reader Reviews Recent Comments gardeners and gardeners: V.A. Krylov, Sosnovy Bor, Leningrad region. on Peppermint - properties and contraindications. Peppermint spicesMINT COMFORTS AND HEALS In the ancient language of flowers, this modest plant meant a call: "we will erase from memory all past grief." Mint really can comfort and heal. Peppermint (it’s also English mint, cold mint) can be grown in its garden area, however, it does not tolerate severe frosts, and it withers on swampy, heavy and acidic soils. Best of all, mint survives on humus-rich lowlands or former peatlands. She loves good lighting, moist and well-loosened soil. Mint hardly brings seeds, and it needs to be propagated in the spring vegetatively. To do this, rhizomes are divided into parts 5-10 cm long, put into grooves to a depth of 7-8 cm and covered with earth. If there are not enough rhizomes or the soil in the lowland area ripens too late, use young shoots - seedlings. In summer, a bed of mint should be spudded and watered, covered with straw, branches, and manure for the winter. To prevent the thermophilic plant from freezing, cut the grass only once during the whole summer. If you are not going to make essential oil, it is better to start cleaning before the buds with small flowers open. If the grass goes to oil, wait until half of the plants bloom. It is necessary to collect mint in the morning when the content of essential oil in the leaves is maximum.Valentina FEDOTOVA, Nizhny Novgorod on How to choose the bulbs of bulbous flowersWhen choosing seed for seedlings, I prefer varieties that are adapted to local climatic conditions. I store seeds in a dark and dry place and do not open the bags until sowing, as in the light they lose their properties. I buy hybrids, they are more resistant to diseases and have good yields. Dahlias. When buying, I choose medium-sized tubers that are not dried, so that each one has a kidney. Before planting, I keep them in the refrigerator. Gladioli. I plant them when the earth warms up to +10 degrees. Before planting, disinfect tubers in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. I choose a well-lit place, I dig through the garden well. I plant large tubers to a depth of 15 cm, and smaller tubers - 8 cm. First I fill them with sand, then with earth, I water them. In order for tulips to bloom annually, in the spring I feed the jackets with a complex mineral fertilizer for garden flowers. After drying the leaves, I dig out the bulbs, in the fall I transplant to a sunny place. You need to plant to a depth of three sizes of the bulb.Irina KOROZA, Molodechno on Echinacea plant (photo) flower species, planting and carePerhaps the combination of beauty and goodness in one plant wants to have many flower growers, and purple coneflower just meets this requirement. The unique healing properties of Echinacea have long been known. Drugs based on it help in the fight against infections, strengthen the immune system, treat various skin lesions. But I also appreciate this plant for its decorative qualities - I love to admire the bright daisy flowers with a convex prickly core. As soon as a new free place appears on the site, I try to “populate” it with echinacea. Perennial can be propagated by seeds and division of the rhizome. If you sow seeds in a greenhouse in March, and with the onset of steady heat, plant in open ground, seedlings can bloom as early as the year of sowing. If you plant them on a flowerbed in May, the plants bloom in the second year. Shoots usually appear within two to three weeks, sometimes later. The flower is not picky about the composition of the soil, but photophilous. And in severe winters without shelter freezes. If you don’t have Echinacea yet, take a closer look at it. In care, it is unpretentious, and elegant flowers will annually please the eye from the end of July-early August to September.OOO "Sad" on Ticks - pests of fruit and ornamental plants: fighting with them- You can make a decoction or infusion yourself, but it takes time. To help take the mustard soap from the store. I dissolve it in water (30 ml / 1 l) and spray flowers (indoor and garden). If you do this regularly (once every 1-10 days), the appearance of the pest can be completely avoided. And if you notice a tick, remove the affected leaves before processing. Spray the underside of the plates thoroughly. IMPORTANT! Make it a rule to conduct test spraying first on one plant. Producers indicate the dosage, but in all cultures the sensitivity is different.OOO "Sad" on Features of spring pruning roses - photo- Our hybrid tea roses are more than 5 years old. For all the time I took care of the queen of flower beds, I unraveled the main secret of her good growth and abundant flowering. This is the correct and regular spring pruning, which I spend when the bushes are finally opened after wintering (I try to catch it by the end of March). It is important to arm yourself with a sharp secateurs - roses cannot be broken off or broken off. I make slices oblique (45 degrees), the kidney remains about 0 cm below the bottom. The color of the slice is very important: white - healthy shoot, brown - frozen (I cut it until I see a healthy tissue). Trimming and top dressing For sanitary purposes, remove old, cracked and dry twigs. Then I shorten the strongest shoots by 5/1 of their length - up to 3 cm, or up to 20-3 formed buds; I cut the weak to 4 cm from the ground (15-1 kidneys). This stimulates the formation of young and strong basal processes in plants. At the end of April, I spill the earth around with warm water and bring in (on the bush) 2-2 kg of humus, 3 g of complex mineral fertilizer. After a month, I “treat” the infusion of Korovyak (50:1, 10-2 L). Secrets of summer haircuts Pruning in the summer stimulates branching, strengthens the shoots, thereby laying the foundation for repeated flowering. I ruthlessly remove fading flowers, without waiting for the petals to fall. Otherwise, the plant will spend energy on the formation of fruits and the ripening of seeds. Moreover, I make a cut over the second or third leaf, 4, 0-5 cm above the developed kidney, oriented outward. I revive the "blind", or sleeping, shoots that are similar to the usual color and thickness, they are even with leaflets, but they are empty, without buds. That is, for some reason, the apical bud turned yellow and did not develop into a bud. Pinching is not enough here, because I cut the tops of such shoots 1 cm higher than the first healthy kidney (it is in the leaf sinus), the cut is parallel to its growth, at an angle of 1-45 degrees. After trimming, I feed with a complex “mineral water”, where there is more phosphorus and potassium and a very small amount of nitrogen. It is good to use wood ash in the form of infusion (50 g / 30 l of water). But at the end of August-September, I do not cut off the fading flowers (from the second or third wave of flowering), so as not to force the growth of new shoots once again - they will not have time to ripen before the cold. Victor RUSSIAN, experienced floristIvan NEFEDOV on Features of spring pruning roses - photoDoes pruning affect the flowering of roses. When to carry it out?OOO "Sad" on Planting peonies in spring (!) - in pots and ACS- Surely, you noticed that the sprouts-peaks of the peony are reddish in color - they contain the coloring substance anthocyanin, it also gives them frost resistance. Therefore, in the spring, peonies are not afraid of frost. But then buds will appear, here they can freeze, because they do not have this property. When the sprouts appear, you do not need to unravel the plants, since the shoots are very fragile, they are easy to break off. They need to be allowed to come out of the ground and turn into leaves. Then you can safely shovel the soil from the center of the bush and be sure to check whether the lower part of the stem is buried on the cherished 4 cm. As soon as the peony opens the leaves, it needs to be fed - 2 tbsp. ash around the perimeter of the crown. It can be embedded in the topsoil with an ordinary fork or simply scattered on moist soil so that the wind does not sweep. And one more thing: in early spring (as soon as the sprouts appear), peonies need to be sprayed with Bordeaux liquid, a solution of copper sulfate or copper chloroxide (it is easily diluted in cold water). If you do this twice a year (and in autumn, too), peonies will not get sick with rotten rot. If the peony blooms for the first time, it is better to pluck the bud as early as possible so as not to weaken the planted rhizome. During flowering, it is greatly depleted and it is not known whether it will be able to recover before the end of summer. When 2-3 buds appear on a young bush, you can leave one, and in the future it is better to normalize the number of flowers. Galina KIZIMA, author of gardening booksLina Kozlova, Kobrin on Planting peonies in spring (!) - in pots and ACSIs it necessary to remove a layer of mulch from peonies in spring, creating extra "centimeters" above the rhizome? I think that for this reason my young bushes did not bloom last season. Or due to the fact that they suffered from return frosts. By the way, is it possible to feed plants now?OOO "Sad" on Hyacinths - planting and care, top dressing and cultivation- In order for hyacinths to build up a good "spike" of inflorescences with a persistent aroma, it is necessary to feed them. In early spring, I add sodium nitrate to the planting site - 20 g / sq.m, and after 7-14 days I bring wood ash (5 l / 10 sq. M), you can replace it with coconut (but increasing the dose by 10 times). Then again (around April) I give mineral fertilizers (always with phosphorus). Plants respond well to top dressing with a fermented herbal fertilizer or pigeon droppings infusion (1:20). Film Shelter After the first top dressing, I install metal arches over the hyacinths and in the cold time I stretch a plastic film (preferably gray or used), which contributes to the better formation of peduncles. With the beginning of flowering, I take off my shelter. I made sure that under the film the bulbs are larger (about one parsing). The hyacinths of blue and violet varieties (Marie, Indigo King, Pearl Diamond, especially Bismarck) develop better than others in our conditions, then white (City of Harlem), worse pink (Queen of Pinke and Pink Pearl). BTW, bulbs obtained from the northern regions of the country are more resistant to adverse conditions and bloom well in the first year after planting. But those grown in the south in our conditions often do not produce a flower stalk, or it turns out to be short, the inflorescence is “sitting”, plants are more sick and affected by pests. Vladimir ZHELTIKOV, plant collector, Belokurikha, Altai TerritoryElena Popova, town Porfino, Novgorod Region on Hyacinths - planting and care, top dressing and cultivationMy hyacinths do not want to bloom, and if they "give out" an inflorescence, it turns out to be thin, with small flowers. And the bulbs grow small. I tried to buy at the exhibition - the same result.Vladimir Legostaev, Moscow on Strawberry FRIGO without errors!Strawberry in the hay Once, after mowing the lawn, he raked hay onto the path along the strawberry beds. After a while, he drew attention to the fact that on this side weeds became much less. This prompted me to grow strawberries in the hay. 1. At the site prepared a new garden. To quickly and easily make a hole for planting berry bushes, he made special equipment. 2. A piece of metal pipe d 80 mm, length 150 mm was cut by a grinder in half along. He machined each blank on emery so that they looked like right triangles on the true side. 3. Then the parts are pivoted together. Two pieces of pipes d 20 mm and a length of 50 cm were welded to this knot. I fixed wooden handles in the free ends of each (photo 1) 4. I stick the tool into the ground and bring the handles together - a hole turns out. By the way. Such a tool can be used for planting cards; fel, as well as for transplantation; seedlings. (photo 2). I put strawberry seedling in it and dig it in. I carefully cover the beds with a dense layer of hay (photo 3). 5. Mowed grass retains moisture in the soil longer, ripening berries are well preserved on it (photo 4), such a layer will protect plants from freezing in winter, and will become a good fertilizer next season.Maria ZHELEZOVA, Odessa on Growing heather (photo) planting and care, varietiesAt the end of March, when heather comes out of hibernation, I bring the plants in order - I cut the bushes to the height of faded peduncles, each branch separately, and not “along the line”. It is important to do this procedure before the growth of the shoots begins, otherwise pruning will not benefit, but harm. At the same time, I remove all broken and dried branches. If during the winter the soil sank and the root neck rose, add a mixture of compost, sand and peat (in equal parts). I mulch the bushes with a shallow pine bark with a layer of 2 cm.Natalia KARKACHEVA, Krasnodar Territory. on Pansies (photo): planting and growingPansies from the cuttings Every year I buy Wittrock viola seeds to plant them for seedlings at the end of January. The second wave is sowing seeds in open ground in early July - these flowers will open their "eyes" next year. And I propagate plants with cuttings (all varietal characters are preserved). In spring, as soon as warm sunny days are set, in the penumbra I prepare a bed with loose fertile soil. I cut the cuttings with two or three knots from the favorite indoor bushes in pots, plant them shallowly, but press them tightly with soil and cover each stem with a cut-out plastic bottle (I open it for a few minutes daily for ventilation). The soil should be moist, but not zealous with watering. Within a month, cuttings take root and bloom in the same year. HEMUTISE PANTS OF THE HEMALIS VARIETY GROUP IS ESPECIALLY RESISTANT. THEY CAN GO AWAY WITH FLOWERING EVEN UNDER THE SNOW AND WHICH IS AMAZING. IMMEDIATELY BLINK IN THE NEW SEASON, AS ONLY ONE BEGINS TO HEAT THE SUN.Elena KNYAZEVA, Yaroslavl on Lupine (photo) cultivation as siderat and forageFour reasons to plant lupins First, they are unpretentious. The soil on the site is heavy, and even strong winds, so not all plants take root in the front garden. But not the lupins, which bloom both in the sun and in the shade of buildings. Secondly, a large selection of varieties. I have flowers of different colors on my flowerbed - purple, blue, yellow, red, white. The sizes also differ: say, the height of the lupine of the new-fangled West Country Gladiator is 60-80 cm, and Roussel reaches 130 cm. Thirdly, an extended flowering period. As a rule, lupins bloom in early summer and bloom profusely for a month and a half. Then I cut the flower stalks so that there is no self-seeding, and at the end of the summer I get repeated flowering. But there are varieties that do not need a break. For example, rulers of the Ruler variety bloom until September. And fourthly, a favorable neighborhood. Lupine has a rooted root system, so it does not inhibit its neighbors. Lupine can be "hooked" to peonies, irises, hosts and other perennials with a shallow or powerful root. In addition, nodule bacteria develop on the roots of lupine, which absorb nitrogen from the air, which is why it is advertised as siderate that improves soil structure. When sowing lupine seeds in open ground (May), it blooms most often in the second year. I grow a plant through seedlings - I sow seeds in March. Then the lupine blooms in the very first summer.OOO "Sad" on Onion onion - the best varieties and species for planting- Signs of a good onion set: - characteristic onion smell, without impurities; - lack of mold and damage; - uniform coloring, without spots and inclusions; - a dry dense bulb with husk without green sprouts and roots. After the purchase, put the bulbs on the battery and dry for several days, then store in a paper or cotton bag.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Onion onion - the best varieties and species for plantingHow to understand that the onion set offered on the market is of high quality and properly stored? What to look for when buying? Larisa Mazur, SmolenskOOO "Sad" on Why do vegetables (peppers, tomatoes, eggplants) grow ugly, clumsy?- The described phenomenon can have two reasons. 1. Phytoplasmosis, or a column of tomatoes. This is a viral disease, which is manifested not only by a deterioration in taste and green veins. On the leaves there are areas with a reddish or purple color, deformed flowers are formed. 2. Violation of agricultural technology. Most often this is due to irregular watering (from frequent and plentiful to rare and scarce), as well as an excess of nitrogen with a lack of potassium and calcium. In the first case, you need to completely replace the seeds and for 3-4 years do not grow any nightshade crops (tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, potatoes) on this site. In the second - to water and feed tomatoes with complex fertilizers on time.N. O. Shkarupa, Poltava region on Why do vegetables (peppers, tomatoes, eggplants) grow ugly, clumsy?Tasty tomato. What is the reason? The last two years, tomatoes have not worked out well. Ripen, but when you cut them, green stripes penetrate the flesh, the tomatoes are tasteless. Tomatoes do not get late blight. I didn’t notice any pests.OOO "Sad" on Why do vegetables (peppers, tomatoes, eggplants) grow ugly, clumsy?- Firstly, most eggplant varieties and hybrids are ready for harvest when they turn purple. And when seeds ripen in them, they turn brown. Such fruits cannot be eaten. Another reason that the eggplant turns brown can be a lack of light and cold. Therefore, try not to thicken the planting and allocate a sunny bed for eggplant. Limit watering in the fall, remove leaves that prevent light from falling on the fruit (they are usually closer to the top). Place dark water bottles in the greenhouse. During the day they will heat up, and at night they will give off heat.Elena Savchenko on Why do vegetables (peppers, tomatoes, eggplants) grow ugly, clumsy?I have been growing eggplants in the country for many years. But for the last three years, brown fruits have been growing in our garden along with normal purple eggplants. It even happens that on one bush one purple grows and the other brown. This is normal?OOO "Sad" on THE BEST MUSH - what is it? Types of mulch - memo to summer resident- The protective properties of mowed grass are greatly exaggerated, and Fitosporin cannot be replaced with hay. The fact is that usually pathogenic microflora does not enter from the soil, but from the outside, and affects the aerial part of tomato plants. But hay has other advantages. The land under the mowed grass warms up better, more earthworms accumulate on the site, the soil becomes more loose, lush and fertile. And, of course, mulch inhibits the evaporation of moisture and prevents the formation of a crust on the surface of the soil.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on THE BEST MUSH - what is it? Types of mulch - memo to summer residentI read that if you mulch tomatoes with freshly cut grass, you can not treat them with Fitosporin. Allegedly, when the hay overheats, a hay stick, which underlies the preparation, is naturally produced. Is it true? Anna GolovenOOO "Sad" on Winter beet planting - what are its huge advantages- Plant root crops 55-65 cm apart (leave about 3 cm of apex above the soil surface). If the land on the site is poor, before planting, bring along a humus bucket per 1 sq. Meter of garden bed. Then, once every 7-8 days, water the plantings, pouring 1 bucket of water over a bucket of water. If heavy rain fell the day before, refuse to water. Weed the beds as needed. When the stems of the peduncles grow by 15-18 cm, tie them to the pegs so that they do not break from a gust of wind. Collect the seeds when they dry, but before they begin to crumble.Alla Zaretskaya, Smorgon on Winter beet planting - what are its huge advantagesLast year I bought a successful beet variety. This year I did not find such seeds. Is it possible to plant the root crops that I have stored to receive seeds? How to do it right?OOO "Sad" on Growing fennel - planting and care, speciesFennel loves a short daylight. With a long daylight, plants can quickly shoot and sprout. Therefore, with early sowing of seeds, I recommend installing medium arches over the bed with fennel and at 7-8 o’clock in the evening cover the crops with black spanbond, and remove the shelter in the morning. In addition, at the end of the season it will be possible to leave several plants wintering in the garden. In September, feed them with a solution of potassium nitrate (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). In mid-October, mulch with peat and humus, and with the first frost cover with leaf litter or fir branches. In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, remove the shelter. As soon as the earth warms up, the plants will grow, and it will be possible to begin to clean the greens. In summer, it will be possible to collect seeds from them. Svetlana KRIVENKOVA, agronomistClaudia SHUPIKOVA on Growing fennel - planting and care, speciesLast year, vegetable fennel was first grown. He eats not only greens, but also a root stalk, resembling a bulb in shape. In early April, she introduced a bucket of humus and a half-liter can of wood ash per 1 sq. Meter of garden beds. I dug up, leveled the earth with a rake. Sowed one seed at a distance of 7 cm from each other. Poured plentifully. She covered with a spanbond. When the seedlings appeared, I fed it with a solution of potassium sulfate (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). A month later, I poured a solution of herbal mash (1 liter per 10 liters of water). In mid-July, she fed a solution of calcium nitrate (matchbox per bucket of water). Root crops grew to envy! I tried to add fennel to soups and salads. But it’s best to bake this vegetable with cheese. I cut three or four onions of fennel into quarters, blanch for five minutes in boiling salted water. Spread in a baking dish, salt and pepper to taste. I sprinkle with vegetable oil and bake in an oven preheated to 200 degrees, 35-40 minutes. Five minutes before turning off, sprinkle abundantly with grated cheese. When the cheese melts - a great side dish for fish and meat is ready!Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on DIY portable greenhouseSo that the metal parts of the greenhouse do not rust, before processing the structure with a sulfur block, I am liberally lubricating them with solid oil or used oil, which, by the way, is also useful for wooden parts of the greenhouse and greenhouse. IgnatSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on How to get rid of slugs - tips agronomistA familiar gardener from Germany suggested how to deal with slugs. On his advice, I mix the ground coffee in half with garden soil and mulch the beds. Slugs on such a mulch refuse to crawl, but earthworms, which are useful for the garden, have become an order of magnitude more. By the way, if I notice that cats got used to doing their business in the beds, in these places I sprinkle coffee grounds especially abundantly. Cats do not like such a filler.Maxim ERANOVICH, doctor on Leeks (photo) planting and care, useful propertiesLeek has antimicrobial properties, strengthens the immune system, improves blood circulation, cleanses the stomach and intestines from bacteria, eliminates flatulence and diarrhea, lowers cholesterol, and helps with constipation. To feel its healing power, it is enough to eat one stalk of leek in salads for 2-3 weeks. But! Fresh leeks can not be eaten with exacerbation of urolithiasis and acute diseases of the stomach and intestines.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Leeks (photo) planting and care, useful propertiesTo grow leek in the middle lane, sow its seeds on seedlings. When the threat of freezing frost disappears, dig a trench on the bayonet of a shovel. Fill it to half with previously excavated soil, mixed in half with humus. Leave excess earth in the form of sides along the edges of the trench. And plant the plants 25 cm apart. Deepen the sprouts to the level at which the stem begins to diverge on the leaves. As the onion grows, sprinkle previously removed soil until the groove is level with the bed. Then once every 10-12 days, spud plants. To get the longest white leg, each time sprinkle the earth to the very fork of the leaves or make a “collar” for onions from bags for sugar or cardboard. Tie a string around the stem with string. Feed leeks with mullein diluted in water once or twice a season (1:10).Ekaterina Galygin on Leeks (photo) planting and care, useful propertiesCystitis began to bother me at the age of forty, every year the disease returned more often, until once I realized that I didn’t remember when I felt good. Medications did not help, pain and other unpleasant symptoms did not want to disappear. In one of the next trips to the doctor, the specialist, in addition to the standard set of medicines, advised me to make friends with natural healers, namely leeks. According to him, the oils contained in this plant fight pathogens and restore the health of the genitourinary system. I didn’t really believe it, but I began to add leek rings to all salads, side dishes, and even ate just like that. Over time, she noticed that inflammation began to flow more easily, and even less often. Now in my kitchen there is always leek. I want to grow it in the country. Is it possible?OOO "Sad" on The experience of planting an apple tree with 100% survival rate - pros and cons- The apple tree is sensitive to the depth of planting: the deeper - the worse. But you already have an adult tree. Much more depends on which stock the plant is grafted onto. If the tree is large and tall, it’s most likely a seed stock. You are doing the right thing by digging the soil from the trunk to the desired level, thus creating a hole around the stem. It is better to remove the necessary layer of soil completely around the entire perimeter of the tree trunk circle and constantly maintain it. But keep in mind that water accumulates in such a pit, snow lasts longer, and the tree bark cannot stand it. Therefore, consider removing excess moisture.Igor Mikhailov, Leningrad Region on The experience of planting an apple tree with 100% survival rate - pros and consThe apple tree was planted 15 years ago. During this time, the vaccination site was 20 cm below the soil level. We cannot transplant a tree. How dangerous is it for an apple tree if the vaccination site is covered with soil? And is it necessary to scoop up the soil from the trunk annually, as he has done so far?OOO "Sad" on Dandelions: Useful and Healing Properties - Part of 2- It is better not to put perennial weeds with roots, flowers and seeds, including dandelions, in compost. Firstly, even cut buds manage to produce seeds in compost. Secondly, the perennial dandelion rhizome is very thick. To overtake him, it will take more than three years. Therefore, it is better to grind it and put it in a barrel separately, periodically moisten, water it with special solutions to obtain compost (EM preparations). Then, when everything in the barrel rots, pour into a compost pit. How to get rid of dandelion? The most radical way is chemical. The Lontrel herbicide is designed to destroy such labor-ineradicable weeds such as thistle, mustard, thistle, dandelion. The drug has a selective effect, that is, it negatively affects only certain types of weeds. The norm on the lawn is 6 mg per 5 liters of water. Each weed can be sprayed locally.Larisa Gorshkova, Saratov Region on Dandelions: Useful and Healing Properties - Part of 2They brought the land to the site, as her - a sea of dandelions. Blooming whole clearings. I spit it out, prepare “green” fertilizer (infusion) from them, but there are so many more! Is it possible to plant dandelions in a compost pit?Natalia KARKACHEVA, Krasnodar Territory on Growing goji in the Moscow region - the benefits, planting and careIn the spring, we received by mail a goji seedling - a bush the size of my palm. I read that the plant loves sunny areas where water does not stagnate, and tolerates drought. Regular pruning and ... poor soil are important for a good harvest (shoots and leaves grow on fertile goji, but few fruits). A seedling planted in April, watered abundantly, mulched the soil with humus. Further care - watering and weeding. Goji quickly went up. Upright stems droop over time. In early August of the same year, the bush bloomed with purple flowers (flowering continued until November), and in late summer, oblong berries began to ripen. I took off the completely ripe fruits every day (from about October) and dried them in the kitchen, then put them in a glass jar. When my husband saw a fruit-bearing bush, he remembered how, in childhood, in the Rostov Region, he was playing hide and seek in such thickets and eating berries, and he called the plant derez. It turned out that dereza, lycium - these are all different names for the goji plant that is now popular in the market, which belongs to the nightshade family. In the fall, the frustrated shoots were cut off, leaving one kidney each. In the spring young branches will go to growth, on which flowers and fruits will be laid.Anastasia VOROBYEVA, Novosibirsk on 2 best blackberry varieties for the MidlandThree tricks to help a blackberry to ripen A blackberry in the middle zone and to the north does not always have time to ripen over the summer. To correct the situation will help a few tricks. 1. The sooner the bushes wake up after the winter, the earlier they will begin to bear fruit. But there is a nuance: in the autumn I sprinkle rotten manure under the trunk circle, lapnik with lapnik, and cover the shoots laid on the ground with a layer of dense span bond. Under such a “fur coat” the soil cannot warm up quickly. But if in early spring all the shelter is removed immediately, the blackberry will freeze. Therefore, she adopted the experience of one agronomist: when a constant positive temperature is established (approximately in the first half of April), I remove the shelter, but temporarily put over the blackberry arcs on which I stretch the white spanbond. It turns out a greenhouse, in which the bushes are not afraid of nighttime cooling and return frosts. At the same time, I get the first crop at least two weeks earlier. 2. I do the same in the fall, when significant temperature changes begin during the day, and even more so before frost: I remove the blackberry whips from the support and hide them under the greenhouse. This will add from two weeks to a month to the fruiting period. 3. When the temperature in autumn and day approaches zero, but at the same time there are still a lot of green berries on the branches of the blackberry, I cut such shoots and put them in a vase of water at home. Fruits ripen in a bouquet.Natalia DORONINA on Structures for strawberriesFor abundant harvests, do not forget to feed strawberries and every season immediately after harvesting, plant a new bed, destroying the plantations on which the berries have been harvested for three years. Mandatory and protective measures. As soon as the soil thaws, spray the strawberries with a solution of copper sulfate (100 g per 10 liters of water). Spend the second and third treatments with an interval of 5-6 days until the peduncles are advanced at a temperature above + 14 degrees. - First Fitosporin, then Bactofit (according to instructions). In wet weather, spray with Bactofit immediately after flowering. To protect against weevil at the end of March, spill the bushes with a solution of iodine (20 drops per 10 liters of water). As soon as the heat is established, drip half-liter PET bottles with mash near strawberries and raspberries (50 g of yeast and 100 g of sugar in 2 l of water; pour the fermented solution in the heat into a third bottle with a narrow neck, lubricate the upper part with vegetable oil ) Regularly clear containers of weevils, pour fresh mash. If there are a lot of pests, spray the beds with Actellik insecticide at the moment the buds begin to extend. Against slugs I bet on prickly mulch - I use dry spruce needles, crushed eggshells, chopped straw. After watering and rains, I sprinkle wood ash in the aisles - both top dressing, and protection from slugs.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Treatment of black currant from pests - all without chemicals!Many gardeners know about such a way to deal with pests of other black currants, like a hot shower. But when to carry out the procedure? A reference point is if the snow covers more than half the height of the cu <tone it is too early to pour hot water on them. But if the kidneys burst late. That is, the right time - before the buds open, Feel free to heat the water to +70 degrees, and quickly pour over the bushes from the watering can. Of course, you won’t save the currants from all the misfortunes, but destroy a decent part of the causative agents of diseases and egg-laying of the pests. If the weather is cold, heat the water to +80 degrees, (it will have time to cool to the desired temperature until it is poured into a cold watering can, bring it to the plants and start watering).Oleg BUYNOVSKY on A method of growing repair raspberries by pruning shoots after the second harvest and our reviewsIn March, trim the regular (summer) raspberries. Thin out annual shoots (their number should not exceed 8 per bush). Remove dried, blackened, broken branches completely to the ground. Shorten the tops of productive shoots by 10-15 cm. But if the ends of the shoots were damaged by frost in the winter, cut them to the 1-2nd healthy fruit bud when green bark and white wood are clearly visible on the cut.Victor PEREERIY, Zaporizhia on Persimmon in the open ground, without shelter - planting and careI have been doing amateur gardening for a very long time. He started with the simplest - mastered various methods of vaccination. How much joy the first successes brought when vaccinations of pears, apple trees, plums, apricots were taken! .. The size of the garden is limited, but I wanted to grow a lot of different varieties. Therefore, on one tree there could be 10-15 vaccinations. Then it became more picky, the priority was not quantity, but quality: the appearance of the fruit, taste, size. From white-yellow plums and red meat apples and pears I came to rare species in our gardens: large-fruited hawthorn, figs, dogwood, almonds, pecans, hazelnuts, medlar, German persimmon, unabi, pomegranate, paw-paw. I grow persimmons for about twenty years. Over the years, has collected a collection of more than 30 varieties. The plant is southern, therefore, in our zone, when choosing a variety, the main criterion is frost resistance. For this reason, I had to say goodbye to many varieties. Today in my collection there are only varieties that can withstand temperatures of -28 ...- 34 ° C (Virgin varieties): N-63, N-118, N-120, 100-46, Prok, Valen Beauty, Breis-2, as well as the fruits of Tamopan large (left) and Russians of a variety of hybrid origin: Bozhy Dar, Sosnovskaya, Rossiyanka, 12-21, Dar Sofievka. And my pride - Tamopan big (eastern persimmon). I have this variety for only three years. The vaccine in the second year was prolific. The fruits are large, an average of 260 g. And last year, probably due to the hottest summers and very warm autumns in recent decades, individual fruits of the Tamopan variety have ripened large on the tree, although the variety is late. And what pleased me most was the size of the fetus - 475 g! Perhaps, with climate change, many southern plants will be able to grow and bear fruit in our country. I will continue to observe them, this is a promising and worthwhile business.Irina V. on Devyasil high - medicinal and useful properties of the plantA few years ago, they brought me a scion of elecampane, a tall plant with beautiful yellow basket inflorescences. I planted it in the far corner of the site, and also decided to check the properties of the plant during the common cold and prepared a decoction from the raw materials (dry root powder). But by the end of the first day of taking this medicine, my blood pressure decreased, which for me, hypotension, was unacceptable. But thanks to this occasion, elecampane is now helping my mom a lot. She drinks such a decoction not only to combat cough (a means, indeed, very effective), but also to normalize high blood pressure. In the perisdas, when his jumps begin to disturb him, his mother immediately starts elecampane therapy, prolonging the course of taking the decoction for up to 2 weeks. After such treatment, hypertension ceases for a long time. I changed my attitude to this “doctor” and still grow it on my site especially for my mother. Every autumn I dig up several bushes of this perennial and harvest valuable raw materials. I thoroughly wash the roots, cut into slices and dry in a dryer at a temperature of 40 degrees, and then grind in a coffee grinder. The plant is very unpretentious, easily propagated by self-seeding and annually replenishes my elecampane plantation with new handsome men. Elecampane Rhizome Prescription is the first cough suppressant. The broth is prepared from 1 tbsp. l (with a slide) powdered dry roots, which are poured with a glass of hot water and simmer for 10-15 minutes. The broth is poured into a thermos and insisted for 4 hours. Then filter and take a quarter cup 4 times a day.OOO "Sad" on Lilies are sick - what to do?With this misfortune, the aerial part of the plant is most often affected. And this happens in wet rainy weather, with thickened plantings, insufficient care, an abundance of weeds in the flower garden. The disease is indicated by lily leaves. Brown, reddish or orange spots appear on them. If it rains for a long time and the weather is damp, they are covered with a gray coating of mold. In this process, all the foliage of flowering plants is gradually involved, which eventually dies. Usually, the pathogen overwinters on last year's leaves and stems. To save the plant, the affected parts are removed, and the lilies themselves are treated with a solution of 1% Bordeaux liquid or Fundazole 20-30 g per 10 liters of water. At the end of summer, the stems are cut to ground level and burned. In mid-May, when the leaves are fully opened, lilies are sprayed with a solution of copper oxychloride 50 g per 10 l of water. To make the drug even more effective, a little shampoo can be added to the solution. It should be noted that not all lilies are equally affected by gray rot. In particular, Oriental, Otili, and LA hybrids are less susceptible to this disease. And the Asian hybrids that many have fallen in love with, unfortunately, often suffer from gray rot.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Lilies are sick - what to do?Last summer, my beautiful lilies were struck by gray rot. On the advice of my neighbors, I used folk remedies, but they were of little use. What is most effective with such a defeat of colors? Evgenia MaksimovnaOOO "Sad" on Roses for beginners in pink - planting and careAlas, this happens if the roses do not receive enough light, are poorly provided with food, and the rules for caring for them are violated. If everything that is said is done, then you need to carefully examine the above-ground chaga of roses with fallen buds to check if there are no tiny bright green and rapidly moving insect pests of leaf-sheaths. They can damage not only buds, but also foliage. Small brownish spots on the foliage that is deformed will indicate their attack. As a rule, the treatment of garden roses and soil in the stem circles with the Karbofos preparation makes it possible to get rid of such a problem as soon as possible. But this is not all the reasons for the wilting and falling of the butons. Roses are often susceptible to fungal diseases, against which fungicides must be used. There are plants, next to which roses are less sick and affected by pests. Calendula, nasturtium, lavender, marigolds scare away ticks, aphids and beetles. And garlic growing near roses protects plants also from fungal and viral diseases.Irina Vladimirovna CHEMODANOVA, Bryansk on Roses for beginners in pink - planting and careMore than a dozen different varieties of roses grow in my garden. It seems that I take care of them in science, however, this year the buds of many of them wilted and fell. What is the reason?OOO "Sad" on Kleshchevina (photo): planting and growingUsually the seeds of this plant germinate after 3 weeks. If this did not happen, it means that they were not of high quality or you overdid it with watering them. Before sowing castor oil seeds, gently rub their hard shell with fine sandpaper. Then immerse in water and only after sowing. Store the crops with crops at a temperature of at least 25 degrees. After this procedure, seedlings appear after 1-1,5 weeks. Or before planting castor seeds, they can be soaked in fungicide for 8 hours. The seeds swell, after which they are planted in the soil. You can do without seedlings, and immediately sow seeds before winter to the place where castor oil is planned to be grown.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Kleshchevina (photo): planting and growingI want to grow castor seedlings. Now it’s not too late to do this. Tell me how? Kira Dmitrievna ZAKHAROVA, Naberezhnye ChelnyOOO "Sad" on Choosing flower seeds for planting this year - what, where and whatHow to make the right choice is a really important question. Nobody wants to buy a pig in a poke. How not to miss anything? Here is the action algorithm. The first one. Read expiration dates on the back of the package. Take an interest: this is an annual, biennial or perennial plant, about which there is also information here. Keep in mind that many do not bloom in the first summer after sowing. The second one. Examine the height of the plant and where it is best to grow it. The third. Specify the timing of sowing seeds: whether they need to be grown through seedlings or sown immediately in open ground. Ask the seller if there are seeds that can be sown immediately on the flower bed. This will simplify the process of growing crops. Fourth. Look at the coordinates of the seed company on the seed bag. Not? Then do not get a pig in a poke.Vera on Choosing flower seeds for planting this year - what, where and whatNext month, many will go for seeds of flowers Yves specialized stores. some have already done this. Are there any recommendations for choosing quality seeds?Lidia I. KUNITSKAYA on Planting peonies in spring (!) - in pots and ACSEvery year in my garden plot there was the same problem peony bushes falling apart. After the rain - not a pleasant sight. And it seems that all the work went down the drain. But in the garden center, I acquired circular fencing-retainers made of thick green wire with legs. They are completely invisible. And my peonies are now always on top.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Hyacinths - planting and care, top dressing and cultivationSome gardeners are at a loss: why are hyacinths blooming so poorly? And the secret is simple: their bulbs must be dug up every year. They do this from the end of June to the beginning of July, when the foliage on the plants dropped, but did not dry and did not fall. If tightened with this, then the bulbs can go to great depths and it will not be easy to find them. Then planting material is dried for 2 weeks at a temperature of 25-30 degrees in a room with good ventilation. After that, carefully cleaned of the earth and old roots without damaging the bottom. Almost 2 months kept at a temperature of at least 23 degrees, and then until planting at 18-20. In central Russia, hyacinth bulbs are planted in early October, in the southern regions - in early November.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Nasturtium in the country: not only a flower but also a useful plantFor the past eight years I have been experimenting with nasturtium on my site. At first I bought seeds, and then I collected my own and in May sowed directly into the ground. But pre-soaked them for a day in the water. Swollen seeds are usually planted in the garden nests: 3-4 seeds in each hole. They sprout in a couple of weeks. And flowering begins about a month and a half after the emergence of seedlings. All this time, before flowering, I feed nasturtium seedlings with complete complex fertilizer (3-4 times a month). Seeing how, thanks to nasturtium, my garden plot was transformed, the neighbors became interested in growing such simple-looking flowers. Now the beauty in their garden is incredible! Nasturtium is a real assistant to the garden, because it scares off many pests with its smell, in particular whiteflies, cabbage. You can sow the seeds of this culture near potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers and cabbage. Protect nasturtium and beans with pumpkin. Its smell attracts many beneficial insects to the garden, so it is advisable to place the flower bed near fruit trees.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Tulips - an overview of interesting varieties and formsI always plant tulips in mesh bags of various sizes. It depends on the number of bulbs. The net freely passes the sprouts of tulips, but keeps the bulbs and prevents children from getting lost, which allows them to be dug without problems. In addition, the net protects the bulbs from rodents. Having prepared the landing pit and the supply of nutrient soil, I lower the net onto the sand cushion, and lay out the bulbs through the hole in it. Having tightened the net, I fix it to the peg and only then I fill up the hole with the prepared soil mixture.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Mini hosts - varieties: description, title and photoFor many flower growers, the problem is to split the overgrown host. I do this in the spring, when the leaves begin to grow on the plant. I put a shovel on top of them, click on it and in this way separate half of the bush. Then I dig out the part I do not need. I think this method is convenient. The leaves at this moment are small, you can see where you put the shovel, and the plant is not damaged. However, the strong root system of the host remains in good condition and you do not need to pull it out of the soil. Moreover, sometimes it is very difficult to do this, because a plant with a lump of earth is simply too heavy.Ivan Sergeevich on How to get rid of a codling moth (apple pest)In the fight against pests in the garden there is a great helper - soda ash. I prepare a solution from it: I take 30-40 g of soda, 40 g of liquid soap, 10 l of water. I dissolve soda in warm water and add soap. I use it to treat berry bushes against powdery mildew and as a deterrent from raspberry-strawberry weevil. You can prepare a more concentrated solution. For it, you will need 70 g of soda, 20 g of liquid soap, 10 l of water, it is prepared in the same way as the first recipe. With this tool, I spray plants against the mucous sawfly.Anatoly on Planting pepper on seedlings: seed preparation and proper careSweet pepper seeds are coated with a thick layer of essential oils that can inhibit germination. Contrasting “baths” help improve their germination ability. Water is poured into 2 glasses: in one - hot, at a temperature of 80-90 degrees, in the other - almost ice, left in the refrigerator for the night. In these vessels, seeds wrapped in a piece of tissue are alternately lowered for 3 seconds. In total, 3 cycles of such "hardening" are required. After this procedure, in the same rag sprinkled with water, the seeds are left for two days - until they are bite. As soon as this happens, they are laid out in a seedling box with an interval of 1-1,5 cm. The same distance is maintained between the rows. Seeds are sprayed with a solution of the root stimulant, and then with clean water and lightly sprinkled with loose soil. The seedlings should be tightened with plastic wrap and put in a bright place, illuminating with artificial sources to extend the daylight hours to 14-15 hours.Ekaterina Leonidovna DOBRUNOVA, Ivanovo region, the city of Kineshma on Growing onions in the Sverdlovsk region (yellow and red) planting and careI grow onions in the country every year, but the harvest began to delight only when I began to pay due attention to preparing the seed for planting. It takes a little time for these additional troubles, and the result is obvious: the sevka grows together, actively grows a lush leaf rosette, does not shoot, is not affected by the onion fly, and by mid-summer turns into weighty heads. The day before landing I spend culling, removing spoiled and too small specimens. In the rest of the conditioned seed, I cut dry tails, pour it into the basin and pour hot water (45-50 degrees). After 10 minutes, I take a colander and shift the sevok into a basin of cold water. After a couple of minutes, I drain the water, and planting material is placed in a solution of "sodium humate", prepared according to the instructions. The next day, having tracked the sowing, I take him to the cottage, where a bed has already been prepared. I make furrows on it and spill them first with water, and then with the Fitoslorin solution. Before starting to plant onions, I sprinkle furrows abundantly with tobacco dust, this procedure reliably protects the seeds from damage by the onion fly, the attacks of which turn out to be especially fatal in the early stages of development of this vegetable. I do not forget about tobacco dust during the period of onion growth, but then I mix it with sifted ash in a ratio of 1: 1 and dust the plantings every 10-14 days - this is onion fly prevention and top dressing. Another trick is bread kvass, which I fertilize onions in spring and early June. To do this, fill the bucket for a quarter with breadcrumbs (leftovers from the table, spoiled bread), which I collected in the winter, pour water to the top and insist on the sun for about a week. Then I dilute the kvass with half clean water and water the onions over pre-moistened soil. If a cold snap occurs with prolonged rains, I recall a reliable means of protecting onions from peronosporosis - a solution of kefir (10 l of water, 1 l of skim milk product). I pour the onion from the watering can with such a cocktail every 4-5 days until warming is established.Dmitry Petrovich HARCHEVKIN, Bryansk on Tomatoes without phytophthora in the greenhouseIn order not to let phytophthora into the tomato greenhouse, I advise you to hang open bottles with iodine under the greenhouse roof and next to the vents. In addition, spray tomato seedlings with sour milk curd (1 liter per 5 liters of water). Repeat this treatment every 2-3 weeks, and you will be with tomatoes until the fall!Dorin on LED seedlings - my reviews• What type lamp will be best for what you want to grow? - The light spectrum in grow lights is expressed in degrees Kelvin (K), a number that indicates a visual “temperature.” - Grow lights with higher color temperatures (5000-6500K) provide the full light spectrum and promote all stages of vegetative growth. They emit light with a bluish tinge. - Grow lights with lower color temperatures (2500-3000K) are known to encourage flowering and are often used when the plant develops fruit. They put off a reddish or even yellow glow. The best artificial light source for tomatoes imitates the light in their natural environment. Natural daylight has a high color temperature (about 6000 K).OOO "Sad" on Plants of the family of aroids - photos, names and descriptionSometimes it happens. You water the plants regularly, but suddenly you notice that the leaves lose their turgor, that is, they become soft, wither. The reason may be the temperature of the irrigation water. If the water was too cold, the roots cease to absorb it, resulting in wilting. The earthen lump and the roots of the plant are supercooled, they can begin to rot, and in general the plant's health worsens. Water for irrigation should be at the same temperature as the ambient temperature, but not lower than 15 ° and not higher than 30 °. In spring and summer, the water temperature can be slightly higher than room temperature - 23-28 °, and in autumn and winter - room temperature. Warm water, like cold water, just poured into a watering can from a tap, is poorly absorbed by the roots and can cause severe stress in plants, which also leads to withering and even falling of leaves. Perhaps the watering was insufficient. The earthen lump has dried up, and now, even if watered regularly, the earth is not saturated. In this case, warm the water to the desired temperature and pour the plant in several runs, plentifully. Leave the water in a pan so that the roots can absorb it. But at the end of all the manipulations, drain the water. In addition, spray the leaves with a little warm water. If the earthen lump is too dry, lower the pot into a bathtub filled with barely warm water. After such active hydration, let someone dry for several days and only then resume regular watering.M. Varina Arkhangelsk Region on Plants of the family of aroids - photos, names and descriptionThe leaves of Dieffenbachia seem to fade. I don’t understand what could be the matter. It seems to water regularly.A. KONOVALOVA Biysk on Blackberry in the Middle Strip - Planting and Care, BEST GRADESBlackberry in Altai I ordered Agawam blackberries from an online store and planted in the brightest place in the fall. Buried on the root neck. She cut off all the shoots, leaving only 8-10 cm stumps. In the spring, the plant woke up, gave off shoots and grew well all season. But in the following winters, even warm, not-bent blackberries froze, and when trying to bend, most of the stems broke at the base. It turned out to collect very few berries, and they were tasteless, watery. Bushes due to improper planting were thickened and grew so much that they formed a continuous wall. Powerful shoots up to 3 m high hung over the garden path, spiked clothes with thorns, scratched the skin. They wanted to cut it down already. But one bush, growing outside the general row, was well lit by the sun and at the end of summer gave a decent harvest of berries of a pleasant taste. It was he who prompted how Agavam should be grown in our country. Now I plant seedlings no closer than 1 m from each other in one row. Constantly remove excess growth. For the winter I leave 5-6 well-ripened stems in the bush. After the snow melts, I cut out part of the shoots again, I leave 2-3 pieces in one bush. Feeding like raspberries. Propagate by root lignified offspring, transplant them in spring or autumn. But the main concern is to shelter for the winter. In late autumn, along a series of bushes, I horizontally strengthen a solid pole at a height of 30 cm from the ground and 30-40 cm from the base of the bushes. I bend through it the arcuate stems collected in bunches of 5-6 pieces, pin them to the ground with wire hooks. I sprinkle dry tops of tomatoes, potatoes and other plant debris on non-bent bushes. They not only warm the blackberry, but also prevent the snow from waking up. He lays down on top with an even continuous blanket. After a good snowfall, I still pour snow on the plants and from the sides, I fall asleep so that the cold air does not enter the blackberry. In especially frosty winters, when the thermometer column dropped to minus 47 °, under a half-meter layer of snow, the blackberry wintered well and fruited normally in the summer.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Planting grapes in shkolka, the first pruning and basic care (Tatarstan)When planting a grape seedling in a permanent place, I put on it a cover made of plastic film - a bag without a bottom in the form of a sleeve. At the bottom, at the roots, I am tying with cotton braid so that dewy surface roots do not appear. Digging seedlings, I make sure that the roots do not dry out and keep them from the wind and the sun. I sort plants: I plant the first and second grades in a permanent place, the third - for growing in the school, I discard the rest. I consider a seedling of the first grade to be one that has a root with 4 layers and a vine up to 35 cm long, of which 20 cm is well ripened. The second grade seedling has 3 core layers. The length of the most developed shoot is 20 cm, half - matured.OOO "Sad" on The strawberries from the seeds of their own hands - growing (Novosibirsk region)Growing large-fruited strawberries (strawberries) from seeds is an interesting and promising activity. Unlike bushes propagated by a mustache, plants from seedlings will be guaranteed to be clean from dangerous pests and diseases - strawberry mites, nematodes, and fungal leaf spots. However, obtaining high-quality strawberry seeds is a complex breeding and technological process. Because of this, the cost of seeds is very high, and this, unfortunately, provokes many unscrupulous entrepreneurs to engage in outright fakes. Often, nothing grows out of expensive bright bags, because they sell seeds that have lost germination. And this is not the saddest option. Having spent the money, gardeners lose 5-6 months in vain for growing unknown plants. Sometimes, after six months of waiting, a small-fruited garden strawberry bears fruit in the garden instead of strawberries. Very often grows dushenya - a closely related species, suitable only as a decorative ground cover plant. The case described by the reader is the most unpleasant. An ordinary weed grew from expensive seeds - Strawberry cinquefoil, a widespread wild-growing species, a close relative of the forest dugout, very similar in appearance to it, for which it got its name. According to the seeds and sprouts from garden strawberries, not a single specialist will distinguish him. Differences with cultivated plants become noticeable for an experienced (!) Look only after 1,5-2 months. Potentilla seedlings develop faster than varietal plants, form a larger number of leaves, leaf segments are more elongated, and the edges are more serrated. Repairing varieties of strawberries and strawberries form at least one peduncle no later than 5 months from emergence, and the cinquefoil blooms in the second year. Intuition did not disappoint the reader, and she parted with this plant quite correctly. This type of cinquefoil is an aggressive weed. From the second year of life, the plant forms a large number of seeds, and the stems lie on the soil and, taking root in the nodes, spread throughout the site. Bloodroot can also be a carrier of dangerous viral diseases of cultivated species. For the future, we conclude that the cultivation of strawberries from seeds requires special care and observation at all stages. If in doubt, it is better, without wasting precious time, to get rid of all suspicious specimens that differ in both strong growth (most likely, weeds) and poorly developing seedlings (possibly affected by viral and mycoplasma infections). O. SYRITSO, Researcher, Fruit Growing LaboratoryY. Novobritskaya Vladivostok on The strawberries from the seeds of their own hands - growing (Novosibirsk region)Last year, I decided to grow large-fruited strawberries from seeds. Plants of one of the varieties sprouted later than the rest a month, but developed faster, and their appearance was different: spreading, leaf petioles very long, like in small-fruited strawberries. After landing in the ground, strawberries grew rapidly, formed just huge bushes, three times as many bushes of other hybrids. But it never bloomed. Soon I began to “crush” the neighbors, and at the end of July I pulled out this weed. What kind of plant could grow from a bag with varietal seeds of strawberries?OOO "Sad" on Diseases and pests of trees in the orchard - questions and answersThis is most likely not a disease. Very similar to leaf damage with a pear tall mite. Pear gall mite - the pest is very small. You can’t even see it. And under a microscope, it looks like this: with 4 legs and a cylindrical body. The tick lives and multiplies in the tissues of the leaf, precisely in the places of feeding. Where the tick bites the surface of the leaf, brownish-green, pinkish swellings appear, but gradually they turn brown, blacken and dry out. Damage is placed along the central vein in the form of paths, as you described. Adult ticks hibernate under the scales of the kidneys and during blooming penetrate into the tissue of young leaves, where several generations of the tick develop over the summer. To reduce the number of ticks, it is necessary annually in spring, during the period of budding, to spray trees with a preparation based on karbofos. With a large number of pests, repeated spraying is carried out with the same drug, but later, when the leaves are already branches. Now is the time to carry out preventive spraying!E. Kakovtseva Nizhny Novgorod Region on Diseases and pests of trees in the orchard - questions and answersBrown spots appear on the leaves of the pear. Moreover, they go in such even lines along the central vein, and are located on both sides of the leaf. Tell me what this disease is.OOO "Sad" on Top dressing for indoor plants with their own hands - how and what to do?Most plants whose root system is limited by the size of the pot need regular balanced top dressing. In the season of intensive growth, they should be carried out 1 time in 10-14 days. In this case, several common rules should be remembered. Fertilizer solutions are prepared without exceeding the concentration indicated on the package of the drug. High salt levels can cause burns to the root system. Before the procedure, the substrate is shed with clean water. Those plants whose needs for fertilizers you do not know, it is better to feed less often or give half the dose. If the flowering is weak, the dosage can be increased. When root dressing, try to ensure that fertilizers do not fall on the leaves. Did this happen? Rinse off with water. Feed the plants in the evening. Lyudmila ULEISKAYA, Cand. Biol of Sciences, YaltaSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Top dressing for indoor plants with their own hands - how and what to do?How a novice florist would like to know about dressing indoor plants: when, how, in what quantity?Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on How to grow coffee from grainsThe optimum temperature of the content is about +20 degrees. Water the plant sparingly after drying of the top soil layer, spray the crown. If the tree is 3-4 years old, it bloomed in the fall and tied the fruits, you can collect them for seeds. And immediately sow in a substrate of turf, sheet soil and sand (2: 1: 2). Shoots at the same temperature appear quickly. They dive into the soil mixture of turf, leafy soil, humus and sand (1: 1: 1: 1): watered abundantly.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Phalaenopsis - care and cultivation in room conditions. Hybrids and varieties.The main plus of the plant is the absence of a dormant period. When watering, they now adhere to the rule: -It is better not to top up than to pour. Each 2 or 3 moisturizers are fed with orchid fertilizer. Do not spray on flowers when spraying. If the faded phalaenopsis is 2-3 years old, then it’s time to transplant it (without replacing the pot). When transplanted, dead roots and old yellowed leaves are cut. Damaged roots shorten a little. Drainage is poured at the bottom - expanded clay or broken polystyrene. After transplantation, phalaenopsis is not immediately watered. On the first day, moisture from a porous, loose substrate for orchids is enough for him. The next one can be sprayed with fine water “dust”.Svetlana KONONOVICH on Elimination of tulips for 8 March - expert adviceHyacinths by March 8th In order to admire the blooming hyacinths in March, I store the bulbs (dense and largest) selected in the fall in a cool cellar until December. Then I take narrow pots up to 30 cm deep. Several pieces can be planted in a large flowerpot, but so that the distance between the bulbs is at least 2 cm. I pour drainage at the bottom of the container, then a soil layer (chernozem and sand 3: 1), not reaching the top about 5 cm. From above - a layer of sand of 1 -2 cm, put the onion and fall asleep with soil so that half of it rises above the surface. I water the plantings and transfer them to the balcony, where the temperature does not rise above +7 degrees. I monitor the moisture of the soil. If it is dried, water moderately. After 2, 5-3 months (end of February), I bring the sprouted bulbs into a warm room with a temperature of + 15-22 degrees. I water it as it dries, feed it with mineral fertilizers. After 5-7 days, I put on the warmest window sills in the rooms. My hyacinths usually bloom within a week. But the holiday of flowering can be extended if you rearrange the containers with plants in a cool place.Lilia KRETOVA, Lipetsk on Berezkin (photo) planting and caring for questions and answersThere are many types of euonymus, but in winter the evergreens are especially pleasing, the foliage of which is stored on the bushes. I grow several varieties of representatives of this species. Including B. Fortune Emerald Gold. It is about 50 cm high, with creeping shoots, which in width can grow up to a meter or more. Due to its small size, it is better to plant it in the foreground of the flower garden. The leaves of the plant are green with a bright yellow rim around the edges. In winter, the yellow border turns slightly pink, which gives the bush a special charm and brings quite unusual colors at this time of year. In my garden, it looks very beautiful against the background of red barberry. If you want the bush to grow faster in width, the branches can be pressed to the ground and sprinkled with soil. Thus, in a small area, you can even form a green rug. All euonymos are not picky about the composition of the soil. They grow well both in partial shade and in the open sun. Only an exceptional shadow they do not like. They respond well to any top dressing, although they can do without them. In the early spring, before sap flow, I do corrective and sanitary pruning, cutting out all twigs that are unnecessary and frozen after winter. A gentle haircut to maintain shape can be done during the season. The only problem is that in the early spring there may be a burn of foliage. Therefore, at this time, it is better to throw fabric or covering material on the shrub. A few days later, in cloudy weather, the shelter can be removed. If nevertheless the trouble touched the plant, it does not matter. After trimming, the euonymus will quickly recover.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Sowing lumbago seeds - TESTED waysIn February, I sow the seeds of the lumbago, only slightly pressing them into the purchased loose soil for seedlings. I create greenhouse conditions and put on a bright windowsill. They emerge for a long time, up to three weeks. Periodically aerate the crops and, if necessary, moisten the soil. Gradually I accustom seedlings to do without a mini-greenhouse. After the appearance of two true leaves, I plant the seedlings in high pots, because the kids have a long root system. I plant in a tank with a retractable bottom. After transplanting, I continue to gently water, avoiding overdrying or waterlogging. In mid-May I planted in open ground on a permanent, well-lit place. In adulthood, the lumbago does not tolerate transplantation. Timely water and, if necessary, weed the weeds. Last year, after flowering, she collected seeds (some showered themselves). Immediately sowed them in moist soil, under an apple tree. After the appearance of two real leaves, I planted some in pots and buried them in the ground (for the winter I covered them with spruce branches). Others left in the same place. In the spring I'll watch how they winter. A couple of years ago I experimented with sowing in open ground in the spring. They sprang up well. And also about seedlings of plants planted earlier found seedlings. By the fall of that year, one seedling even tried to bloom, but did not have time. And last spring he showed himself in all its glory!Nina ZOTOVA, St. Petersburg on "Begonia tuber" and "begonia eternally flowering" - cultivation and photo, planting and careFor the sowing of evergreen begonias (end of February) I use peat tablets, each with 3 seeds. Then I put everything in a container with a transparent lid. For watering, pour water on the bottom of the greenhouse so that the tablets are saturated with moisture. I drain the excess liquid. Shoots expect 7-10 days. Then every day I open the lid for several minutes, gradually increasing the airing time. After the appearance of two or three true leaves, I dive seedlings into 6-cell cassettes and grow them under illumination, regularly water and fertilize with Fertika Lux universal, sometimes spray with NV-101 (all according to the instructions). I plant in open ground at the end of May, at first shading the begonia seedlings from direct sunlight. Further: weeding, watering and top dressing with mineral fertilizers for flowering plants.OOO "Sad" on Jeffersonia (photo) planting and care, description and reproduction- The easiest way to reproduce Jeffersonia is vegetative, by dividing the bush in the second half of summer or early autumn. Perhaps your mistake was that you disturbed the bush at the very peak of the heat. After the division, it was necessary to sprinkle the sections with ash and immediately plant it in a new place, and the soil should be moderately moistened. Try this season to propagate beauty seeds. The germination rate of fresh seeds (collected after flowering in the summer, but before rashing from pitcher boxes) is quite high if they are sown in nutrient soil with a high compost content (30-50%) from decayed foliage. Some of them can ripen in the earth for a long time and rise even in the second year after sowing. The plant blooms for 2-3 years after germination. Preferences, care Jeffersonia prefers shady places, fertile loose soil without stagnation of moisture. Suitable for landing on an alpine hill, around ponds. It is unpretentious in care and, most importantly for gardeners, winter-hardy. But so that its rhizomes do not freeze in snowless winters, it is advisable to mulch the plantings in the fall. In early spring, the awakened "bumps" are fed with full mineral fertilizer (according to the instructions). In my garden, D.'s dubious bushes bloom in April, not very long - up to a week and a half, but the sight is amazing, because at that time there are still few flowers and paints! It goes well with the liverwort, supplemented with bright yellow kaluzhnitsa and primroses of the most different colors and shapes: crocuses, species tulips. Corydalis, etc. Olga PRYANIKOVA, flower blogger, collector, ChelyabinskNina Sviridova, Pskov on Jeffersonia (photo) planting and care, description and reproductionThe summer before last divided the old bush of Jeffersonia dubious. Only one piece took root, having pleased me in the spring with delicate purple flowers. This year I look forward to its flowering again. Tell me, is it possible to propagate perennial seeds?OOO "Sad" on Trees and shrubs with beautiful fruits - photo, description and name- Pink Vale is still a rather rare variety of mountain ash in our gardens. It differs from its ancestor R. ordinary by its more compact dimensions (3-5 m in height) and the color of berries, which are white at the beginning of ripening, then turn pink, and when ripe they have a ruby hue. In leaving, like many representatives of this species, it is not whimsical. He likes sunny or slightly shaded places protected from the wind, fertile soil and watering in drought. It responds well to pruning, thanks to which the tree can be formed on a stem with drooping branches or give the crown the shape of an umbrella. It is better to remove young shoots in time so as not to spoil the appearance of the plant. Mountain ash with pink berries will perfectly perform solo on the plot, it will also look spectacular in plantings with its "sisters" having white, yellow and other shades of fruit. If you drop them in a group (bouquet). inside, you can build a small resting place, which will be illuminated by lanterns in the dark, and during family holidays the tent will blink with solid or multi-colored LED garlands. Rowan leaves fall only in the fall, so the tree can be planted near a reservoir or pool. Under her crown a garden sculpture, a drinking bowl for birds, and a bench "fit" well. You can plant mountain ash at the arch, on the trellis, forming the desired shape of the crown. Compositions of several varieties will look spectacular at the entrance to the garden territory, perfectly smooth the corners of the plot, buildings. Tatyana CHEREPKOLyubov Isaeva on Trees and shrubs with beautiful fruits - photo, description and nameNow it’s fashionable to decorate gardens with rarer plants, including some rather whimsical ones. I was interested in Pink Veil rowanberry with pink berries. I would like to know the features of its cultivation.OOO "Sad" on Krinum (photo) at home?- The reason for the lack of flowering may be insufficient bulb size. Commodity amarcrinums that can bloom in the year of planting should be at least 20 cm in diameter. The second possible reason is that the plant was not provided with a sufficiently long (about 3 months) rest period at an optimum temperature of + 7-10 degrees. Since amarkrinum, unlike amaryllis, does not lose all the leaves and roots during dormancy, it should winter in conditions of good light and very poor watering, without drying out an earthen coma in a pot. A further decrease in temperature to 0 degrees will also be beneficial for the plant. - It stimulates to a certain extent the subsequent flowering. And during the period of active vegetation, in spring and summer, the soil should be constantly moist. And the third, most common reason: amarcrinum painfully responds to a transplant. In regions with mild winters, it is grown as an open ground plant. In the middle lane, planting a plant in the garden and subsequent digging for the winter will provide a large number of children, but will prevent flowering in the next season. Moreover, after a sloppy transplant, amarcrinum may not bloom for the next 2-3 years. Therefore, it is better to plant bulbs in wide and deep containers and transplant plants only when the growing baby begins to affect the quality of flowering. Tatyana POLITOVA, collector, OryolMargaret on Krinum (photo) at home?Tell me why my amarkrinum (krinum) did not bloom? In July, all leaves gradually turned yellow and fell. Now they have grown, the plant stands on a cool windowsill (+13 degrees). How to stimulate flowering I read that krinum can be planted in the garden for the summer. Is there any need to do this?Ekaterina Nikolaevna GRIGORIEVA, city of Kaluga on Preparations for the treatment of conifers what and whatThe immunity that we need so much in winter can strengthen the needles. To prepare a product that gives us new strength, fill the glass liter jar to the shoulders with spruce or pine needles, fill it with good vodka or, even better, alcohol. Insist 21 days, strain and take 3 times a day for 30 minutes before meals, 10 drops (you need to drip them on a piece of sugar). This medicine also acts as an anti-inflammatory agent. But the common cold, which often visits us in the cold season, can be stopped with the help of such a drink: mix equal amounts of orange and apple juices. Drink up to 6 times a day. Or take 4 cloves of garlic, chop, pour a glass of hot milk, infuse for 20 minutes, and then drink in small sips for half an hour. With cough, bronchitis, pneumonia, tonsillitis, chills, a nut tincture will help. It is necessary to rinse with boiling water 3 lemons with a peel, cut and peel the seeds. Pass this citrus, as well as a glass of walnut kernels, 3 large aloe leaves (about 300 g) through a meat grinder, add 0,5 kg of butter, 200 ml of cahors and 0,5 kg of honey. Store the mixture in the refrigerator. Take for adults 1 tbsp. l., children under 3 years - 1 tsp. 3 times a day half an hour before meals.Irina V. KUDRINA, city of Voronezh on Cleansing acrid (photos) planting and careMany summer residents grow on the site miniature groundcover plants with fleshy shoots similar to fir trees, 10-15 cm high - stonecrop caustic (with yellow inflorescences) and white (with milky flowers). However, few people know about the healing properties of these ornamental plants. I use the aerial part of both the first and second stonecrops to prepare a therapeutic ointment that quickly helps get rid of any skin ailments - burns, painful blisters, cracked heels, skin irritations, etc. For this purpose I cut off the stonecrop shoots during flowering , I wash in water and immerse in boiling water for 1 minute. I drain the water, dry the grass, put it in the dryer for vegetables and fruits and dry at a temperature of 40 degrees. I grind dry raw materials in a coffee grinder and mix the powder with petroleum jelly in a ratio of 1: 4. I store the ointment in a glass jar under the lid in the refrigerator and, if necessary, apply it to a diseased area of the skin. Such an ointment helps my mother to get rid of aching pain in the knee joints caused by chronic arthrosis. She rubs her knees with ointment, wraps it with a film, wraps it with a warm cloth and leaves compresses for the night. The course is 7-10 days.OOO "Sad" on Planting peonies in spring (!) - in pots and ACSIt is not necessary to use mineral fertilizers, you can prepare top dressing, as they say, from improvised means. At the same time, they work no worse. What can be done? For example, crush the eggshell of 10 eggs and mix it with the same amount of onion husks. The resulting fertilizer is enough for 2-4 average flowering shrubs. It is necessary to slightly loosen the soil around them and gently push the mixture into the ground, and then sprinkle with earth and generously pour warm water. You can make a “talker” of two raw eggs and ash, dilute with water, mix thoroughly and pour water around the flowers. This amount of fertilizing is enough for 2 bush peonies. Potato peeling, peeling from fruits and vegetables can also benefit plants. Effectively affects flowering plants and top dressing from rye crackers, which are filled with 1 liter of any beer. It is necessary to prepare such a mixture, insist for several days, dilute with water (1: 5) and water the soil under the bushes. For 1 peony you need 0,5 l of liquid.Galina on Planting peonies in spring (!) - in pots and ACSWrite what root top dressing is useful for peony bushes? How effective are they?OOO "Sad" on Rosehip wild rose - cultivation, reproduction, propertiesFirstly, a wild shoot can almost always be distinguished from the main rose bush by the color of its greenery is lighter. Secondly, quite often a wild shoot has seven-leaf leaves. Thirdly, the wild game usually grows at a distance from the main bush. If you define a “stranger”, you need to remove it, because it will grow and grow faster than the rose itself and, over time, can lead to its death, degenerating into a dog rose. How to do it right? We dig out the place of growth of the wild shoot and cut it off at the very base together with a piece of stem. You can do this: do not dig, but pierce the ground with a shovel and cut the shoot as close as possible to its base. I will answer the second question this way: if roses bloom magnificently, then opt for chrysanthemums, peonies, hydrangeas or dahlias. To combine with more modest varieties, you should choose flowers of the same size or slightly smaller, otherwise the buds will be lost against their background. Carnations or tulips are best.Natalya Dmitrievna SHISHKOVA, Moscow Region, Pavlovsky Posad on Rosehip wild rose - cultivation, reproduction, propertiesA couple of years ago I bought a summer house and started floriculture. Although I read a lot, I know a little more. I just can’t figure out how to define a wild rose shoot and noble. Tell me what the differences are. And one more thing: what flowers can be planted next to a rose to set off its beauty?OOO "Sad" on What roses to plant? Rosewood TipsTry to remove the rose from the pot, shake the soil from it. Then trim the dead roots, and then hold the day in a solution of "Kornevin." The next step is to plant the plant in new soil, pruning the stems, while grabbing 1-2 cm of its green part. Spray thoroughly with 1% solution of copper sulfate or Bordeaux mixture. Put on a rose bottle with a cropped bottom and open neck on a rose and place in a cool place. Most likely the plant will survive and will please with new flowers.Evgenia Mikhailovna GOREVAYA on What roses to plant? Rosewood TipsI bought in the garden center a very beautiful blooming miniature rose in a pot. But, when she brought the plant home and began to look after him, the rose turned yellow quite quickly and almost dropped the foliage. I cut off all the remaining buds and flowers. But the shoots of the rose began to blacken. Does this plant really suffer the same fate as other roses that did not survive in my house?OOO "Sad" on How to grow petunia at homeIt is known that petunia is a rather heat-loving plant, but it can also emerge self-seeding. True, we are talking only about the simplest varieties. Terry will have to be forgotten, because they usually freeze in the winter. To conduct sowing, the garden bed must be prepared in advance. Seeds are sown in frozen ground and sprinkled with dry earth. It’s not worth digging in, because they are very shallow, and you can’t wait for seedlings. These crops cover immediately. You can also sow seeds in containers, then cover them or put boxes in the greenhouse. For example, in my flower garden non-double petunia has been self-seeding for several years. In autumn, from the faded and ripened bolls, the seeds themselves spill out onto the ground, and in the spring they spring up early and bloom before I planted in the spring.Taisia Vladimirovna REBROVA on How to grow petunia at homeI was always interested in whether it is possible to sow petunia in the winter?OOO "Sad" on Universal flower dressing - folk tipsFlowering plants such a recharge helps to accelerate the process of bud formation. In general, foliar top dressing is very popular with gardeners. Thanks to this method, at the first sign of mineral starvation plants, it is possible to spray and eliminate the deficiency, so that they are quickly saturated with the missing substances. At the same time, you can feed the plant with that fertilizer that a flower or shrub needs. Top dressing is also effective for diseased plants with a damaged root system. It is also used when trace elements in the soil are in a form inaccessible to the plant and are not absorbed properly. I will give an example. If there is heat, then you can spray the following fertilizing on the leaves: for 10 liters of water we take 1 ampoule of "Zircon". It was dank and damp on the street, then we use a solution of Epin, Tsitovita (1 ampoule each) and 1 st. l "Potassium Monophosphate." The result is not long in coming. Some experts say that you need to do this every 15-20 days. But even if you only process your flowering plants with such a composition twice in the summer, the benefit will also be great.Tatyana Romanovna ZHIRNOVA, Kaluga Region, Lyudinovo on Universal flower dressing - folk tipsTell me if it makes sense to feed flowering plants by leaves? How do flowers and shrubs feel after that?OOO "Sad" on Storage of bulbs and tubers of flowers - conditions (table-memo)There are some tips to help solve this problem. Having decided to buy a plant, first carefully examine its root. It should not be rot, wet stains and mold. In addition, there are a number of plants for which the presence of a healthy kidney is important. These are hosts, phloxes, daylilies, astilbe, Siberian irises, etc. Treat the selected and purchased plant with fungicide and dry it a little. And then send it to storage at a temperature of 0 to 3 degrees Celsius. Such "weather" can be found on a glazed loggia, in a dry basement or in the refrigerator. But first, the rhizome in an upright position must be processed and dipped in a package so that the growing kidney is on top. After you need to sprinkle the plant with wet peat of neutral acidity. And then you have to make sure that the humidity in the bag is constantly maintained. For this, the plant must be inspected at least once a week. Not all can be stored in the refrigerator, but only hosts, daylilies, astilbe, tradescantia, incense, black cohosh.Zoya Grigorievna on Storage of bulbs and tubers of flowers - conditions (table-memo)As soon as at the end of winter, garden centers begin to sell rhizomes of perennial herbaceous plants, a hand reaches for a purse to buy them. But my past experience was unsuccessful - all acquired plants died even before planting in the country. How to store rhizomes?OOO "Sad" on Turnip - planting and care (Moscow region)To grow turnips, you need a comfortable temperature (from 20 degrees) and moist soil. If there is no rain, it is necessary to water abundantly beds with turnips, before sowing, fertilize the soil (ash and manure). And if you notice that the garden is attacked by pests, and you absolutely do not “respect” the use of chemistry, then there is a solution. It is necessary to carefully observe crop rotation and constantly clean the site of weeds, as well as sprinkle plants with tobacco dust and ash. Such a set of measures will allow root crops to grow healthy. It is known that turnips will feel comfortable in the place where potatoes were cultivated last year, cucumbers or beets grew. Before sowing the seeds of this culture, the soil must be poured with a solution of potassium permanganate and boric acid (1 tbsp. Potassium permanganate and 1 g of boric acid in a bucket of water). This will accelerate the growth of root crops.Dina Viktorovna Shelekhova on Turnip - planting and care (Moscow region)Several times I tried to grow turnips, but nothing worked. The first time I sowed, like a radish, all the plants went into the arrow, with summer sowing, root crops grew, but small and rough. What time and how are turnips sown?OOO "Sad" on Radish (photo) planting and care: advice and agronomist reviewsMost likely, this culture was sown early, and therefore bloomed. On bags with seeds, it is always indicated which grade this type of radish belongs to. Early small-fruited varieties are sown in March. Fruits ripen in 40-45 days, they are very juicy. Summer varieties are usually early ripening, ripen in 55-60 days, so the optimal planting dates are from late April to early May. Radish without any problems tolerates temperatures up to 3 degrees Celsius and gives amicable shoots. Winter mid-ripening and late-ripening varieties are usually sown in order to grow root crops for long-term storage; they ripen in 90-110 days from the appearance of seedlings. In order to have time to harvest in time, in central Russia and in Belarus, radish should be planted in late June - early July. Radish ns loves long daylight hours and heat, and when it falls into such conditions, it blooms. About 12 hours of daylight are enough for this root crop to grow. Therefore, experts recommend that after half a day the plants are in daylight, limit the access of sunlight to plants by covering them with protective material. You can do even easier. Constantly spill planting in water in the morning and evening hours, then the earth will be moist, and this is an excellent condition for the plant to grow well, and not to strive for the formation of flowers with seeds. It is also necessary to feed a radish every two days. One matchbox of ammonium nitrate per bucket of water. But with the growth of greenery, top dressing must be stopped. Sometimes you can apply this trick: to place the garden in the shade: this will shorten the daylight hours.Anna Vasilievna Chugueva, Ryazan on Radish (photo) planting and care: advice and agronomist reviewsIn March, she sowed a radish. But in the summer, not yet having time to take shape as a root crop, the plant went into the arrow. Tell me, what did you do wrong?