the peel of an apple loses its elasticity due to the lack of calcium and boron in the soil. In this case, timely mineral supplements are necessary. If, in addition to the cracks on the fruit, there were dark brown dense spots, then perhaps your apple tree is affected by scab.Arina BLOKHINA, Lipetsk Article Choosing an apple variety for Central Russia - photo, name and descriptionApples with cracks When harvesting apples this year, many fruits were cracked. Why can apples burst on branches? They did not fall to the ground ...OOO "Sad" Article Japanese Quince (photo) - planting and careQuince can be propagated both vegetatively and seeds. During seed reproduction, there is a possibility that the varietal characteristics of the parental form will not be preserved (due to over-pollination by another variety or species). The largest and most mature seeds are placed in a mixture with wet sand in a refrigerator for 2-3 months. Stratified seeds are sown at the end of March in loose fertile soil. By autumn, seedlings become 40-50 height cm, and in the spring they can already be transplanted to a permanent place. Vegetative breeding methods are more common. The easiest of them is reproduction by root shoots. In the spring before the start of greening, a root scion is dug from an adult, unvaccinated plant. When digging, it is necessary to strive to preserve the maximum number of roots. The 100% method of preserving varietal characteristics is reproduction by cutting. You can use both green cuttings (at the beginning of the summer) and lignified ones (planting in March in the greenhouse). About half of all planted cuttings take root, so it is necessary to insure and plant them more than is required. It is possible to transplant young quince saplings a year later, and fruiting begins on the 3-4 year. You can multiply quinces and vaccinations. As a stock, young plants (including “wild”) hawthorn, mountain ash, or the quince itself are usually used.Marina KURDAEVA, Stavropol Territory Article Japanese Quince (photo) - planting and careMy grandmother in the village grows old quince. I want to plant this tree on my plot. How best to propagate the quince?OOO "Sad" Article Asters: planting and care, questions and answersIt is difficult to understand what kind of bug you noticed, but if you consider the appearance of deformed flowers and leaves, it is possible that this is a meadow bug. Bedbugs make punctures on the stems, leaves, buds and suck the sap from the plant. The injection site then brightens. Deformed leaves gradually turn brown and fall off. Splashed plants should be sprayed with infusion of yarrow (pour dry inflorescences of 800 g for half an hour 2 l of boiling water and then pour all into 10-liter bucket of water, strain them through 2 for 24 hours) and use. If necessary, repeat the treatment after 10 days. In autumn, wilted plants should be removed and the soil should be dug up. For the treatment of asters, such a solution is also suitable - rub and dissolve 200 g of laundry soap in 10 l of water.Marina OVSENKO, Kaluga Article Asters: planting and care, questions and answersSome leaves and flowers in asters have become crooked. At first I thought that they lacked nutrients - she fed them with complex mineral fertilizer. However, the deformed leaves still appeared. Then I examined the plants more carefully and seemed to understand who was to blame. On asters, I discovered a very small light green bug with brown specks. Who is it?OOO "Sad" Article Large varieties of plums - photo, name and description. Planting and carePotentially, any wound on a tree trunk is dangerous as a place of possible penetration of pathogens of a number of diseases (primarily fungal). In your case, it is advisable to retreat to 3-4 cm from the previous saw cut and update it, then cover the wound with garden pitch or thick oil paint. Constant monitoring is necessary - at the first appearance of signs of damage (perhaps it is already infected), such as darkening of the bark, drying of young shoots, you will have to cut out the entire branch to save the plant.Nikolay VOSTRIKOV, Bryansk Article Large varieties of plums - photo, name and description. Planting and careLast winter, after a heavy snowfall, a large branch broke on the sink. I had to cut it. But for some reason, the cut did not heal, but began to crumble (crumble) in the middle. By the fall there was already formed a decent deepening. But is this old wound dangerous for a tree?OOO "Sad" Article Winter-hardy, frost-hard cherries - varietiesCherry begins to bear fruit after 4-5 years after planting. However, the period of fruiting may depend on the variety, and the quality of planting and care. If the planting technology was violated and the root collar is buried in the ground, then this will delay the beginning of fruiting. In addition, cherries do not tolerate wetlands, and on poor, low potassium and calcium soils, fruiting periods are delayed, or the plant will bloom, but will lose or not form an ovary. Another cause of the lack of fruits is the thickened crown. That is, it is necessary to thin it. In some cases, sweet cherry blossoms regularly, but the ovary is not formed. This is due to poor-quality pollination, for example, when the samobestenny sapling of cherry is purchased, and there is no tree in the garden that would serve as a pollinator. To correct the situation, you must plant another 2-3 tree. While they are growing up, you can graft onto your tree a few branches from other varieties of cherries that can bloom next year, as well as attract insects by spraying planting with a solution of honey (1 tsp on 1 l of water).Uliana MOSKALENKO, Ulyanovsk region Article Winter-hardy, frost-hard cherries - varietiesA few years ago he planted cherries in the garden. She even blossomed. But there is no fruit on it. Why?OOO "Sad" Article Varieties of gooseberry for the Moscow region - reviews. Planting and careIt is not entirely clear whether the shrub was always badly fruited or was there a period when it was fruiting well, and now for several seasons are the crops low? If the second, then perhaps the whole thing in the grade. There are varieties with a short life cycle. For example, London, Phenicia, and Spring fruit all 8 years, while other varieties are able to produce 15-25 years. Gooseberry annually increases new shoots. If you do not form a shrub with pruning, there is a risk of yield reduction. Every autumn, 4-5-year-old shoots need to be cut, leaving 20 of uneven-aged branches, of which 5 is young. The following year, the young shoots will gain strength, and the rest will form the ovary. The crop of gooseberries may be low due to lack of sunlight. If your shrub grows in the shade, it is better to transplant it to a bright area. It is also possible that your gooseberries do not have enough nutrients to form ovaries. Shrubs need 3 times per season to feed chicken manure, compost or manure. Lack of moisture can also affect yield. If there is a drought, you should water the bush every 7 days.Tatyana BUROVA, Kostroma region Article Varieties of gooseberry for the Moscow region - reviews. Planting and careWhich year already grows on the site gooseberries, but fruits are bad. What may lack a shrub? Maybe it is worth something to feed?OOO "Sad" Article Growing of Margelan radish - planting and care (Moscow region)Your mistake - in the excessive enthusiasm for nitrogen supplements, which include and manure infusion. Root crops generally react poorly to fresh organic matter. Carrots, beets, turnips, radishes, radish with an excess of nitrogen grow large, but clumsy, branched, with a rough, watery pulp consistency and an unpleasant taste. They also become vulnerable to pathogens of various rot, often rotting right on the garden bed. After harvesting such vegetables are poorly stored. Manure and compost under root vegetables are applied a year earlier, under the predecessor culture. Plants with an extensive root system and a vast above-ground mass are good in this respect: cucumbers, tomatoes, pumpkin crops, potatoes. If in the summer the Margilan radish is sown on a bed freed from early vegetables, then before sowing they make only a few complex mineral fertilizers (according to the instructions on the package) and wood ash. If the bed has not been used, it is possible to add fully rotted compost to the top layer. When feeding, a little dung infusion can be used only in the initial period of radish growth, when 2-3 of the first true leaves unfold. Then it is better to use the extract of superphosphate, complex mineral fertilizer, ash infusion. But here you do not need to be zealous, just one top dressing for early varieties of carrots and two for late ones. In any case, all feeding is stopped 3 weeks before harvest.Irina KUSKOVA, Yoshkar-Ola Article Growing of Margelan radish - planting and care (Moscow region)Planted last year Margilan radish. Diligently nursed her, watered, loosened, fed several times with manure infusion. Grow it grew, but did not like the taste, some kind of fresh, although the same variety turned out to be very tasty for the neighbor, moderately spicy. In addition, my roots were very poorly stored, quickly rotted. Why?The family of Zhukovs, Kursk Article Spud potatoes or not? EXPERIMENT AND FEEDBACKLast summer, we had an unknown, and therefore dangerous, potato enemy - a small bug. Basically he lived on the tops of plants and greatly ate them. They began to be interested in familiar gardeners, what kind of pest. It turned out - potato flea. She is very comfortable in dry hot weather. She especially likes it if the potato was planted late (we were just late in planting that year) and she got young shoots. To save the potato, we had to use insecticides and more often weed the planting, since fleas often come from weeds. And next year we will plant potatoes in time, so that by the heat it will grow and not suffer more from some small flea.Ivan KOTOV, Perm Article How to deal with cherry fly - a dangerous pest of sweet cherry and cherry?Cherry pipe-weaver, or weevil, affects the buds, flowers and ovaries of cherries and other stone trees. Infected parts of the tree dry up. But the berries that had formed have been hanging on the branch for some time, but they are deformed. In autumn, the affected trees should be examined, the entire bark should be removed, and the cleaned places should be covered with lime mortar. Fallen leaves destroy. Since the weevil winters in the soil under a tree, dig up the near-stem circle. In early spring, spread a wrap under a cherry and shake the tree to shake off the surviving weevils. After that, spray chamomile cherries. To prepare 100 g of dry flowers, pour 10 l of warm water for a day. Then strain this solution and add 30 g of soap.Elena GORODISHENINA, art. Platnirovskaya, Krasnodar region Article Disinfection of the garden - spraying and processing of trees, shrubs and householdsI have several safe but effective means for controlling pests of garden trees. From aphids. In a bucket of hot water I add 300 of ash, put it on the fire and drive it to a boil. Then, I do not cool the solution much, filter it, add 30-50 to grated laundry soap, stir it and spray it. From ticks. On 10 l of warm water I take 50 ml of any vegetable oil and 10 Art. l washing powder. I stir everything and spray it. From thrips. 10 glasses of dried heads of marigolds I pour 10 l of warm water, insist on 2 days, filter and spray the affected plants.Elena KIRYASHINA, Ulyanovsk Article Heather hedgeThorn spiny is rarely affected. But with pests need to fight. The main ones are green and black aphids. Aphid sucks the juice from the shoots and foliage, because of what their deformation and abscission occur. I rarely use chemicals because I harvest the foliage for medicinal purposes. I prefer safer but effective ways. After the spring trimming of thorns, I wrap the trunk with adhesive tape from flies. I unwind the strip and wrap the trunk with a sticky layer. You may need 2 strips if the trunk is thick. So I block the path of the ants that bring aphids. For the season 2-3 fold replace sticky tape. But aphid can fly herself. I struggle with her vegetable and soap infusions and essential oils. Garlic infusion. A glass of peeled and chopped garlic cloves infuse 4 of the day in 1 liters of water. Then filter and 2 Art. l Infusion with 100 ml of green soap is added to 10 l of water. I spray in the evening. Infusion of marigolds. I fill the half-bucket with crushed marigolds (along with flowers), pour water to the top and insist on 2 of the day. Then filter, add 2 Art. l tar chips, topped up with water to 10 l and sprayed. Sprinkles are essential. In 50 ml low-fat cream add 15 drops of essential oil of lavender, tea tree and lemon. I add this mixture to 1 l of water and spray it thrice every other day. For each spraying prepare a new batch.Natalia Kostina, Moscow Article Pepper formation - do you need to pinch the tip of a seedling?"Belladonna" translated from Italian means "beautiful woman", however, in my garden is rather a handsome man, because we are talking about the early ripe pepper Beladonna F1. The first fruits of this hybrid gives already after 3 months. after germination. They are cuboid, with thick walls, sweet and not bitter even in the stage of technical ripeness. A fully mature become greenish-white. Bushes grow to 60-80. I already have a tradition - every 8 Martha does Beladonnaya. I soak the seeds for a day in a growth stimulant solution, sow them, cover them with film, and put them in a warm place. When the loops of seedlings appear from the ground, I put the plates on the window sill. When the first pair of leaves appears, dive the peppers into glasses with a volume of 400 ml. In the middle of May I plant seedlings in a greenhouse - 3-4 seedling on 1 square. m. Three times per season feed complex fertilizer.Natalia MEADOW, Moscow Article Harvesting of radish seeds from the store - my feedback (VERY interesting experience)I chose radish seeds in the store, and I came across an amazing hybrid - watermelon radish. I was attracted by its appearance - from above the root crop is greenish-white, and inside it is bright pink. When she showed a bag of seeds at home to her husband, he somehow very skeptically spoke about the hybrid. They say one thing in the picture, but I’ll grow quite another. And I decided - it was not, I will try! Sowed, like other varieties of radish, in May, in a fertile bed, well-lit by the sun. Seeds during the day before sowing held in a damp cloth, so that they quickly ascended. Shoots really appeared quickly. I used to water the plantings regularly, because I know that the radish will either grow bitter, or go to the arrow, if you forget about watering. The first root did not have to wait long. However, the taste disappointed. Radish grew hard and bitter. Larger root vegetables, it seemed to me, were less hard, so I didn’t tear out any more small ones. However, the bitterness did not pass. Once I guessed to cut the skin off - that was another thing! The radish’s pink flesh was very tasty. When she added root vegetables to the salad, she always cut off the skin. But to decorate the dishes, I just cut radishes into thin slices - so, in my opinion, it looks more beautiful.Olga ALEKSANDROVA, city of Skadovsk, Kherson region. Article Lagenariya (photo) landing and care: councilors of summer residents3 5 fruits from creepers! Langenaria fruits taste like zucchini, only the flesh is more delicate, sweet-sour taste. On one liana we grow up over the summer to 35 pcs. I cut off the fruits when they are young, make pancakes from them, add them to salads, stuff them. In late March, I disinfect the seeds in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then rinse. I put them in a cloth bag and drop them into the ash solution on an 12 h. (2 tbsp. Ash. I dilute it in 1 l of warm water and leave for 24 hours, then pour it out, and throw the sediment). After the ash solution, the seeds are washed and put in a damp cloth. A day later, they hatch. I sow seeds in 1 cups to a depth of 3 cm in a mixture of peat and sand. I cover plastic bags and put them on the southern windowsill. Periodically sprinkle the soil with water. In 2-th half of April, I plant seedlings in the garden. I dig up the bed planted with manure from the autumn, make holes 30x30 cm every 3. I pour purchased soil into the hole, add 1 tsp. bone meal and ash. When transplanting plants, I dig up to cotyledon leaves. At first I lay the cut 5-liter bottles. I also install supports, since the diameter of the stem thickness of an adult liana reaches 5. In summer I fertilize every 2 week with bio-fertilizer according to the instructions. I make herbal infusions, alternating them with bio-fertilizers (an infusion of plantain, nettle or dandelion - 1 kg of green mass 10 l of hot water, leave for a day, drain).Arina and Polina Ivanov, Ivanovo Article Options for creating very beautiful flower beds (planting plan + design)My daughter and I watched the program on TV about naturalist Karl Linnaeus and his flower clock. You can find out the time on this watch, focusing on opening or closing the petals of certain plants. We liked this idea so much that we decided to try with our daughter to create such a clock in the country. In order not to look for the plants that Karl Linney used, they began to pick up their analogues on their own, empirically. Last summer, for example, they managed to find out that early in the morning, at 6-7 hours, flax opens its petals. Behind him is a tricolor violet, then a bindweed, and a clock for 9 is a calendula. After 12 hours, in the heat, many plants begin to close. Somewhere in the 14 hours - poppy and chicory, after 15 hours - calendula, and another hour or two later - flax. Around fragrant tobacco opens at around 20 hours, followed by night violet at 21. So far we have limited ourselves to observing and keeping a flower diary (it was very interesting!), But next year we are planning to break a flower bed as a dial and plant some plants on given segments. If we succeed, we will definitely send a photo to the "Country Council"!Olga PETROVA, Tula Article Narrowing potatoes at home before planting + VIDEOPotatoes in boxes-cagesTo better preserve potatoes in the basement, I recommend the use of boxes-cells with trellised bottom. I have 20-30 kg of potatoes in one such box. Making them is not difficult with your own hands from thick slats or narrow boards. Previously, many of these boxes used for business purposes, and now, apparently, they have been forgotten. Boxes filled with potatoes, I take to the cellar and place each other on 4-6 pcs. In severe frosts, I cover my potato pyramids with old blankets and coats.Yulianna PULENKOVA, Krasnodar Territory Article Their seeds of tomatoes and cucumbers - readers' adviceCucumbers and tomatoes - as if from a bed. To keep cucumbers and tomatoes fresh longer, I have my own tricks. Tomatoes are stored in boxes - I place them in cells in a single layer of stalk up. Young tomatoes do not spoil so much about 2 months. It is only important that the fruits were initially strong, without any damage to the skin. After harvesting cucumbers, I first put them in the shadow for a while and cover them with a cloth. In order for the Zelentsy to lie in the refrigerator for at least two weeks, I do so. At the bottom of the tank I pour a little table vinegar, set the grate on top, and put cucumbers on it, but so that they do not touch the liquid. Cover with a lid, put it in the fridge.Elizabeth KIRILLOVA, Veliky Novgorod Article Snow retention on the site - how to do it and when it is necessary: expert adviceI have never seen any of my neighbors spend snow retention, but in recent years I have been paying considerable attention to this. I learned that 1 cm of snow cover raises the temperature of the soil beneath it by 1 °. In order for plants not to suffer in severe frosts, the thickness of the “white blanket” must be at least 25, see the winters are different, it happens that the snow will pile up, but it lies before the first winds. Sometimes a strong thaw can happen in the middle of winter. On the slopes of snow and even less - even the slightest wind can bare the soil. Therefore, I try to delay the snow - this is both warm in the winter and useful moisture in the spring. I don’t build fences - for me it’s too difficult. But the spruce branches, branches, remaining after pruning currants, raspberries and ornamental shrubs - all this is laid out on the beds. If there are several stakes and a polymer mesh or the remains of a chain-link mesh, I will construct a mobile fence. I install it from the north side (from there usually winds blow). You can simply stick in a snowdrift cardboard or wooden shield. This year, she didn’t cut off the dried stalks of perennial flowers, as they also work for snow retention.Anna LITVINOVA, Penza Article Options for creating very beautiful flower beds (planting plan + design)Is it possible to turn them into the garden, planted on a flower bed? It turned out that yes. Because of self seeding, wildflowers often appear in the garden and in the garden. They can not drop out, and transplanted into a separate corner of the garden. The second option is to purchase a mixture of seeds of wild flowers in the store and sow. They practically do not need to care, but they bloom very beautifully. While plants are weak, it is desirable to feed them with a solution of mullein (1: 15). After 2 of the year, in the second half of the summer, the meadow bed can be mowed for the first time (leaving 5-10 cm) to stimulate the growth of flowers. Cut greens are left to dry for several days, then seeds are shaken off and hay is harvested.Vasily SIVILEV, Astrakhan Article Reproduction of roses by vaccinations and cuttings - the best advice from A to ZChoosing rosehip for roses Many types of roses are multiplied by grafting on the dog rose. Here it is extremely important to choose the stock successfully, the decorative qualities of the future plant largely depend on it. As the rootstock for roses often use wild rose Inermis. It is a strong, fast-growing and almost non-thorny shrub. Roses can be planted on it all summer and early autumn. The main drawback of Inermis is the high need for watering. Roses take root well on a multi-flowered wild rose. It is also not a prickly and fast growing shrub. It is resistant to powdery mildew, but not very cold resistant. Stock Pfanders rose provides rapid growth. Both stubby and weeping varieties are grafted onto it successfully. You can grow roses on heavy alkaline soil if you graft them loose on a dog rose. This should be done in the 1 half of summer. The advantage of this rosehip is that it reproduces the color of the rose well. And this is important for an ornamental plant. For roses, which grow in greenhouses, well Polimerian hips (Polmers). True, it is not resistant to powdery mildew.Antonina PUSHKAREVA, Orel Article Carnations (photos) types of planting and careCarnation sow in February Someone considers carnation a grandmother, unfashionable flower. And I am a grandmother! So, I can without shame of conscience love this cute flower and sow it every year - which I do! Sow cloves very first, even before the peppers and celery, -10-15 February. I take the soil store. I fill it with a box, spill it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and spread the seeds. I fill the crops with calcined sand and cover with a bag. I put in a cool place. From time to time I spray warm water. When sprouts appear, I put the box on a bright, but equally cool window sill. In a flowerbed transplanted in May. Blooms carnation until frost.Elena AFANASYEVA, town of Krasnokamsk Article Ligas tiger and lily chalmoid - species, photo and descriptionLilies look very impressive in the flower garden, if you choose the right neighbors. I plant lilies by 3-5 pieces. And next to I place gypsophila, veronica, chamomile, hosts or bells. It must be borne in mind that lilies have a strong aroma. So that the smells do not mix, you should not plant phlox or other fragrant flowers next to these plants.OOO "Sad" Article How to grow coffee from grainsIf the plant has begun to be depressed, 1-2 fold the soil in the pot with a suspension of Fundazole (2 g per 1 l of water). This will help the tree to recuperate. To clean up the immunity, you can also carry out a cycle of spraying the leaves of the coffee tree with warm water with the addition of "Epin extra". The solution is prepared according to the instructions. And in order to prevent diseases, it is useful to bury peeled garlic chives with a pre-cut root tubercle into the soil. This should be done before the next watering, and each time it is necessary to dig out old and dig in new teeth.Lidia Afanasyevna GREBESHKOVA, Khabarovsk Territory, Sovetskaya Gavan Article How to grow coffee from grainsFor many years, a coffee tree has been growing in our house, and no problems were observed in the care of it. And recently on its leaves spots began to appear. Advise how to help the coffee tree to recover?OOO "Sad" Article Rhododendron (photo) planting and care, varieties and species from A to ZIf the bush is flexible or grassy shoots, one of them can be bent to the ground in the same pot or put a pot next. Stringing the pruning to the ground and not cutting it off from the mother plant until roots appear. In this way, philodendrons, tradescantia, ivy, citrus, roses and rhododendrons can be rooted. It is best to reproduce with layers in the spring on annual shoots. At the same time, the middle part of the branch to be withdrawn should be immersed in the ground, and the upper part should be raised above it. If it is necessary to root citrus shoots, in the place where the branch is submerged in the ground, an incision of the bark is made on it toward the top of the branch, and the layers are tied to a peg for strength. But it is worth noting that florists root plants with this method very rarely, because most of the indoor flowers are easier to propagate by cuttings.Raisa ANTONENKOVA, Vladimir region, Alexandrov Article Rhododendron (photo) planting and care, varieties and species from A to ZI know that there are several ways to reproduce room rhododendron by layering. I am wondering if it is possible to propagate this beautiful plant with the help of a side shoot. If this is practiced, how specifically to implement it?OOO "Sad" Article Caring for indoor flowers and house plants from A to ZWhen planting this exotic beauty, you need to keep in mind that passionflower has a very fast growth of shoots — up to 12 (!) Cm per day, so the plant can be grown as an ampelous plant or with a support. But before settling this flower at home, you need to calculate whether it will support the ceiling. In summer, passionflower will feel comfortable at temperatures around 20-25, and in winter it is better to keep it at 13-18 degrees. It should also be watered abundantly so that the soil does not dry out at all. In winter, watering is reduced to once a week. Passion flower needs to be trimmed in time, which will contribute to abundant flowering.Natalya Alekseevna Article Caring for indoor flowers and house plants from A to ZMy dream is to get passiflora. Tell us about the features of the cultivation of this indoor flower.OOO "Sad" Article Nematoda in the villa greenhouse - measures of struggle and what to do (personal experience)The difficulties of fighting the pest are that at first the nematode is imperceptible, and when the signs of its activity become visible, the plant is already doomed to death. First of all, it is necessary to carefully check the planting material already growing on the site. If clematis is lagging behind in development, it looks depressed and does not bloom well, there is reason to suspect this nematode. Try using “Akarin” powder, according to many flower growers, the use of this drug gives a good result. The powder is introduced into the ground before planting, the earth is dug up, and then the plant is planted. This tool is also in ampoules. According to the instructions, the solution is prepared and the soil is shed under clematis. In various sources, it is recommended to use preparations from worms as a means to combat the root nematode. But from the nematode, they are unlikely to help because of the mechanism of their action. In particular, the drug paralyzes the musculature of roundworms (the nematode is one of them). But his action is temporary. This remedy helps animals, but not plants. Unfortunately, more effective drugs from nematodes do not exist yet.Natalya Alekseevna Article Nematoda in the villa greenhouse - measures of struggle and what to do (personal experience)A couple of years ago, I brought gall nematodes to my site with Polish clematis. I recognized it this way: when the leaves on the plants began to turn yellow in the middle of summer, I dug out a couple of lianas and found galls on the roots, or in another way galls, from which the larvae spread. Part of the plants had to be thrown away with a lump of earth. The rest seem to bloom, but there is no past beauty. What to do?OOO "Sad" Article What to do to lilies bloom?The recommendations of M. V. Baranova - the author of the book “Lilies” (Agropromizdat Publishing House, 1990) note that the depth of planting is determined by a number of signs: the size of the bulb, the ability to form stem roots, the mechanical composition of the soil, etc. The author writes that usually lily bulbs are planted to a depth that is 3 times as large as their diameter. The exceptions are several species that form a rosette of ground leaves: snow-white lily, Catsby and terracotta. Their bulbs are planted at a depth of 2-3 cm so that the tops of the scales are located almost at the surface of the soil. Lily bulbs with large flowering shoots (Kinky Nuts, Hanson, Willmott, Henry and other tall varieties) are planted deeper than the rule dictates. So do the bulbs that form the stem roots. According to the author, the planting, which is buried in comparison with the recommendations, has a number of advantages: the lower the bulbs are, the more moisture they get, besides, the lilies feel better in the hot summer because their legs are cool. And in the fall there is a higher temperature, with the result that the roots grow longer. Moreover, the soil at the depth of the bulbs no longer freezes through. And in the spring, deeper planted bulbs have a slower growth of the peduncle, which protects it from spring frosts. On the longer underground part of the flowering shoots, more stem roots and bulbs develop. Council When determining the planting depth of the lily bulbs, it is necessary to take into account the composition of the soil: they are planted deeper on light sandy soils than on heavy ones.Daria Andreyevna Article What to do to lilies bloom?A couple of years ago I bought a whole placer of lily bulbs on the market in the fall. Put them. But the result is simply deplorable - the vast majority did not come up. What is the reason? Maybe for each variety of lilies has its own depth of planting?OOO "Sad" Article How to choose the seedlings of roses - reviews and tips expertsIn spring, young plants need to shorten strong shoots by about a third the length, leaving 3-5 buds on each, and also remove weak, thin and branched growths. This haircut stimulates the growth of new shoots, in which in the summer and autumn there will constantly appear numerous flowers. The entire season should be regularly removed from the bushes withered flowers, which will also induce the plant to form new buds. In the fall, only untreated and damaged shoots are removed from the bush of a polyanthus rose. After a year and in the future, the broken shoots and dead shoots are removed from the garden beauty in the spring and make light pruning to form a beautiful bush, and the strongest annual shoots are cut to one third to stimulate their branching and extend flowering period. The older the rose, the more shoots remain on it (up to 8 pcs.). Polyantovye roses form low branchy bushes with a large number of thin growths and bloom on the shoots of the current year. When grown as indoor plants, when pruning after wintering, they usually leave eyes on the 2-3 shoots.Zoya Ivanovna Article How to choose the seedlings of roses - reviews and tips expertsHow to cut polyantovye roses?OOO "Sad" Article Caring for roses in the flowering period - top dressing and processingThe first dressing is usually done at the end of April - beginning of May with nitrogen fertilizers: urea, ammonium nitrate, according to the norms indicated on the packages. The second - after 2 weeks after the first, but already complex fertilizers, which include nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. The third - at the beginning of budding: in late May - early June. Roses give a simple or double superphosphate. The fourth - a week after the third complex fertilizer without nitrogen. The fifth is in early July with superphosphate. Sixth - before 20 July infusion of mullein or chicken manure. The seventh is before 5 August with a complex fertilizer without nitrogen. Eighth - in early September: superphosphate with potassium salt. The ninth dressing - in early October, during this period the plant needs potassium sulfate and superphosphate. The more frequent the haircut, the more luxuriant the floweringTatyana Vasilyevna SHISHKOVA, Pskov Article Caring for roses in the flowering period - top dressing and processingEvery time in the spring, you want to “feed” a rose more “tasty”. But there is always the fear that this will lead to excessive growth of foliage and poor flowering. What are the top dressing still preferable for this flower?OOO "Sad" Article Sweet peas (photo) planting for decorative purposesThe time of flowering is approaching the cultivation of this crop through seedlings. Pea seeds are quite solid, so before sowing they should be treated with hot water (60 degrees) for several hours. Just pack the seeds in a gauze bag and dip it in the thermos in the water of the desired temperature. You can do otherwise: wash the seeds in running water at a temperature of 20-22 degrees for 6 hours. So you can speed up the penetration of water to the embryo and significantly reduce the level of infection of seedlings with fungal diseases. After washing, the seeds in gauze bags are placed in a glass dish and kept in a moderately humid state at room temperature until mass germination. When the seeds are folded, 2-4 seeds are planted to the depth of 4-5 cm in paper cups filled with soil. Shoots at a temperature of 12-15 degrees appear in a week. Then the temperature can be raised. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place at the age of 35-45 days.Leokadia Iosifovna Article Sweet peas (photo) planting for decorative purposesThis summer I plan to decorate the fence in the country with blooming whips of sweet peas, but I don’t know how to prepare the seeds for sowing. I want the plant to bloom as early as possible.OOO "Sad" Article Growing heather (photo) planting and care, varietiesTo grow heather, you should follow some rules. First of all, the plant will gratefully accept the relocation to a sunny place, but can easily transfer light penumbra, which will allow planting it in various parts of the garden. The first. This plant will feel great in the sour high-moor peat. And transplanting heathers, strive to find just such a soil. If there is none, prepare yourself a mixture of regular peat with sawdust, fallen needles and sand (any proportions, the main thing is that the pH of the mixture should be 4-5). On 1 apt. m area is also desirable to make 80-100 g of sulfur. The second. Before planting seedlings, the prepared soil should be shed with acidified water. On 1 apt. m planting spend 3 liters of solution (1 tsp. of citric acid or 30 ml of apple or alcohol 9% vinegar). After that, immediately begin landing. Third. From the pots they take out saplings and knead the root ball with their hands. In this case, the roots, if they are intertwined in a dense lump, it is desirable to divide. Plant should be at a distance 40-50 cm between the bushes. After planting, the ground around them is compacted, and the plants themselves are watered. I want to note that heathers with golden leaf color can suffer from low temperatures, so before the onset of these cold landings, it is necessary to cover the 1-2 layer with a nonwoven material, and root system to peat, sawdust, fallen needles or bark layer 3-5, see Fourth. Care for heather is watering, feeding, weeding and pruning. It should be noted that this plant looks great next to rhododendrons and conifers. At the same time, the needles, which will fall off, will begin to acidify the soil and create the natural layer of mulch needed by the heather, and will also serve as a natural insulant of the root system.Polina Viktorovna Article Growing heather (photo) planting and care, varietiesPlease tell us about the features of growing heather. I know that he manifests his beauty in the fall, when most of the plants fade in the garden.OOO "Sad" Article Verbena (photo) growing in a pot, planting and careVerben should be sown in March. Seeds are placed in coconut tablets. Some people sow seeds directly on 2, personally I sow on 1. According to 2, it is usually recommended because the florist can choose the best quality seedling from two plants. But from experience I will say that the germination of vervains is very good. Crops should not be poured with water, it will save tender shoots from the black leg. Usually, flower growers face such a problem, who sow seeds not into a sterile coconut substrate, but into the soil. Since verbena is very fond of sunlight, trays with pills need to be put on the south window. And if the apartment is located on the north side, the crops will need lighting. When you notice that tender seedlings have roots that tend to get out, take the pills and put them together with the seedlings in cups of soil mixture. But before the tablets should be removed shell, because it does not decompose in the ground. In mid-May, seedlings are planted in a flower bed at a distance of 20-25, see. This plant may also be in partial shade, continuing to delight with its beauty. In my opinion, vervain is one of the most unpretentious plants, which is suitable even for those summer residents who do not have enough time to take care of the garden.Olga Fedorovna POVARKOVA, Chelyabinsk Article Verbena (photo) growing in a pot, planting and careIn my garden in the new year, I really want to see vervain. I was literally conquered by this plant with its multi-colored asterisks. Advise when you need to sow the seeds of this flower for seedlings.OOO "Sad" Article How to root grapes chubuki - my experience and adviceI think for the house such distribution of the vine is undesirable. Increased humidity, shade from leaves and shoots, as well as weak air circulation will adversely affect the wall of the house, whether it is wooden or brick. But you should have 8 in mind that the southern and south-western walls of the house create an elevated temperature background for the grape plants, which is useful, but it is necessary that they be located at some distance from the wall.Anastasia Eduardovna Porozova, Ivanovo region, Kineshma Article How to root grapes chubuki - my experience and adviceIs it true that we should not allow grapes to creep along the walls of a house? It is said that he can destroy the building.OOO "Sad" Article What kind of potato is the most deliciousPotato is a light-loving plant, it gives a good harvest only with sufficient light. When planting in shaded areas, the tops are strongly drawn out, the leaves become pale yellow, there is no flowering, the tubers are small, the yield is low. Fresh potatoes should not be added to potatoes, as the quality of tubers is deteriorating, they become watery and tasteless. The plant is affected by fungal diseases, especially late blight, and tubers - scab. It is better to make a humus for potatoes at the rate of 4-6 kg per 1 square. To speed up the outflow of nutrients from the leaves and thereby increase the yield, it is necessary immediately after the flowering to make foliar top dressing. To do this, in 10 l water dilute 2 Art. l superphosphate and spray the tops with this solution, using 1 liters per 2 square meters. m. Spraying is better to spend in the morning in cloudy weather. Strong growth of tops is due to the high content of organic matter in the soil (manure, humus). To delay its growth, it is necessary to feed the plants with a solution of superphosphate (3 tbsp. L. On 10 l of water), spending on a half-liter jar for each plant.Ivan Sergeevich DUBOV, Tver Article What kind of potato is the most deliciousI have a few questions concerning such an important culture for us as potatoes. Is it possible to grow it in the shade, under the trees? Is it possible to make manure in the spring for this crop, does it need foliar dressing? How to stop excessive growth of tops?OOO "Sad" Article What kind of potato is the most deliciousEveryone decides for himself what kind of potato to plant. However, it should be remembered that any of them degenerates through 4-5 for years and requires replacement with a new one. What do you pay attention to when choosing seed potatoes? 1. Whether the variety is zoned: foreign ones are inferior to domestic ones in terms of disease resistance. They give high yields only under very good growing conditions. 2. For maturity of potatoes: should be planted as early - for consumption in the summer, and late varieties - for long-term winter storage. Early varieties ripen through 80-90 days, mid-season and mid-early - through 100-115, middle-late and late - through 110-130 days. Advice For the northern regions, it is better to use early and mid-season varieties to harvest the crop before the onset of rainy weather and blight of blight. 3. Resistance to diseases, especially to fitoftor. It ruins 30-40% yield. Relatively resistant to late blight varieties: Atlant, Accent, Zdaby-so, Vytok, Zhuravinka. 4. Purpose Weakly boiling varieties are suitable for making salads (Dolphin, Lapis Lazuli). For cooking potatoes - Orchid, Resin, Krinitsa, for pancakes - Breeze, Lasock, Talisman. It is a mistake to assume that the more starch, the better the variety. Leaders in high starch content, as well as low, are not particularly tasty. The optimal starch content in potatoes is 13-18% (Adretta, Resin, Krinitsa). Tip Do not save on planting material! From small tubers will grow few stems, and the harvest will be low. However, if large potatoes are planted, then its aboveground part will develop to the detriment of tuberization. The best planting material is medium sized tubers weighing from 50 to 150.Anastasia Eduardovna Article What kind of potato is the most deliciousI do not know what kind of potatoes to choose in the upcoming season. Last year, the leaves were too early, and then the tops turned black, and as a result the harvest was minimal. Please advise.OOO "Sad" Article Winter Garlic: 5 harvesting tricksGarlic, like onions, is very sensitive to the increased acidity of the soil. In this case, the supply of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, molybdenum, boron and some other elements to plants decreases. Therefore, the best for garlic are sandy and loamy soils with a neutral reaction. Note on the increased acidity of the soil in the area indicate plants growing on it - horsetail, horse sorrel, plantain, mint. Even a slight increase in soil acidity harms the garlic. In this case, the leaves become shallow, the color becomes light green, the tops turn yellow, and the harvest is reduced. Heavy, floating clayey soils, on which a peel is easily formed, are unsuitable for growing garlic. Garlic grows well on flood plains and drained peatlands, but ripening is delayed and the bulbs are not stored for a long time. Strongly acidic soils must be lime, and it should be done better under the previous crop. It is not necessary to add lime together with manure or mineral fertilizers, as this increases the loss of nitrogen and decreases the absorption of phosphorus compounds by plants. If necessary, the soil can be deoxidized immediately before planting garlic, using wood ash. The calcium content in it, depending on the origin, ranges from 8 to 80%. In addition, ash is a valuable fertilizer containing a large amount of potassium, phosphorus and trace elements. Potassium in the ash is present in the form of carbonate or potash, which dissolves well in water and is easily washed out of the soil. As the main nutrient elements, ash does not contain only nitrogen; an aqueous solution of ash has alkaline properties; therefore, its use is quite effective on acidic and potassium-poor sandy and sandy, marsh and meadow soils, as well as on drained peatlands. Cause of crop failure can be an imbalance of nutrients in the soil. If the garlic lacks any nutritional element or the required ratio between them is disturbed, the plants suffer, the harvest and its quality are reduced. Fertilizing garlic is necessary not only on poor soils, but also on soils rich in nutrient reserves. 8 anyway should follow the recommendations of experts.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Winter Garlic: 5 harvesting tricksI can’t grow good garlic. Maybe the reason for this is acidic soil? Konstantin VladimirovichOOO "Sad" Article Eggplant cultivation on organic technology - planting and careFollowing the maximum proximity to nature, supporters of this direction do not dive seedlings and do not remove the tip of the main root. This allows the roots to dig deeper into the ground and find moisture and nutrients at deeper horizons. Such plants more easily tolerate long periods without watering. And, of course, when growing seedlings, mineral fertilizers and pesticides are not used.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Eggplant cultivation on organic technology - planting and careWhat are the features of growing seedlings on the principles of organic farming? Vera GlebovnaOOO "Sad" Article Thick-walled pepper - varieties, planting and careMost often, this behavior of some varieties, especially hybrids of sweet pepper, does not indicate any disease. It is associated with uneven growth of the leaf blade. At the same time, the central vein is ahead of other parts of the sheet and, like a string, pulls towards itself its edges. So it turns out "boat." It is clear that the gardener about this should not worry. We must have patience and wait until the plant “outgrow” this problem. Less often, the leaves of the peppers curl with a deficiency of potassium. It can be easily removed by pouring out ash from the wood ash (it must be infused for 2 days, and then carefully drain the liquid fraction). Problems can be avoided if dry wood ash is added to the soil before sowing at the rate of 2 Art. l on 1 l soil mix. And finally, another reason for leaf curling may be poor air permeability of the soil mix. Oxygen does not enter the area of the root system, because of which the whole plant begins to suffer. This can also contribute to excessive watering. The problem is solved by changing the structure of the soil mixture: it should be light and loose, which is achieved by adding sand, compost or small vermiculite. At the bottom, a drainage should be created with a hole for the drainage of excess water and a layer of a moisture-permeable substance: perlite, expanded clay, vermiculite of a larger fraction.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Thick-walled pepper - varieties, planting and careWhy are leaves curled? This year, the Bulgarian pepper seedlings behave in an unusual way: the edges of the leaves, curling down, form a semblance of a boat. Could this be a symptom of some disease? Valentina Mikhailovna KOLOVRATOVA, Kaliningrad region, ChernyakhovskOOO "Sad" Article Cultivation of corn: advice of an agronomist on planting and careThis opportunity should be used to obtain grains of very sweet varieties, which with the usual cultivation technology may not ripen. When sowing, it should be borne in mind that the root system of maize can penetrate to a greater depth, therefore, the packaging for seedlings requires a rather high one. 1,5-liter plastic bottles with a cut off neck are almost perfect for this purpose. A hole is made in the bottom to drain excess water, and the tank itself is filled with ordinary fertile soil. Sowing is performed on 1 seed in a bottle to a depth of 4-5, see. When the roots reach the bottom, the moment of transplanting to a permanent place comes. Transplantation is carried out with a clod of earth. Between rows and plants maintain a distance of 70, see. The place must be sunny, otherwise the ears may not be tied.Yegor Petrovich Article Cultivation of corn: advice of an agronomist on planting and careIs it possible to grow sweetcorn seedlings?Elena Article Strawberry propagation by seeds on hydrogel and peat tablets - my reviews (Voronezh)Not for the first year, some small white midge strikes the leaves of my strawberry, which literally clings to the plants. You touch the bush - and a whole cloud of these insects flies up, as if a pile of ash was blown away. Especially this midge loves young leaves, which from such attention from her stand shrink and stop growing. What I just did to get rid of insects, but a maximum in a week they are right there again. And all my strawberries are therefore constantly oppressed. I was desperate to cope with this scourge. Dear gardeners, help me! ValentineElena Article Large varieties of plums - photo, name and description. Planting and careThe beauty of the plum grows in my garden. The harvest gives every year, and the fruits are all yellow, large, sweet. But now I have had two harvests for two seasons. And all because in each plum near the bones, I find some nasty and nasty worms. I process wood in spring and autumn with insecticide solutions - it does not help. What next to do, I do not know, and the worms in the fruit is becoming more and more. I ask you to respond and help with the advice of all the caring fellow gardeners.Irina Article Decorative pines - species and varieties, planting and careFour years ago, a pine-tree, a one-year-old sapling, was planted in a well-lit place. He looked healthy, jovial, green, quickly got accustomed to the new place and soon began to grow. Now the tree height is already about 2 m and raslapisty enough for its age. And very, very much, one might say, fluffy. But last autumn I noticed that right in the middle of the trunk he suddenly had some strange "foci" for some reason the needles turned yellow, which now partially crumbled. And so my green pine stands with a reddish yellow patch in the middle. What is she missing? Maybe she got something sick? I will add that my land is good - fat, fertile. Two other pines (ordinary), planted earlier, grow without any problems.Love Article Variety of pears Avgustovskaya dew - my reviews (Voronezh region)I have a five-year pear, which the year before last gave the first harvest. There were a lot of fruits, and all of them were quite large. But my joy at their appearance turned out to be premature: they hung on the branches until October (I note that I did not find any outward signs of tree disease), but they did not fill with juice - they remained firm and hard. It was necessary to remove them all in this form, but at the same time their keeping quality turned out to be disgusting, they all soon faded. Last year, the story completely repeated. What happens to my pear? I try to look after her as it should be: I feed her, loosen the ground. Do not forget about watering, however, moderate. Maybe it's all about them? But, I remember, in some letters, readers noted that the pear does not like excess water. In general, please help me to understand, dear readers!