reader Reviews Recent Comments gardeners and gardeners: OOO "Sad" on Rot (photo disease) - control measuresThe appearance of rot on the onion beds is preceded by some signs that are worth paying attention to: - the feather of the onion begins to turn yellow or spots appear on it; - gray plaque is visible on feathers; - the smell of rot on the beds. Healthy onion beds do not emit a smell, so its appearance should alert you. When feeling the bulbs should be hard. In order for the onions to be stored for a long time and not rot on the beds, it is necessary: - to buy high-quality seeds; - Store in accordance with all the rules, and be sure to warm up before landing; - use copper sulfate or potassium permanganate for processing and disinfecting seed material; - prepare the soil in advance: in the fall we make compost or good humus; - it is necessary to maintain the interval during planting, and if the plantings are dense, it is necessary to thin out; - He is friends with dill and carrots, so organize them a neighborhood.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Rot (photo disease) - control measuresI began to notice that every season rot appears on the onion beds. What is the reason and how to avoid it? Irina IvanovnaOOO "Sad" on The technology of growing cucumbers in the open field - a micro greenhouse with their own hands: my wayThe essence of this method is that the planting of cucumbers does not occur directly, but in a circle. Using this method, it is very convenient to form beds. How it's done? First you need to make a groove in a circle, shallow, with a diameter of about 2 m. The very bottom is covered with humus, followed by a layer of soil. Remember that it is necessary to observe a distance between plants of at least 40 cm. A stake (wooden or metal) is installed near each plant, to which the twine is fixed. The same support is done inside the circle. At its end, hooks are hung or a nail is driven in. In case of bad weather, thanks to the stakes, plants can be covered from above. Such a tent gives a good opportunity to take good care of cucumbers, allows you to economically use water for irrigation and feeding, plants are not thickened and well ventilated.Svetlana Vasilievna on The technology of growing cucumbers in the open field - a micro greenhouse with their own hands: my wayWhat is herringbone cucumber cultivation? What's the catch?OOO "Sad" on We decorate a garden or a summer residence with plants in a monochrome styleRosary, dahlia, lilinarium ... The explanation for this term is in the name itself - this is a garden where the owners prefer flowers of the same variety. By the way, this principle of creating a flower garden is gaining momentum and gaining more and more popularity. Thanks to the success of the breeders, the establishment of a monosad in their country house is not so troublesome, precisely because every year there are more and more varieties, species, varieties of plants. By the way, the creation of a monosad is considered aerobatics among summer residents and gardeners, because it requires sufficient knowledge in this area and a lot of experience behind. This does not mean that you should deviate from the idea of organizing a monosad on your own site. There are many familiar summer residents around whom you can always turn for advice.Lyudmila on We decorate a garden or a summer residence with plants in a monochrome styleI heard a lot from the neighbors, so I want to understand: what is a monosad and why is such a name?OOO "Sad" on Work in December - what can be done at the dacha, site, in the garden and vegetable garden in December. Moon calendar.December is one of the most unusual months of the year. This is the last month of the year and the first month of winter. This period gives us many pleasant moments in connection with the expectation of a magical holiday - New Year. Experienced summer residents in the process of anticipation of the celebration do not forget about country worries. The first thing that is desirable to do is to summarize the year: to analyze your plantings (which was a lot, which is not enough), to remember whether all the plants liked their location. Arriving at the cottage, you need to check if the tree branches are broken under the weight of the snow, if the trunks are damaged by animals. By the way, at this time it is not too late to whitewash the branches. Do not forget about the birds. Plan the placement of the feeder in your area. We also remember the cellar: be sure to check the vegetables for preservation - are there any rotten or wilted and the temperature inside. If all the checks are completed, it's time to plan what seams will be placed on your table!Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Work in December - what can be done at the dacha, site, in the garden and vegetable garden in December. Moon calendar.Tell me, what kind of garden work is carried out in December? I'm afraid to miss something. Galina, SalihorskOOO "Sad" on What is the difference between raspberry remontant and ordinary?Please note Repairing raspberries from ordinary raspberries are recommended to be distinguished in the fall, when all the characteristic signs of this berry are evident. What are the characteristics of a berry variety? Root system: for repair raspberries it is pale, for ordinary - saturated brown. By the color of the leaves: remont raspberries boasts a rich foliage color, while ordinary raspberries have faded foliage. In appearance of the trunk: the remont raspberry trunk is green-brown, sometimes cracked or bright green on the north side of the trunk. In ordinary raspberries, the trunk is pale, with a wax coating on the north side. Seedlings of remont raspberries should not be pruned when sold, they should be either with a processed brush or with a green berry. Cropped top of raspberries should alert you - in all likelihood, they are trying to sell you ordinary raspberries under the guise of a remover.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on What is the difference between raspberry remontant and ordinary?How to distinguish the appearance of remont raspberries from ordinary? Igor PetrovichOOO "Sad" on Marigolds from diseases and pests - application in infusions and other methods of plant protectionSuch a disease is most common among marigolds. First, in the lower parts of the stems, light spots form, and then gradually darkening spots. They begin to rot. Such damage leads to wilting, and subsequently to the death of the plant. In order to prevent this attack, it is necessary to pickle the soil and the plants themselves with fungicides. For prevention, young plants can be watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, but infrequently. If you notice that marigolds are still affected, you must immediately remove all affected flowers. Watering the plant is possible only when the topsoil is noticeably dry.Valentina Ivanovna on Marigolds from diseases and pests - application in infusions and other methods of plant protectionI grow marigolds in my country house for two reasons: I create beauty and these lovely flowers help me fight pests and protect my cultures from diseases. Recently, I began to notice that my assistant flowers got sick: the stalk looked like a black leg. Tell me what it is and how to deal with it?OOO "Sad" on Tomatoes: deficiency of essential minerals and trace elements - symptoms and signsThe reasons for this behavior of tomatoes can be several: a disease, an attack of pests, excessive feeding with nitrogen or improper care. But do not forget that there is a variety of tomatoes, a characteristic feature of which are twisted leaves. However, this symptom may also indicate a serious problem - the plant has bacterial cancer. Signs of this disease: - leaves are curled; - leaves fade, darken and dry; - cracks appear on the stem. There are no ways to combat this disease, therefore, all affected plants are destroyed, and the remaining and surviving plants are treated with copper chloride. At the same time, we do not forget that even those plants that are located 10 from infected ones need processing. Another reason for curling leaves is excessive nitrogen supplementation. In this case, the tops will rapidly grow. It is necessary to stop top dressing until the tops have acquired their natural and natural color. Also, twisted leaves may indicate that the plant root was damaged during transplantation and thus reacted. That is why there is no need to immediately take emergency measures. Let the plant recover from damage, it is likely that all these signs will disappear.Konstantin, Slutsk on Tomatoes: deficiency of essential minerals and trace elements - symptoms and signsI take good care of the tomatoes: I water and feed them. But they constantly twist the leaves. What is it and what to do with it?OOO "Sad" on Growing cucumbers and tomatoes in the greenhouse and open field: planting and care from A to ZIn order to get a crop for the New Year's table, the seeds of cucumbers and tomatoes must be planted in September-October. It is worth considering the fact that during these seasons the daylight hours are very small, which is why it is necessary to organize additional lighting in the greenhouse. If you sow seeds in November, then the main development of the bushes will be in January and February. Yes, this is not for the New Year, but you must admit that your fresh cucumbers and tomatoes in late February and early March are also quite a pleasant thing. To grow tomatoes in the winter, you will need a greenhouse with thick walls (glass, polycarbonate). To obtain a winter harvest, it is not recommended to make high greenhouses - all the warm air there will go up, depriving your crops of attention. Ceramsite thermal insulation must be present to protect the culture during severe frosts. Frame jumpers must be positioned longitudinally at a distance of 75-90 cm from each other. This design will help to avoid damage to the walls during heavy snowfalls.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Growing cucumbers and tomatoes in the greenhouse and open field: planting and care from A to ZWill it be possible to grow tomatoes in a greenhouse all year round and what needs to be done to do this? Alexander, KalugaOOO "Sad" on Crop rotation scheme according to the 6 rule of beds (+ PLAN)First, in the autumn, you need to oxidize the soil with lime, so that with the help of torrential rains and snow it is well saturated. As soon as spring comes, it must be fertilized with humus or manure. If you want juicy fruits, it is better to grow cucumbers in a greenhouse. In open ground, they are not so juicy.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Crop rotation scheme according to the 6 rule of beds (+ PLAN)I want to grow cucumbers in place of potatoes. What is needed for this? RuslanOOO "Sad" on Overdue tomato seeds - to plant or not: reviews of the summer residenceWatermelons, melons, cucumbers, zucchini remain viable for 6-8 years; tomatoes, pumpkin, cabbage, basil - 4-5 years; beans, beans, radishes, peas, rutabaga - 3-5 years; carrots, beets, peppers, eggplant, physalis, lettuce, spinach, lovage, hyssop, catnip - 3-4 years; onions, batun, chives, parsley, dill - 2-3 years; celery, parsnip, slime onions - 1-2 years. Do not forget that not always everything goes according to the rules, since a lot depends on the variety, seed storage conditions and other factors.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Overdue tomato seeds - to plant or not: reviews of the summer residenceHow many years do seeds retain germination? ValentineOOO "Sad" on Poinsettia the most beautiful (photo) - how to careBecause this flower needs a shortened daylight, this is why it is advisable to provide it with alternating day and night every 12 hours. However, poinsettia, and this is what this plant is also called, does not tolerate bright light and needs some shading. A Christmas star loves warmth, but will not survive the heat. The optimum temperature for it is 18-25 degrees. If it is smaller or higher, poinsettia dies. This is a real sissy, because even touching a cold glass can ruin her. Like any tropical plant, a Christmas star “respects” humid air, so when you bring such a plant home in winter, where the batteries are working to its fullest, you will have to make sure that the poinsettia does not suffer from drought. The most difficult moment in care is after flowering, when the plant leaves and flowers fall and it falls into hibernation. At this time, you need to reduce the number of irrigations to 1 times a month and cut poinsettia.Polina Vladimirovna on Poinsettia the most beautiful (photo) - how to careWhy does the Christmas Star plant require special care?OOO "Sad" on Propagation of plants with cuttings and seeds (part 3)Most often, indoor plants are propagated using vegetative cuttings, because this is a fairly easy way in which the plant takes root quickly. By stalk segments Using apical cuttings, one can have more ampelous flowers and balsamines. Such an escape with 3-4 is taken with full leaves from the upper, not lignified part of the stem. Make an oblique cut under the knot, retreating 1 cm. It is here that new roots will sprout. And to make this happen faster, the section should be treated with a growth stimulator. The prepared cuttings are placed in a moist and loose substrate and covered with a film. With stem cuttings, you can grow succulents, ficus and geranium. Such a stalk without flowers and buds is cut from the mother plant below the node. It should not have bottom sheets, if any, they should be removed. Root a sprout in the garden ground with the addition of sand. After 3-4 weeks after rooting, the seedling is resettled in a pot and placed on the windowsill. Such a stalk can also be rooted in a container of water. Leaves Cuttings with leaves are good for senpolia, bush begonias, gloxinia. Choose a healthy and strong leaf that has not been attacked by diseases, and cut so that a long stalk remains. It is lowered into loose soil and waiting until a daughter plant appears from the soil. Then they are separated and precipitated. And in streptocarpus and sanseveria, a third of the leaf with veins is buried in a moist substrate. Offspring There is still propagation by offspring, which is used for bulbous, bromeliad plants and cacti. The offspring is a subsidiary independent plant formed by the mother. When it is sufficiently developed, it is cut off or carefully separated. It is on it that own root processes should form. Each individually planted in a substrate of a suitable type and composition. And bulbous species are propagated with the help of small bulbs, which, when they grow up a bit, are planted in pots. Such plants will bloom in 1-2 years.Tatyana Viktorovna on Propagation of plants with cuttings and seeds (part 3)I am a beginner grower. I would like the window sills of the house to be soon filled with pots with indoor plants. But they cost a lot today. Tell us how you can propagate them at home?OOO "Sad" on Garden violets (photo) - species and varietiesIt is best to relocate the violets in early spring (1-I half of March), you can also do this in the fall (September-October). But in winter, it is not worth replanting the plant, because it lacks light. Yes, and summer is not the best time to relocate violets, since the high air temperature prevents the rapid rooting of the indoor flower. It is better not to disturb the violet in such a period. My experience has shown that the best pots for this beautiful plant are plastic. The soil does not dry out so quickly in them. In addition, the lower leaves that are in contact with the walls of the container remain healthy, which cannot be said about clay pots that “spoil” foliage. She loses her decorativeness, turns pale and looks painful. Often, gardeners are puzzled by the size of the pot when transplanting. The calculation here is simple: the diameter of the plant should be 3 times the pot. Just keep in mind that in containers wider than 10 cm violets will not please with magnificent blossoming. Tip If you notice that the plant has grown, cut and root the strongest and largest leaves. Or cut the roots and place in the same pot, previously disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate. And do not forget to put drainage at the bottom. It should be said about the soil, which has special requirements. The best composition is: garden soil, peat and sand. You can buy ready-made soil mix for violets in the store. There is another rule: young violet should be transplanted with an earthen lump.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Garden violets (photo) - species and varietiesI love violets. But in order to achieve their magnificent flowering, you need to know many secrets. Advise how to transplant these indoor flowers? Tamara OlegovnaOOO "Sad" on Planting phlox - master class and photoIf you are still a beginner grower, then in early spring buy phlox roots in a flower shop. At home, plant them in small flower pots and place them in a cool dark place. After a month, rearrange in a bright room and wait for the green shoots to appear. In May, transplant phlox into the open ground. In the first weeks after planting, protect them with a non-woven fabric. In August, young phloxes will bloom, and they will give full bloom only next year. As practice shows, sometimes phloxes bloom poorly due to the fact that the landing site was chosen incorrectly. If it is very shaded, then the bushes grow frail and fall apart, and inflorescences do not please either the splendor or brightness of the flowers. But even in direct sunlight, the plant does not like to bathe all day. He needs both bright light and light shading.Ekaterina Sergeevna on Planting phlox - master class and photoWe have only a couple of years a garden plot, so for now I can tell you not about my successes, but about failures. Every summer I look forward to the phlox blooming. But the bushes grow frail, fall apart, and the inflorescences are pale and scarce. Why?OOO "Sad" on Care for climbing roses in springIndeed, you need to know this, then the question will not arise: a sissy rose or a real "Spartan"? Aloha This rose does not lose its beauty after rains and suffers a decrease in air temperature to minus 28 degrees. Alchemist If you intend to grow this rose in your garden, keep in mind that it is most often subjected to black spotting, but despite this, its flowers are so beautiful that many flower growers neglect this significant drawback. Such a rose can withstand frosts to minus 28 degrees. Golden carpet Such a rose is resistant to powdery mildew and black spotting, it can be planted both in the shade and in the sun, without particularly worrying about the composition of the soil. In the midland, adult bushes winter well without shelter. A beautiful garden beauty easily transfers air temperature to minus 35 degrees. Golden Showers This rose is for true connoisseurs. It blooms throughout the summer in 2 waves. And in the fall comes the second lush flowering. Its inflorescences can be admired not only in the garden, but also cut in a vase. Golden Showers suffers frosts to minus 28 degrees. Impressionist This instance can be called a persistent tin soldier, because such a rose has excellent health. She does not care either rain or frost to minus 28 degrees. Coral Dawn If you do not like to bother with planting a rose, looking for a warm place for it, this variety is what you need. Garden Beauty is completely unpretentious. This is one of the few climbing roses that can grow in shaded places and poor soil. True, you need to feed the plant, as they say, according to all the rules, otherwise it will take a very long time to wait for its flowering, which it pleases on last year's shoots. That is why spring pruning must be done very carefully. Such a rose tolerates frosts well to minus 28 degrees. Roses of the varieties Lavinia, Mont Blanc, New Dawn, Pink Cloud, Paul Scarlet and others are also frost-resistant. Tip Before you settle the garden queen in your garden, be sure to learn about it as much as possible. Then caring for the rose will not be burdensome for you, and the plant itself will delight with lush flowering.Anna Vasilievna ZUEVA, Ryazan on Care for climbing roses in springPlease list which varieties of climbing roses are winter-hardy and can easily withstand our frosts?OOO "Sad" on Spring pruning and top dressing of roses. What if the roses froze in winter?In late August - early September, after repeated flowering, roses are given dry top dressing with ash. From mineral fertilizers, superphosphate (30-40 g per 1 sq. M) and potassium salt (15-20 g per 1 sq. M) are added.Alla Fedorovna on Spring pruning and top dressing of roses. What if the roses froze in winter?What do roses usually feed after secondary flowering?OOO "Sad" on Storage of bulbs and tubers of flowers - conditions (table-memo)Leaving plants brought from your homeland in a cold house is not worth it, because they are unlikely to withstand winter frosts. How are rhizomes usually stored before planting? It all depends on which kidneys on the rhizome are sleeping or already awakened. But in any case, it is necessary to look after the planting material in order to find out if it is not sick, whether it has become a bait for pests. And if you find damage, you will have to remove these areas, and cut the place of the cut with brilliant green or crushed coal. For storage of sleeping plants, a refrigerator, a cellar, where the temperature is maintained from 0 to 4 degrees of heat, are suitable. Planting material should be placed in boxes or boxes with moistened moss or peat. Every 7-10 days, it is necessary to inspect the rhizomes and maintain an optimal level of humidity. But what if the root wakes up? It is planted in a pot, because the growth of the plant can no longer be stopped. First you need to prepare the soil with perlite, which loosens the soil and makes it more permeable to water and air. In this case, before laying for storage, the rhizome should be treated with a fungicide - this will protect it from diseases. It is also necessary to fill the bottom with the prepared soil, put up planting material vertically, spreading the roots, and fill it again. Gently compact the soil and pour plenty of water. After that, put the pot in a dark, dry place where the temperature does not exceed 12 degrees of heat. Under such conditions, the rhizome will quickly develop the root system, which, after transplanting to a flower bed, will become the basis of a strong plant. Pots can be taken out into the bright room at the end of March or the beginning of April, and planted in the garden on flowerbeds - after the onset of steady heat.Vera Antonovna Zasekina, Voronezh region, Buturlinovka on Storage of bulbs and tubers of flowers - conditions (table-memo)In the fall I visited my homeland, in the parental home with the estate. And I really wanted to bring to my garden plot flowers that my grandmother and mother grew. I dug rhizomes, planted in flower pots and put in a country house. Now I'm worried: will they not be lost during the winter?OOO "Sad" on Scheme of a beautiful flower garden - plan of planting and plants (PHOTO)Of course, there are norms for planting seedlings to create picturesque flower beds. In particular, if you decide to place medium-sized annuals such as snapdragon, zinnia, dahlias, aster, and shiny salvia on flowerbeds, fences and borders, then you need to proceed from the calculation of 10-20 pieces per 1 sq. m (spacing between plants -25-30 cm). If you prefer short-growing flyers - alissum, begonias of everlasting flowering, lobelia, petunia, cloves, low-growing varieties of ageratum, marigolds, then the calculation is as follows: 30-45 pieces per 1 sq. m (spacing between plants -12-20 cm). Such planting allows the grower to easily care for plants and looks stylish and beautiful.Olga Dmitrievna on Scheme of a beautiful flower garden - plan of planting and plants (PHOTO)I always admire beautiful and well-groomed flower beds in city parks. They are like a bright living carpet. And in her garden plot, no matter how much she tried to repeat what she saw, this fails: it turns out either too thick or too rarely. Is there any calculation of the number of plants for a flower bed?OOO "Sad" on Caring for large-leaved hydrangea (PHOTO) - expert adviceAlthough this is a troublesome business, it’s worth it. So that panicle hydrangea does not freeze in winter, already in August it is necessary to stop fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers so as not to provoke the growth of young shoots. But the phosphorus-potash plant will be gratefully acknowledged. At the beginning of autumn, feed with this composition: according to 1 Art. l superphosphate and potassium sulfate in 10 l of water. This will allow the plant to lay its buds and prepare for a period of winter dormancy, and its roots will give strength to relive the cold. In September, you need to stop watering the bush. Before freezing, it is recommended to remove the lower leaves, so that the shoots lumber faster and tolerate cold and frost well. But leave the upper leaves, on the contrary, they will protect the buds from weather troubles. The soil around the shrub should be mulled with peat and coniferous litter. All varieties of panicle hydrangeas bloom on the shoots of the current year, which means that they will not be bothered by autumn pruning. On the branches, from 2 to 4 buds are left, and the rest is deleted. What does it give? The bush is rejuvenated, the plant is freed from weak growth, in this form it will be easier to cover with a layer of mulch, spruce branches or non-woven material. Panicled hydrangeas tolerate frosts well up to minus 35 degrees, but if a very harsh winter is expected, you can warm the roots and cover young bushes.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Caring for large-leaved hydrangea (PHOTO) - expert adviceNow it’s fashionable to plant hydrangeas in the garden. There is nothing surprising in this. Modern panicle and large-flowered varieties are so attractive and create a special atmosphere that even inexperienced gardeners want to have such a miracle nearby. However, I heard that some instances of hydrangea die in the winter. Next summer, I want to start the same plant, so I would like to know what to do to make the wintering comfortable and not to be upset in the spring?OOO "Sad" on Asters: planting and care, questions and answersTransplant is believed to contribute to abundant flowering. This is done as follows. After transplanting seedlings to the prepared site, it will take almost 2 weeks to adapt the plant. At this time, he must be carefully looked after. Water in time, slightly loosen, and then put mulch from the sawdust at the roots so that the water does not evaporate rapidly, especially when it is too hot outside. And to protect against diseases, asters should be sprayed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After 2 weeks, the rooted seedlings need to be transplanted again to another site, having previously prepared it. All this is done so that the roots are strong. Such transplants should be performed approximately once every 2 of the week. Since asters love the sun, it is necessary to choose a well-lit place. And after each transplant should be abundantly watered and be sure to spray plants with potassium permanganate. The last time asters are transplanted after the appearance of buds. All these procedures will benefit the flowers only. For 2 months, asters will delight with lush flowering. Just keep in mind that these flowers are not recommended to be planted after potatoes, tomatoes, other flowers of the aster family, as well as gladioli. But in fairness it must be said that even without transplants, many varieties of asters bloom splendidly.Nina Andreevna on Asters: planting and care, questions and answersIn the train, she became an involuntary witness to a conversation between two women. One insisted that asters should be transplanted several times before flowering, the other believed that it was not necessary to disturb the flowers. Which of them is right?OOO "Sad" on Acidic soil - plants lovers and correctionNot only people, but also flowers prefer their own special habitat, so for each plant you need to choose a place where he will be most comfortable. And creating favorable conditions, one can count on lush flowering. Moreover, there are a number of flowers and shrubs that feel great precisely on acidic soils. It is a pity that you did not specify in your letter what kind of soil is in your garden plot. But I will try to give different examples, so that the readers of the magazine will understand this issue. If slightly acidic (pH to 5,6), roses, gladioli, irises, cloves, begonias, zinnias, petunias will bloom magnificently on this one. At pH up to 5 - lilies, primrose, aster, cosme, forget-me-nots, phlox. On such a land they will show all their beauty. The acidity of the soil is slightly higher (the pH will be in the 4,5 region), which allows shrubs such as cotoneaster, jasmine or heather to show their sophistication. And rhododendron loves even more acidic - pH to 4. On the same ground lilies of the valley, lupins, hydrangeas, nasturtiums, poppies, incense, purslaces, ferns will feel great. One type of hydrangea changes its color on different soils. On more acidic ones, with a pH below 5, the flowers will be blue, with a value of 6,5 - pink. If the pH is in the middle of this range, then hydrangea will constantly change its appearance, becoming either blue or pink. Moreover, the flowering may be present even on one bush. As you can see, the choice of plants is huge. Of these, you can make such floral arrangements that will delight many. It seems that everyone knows flowers, and if they are placed on a plot with imagination, they will long delight with their beauty, giving the site an exquisite style.Natalya Pavlovna on Acidic soil - plants lovers and correctionOn my garden plot - completely acidic soil. I really love flowers, but not everyone grows well here. What can you advise?OOO "Sad" on Planting and caring for dahlias - advice of the most experienced floristThere are many reasons. But the main thing is in non-compliance with the rules of cultivation. Incorrect tuber division, dry weather and lack of moisture, light deficiency or excess nitrogen in the soil, as well as diseases and pests of dahlias may be to blame. In order for the plants to bloom on time and magnificent, you need to pinch the stem after the formation of 4-5 pairs of leaves. If this is not done, then only one bud will be formed. And if you cut off faded flower heads, then new ones will appear faster. It is also important than feeding bushes. In the spring - with nitrogen fertilizers, in June - early July - with phosphorus-potash (on 10 liters of water 3 tablespoons of superphosphate and 3-4 handfuls of wood ash), in August - potassium sulfate - 30 g for each bush. On this top dressing ends. Remember: if the plant does not have enough water, it will not form buds and will not bloom, and then will dry out prematurely. Dahlias are watered in the morning or in the evening, soaking the soil on 30-40 cm and always mulching it. The main thing here is not to fill the tubers, otherwise they will rot. If dahlias have thick and lush foliage, but no buds, it means that the grower went too far with nitrogen fertilizers, so you do not have to wait for the appearance of buds. Depending on the varieties, dahlias are subject to fungal diseases to varying degrees. So to know what kind of flowers grow on your site is useful and important.Vera Danilovna PIVNEVA, Nizhny Novgorod Region, the city of Knyaginino on Planting and caring for dahlias - advice of the most experienced floristThe neighbor has beautiful dahlias above human height. The flowers themselves are so bright and huge that you just can’t take your eyes off. She shared tubers with me, but the result was disappointing: the plants never bloomed. What could be the reason?Taisa on Introduction of mineral fertilizers from A to ZFirst of all, you need to remember that nitrogen fertilizers are applied to the surface of the soil or under shallow plowing, while phosphate and potash fertilizers are applied during deep cultivation of the soil. Mineral fertilizers give a greater effect when applied to soil rich in humus. When mixing various fertilizers, the following rules should be observed: only dry forms of fertilizers are mixed; it is impossible to combine ammonia forms of nitrogen fertilizers (ammonium nitrate, urea, ammonium sulfate) with alkaline (potassium sulfate, calcium nitrate, wood ash); urea and superphosphate do not mix. It is necessary to periodically check the soil for acidity, as the constant use of various fertilizers can change the pH of the soil.OOO "Sad" on What to do with the fallen leaves on the siteWhen foliage is burned by fire, it releases benzopyrene - a substance that increases the risk of developing cancer in humans. It is safer to fill a bunch of leaves with soil and leave for the winter, and in spring to cover with black plastic wrap and after a year get an excellent fertilizer for the soil. You can also bury the leaves in a shallow pit on the bayonet of a shovel and pour slurry. Such an additive will speed up the decomposition process. Organics can be replaced with 0,5% urea solution, which also contributes to the rapid decomposition of foliage. By the end of the second year, the fertilizer will be ready. It is realistically possible to obtain leafy earth in another, faster, but rather laborious way: the leaves are stacked in layers in a pit 50x50 cm in size. A glass of wood ash is poured on each layer. During the summer, all contents must be shoveled several times. By the fall, the humus, which is an excellent fertilizer, will be ready. The average spread rate of sheet land is 2-4 kg per 1sq.m. It is used for soil mixtures when growing seedlings, indoor plants, mulching crops and plantings.Tamara Y. T on What to do with the fallen leaves on the siteIn the autumn, we usually burn leaves falling from trees and shrubs, but recently a commission that visited our garden community made a remark about the damage to the environment. What now to do with the leaves that are most often affected by diseases?OOO "Sad" on What to do with the scavengerTo take these apples from the site is too laborious, and besides, we are losing the nutrients that the scavenger contains. It is best to dig a deep hole and lay the collected fruits there, pouring layers of earth. Next summer, on apples, you can arrange warm beds and flower beds. But plants should be planted there that do not have common diseases with fruit trees, such as scab. It must be said that vegetables and flowers in these territories are growing intensively. Especially good in a warm flowerbed feel tulips and lilies, as well as peonies. When, after a couple of years, I decided to find out what was going on inside these beds, I saw many earthworms there. And this is the best indicator that the soil is naturally enriched with nutrients. You can also make a natural fertilizer from a carrion for a garden. The technology is pretty simple. It is only necessary to dig a deep trench in advance. The fruits are laid in the pit in a uniform layer, and then sprinkled with earth. From above, such a waste storage is necessarily covered with branches or sheet material, over which sawdust is poured. When the harvest is over, the pit is covered with earth - the layer should be at least 30 cm. Before this, apples should be sprayed with a urea solution with a concentration of not more than 7%. Such treatment will help stop the development of infections in the fruit mass and prevent pests from infecting the soil.Dina Viktorovna on What to do with the scavengerEvery year in autumn, the question arises: what to do with fallen apples in the garden? Tell me, what are the options for their use?OOO "Sad" on Cultivation of zucchini (Volgograd region)Zucchini is just a European variety of zucchini. The name was given to him by the Italians, in translation it means - a small pumpkin. This vegetable is loved, first of all, for its tender flesh and skin, productivity, variety of fruit shades, which can be yellow, green, striped or speckled. In any case, they invariably delight the eye. Zucchini is widely used in cooking: they are used to prepare side dishes for any dishes, desserts, salads. They are fried, baked, stewed, eaten fresh and prepared for the winter. Zucchini plants are more compact, they do not spread widely on the ground, like zucchini. The agricultural technology of this culture is similar to the cultivation of zucchini, but there are subtleties. This plant is more moisture- and heat-loving, matures faster. Zucchini is one of the most productive crops. With 1 sq. You can get up to 20 kg of tasty and healthy fruits. Harvesting should be constantly monitored, because the fruit grows on 5-7 cm per day. Do not overgrow it. The ideal size is no more than 15 cm. Note Yellow zucchini flowers are edible and considered a delicacy. They are stuffed with a choice of raw, bacon or herbs, then breaded in flour and fried in oil.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Cultivation of zucchini (Volgograd region)Enlighten, please, what is the difference between zucchini and zucchini? Miroslava AnatolyevnaOOO "Sad" on Flower garden with small flowered phloxes - planting schemeIf the leaves on the bottom of the stems begin to dry out, most likely the phlox lacks calcium and potassium, as well as moisture. Based on the 1 plant, we take an 1 glass of ash and pour boiling water. Let it stand all night, then you need to add up to 5 liters of water and pour under the plant. It seems that all flowers love the sun. But, as it turned out, plants that are highly susceptible to powdery mildew infection are best shaded. Why? The causative agent of a fungal disease feels better in the sun than in partial shade and even in the shade. It is also important not to overfeed the phloxes, although it is also impossible to completely leave them without food. Phosphorus fertilizers accelerate leaf maturity and lignification of shoots and thereby shorten the period of their susceptibility to the disease. But an excess of nitrogen fertilizers harms these flowers. If white, powdery spots appear on the leaves of phloxes, you need to spray the bushes with the Fitosporin-M biological product. And so that powdery mildew does not appear again, synthetic fungicides are also used for prophylaxis: Skor and Topaz, alternating them.Vera Denisovna SCHURKO on Flower garden with small flowered phloxes - planting schemeThis summer, many phloxes began to dry leaves from below. And powdery mildew was tortured. What am I doing wrong if I feed according to the scheme, bushes grow in the best - sunny places?OOO "Sad" on How and when to water flowers in the garden in the open groundIt really is. If it is a dry summer, nasturtiums, forget-me-nots, digitalis, pansies, delphiniums, astilles, peonies, clematis, daylilies and roses especially need plentiful watering. Less water is required for coreopsis and mallow, which feel good when there is a deficit of moisture in the soil. As for indoor plants, many of them like regular spraying with water. Keep in mind that after frequent watering, the soil in the pots is compacted, so it needs to be loosened, but not deep. And, of course, make sure that the pests are removed from the pots in time. To do this, you can prepare an infusion of garlic and hot pepper. Enemies will probably not like such a shower.OOO "Sad" on Caring for large-leaved hydrangea (PHOTO) - expert adviceHydrangea is perhaps one of the few shrubs whose flower shade can be changed without much effort. If you add potassium salts or aluminum sulfate to the soil in which the bush grows, you can admire the blue and blue clouds of inflorescences. Pink varieties change color best, but you can also experiment with white ones. Well, if tree-like hydrangea is growing on your site, such a "focus" will probably not work. The color of hydrangea inflorescences becomes brighter on acidic soil, and on neutral - it turns pale. To ensure the plant’s health, 8 barrels prepare acid fertilizer from bread residues. Not only hydrangeas, but also rhododendrons, ferns, peonies and others like the same sour bread kvass. By the way, hydrangeas require constant feeding every week or two weeks before the fall. In the soil where this plant grows, you can also add peat, spruce half-ripened needle, sawdust. But about ash and lime, chalk and other deoxidizing agents will have to be forgotten.Daria Nikolaevna KULAKOVA, Grodno region, the town of Zelva on Caring for large-leaved hydrangea (PHOTO) - expert adviceTell me, how can I independently change the color of large-flowered hydrangeas?Natalya Fedorovna BUZUKINA, Voronezh region, Rossosh on How and when to water flowers in the garden in the open groundMy friend says that flowering plants lose their decorativeness, are pulled out, their flowers become smaller, or even do not appear at all due to the fact that they are watered incorrectly.OOO "Sad" on Storage of bulbs and tubers of flowers - conditions (table-memo)Bulbs can be planted in the spring, but they will have to tinker with. Keep them overnight in the refrigerator, then half an hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Dry, and then, well covered with a breathable fabric, place in a box with earth on a warm loggia. When it is sunny outside, spray the plantings with cool water. This helps preserve tulips until spring. Such tulips bloom later, while their relatives in the open field, planted according to all the rules in the fall, will already bloom.Rosa Yakovlevna KATSMAN, Mogilev region, Osipovichi on Storage of bulbs and tubers of flowers - conditions (table-memo)In the summer, when the tulips bloomed, I dug them up, but did not have time to plant them in the fall. I brought them to a city apartment and keep them in a shelter on the loggia. I do not know now what to do: throw it away or plant it in spring?OOO "Sad" on What to do to lilies bloom?Most gardeners who begin to grow lilies usually hone their skills in a group of "Asians." Caring for them is simple: weeding weeds, sparse but plentiful watering, will not hurt a few good top dressings. The first, at the beginning of growth, is liquid organic with the addition of full mineral fertilizer. The second - after flowering, phosphorus-potash. The ease of growing these lilies also lies in the fact that they do not need to be dug up often; once in 3-4 a year will be enough. However, many flower growers often make one significant mistake: they place lilies under mature fruit trees. And this is forbidden.Oksana Pavlovna NEPOKOEVA, Bryansk region, the city of Pochep on What to do to lilies bloom?Last year, planted lilies under the apple trees. I could not wait when they bloom. But half of the flowers were struck by pests - the buds of plants fell off. And those that grew were with twisted flowers. A neighbor said that I fed the lilies incorrectly. And how to do this, did not share.OOO "Sad" on Asters - shrubby, New Belgian, New English, heather, agate - descriptionAstra is a pretty smart flower. If he lacks something, he will immediately “inform” about it. For example, with a deficit of moisture, the leaves will begin to turn yellow and dry, and at the same time, the lower part of the stems will be especially bare. In general, this flower develops well on light soils seasoned with organic and mineral fertilizers in preparation for planting. When asters grow, they should be fed with full mineral fertilizer in the summer, and mulch the surface of the soil around the bushes with a light earthen mixture or compost: thus, the root system will not overheat, and besides, moisture will remain. If the summer is hot and arid, then do not spare the water by watering the flowers. Aster seeds are usually sown in soil at the end of April, as soon as the soil warms up. 1 depth of embedment - 0,5-1 see. There are also many varieties of perennial asters. Italian Astra - height up to 60 cm, has lilac-blue flowers, flowering period: from July to October. Shrub aster - light purple, pleasing with flowers in August-September. New English Astra - height up to 200 cm, blooms from September to frost, petals of pink, blue, purple, purple hues. Virgin Astra - up to 150 cm high, has purple flowers and delights with flowering in September-October.Р ›Р ° СЂРёСЃР ° Р'Р» Р ° РґРёРјРёСЂРѕРІРЅР ° on Asters - shrubby, New Belgian, New English, heather, agate - descriptionThis year, it was not possible to admire the lush flowering of asters. They bloomed, but the flowers were small, the leaves were dry. There is no joy from such a sight. It seems an unpretentious flower, but it probably requires special attention. How to care for this plant?Anatoly Valeryanovich PUSTOVOYTOV, Kemerovo region, Novokuznetsk on How to plant carrots several times during the summer and sow before winter - my way (Rostov on Don)It happens that winter is only at the start, and carrots have sprouted. What is this happening for? The reason should be sought in the high humidity, which is established in the basement, and, of course, in excess heat. To prevent the carrots from germinating even at a temperature higher than it should be during storage, you need to cut off the tip where the tops were, when laying for storage. Some of the sprouted root crops can still be saved: wash the carrots, peel them into cubes or straws, put in bags and send them to the freezer.Valentina Konstantinovna Ryabushkina, therapist, Novosibirsk on Strawberries: how to get a super-harvest of garden strawberries - tips agronomistOxalic acid present in strawberries forms insoluble compounds with calcium - calcium oxalates. They are very insidious: they can aggravate caries, cause manifestations of osteoporosis, provoke urolithiasis, aggravate the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, pyelonephritis or cystitis. To bind the acid, before eating the berries should be mixed with natural dairy products or washed down with enough water. The action of oxalic acid can also be neutralized using the following recipe. 1-2 Art. l pour fresh or dried stalks of garden strawberries with 300-400 ml of boiling water, insist in a dish under the lid of 15-20 minutes and take this infusion throughout the day.Alexander Stanislavovich ANTONOVICH on Strawberries: how to get a super-harvest of garden strawberries - tips agronomistIf it is inconvenient to care for garden strawberries, especially when it comes to weed removal, plant it in one row, you will get a kind of “line”. Harvest from each bush will increase, and care will be simplified. This berry culture places high demands on moisture, as the root system of plants is in the surface layer of the soil, and leaves are formed throughout the summer. Especially strawberries need moisture during the formation and filling of berries. Another problem is that the berries often touch the ground, become contaminated and rot. To protect them from contact with the soil, it is advisable to cover it under the bushes with underlying material (straw in the form of cutting, needles, grass, sawdust, etc.). With age, plants are severely damaged by ticks, spotting and other fungal diseases, which is why strawberry yields drop sharply. To prevent this, an agricultural technique such as leaf mowing is used. This work should be carried out immediately after harvesting, and the foliage itself should be removed from the plantation and burned. After this operation, it is useful to feed the plants, it is best to use a diluted mullein or bird droppings for this purpose.Ekaterina Georgievna on Yellow miracle (photo) - a sort of remontant strawberryWe are used to the fact that the berries of garden strawberries are red, rarely pink. But there are still rare varieties of this plant, in which the fruits are yellow. Such is the Yellow Wonder variety, this strawberry does not have a mustache, has high winter hardiness and can produce several crops per season. The plant abundantly bears fruit until the frost. With regular watering and top dressing, this variety gives up to a thousand delicious berries with a honey tint from the bush per season. The yellow miracle grows well in the garden on the beds, as well as on window sills, balconies and loggias. In taste and aroma, the fruits of this strawberry are in no way inferior to varieties with red berries. And the jam from the "yellow-bellows" resembles linden honey. This strawberry is propagated by seeds, as well as by dividing the bush. Sowing is carried out at any time of the year. Seeds are scattered on the surface of the earth without deepening. To grow seedlings, loose nutrient soil from soddy soil, humus, peat and sand (2: 4: 1: 1) is needed. After pouring the mixture into pots, I scald it with boiling water with the addition of a small amount of potassium permanganate, and when it cools down, I sow the seeds and cover with a film. Shoots appear in 30 days. When the sprouts appear, the film must be removed. In August, I plant seedlings in August according to the 30x50 scheme.Ekaterina Nikolaevna GRIGORIEVA, city of Kaluga on Strawberries-strawberries - planting and care from A to ZPreviously, I grew only ordinary varieties of garden strawberries, then I saw an ampel variety on the balcony of my friends. Its berries turned out to be very tasty, and bushes with hanging stems looked like waterfalls strewn with berries. And I decided to grow this culture in a cache-pot at my site. In the garden and at home, it immediately became clear that ampel strawberries have important advantages. First of all, it is a long fruiting period and early ripening of berries. She tolerates night cooling, is resistant to disease. This crop grows with me until the fall, then I move the bushes home. At a temperature of 15 degrees, they cease to bloom, and when the thermometer drops to 4-6 degrees of heat, the plants “fall asleep”. If you leave the strawberries at home warm, then in a week it completely comes to its senses and begins to bloom. If you pollinate with a brush, you can get berries, for example, for the New Year, although they will be watery and not very tasty. So it’s better to give the bushes a break. The best choice. I planted a large Temptashin repair large-fruited hybrid. It has a very high yield - it bears fruit several times during the growing season. One adult bush forms up to 20 peduncles giving large and juicy berries. Already in 4-5 weeks after the start of flowering, fruit collection begins. They are tasty, juicy, weighing 15-25 g, with dense and sweet pulp and a pleasant aroma. And if in the ground? I’m thinking about trying to grow ampelous strawberries in open ground, it seems to me that the experiment should be successful, especially since there is already a lot of planting material. About three bushes formed about twenty mustaches. Tip Ampel strawberries have a peculiarity: for one year it gives quite large berries, and then they are minced. If the plant is grown for decorative purposes, this will not be a problem. But you can “boost” productivity if you add fertilizer for garden strawberries and raspberries. The effect will be impressive: the bushes will bloom magnificently and begin to bear fruit with the same strength.Nikolay Dmitrievich ERMIKOV, Bryansk on Preventing the growth of sea-buckthorn and other tips for growing itSea buckthorn was associated with acidic fruits, which are difficult to collect, and what to do with berries is not clear. However, one case has changed my attitude to this berry. Offered a place of residence to the “interventionist” Once upon a time, a neighboring branch of sea-buckthorn, all covered with berries, “crept in” on my site. The neighbors invited me to collect the fruits, which I did. My first conclusion is that you need to take berries calmly and measuredly, then they do not burst in your hands, and you don’t run into thorns. In addition, it turned out that the collected sea buckthorn is not at all acidic. Therefore, I decided to plant the same plants — male and female — in the spring of 2 in my area. This operation does not take much time: in a sunny place we dig a hole with a depth of 40 and a width of 50 cm, fertilize the soil with organic matter, add a handful of wood ash, drop a two-year-old seedling, water it, and mulch the hole. Tip The buckthorn bush planted once should not be transplanted, so try to approach the choice of place wisely. Care Care for sea buckthorn is simple. Given that the root system is highly branched, root dressing will not give the desired effect. Abundant watering is not required for an adult plant, except in drought. Sanitary pruning is best done in the spring, before the buds have bloomed. Now, while my bush is not yet 5 years old, I just form a crown and remove dried shoots. So it’s still far from anti-aging pruning. To a note Berries can be eaten fresh, cooked from them delicious fruit drink or jam. Of course, in order to maintain maximum vitamins, heat treatment should be minimal. There is never too much ... Now I want to plant a few more bushes, so in the spring I will try to propagate this plant. From the experience of other gardeners, I know that there are many ways to propagate sea buckthorn, so I think some of them will suit me. I hope my letter will help someone change their attitude towards sea buckthorn and love it, as I did.Zoya Markovna BARMINA, Omsk on What greens on the windowsill the fastest yields?With the onset of winter, it is very important not to deplete your diet with vitamins. Here, we gardeners come to the rescue forcing. And everyone is striving to improve this process. So did I. To get a green onion pen, I used 4 cardboard egg trays - on 30 pcs. everyone. I inserted the first two into each other and loosely wrapped them with cling film so that you could then insert another, and then the fourth pallet. They were abundantly moistened with water and placed in the cells of the bulb with the cut “necks”. The harvest was just fantastic!Ekaterina V. KHARCHEVKINA on Breeding strawberries from A to Z - professional advises!I want to give advice on how to easily propagate strawberries. For this, my husband built special sectional drawers with a removable bottom. Made them from thin strips with a small extension down. A box with a length of 1 m has 10 sections of 10 cm each. I filled them with a soil mixture of equal parts of chernozem, mullein, clay and river sand. When a mass of mustaches formed, she put the boxes along the ridge. When I see a good mustache, at the end of which leaves already appear, I pin it into the nutrient mixture in the center of the section. I cut off the rest of the mustache on this plant with scissors. After a couple of weeks, when the pinned mustache is well rooted, I separate them from the mother plants. I transfer the box with such seedlings to a sunny place and, since the bottom is removable, I easily shake the cubes on the ground. I water it every 10 days, feed seedlings with fermented chicken droppings (1 liters per 10 liters of water). After growing seedlings, I make holes on the bed and plant cubes in them, placing them just below the level of the bed. I water abundantly throughout the ridge. With this method, my seedlings do not suffer, on the contrary, develops well and in the winter comes with a fruit bud. For 5 years, I have laid five ridges, one each year. With summer planting, the bed next year already becomes marketable. In the 6th year after harvesting, I release the first ridge from plants and take almost nothing for a year. In the winter, I dig the soil on a bayonet with a shovel, without breaking the clods, I bring in rotted manure. In the spring I am loosening, and the bed is free until new cubes are planted.Pyotr Andreevich GUSYATNIKOV, Kostroma Region, village of Krasnoe-on-Volga on Growing thermophilic plants (fruits and vegetables) in a cold climate - zoned varieties and careWatermelon is a heat-loving culture, but it can be grown not only in hot countries, but also in our climatic conditions. It is only necessary to create favorable conditions for this plant: heat, low humidity and good illumination. In our region, I grow striped berries in a greenhouse. The optimum temperature for normal growth is plus 25-30 degrees during the day and 18 degrees at night. The "house" for watermelons should be in a sunny place away from bushes and trees. The right choice of variety is the main secret of growing watermelons. For our climate, I choose early ripe varieties that grow and ripen quickly: Sugar baby, Pink champagne, Gift to the north, Krimstar. Note You should not try to grow very large varieties of watermelons. This is only possible in warm countries. To grow watermelon in our climate, you can only use seedlings. Prepare in advance small pots with a diameter of 10 cm and a soil mixture of peat, humus and garden soil in the proportion of 1: 2: 1 with a small addition of ash. Around mid-April, plant two seeds in each pot. To accelerate the emergence of seedlings, you can pre-soak and germinate the seeds. The pots are covered with a film and maintained at a temperature of 20-25 degrees, and when shoots appear, reduce it to 18-20 so that the seedlings do not stretch out. For her, the sunniest window is allocated. The preparation of the greenhouse or the beds is carried out in advance: they clear it of snow and dig the soil. Watermelons love sandy loam and sandy soil, heavy clay soils are unsuitable for this culture. Since this is a heat-loving culture, it is advisable for it to prepare a warm bed, laying plant debris, fallen leaves and other organic waste at its base. In addition, planting pits are seasoned with rotted manure, compost, wood ash is added.Nikolai Fedorovich MARCHENKOV, Penza Region, Nizhny Lomov on Growing cucumbers at home - sowing and containers, varieties and careTo increase the yield of cucumbers, I use top dressing every year, the recipe of which I want to share. I take a bucket of fresh mullein, fill it with 5 barrel with buckets of rain water and leave it for fermentation for 10 days. Then I dilute 10 liters of concentrate in 200 liters of water, let it brew for 2 months, then add a tightly packed bucket of chestnut leaves and insist for another week. I dilute the resulting composition with 1: 4 water. With this solution, I feed cucumbers and other plants in the garden once a month, and also spill the soil when digging.Ekaterina Valeryevna KHARCHEVKINA, Bryansk region, town of Lyubokhna on Growing early cucumbers in a vertical culture - planting and careAt first, I grew everything, as they say, in science. But once my aunt came to visit us. Seeing in the greenhouse the stems of plants tied up and stretched into a string, she shook her head and said: "So you tore the cucumbers from your mother." Background I initially began to argue that this is advanced technology, they say that cucumbers need room, but she simply said: “Did you need room when the mother fed you?” It seemed to me that she knew something that I misunderstood. And Aunt Tom simply and intelligibly told everything about the cultivation of cucumbers. Some time later, I read about the methods of growing them on collective and state farms and made sure that such practices as tying were not used anywhere. From time immemorial, cucumbers have never been torn from the soil into which they are sown. In cold weather it was easier to shelter, and in the heat they were protected by leaves. But the truth is! I remember that in my childhood my mother did not cover cucumbers with anything if it was warm, and the first cucumbers were so fragrant. Note Vertical garter began to be applied only with the development of greenhouses - to save space. And here, in gardens with an abundance of land, why are they needed? Let the cucumbers eat and bask, as Aunt Tom said, “from the mother.” The subtleties of growing So now I do not use any garter: my cucumbers from the moment of planting freely grow in all directions. The ovaries lie directly on the ground, she warms them in cold nights, the upper leaves are covered in the heat. I make my cucumber beds tall, mostly east-west oriented, to make the most of daylight hours. Planting seedlings according to the famous "Murom" scheme: in the center of the ridge in one flat line. It’s easier to care: water, feed, fight weeds. When the lashes form, I direct them in the right direction from the growth point. Gradually, the entire garden is covered with cucumber leaves, which does not interfere with neighboring seedlings. If a cold night is foreseen, I water the plantings with warm water and cover right on tops, without arcs, with the usual old sheets. And nothing is being done to my cucumbers, they are tempered only. The ovaries lie on warm soil and grow slowly on their own! There is no tastier And the taste and smell of my cucumbers can not be compared with cucumbers grown in greenhouses and greenhouses. These are our cucumbers and are stored perfectly, and in the pickle they do not become soft. By the way, only in the natural conditions described by me can you get beautiful seeds from your cucumbers. For this, I leave not the first and not the second, as is customary, but the “middle” instance, which has been quenched by heat and cold. I’m shooting it from the mother’s lash when cracks are already running along it, and it becomes yellow-brown. I dispense on the window until soft patches appear and in this way I get seeds for a new crop.Alexey Viktorovich AFANASYEV, Vologda Region, the city of Kirillov on THE BEST MUSH - what is it? Types of mulch - memo to summer residentMulch can be alive. We are used to mulching using different materials: sawdust, film, newspapers, peat, needles. But there is another way - the so-called live mulching with the help of groundcover plants. My choice is white clover. In my case, it is a white clover that enriches the soil with nitrogen, prevents weeds and creates a very beautiful appearance, which is much more neat than mulch, for example, from newspapers. Yes, and sawdust, wood chips, bark, needles - all this loses its appearance under the influence of precipitation, mixed with dirt. Why did I stop at white clover? This plant belongs to perennial bean siderates, it grows evenly, attracts pollinating insects to the site. It prevents the evaporation of moisture in the same way as non-living mulch, therefore, in my opinion, there are many advantages, but I do not see any disadvantages. Note Clover roots loosen the soil, create favorable conditions for the appearance of earthworms, and this is also a big plus. Not to trample Clover, I plant, first of all, under the trees and bushes, as well as in the aisles. He loves partial shade and moisture, but calmly tolerates heat with drought, in addition, the plant is very resistant to trampling. For me, this is relevant, because at the cottage there are guests, including young children. Previously, after such raids, it took a long time to tidy up the area, level the mulch layer, and sometimes add a new “portion”. Now there is no such problem. There is another interesting fact that I learned about white clover: earlier it was grown as a forage crop. So if you have animals in the country (and our neighbors give birth to hens or rabbits for the summer), this will be an additional advantage: you don’t have to go far for food. I hope my experience is useful to someone. I definitely recommend white clover as a groundcover.Stepan Petrovich LUBOV, Tver on Growing onion chernushki for one season - my experience, reviews about it and tipsExcellent harvest of chernushka onions For several years, I have not been looking for onion sets for sale. More than once before this, "burned" by buying low-quality planting material. Now I manage to grow turnip onion from the seeds of black onion, which traditionally gives a generous crop in the very first year. First, I sow them in prepared houses boxes with purchased soil in February or early March. Only before you sow the seeds in the ground, be sure to pickle them in a solution of potassium permanganate or ash. After that, I sow the entire area densely. And after a week and a half in the boxes the first shoots appear. For me, this is a signal. You need to make your "beds" on the insulated balcony, in a greenhouse or greenhouse. I noticed that onions freezing even at minus 5 degrees are not at all terrible. At first, plants develop rather slowly. But when they are stretched to a height of 20 cm, and it will not be earlier than the beginning of May, the onions must be carefully released from the ground and planted on a prepared bed in the garden plot. And I do it in a special way. I dig holes with a depth of 6-8 cm, spread the seedlings horizontally in loose, well-prepared soil, roots down, but the tops in one direction, and then water and fill up with soil. 6-8 cm in the ground, the rest is upstairs. I arrange the plants so that between them there is 6-7, and between the rows - at least 30-35 cm. After three days, the feathers of the bow rise and look like resistant soldiers. Well, then onion care is the same as for plants grown from the seed: weeding, watering, top dressing, cultivation.Müşfiq on Black currant - treatment, reproduction, plantingSalam zəhmət olmasa mənə qara qarağatın əkin qaydasın izah edərdiniz ... burda yazılanları başa düşə bilmədim ...Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Nasturtium: benefits and usesInfusions of its flowers and leaves of nasturtium can be used for colds and chronic bronchitis, kidney diseases, as a diuretic, for chronic fatigue and depression. Apply its juice and to strengthen hair. In addition, leaves, buds and seeds of nasturtium are used in cooking due to the spicy bitter taste and pungent aroma. Pickled fruits and seeds are good seasonings for meat, fish and vegetable salads, and they can also be used as a substitute for capers.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Protection of tomato from diseases-diseases and pests of tomatoesThe most common tomato diseases after late blight are alternariosis and macrosporiosis (brown or dry spotting). Usually they affect leaves and stems, and fruits rarely. The disease begins with the lower leaves, which first turn yellow, and then become covered with rounded brown spots. Gradually, the disease covers all the leaves, they become brownish brown and dry. The disease activates at high temperatures, from 25-30 ° C. Sometimes the disease passes to the fruits - the stalk forms dark, slightly depressed spots. The spores of the fungus persist on plant debris and greenhouse floors, spread rapidly with raindrops, using the wind. Control measures It is very important not to miss the first moment of the appearance of yellow leaves and remove them. If this does not help and the disease continues to develop, treat the plants with antifungal copper-containing preparations (Skor, Ridomil Gold). These are strong chemical preparations, they can be used to treat plants until the ovaries appear, because the waiting period is long (fruits can be eaten in 50-60 days). If the symptoms of the disease have manifested when the fruits have already started, you need to treat with biological products, such as Trichodermin, Immunocytophyte.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Growing turnips - the best varieties (photo)Japanese salad turnips (kabu, kokabu, kabuna) are little known in our gardeners. In all its varieties, both tops and root crops are equally edible. Japanese turnip contains almost no mustard oils, so it tastes much sweeter and more tender than ordinary turnip. Kabu is also different in size: it is much smaller than its European cousin - from 4 to 8 cm in diameter. Salad Japanese turnip has a number of undoubted advantages. She has a rich vitamin composition, hastened. Salad and leaf varieties ripen especially quickly - their growing season is from 21 to 60 days. Japanese turnip is shade-hardy and cold-resistant, withstands freezing up to -3 ° C. Some varieties (for example, Geisha) grow in poor lighting conditions, even on winter windowsills. Resistant to flowering. Varieties: Snow Maiden, Snow White, Sapphire, Selek-ta, Tokyo.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Marigolds from diseases and pests - application in infusions and other methods of plant protectiongrow marigolds When planting wild strawberries in August or September, add a handful of marigold flowers to the hole along with a seed cup - this is where the mass of biologically active substances that will be useful to young plants for their growth and formation of an excellent harvest next year is contained. You can do it another way - take a few plants of marigold, chop them and add to the ground when digging for planting garden strawberries. This will improve the soil and protect the berry from being infected by a nematode.OOO "Sad" on Barberry - landing and care: questions and answers. Barberry recipes (wine, etc.)Not all modern varieties of Thunberg barberry tolerate harsh winters, but among them there are worthy varieties with red shades for the garden collection. Spread (height and width 2-3 m) “Golden Ring” has leaves of dark purple or red color with a yellow-green border, in autumn - rich red. The height of 1,5 m, the width of 2 m is Harlequin with variegated white-pink-purple foliage and pink-colored Pink Queen with brown-red foliage with pink-red spots. The leaves of the young shoots of “Rose Glow” (height 1.5 m) are painted in a motley pink color, on the adult branches the leaves are purple-violet, almost bluish. “Coronita” (1,5x1,5м) carries bright red leaves on young branches, dark purple - on the shoots of past years, maintaining a characteristic border.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Barberry - landing and care: questions and answers. Barberry recipes (wine, etc.)I want to make barberries with shades of red. Tell me which varieties to pay attention to. I. Tuleev, KubinkaOOO "Sad" on Gumi (photo) planting and care (Leningrad region)Loch multiflora (gumi) is a relative of sea buckthorn and shepherdia. The combination of harsh wind and low temperature is detrimental to the plant. The root system is close to the surface of the earth, withstands frosts to -30 * С. Young plants harbor - shoots can not withstand frost in -30 'C. Gradually, from early autumn, the branches bend to the ground, covered with spanbond (density 60 g / sq. M) in the 2 layer. The older the branches, the higher their frost resistance. Gumi loves moist soil, an abundance of soft sun, grows in partial shade, under the crowns of trees. The crop is self-pollinated, but the cross-pollination of 2-3 plants increases the yield.L. Onishchenko, Kromy on Gumi (photo) planting and care (Leningrad region)I saw a fragrant flowering bush at a neighbor, and in the fall I tried a compote of its berries. Is it difficult to grow gum on your site?OOO "Sad" on Vanilla (photo) growing at homeDear Italian rardor - try it http://vsaduidoma.com/it/2015/03/22/vanil-foto-vyrashhivanie-v-domashnix-usloviyax/rardrah on Vanilla (photo) growing at homei am from Italy hello. Can you help me translate? / rardorOOO "Sad" on Chain Hybrid roses: photo and care - the best advice from a specialistThese two species are very similar to each other, both are characterized by long flowering, however tea-hybrid rose gives a wave-like color, and floribunda - continuously. Despite the magnificent beauty of the latter, in fairness it should be noted that it is still somewhat inferior to the tea-hybrid in decorative qualities. As for disease resistance, care requirements and growing conditions, here floribunda is a stronger representative. The hybrid tea rose shoot is crowned with one magnificent bud, while each stem of her relative decorates up to 10-12 flowers.Evelina on Chain Hybrid roses: photo and care - the best advice from a specialistHow are floribunda roses different from hybrid tea?OOO "Sad" on Gladiolus flowering dates - early, medium and lateThere is nothing complicated about it. First of all, for small children (and bulbs) to winter well, after the initial treatment they should be wiped with a cloth soaked in diesel fuel. This will protect planting material from diseases. For germination, they take a box (30x10x7 cm), put wet sawdust on the bottom, and the kids lay them on one row. A thin layer of hay or dry grass is placed on top, and the box is tightly closed with glass. However, its bottom should have openings so that the planting material breathes. Then, the germinated gladioli babies are laid out in grooves pre-watered with water, sprinkled with dry earth with a layer of 1 cm, and the bed itself or the furrow is tightly covered with a film. As soon as friendly shoots appear, they remove it. If you grow bulbs in this way, you can achieve 100% germination.Vera Dmitrievna POLYAKOVA, Bryansk on Gladiolus flowering dates - early, medium and lateTell me, is it possible to quickly grow bulbs from very small children of gladiolus, which will bloom next year?OOO "Sad" on Growing petunia as a container plant - on the balconyThey love Petunia for the fact that it gives a very magnificent hat of flowers. And for it to appear, it must be formed even at the stage of growing seedlings by pinching the top of the plant. Thanks to this, petunia begins to actively release lateral shoots, and the bush becomes lush, strong and healthy. As a result, an abundance of buds appears, the flowering period is extended, which can continue until the very frost. Pinching should be done when 4-5 real leaves appear on the plant. Above the 4-5-m leaf, the upper kidney should be removed, which will inhibit the growth of the apex. From the axils of the leaves, side shoots will begin to appear. And as soon as 4-5 leaves grow on them, you need to cut the apical shoots again. Usually this is done already on plants planted in open ground. But to carry out such a procedure is necessary only on the strengthened seedlings, which are well taken root in the flower beds. Having counted from the bottom of the shoot of 3-5 leaves, you need to trim everything else. This will slow the flowering by about two weeks, but after that it will please not one flower, but several at once. And they will be large. Then, when the petunia takes root well in the flower bed and grows, you need to pinch very long shoots and immediately put the cut pieces in water for rooting. This will allow you to have even more favorite flowers on the garden plot, especially since such cuttings quickly give root. When they grow up, they cut off all the leaves, leaving 3-4 closer to the top. After that, plants grown from cuttings are planted in open ground. Keep in mind that if the soil does not dry out, the plant will take root faster and more successfully. However, excess moisture will be harmful to him.Margarita Sergeevna TOLKACHEVA, Ryazan on Growing petunia as a container plant - on the balconyWhy does petunia stretch upward, and not bush, and besides, it blooms poorly?Ekaterina Valerevna on How to deal with the bearWinter crops are increasingly being introduced into our practice. But often a hungry bear pounces on seeds buried in the soil. How to protect beds from it? If you intend to sow peas or beans in the winter, but are afraid that the bear will destroy the crops, then put in each well a peeled and garlic clove. The smell will scare away the pest! And to destroy the bear, take the eggshell, grind it into powder, mix with unrefined sunflower oil so that a thick mass is obtained. Form balls and scatter over the area. Bears regale with such "balls" and soon die!Nikolay Dmitrievich ERMIKOV, Bryansk on Mixed planting and ornamental garden - what can be planted together? (a photo)Mixed plantings of vegetable plants allow more efficient use of available land, protect plants from pests and ultimately increase crop yields. As practice shows, joint plantings also have such a merit as the ability to lessen deplete the soil. In nature, a large number of plants are found that support and protect each other from pests. The same thing happens with landings in the country. Only we always have a very specific goal: to increase productivity. By the way, our ancestors constantly used this practice, it just turned out to be forgotten over time, but now it is gaining popularity again. What can we plant nearby in the beds? I offer several options. Nothing exotic, just what is usually grown for their needs. First of all, I want to draw your attention to the tandem cucumber - corn, in it the "Queen of the fields" protects Zelentsy from direct sunlight and serves as a natural support for the lashes. Spinach - potato is also a good combination, because the first produces special substances that help tubers more actively absorb nutrients from the soil. As a result, you can collect an excellent potato crop and provide yourself with salad greens, and also solve the problem of frequent weeding. Cabbage - bush beans. Legumes enrich the earth with nitrogen, and the white one is demanding for the content of this macrocell in the soil, so that everyone will benefit from such a neighborhood. Tomatoes - basil and celery. These representatives protect the planting of tomatoes from pests. Tomatoes are also neutral with respect to garlic, beets, cabbage. That is, their neighborhood is perfectly acceptable and will not bring any harm. Garlic is a strawberry. Perhaps the most unusual combination, which came as a surprise to me, however, these cultures feel great next to each other. Tip Combine plants with similar heat and moisture requirements on a single bed. Have cultures nearby, one of which has a deep and the other has a shallow root system. Due to this, they will not compete and interfere with each other.Iosif Vladimirovich VOYTYUK, Tatarstan, Kazan on Growing carrots in the Moscow region - planting and care: to grow smooth and beautifulDaily consumption of carrots strengthens the immune system, which is especially important 80 during the flu epidemic. This vegetable has a lot of potassium, so it should be included in your diet for people suffering from cardiovascular diseases. Due to the high content of antioxidants in carrots, its regular use prevents cancer. Carrots are especially useful for those who smoke - this root crop protects the lungs from tobacco smoke. Dishes from an orange root crop quickly satisfy hunger and give a feeling of satiety. The following tips, I hope, will help to grow healthy, juicy and tasty root crops. You can not sow carrots in the soil, seasoned with fresh manure - root crops will grow "horned". The best precursors for carrots are tomatoes, cabbage and cucumbers. Carrots are a fairly cold-resistant crop. Its seeds give the first seedlings already at 4-5, and the seedlings can tolerate a drop in temperature to minus 3 degrees. The smell of carrots being thinned during thinning attracts a carrot fly. Therefore, you should immediately sow the seeds less often. Weeds are best trimmed at the surface. If you pull them out, you can damage the root crops. On clay soil, curved root crops grow. On sandy, loose, well-drained soils containing silicon, carrots grow tasty, smooth, with a thin core. The first fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers is carried out when an 3-4 leaf is formed on the plants. The second - with complex fertilizer after 3-4 weeks. During the period of active growth of root crops and 3 weeks before harvesting, carrots are fed with potash fertilizers. With an excess of nitrogen, root crops grow large, but sensitive to damage and disease. With excessive feeding with potassium and phosphorus, tasteless root crops of giant sizes with a thick core grow. With a lack of moisture in the soil, root crops grow coarse, woody, and with an excess of them, tops and core grow. With irregular watering, root crops crack. To determine the condition of the soil, you need to pull out the root crop and see: if it is wet, the hairs are alive and keep lumps of earth on them, then there is enough water. With drought, the top of the tops as if coagulates, the root crop becomes sluggish. Watering should be regular and plentiful so that the earth gets wet to a great depth.Valentina TURCHIN, Kiev region on How to grow a coffee treeI ordered coffee tree seeds on the Internet. In September, two seeds (total 5) were soaked in a warm weak solution of potassium permanganate for two hours and, not having read the recommendations on the packaging, sown in a pot. Two months later, without waiting for emergence, two more seeds, after soaking in a solution of potassium permanganate, were already peeled and laid flat on the substrate. Sprinkled on top of the soil so that the seeds were at a depth of 1 -1,5 cm. Watered with warm water and covered with a film. The earth should always be moist, air temperature - not lower than + 24 degrees. On the eve of the New Year, one sprout made its way from the soil. In search of the second, she tried to carefully dig up the ground and ... broke a sprout, which had not yet managed to hatch. Now my only plant already has two true leaves, but the whole process is very slow. Cotyledons stay on top of real petals for a long time. Do not try to remove them - you can damage the plant. In winter, the sprout in the evenings illuminate.Tatyana NEMICH, Mariupol on We decorate the country plot with the most beautiful bushesKariopteris grows in our fourth year. I accidentally bought it in the market - they attracted grayish-green leaves with a coniferous-spicy aroma. This is one of the most late-flowering shrubs - flowers withstand frosts up to -3 degrees. Kariopteris planted in a sunny place at the end of April, but it also tolerates partial shade. Moderately fertile soil, good drainage are needed, water stagnation is unacceptable. In November (not earlier!) I cut the branches in half. Then I cover the base of the bush with fallen leaves. In early spring, I cut the branches again to a height of 10-15 cm from the ground. Over the summer, young shoots grow up to one meter near the bush, which in the last warm days of autumn delight with their discreet, but graceful blue flowers.OOO "Sad" on The winged phlox are the best varieties (photo). Landing and maintenance in open groundWhether or not panicled phlox is harbored depends on the region in which they grow. If in the winter frost freezes for a long time without snow, you can lose some varieties of plants (other representatives of foreign breeding even die under cover). For example, phlox varieties with variegated (variegated) foliage will not survive an unfavorable winter. In November, I pour half a bucket of peat (or compost, humus) on the phlox bushes, after cutting the stems at a height of 7-10 cm from the ground and scattering 20-30 g of complex granular fertilizer for flowering plants. Or cover with fallen leaves or cut stems of perennials. Evgenia SIMakhodskaya, landscape designer, MoscowGetalina SILENCE, Novocheboksarsk on The winged phlox are the best varieties (photo). Landing and maintenance in open groundAll summer my site is buried in the fragrant flower clouds of the perennial panicled phlox. A bewitching sight! 1. Sometimes summer residents complain that the flowers of the plant are smaller. In this case, I advise you not to forget to feed phloxes in early spring with nitrogen fertilizer. When the buds begin to form, I use liquid phosphate-potassium fertilizer (2 tablespoons per bucket of water - on 1 square meters, always after watering). 2. I recommend phlox planting on an organic fertilized bed in a sunny or slightly shaded area. 3. To avoid rhizome destruction, once in 4 of the year, I dig up phlox bushes and cut into dividers, each of which has 6-7 stems, shoot primordia, growth buds at the root neck and healthy roots (I do this in mid-August-early September). Delenki planted in fertilized soil, shortening the aerial part by half. My phlox winter without shelter.