reader Reviews Recent Comments gardeners and gardeners:OOO "Sad" Article Croton (photo) coding - home careYou did not indicate when you purchased the plant. The best time to buy is spring or summer. In winter, even after a short stay in the cold, leaves on the plant may crumble. Therefore, the pot must be properly packed in the store and do not immediately remove the paper at home. When buying, it is important to make sure that the plant is healthy. It should not have yellowed or withered leaves in which small punctures are visible on the screen. Look carefully for pests, especially on the back of the foliage. Refuse the purchase at the slightest suspicion. After you have brought croton into the house, wait a few days until it acclimatizes, and only then transplant it into a new pot. Gently transfer the lump of earth into a container, trying not to disturb it. At the bottom of the pot must be drainage - a layer of small stones, expanded clay or shards. If you find light granules in an earthen coma, in no case do not remove them. These are slowly soluble fertilizers. To prepare the soil mixture, use sheet, turf, peat and sand, taken in equal proportions. You can add a few pieces of charcoal. Croton can grow for a long time in a small container. Usually it is transplanted into a slightly larger pot only when the roots appear on the surface of the soil. Croton is planted in a new container by transshipment in February or March, before the period of active growth begins. When caring for croton, be careful - the juice of the plant is poisonous. N. VERSHININA, floristA. Ulyanova, Samara Article Croton (photo) coding - home careLast year I bought a croton in a store. But unfortunately, at home, the tropical handsome almost immediately began to languish and soon died. Recently, I’m looking at this plant again, but I'm afraid of the repetition of failure.OOO "Sad" Article Dill - useful properties, varieties and tips for growingDepending on the weather, in the middle lane in open ground, dill is sown from April-May (and harvested in early summer) until the first days of August. The time interval between crops is about 2-3 weeks. In this way, a continuous green conveyor is provided from the 2 of the half of June to the 10-15 of October. When the weather is cold, cover materials are pulled over the beds. This will save crops from frost. Dill is a cold-resistant plant that can tolerate 3-5 ° frosts in the rosette phase. Gathering of greenery occurs in the first half of October, but with a protracted autumn, it can continue until the end of October. And in the second half of October - early November, winter sowing is carried out. It gives the very first crop of greens in the spring. M. IVANOVA, Head Laboratory of Selection and Seed Production of Green Crops FGBNUVNIIIOA. Kleshneva Kaluga Region Article Dill - useful properties, varieties and tips for growingWhat is the latest sowing season for dill?OOO "Sad" Article Growing tomatoes in the Sverdlovsk region - planting and my care. Tips and SecretsThe plant received a burn. From sunburn, seedlings, planted in a permanent place, most often suffer. But in this case, judging by the age of the plants, this is a chemical burn. Possibly, extra-high doses of chemical fertilizers were used during foliar top dressing - if the solution gets on the leaves (or when spraying plants in hot sunny weather), a similar effect can be obtained. Severe burns weaken the plants, and sometimes even lead to their death. To restore the affected plants, you can use antistress drugs. In order to avoid such burns, you can recommend not to exceed the doses of the drugs specified in the instructions, and use the drugs only in cloudy weather. I. KORSAK, phytopathologistM. Khoreva Article Growing tomatoes in the Sverdlovsk region - planting and my care. Tips and SecretsWhat happened to the tomato?OOO "Sad" Article Planting of shallots and its cultivation - advice of specialistsI prefer to plant shallots before winter. Firstly, this makes spring work easier. Secondly, the bulbs of the autumn planting are larger, and the greens can be cut 2 weeks earlier than when planted in the spring. During winter planting, it is important that at least 3-4 weeks pass from the moment of planting to the moment of soil freezing. I grow shallots of varieties Varyag, Krepysh, Siberian yellow and Jasper - they are quite hardy and unpretentious. I plant bulbs from September 25 to October 10 and deeper than in spring - from the top (not from the bottom) of the bulb to the surface of the soil should remain 4-5 cm. Such a deep landing is not necessary in spring. Be sure to disinfect planting material. What size bulbs are preferred for planting? Large (weighing 50-60 g and diameter 5 cm) can shoot in spring and in any case form a large nest (up to 10-12 pcs.) Of small bulbs. Yes, this is justified when planting onions on a feather or to obtain planting material for next year. If you need to grow large bulbs, then for planting I take those that weigh 10-20 g (their diameter is approximately 2-3 cm). Having from 2 to 4 primordia, they will form 2-4 large bulbs. If you plant small bulbs every year and take planting material from them, there is a danger of quickly losing the variety - it will degenerate due to viruses. That is why I either take planting material from large bulbs, or use small and medium bulbs from the best nests for planting. Under the autumn digging I make compost, 5-6 kg per 1 sq. m, since fresh dung of onions is contraindicated. And be sure to add 60-80 g / sq. m of double superphosphate. The scheme of planting on the bulb is 10x25-35 cm, on the feather - 10x20 cm. The shallot forms a large nest, and it needs more space than garlic or onions. Otherwise, the bulbs will turn out small. And with such a scheme, they will weigh 60-90 d. From above, I necessarily mulch the bed with sawdust or peat and rake the mulch only after the snow has melted. E. KHRAMTSOVA Novosibirsk OblastSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Planting of shallots and its cultivation - advice of specialistsWhen to plant shallots in the winter? L. Steiner Yekaterinburg regionOOO "Sad" Article Raspberries along the fence - what are the advantages?Of course, there are no completely graded varieties. But there are those that may not crumble within 4-5 days after ripening. This, for example, varieties Kirzhach, Kokinskaya, Maroseyka, Meteor, Skromnitsa, Taganka. And the repair varieties of Indian summer and Lyulin berries can last 7 days. N. ALEKSEEVA, agronomistI. Viktorova, Tula Article Raspberries along the fence - what are the advantages?Raspberries are growing on my site. And as soon as the berries ripen, they are very showered. Tell me, are there varieties with non-shedding berries?OOO "Sad" Article Dangerous diseases of cherry - photo, name and description of the agronomistWe will not explain the paranormal phenomena here, but lime really could help. Indeed, thanks to it, the acidity of the soil decreased. And it is likely that she did not like cherry. The deoxidizing effect is inherent not only in quicklime, but also in dolomite flour, chalk, cement dust, blast furnace slag. All these materials eliminate soil acid harmful to plants and enrich it with calcium. But for proper liming it is necessary to know the exact dose, which depends not only on the degree of soil acidity, but also on the type of calcareous fertilizers. Of course, one and a half buckets of lime under one tree is too much, so to speak, with a large margin, since the recommended norm is 200-600 g / sq. m. Under fruit plants, it is sufficient to apply calcareous fertilizers once every 5-6 years.N. Voronin, Smolensk Article Dangerous diseases of cherry - photo, name and description of the agronomistFor many years, I grew cherries, blossomed, but never fructified. Already wanted to chop it. I went up to the tree and said: “If you don’t give fruit, we will have to say goodbye to you.” Poured a half buckets of lime. Loosened up. And the next year, she reaped the fruits. It is strange that I heard this from many gardeners.OOO "Sad" Article White currant - planting and shaping, benefitIt could, especially if the water contained detergents. In addition, an excess of moisture itself could be the cause of the incident, especially on clay soil, when the root respiration regimen worsens. But there are other reasons. For example, leaves often dry up and fall off due to diseases whose symptoms you have not noticed.M. Krutova Tatarstan Article White currant - planting and shaping, benefitOn a bush of white currant leaves began to dry from the edges, and then fell off. Could this happen because the plant was planted next to the porch and we poured a lot of water under it, not always clean?Anna ZOTKINA, Moscow Article Caring for large-leaved hydrangea (PHOTO) - expert adviceIn August, I feed hydrangea (panicled and tree-like) with a mullein solution (1: 10) or an infusion of grass (I fill the container half with mowed grass, fill it with water, insist in the sun for a week, and dilute 1: 10 with water for watering. Sometimes I see signs of mealy on the leaves of plants) dew: yellow and green spots, a gray coating forms on the inside. Immediately I treat the bushes with Bordeaux liquid (100 g per 10 l of water). To combat aphids I use the insecticide Fitoverm or Actellik.Natalia Morozova, Moscow region Article Rosehip: planting and care, varieties and beneficial propertiescultivate rose hips Until mid-August I try to complete the budding of roses. I plant a cultivar on a dogrose with a sleeping eye. I plant cuttings in the morning: cut annual faded shoots of varietal plants with two or three developed buds. I remove the thorns and leaves, leaving only the petioles. I wrap the cuttings with a damp cloth. I prepare a stock: from the rosehip bush I scoop up the soil so that its root neck is visible. I clean this place from the ground with a wet sponge. From the middle part of the prepared handle, I cut off the kidney with a shield knife (a piece of bark about 3 cm long) with an ocular knife. I clean the shield from the upper layer of the cortex. On the root neck of the dog rose from the side where the sun does not fall, I make a T-shaped incision with a sharp knife, bend the bark and insert the shield with the eye. The graft and stock should be tightly connected (the cut on the root neck of the bush should be equal to the size of the shield). I wrap the grafting site with plastic wrap so that the kidney remains open. I fill in the root neck of the dogrose with damp earth so that the vaccinations are not visible. Before the first frosts, the rosehip bush is covered with peat to a height of 25 cm and covered with dry foliage. The following spring (at the end of April) I remove the shelter, remove the harness from the vaccine, and cut out the wild growth. Then I cut the rosehip bush just above the grafted kidney (0,5-1 cm), covering the place of the cut with a garden var. For top dressing in the near-stem circle, I close up a complex mineral fertilizer (30-50 g per 1 sq.m). Anastasia VOROBYEVA, NovosibirskOOO "Sad" Article Elimination of tulips for 8 March - expert advice1. Perhaps the bulbs were too deep (the planting depth is three bulbs heights). 2. Tulips cannot tolerate acidic soil, so in the autumn, add lime (50 g per 1 sq.m) to the bed for digging. 3 »If, after digging, the bulbs were kept in cool conditions, this could also affect the laying of flower buds. I advise you to dig out the bulbs every year after flowering, dry them and store the first 4-5 weeks at a temperature of + 23 ... + 25 degrees. Then gradually reduce the temperature to + 17 ... + 20 deg. - so store it before disembarking in the soil in late September or early October. Elena GORBUNOVA, Ph.D. biol. of sciencesNatalia Morozova, Moscow region Article Elimination of tulips for 8 March - expert adviceLast fall, I planted tulips. But this spring there was virtually no flowering. Why?Irina IVANOVA, agronomist. Ryazan region Article What to do to lilies bloom?I will answer the most common questions that flower growers ask for lilies at the end of summer. Do I need to dig bulbs? - It is advisable if these are lilies from among Asian hybrids or LA hybrids that form many children (in the spring they will take water and food from the mother’s onion). In lilies from the number of eastern hybrids, OT hybrids, usually there are few or no children. Therefore, you can not dig them out, unless you want to transfer them to another place. In the nursery we annually dig lilies of all varieties from late August to early September. Bulbs are planted immediately. Do I need to prune lilies after flowering? - Not! Pinch off only the ovaries that have formed after flowering: you will not propagate lilies by seeds, and the lion's share of nutrients is consumed for fruit ripening to the detriment of bulb growth. Sometimes flower growers cut stalks of faded lilies almost to the ground. And thereby interrupting the process of formation of nutrients in the plant, depriving him of the opportunity to grow the bulb, prepare for winter. At the lily, the stems themselves die in the fall. And then we remove them. Should we cover for the winter? - Asian hybrids and LA hybrids winter well without shelter. It is better to cover eastern hybrids in the middle lane with a “pillow” of fallen leaves. Heat-loving tubular lilies should not be left in the ground even under cover. They are better to dig out and store in cellars or cellars.Oleg BUYNOVSKY, agronomist Article Summer Rose Care - Tips From an Experienced GardenerRose without overgrowth Remove wild overgrowth from a grafted rose, cutting it as close to the roots as possible. Regularly cut off faded heads of flowers and inflorescences as well - this simple procedure will help prolong flowering and save you the need to collect showered petals from foliage.Lyudmila ULEYSKAYA, Cand. Biol. Sciences, Yalta Article Care for gladioli during and after floweringGladiolus needs potassium Gladiolus feed 10-15 days after flowering, feed potassium sulfate (20 g per 1 sq.m) - this will help corms to ripen better.Natalia Dishuk, Cand. Biol. science Article Spots on cannes - reasonsHook the cannes with soil higher to protect the root neck from freezing (morning frosts are already possible in late August).Olga SURINOVICH, agronomist, Horki Article Why do peonies bloom badly?Why the peony has reddened leaves Most likely, the plant is sick with Fusarium. Dig a bush and inspect it. Cut out all the rotten parts and sprinkle with ash. Divide the peony into separate pieces and transplant to a new place. The size of the landing pit should be at least 60x60 cm. Fill it with a mixture of fertile soil and rotted compost (1: 1), it is useful to add 1 tablespoons. granular fertilizer AVA. Just do not bring manure! When planting, rhizome should be buried on 4-5 cm. In general, remember that every ten years peony needs to be rejuvenated. With a healthy plant that has become poor in bloom, you can simply do this: chop off part of it from one side with a strong blow with a sharp shovel. Dig this chopped off part, fill the cut with ash and transplant. Pour a glass of ash into the pit near the old bush and fill it with fertile soil. After a year, repeat the operation on the other side of the mother plant. Irina Gurieva Article Lawn in the country with their own hands: care, sowing, etc.If you plan to plant a lawn, then the optimal time for sowing grasses is from 10 to 25 in August. At the same time, you can lay out and ready-made roll lawn. After the rain, feed the lawn with superphosphate (40-60 g per 1 sq.m) and potassium sulfate (25-30 g per 1 sq.m).OOO "Sad" Article Top dressing garden in August - what when and how?In August, fertilizing is necessary for those plants whose crops you plan to store (potatoes, cabbage, carrots, beets, radishes), as well as those remaining in the winter beds (perennial onions, asparagus, sorrel). The fertilizing should consist of phosphate and potassium fertilizers, because they contribute to the accumulation of dry matter, as a result of which a denser crop is better stored and hibernated. The best option for autumn top dressing - according to 1 tablespoons superphosphate and potassium sulfate on 1 sq.m (evenly sprinkle fertilizer in the aisles before rain or watering).Anna Stepanenko, Moscow Article Top dressing garden in August - what when and how?Do some vegetables need extra nutrition in August?OOO "Sad" Article THE BEST MUSH - what is it? Types of mulch - memo to summer resident- Mulch can be removed in the fall and sent to compost, it can be covered with winter crops, or it can be planted in the soil. If you decide to leave the mulch for the winter, in the spring it will delay the thawing of the soil, and the plants will sprout later. Therefore, in the spring you must not forget to remove it. And when the seedlings appear, decompose again. If the plot is quite dense, it is better to use mulch as a universal baking powder - after the garden season ends, cover it in the soil. And so that it decomposes successfully and enriches the earth with nutrients, add ammonium nitrate or urea (1 tablespoon per 1 sq.m).Elena Tsarik Article THE BEST MUSH - what is it? Types of mulch - memo to summer residentIs it necessary to remove dry grass from the aisles, which mulched the soil, if prolonged rains begin in August? What kind of mulch can I leave?OOO "Sad" Article How to store the planting material of garlic - tips and feedback“Your onions and garlic are most likely sick.” Unfortunately, the symptom described alone is not enough to make an accurate diagnosis, but no matter what the crop is infected with, it will not be stored. Let all the rotting bulbs be recycled, periodically check the rest and immediately remove the “weeping” ones. To avoid infection next year, buy seeds only from a trusted manufacturer. In autumn, carefully weed the area where you are going to grow onions and garlic, remove all plant debris. In the next season, two months before harvesting, spray the onions and garlic plantings diluted according to the instructions of Fitosporin once every two weeks.Faina Petrova, Smolensk Article How to store the planting material of garlic - tips and feedbackAfter harvesting, they do not want to dry onions and garlic (dry on the floor in the room). Found several wetting (with rotten scales) bulbs. It's a disease? What to do?OOO "Sad" Article August: harvesting and storage of crops - ADVICE OF THE CANDIDATE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES- August is the time to sow winter rye. Before frosts, plants have time to form stems and leaves. In this form, they will leave for the winter, and in the spring they will quickly start to grow. In April-May, they will need to be mowed and scented. In its effect, this procedure is similar to the full application of manure. Also in August, you can continue to sow green crops: dill, onions, feathers, parsley, arugula, salads (including cabbage). It's time to sow the seeds of radish and perennials: onion, sorrel, sorrel, rhubarb, asparagus. Do not forget to water the crops, as the plants sprout for a long time and may not appear without watering. Until winter, perennials will form a rosette of leaves and a small rhizome that will winter and will give new shoots next spring. In spring, you can transplant this seedlings to a permanent place.Artem Galynets, Perm Article August: harvesting and storage of crops - ADVICE OF THE CANDIDATE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCESWhat to sow in August What is not too late to sow in the first half of August?OOO "Sad" Article Re-sowing and planting - which vegetables can be planted in the middle of summer- I grow early ripe tomatoes. They always have time to harvest before the August fogs and cold nights. When they bear fruit, I easily tear them out and take them out of the greenhouse. I pour the liberated earth abundantly with Phytosporin solution (1 tablespoons in 10 liters of water), after an hour and a half on 3-4 square meters of soil I bring in a humus bucket, 1 liters of wood ash and a matchbox of superphosphate. Loosen a hoe. I make shallow grooves, plant onions on a feather and sow seeds of head lettuce, dill, parsley, and radish. Sow cabbage and lettuce in the center in a row of one seed at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other. Seeds of other plants are sown around. As a result, my greens do not disappear from the table until the frosts are steady. Kitchen garden of “4 sector”Catherine Article Re-sowing and planting - which vegetables can be planted in the middle of summerPart of the prolific tomatoes vomited. What to put in their place in the greenhouse, so as not to interfere with the remaining plants?OOO "Sad" Article Phacelia as sideratI used to try to sow every patch of the garden. As a result, vegetables grew so much that they had to share with friends. Solved the problem simply. Divided the site into four sectors. On one I placed greenhouses, on the other - beds with the necessary vegetables, and on the other two I sow rapeseed, mustard, fatseliya or cereals. And so that siderates do not turn into weeds, I mow them three to four days after flowering. It is possible, by the way, to mow siderates even before flowering. But there is a secret: blooming phacelia and rapeseed attract bees and other insects that pollinate vegetable plants to the garden. As a result, the yield from a small plot is getting richer than from a large one.Maria Sovkova Article Phacelia as sideratI wanted to sow fatselia after the onion with garlic, but dad forbids. He says phacelia grows like a weed, and then it can not be removed. Is it so?Evdokia SHANETS, Kharkov Article How to extend the fruiting season for zucchini: varieties + dressingHow to extend the life of zucchini The main crop of zucchini falls in the middle of summer, but starting in August, if nothing is done, the plants are slowly dying. I used to leave the “oldies” alone and rejoice in the fruits while I was, but one day I came across an interesting note on how to extend the fruiting of zucchini to the very frosts. I tried it and made sure that the method worked. In early August, I remove all the bushes with yellowed leaves, leaving 3-4 the strongest plants. I delete on them two or three sheets in the middle, as well as all the old and lying on the ground. Then I feed the bushes with a urea solution (1-1,5 tablespoons in 10 liters of water). A day after that, pour a liter jar of ash 9 l boiling water, stir thoroughly, let it brew for a day. Gently drain the liquid without sediment and abundantly spray it with plants. A week later, I feed the bushes with a mullein solution (1: 10), spending 1 liters per plant. If the weather is dry but cold, I trim the zucchini with straw. Once a week I spray Epin (according to the instructions), and starting in September, alternate it with Fitosporin (1 teaspoon in 2 liters of water).Irina MELNIKOVA Article Growing pumpkins in the Moscow region - varieties and planting, feeding and careIn order to get large pumpkins from one bush 4-5, you have to do a little "kidding." In early August, for five or seven days I stop watering the old aloe bush on the windowsill. Then I cut off the 5-8 leaves, wrapped them in thick paper and put them in the refrigerator for 2 days. Then I chop, pour 10 l of water, insist for a day. I cut old leaves of pumpkins, pinch off the extra whips, and sprinkle those with fruits on the ground. I am abundantly spraying the plants with diluted aloe juice, pouring the remains under the root. As a result, new roots soon appear on the lashes - and pumpkins have time to ripen in the cold.OOO "Sad" Article What cucumbers for what - varieties or hybrids. Informative about simpleI do not recommend using Ridomil Gold during the fruiting period of cucumbers. And at the first signs of downy mildew, do the following: in 10 liters of water, dilute 100 g of urea, 5 g of boric acid, 1 g of potassium permanganate and 3 g of copper sulfate. Spray bushes every 10 days. Fruits can be harvested in 3 days after processing. But before eating, it is advisable to thoroughly wash them with hot water and soap. Svetlana KRIVENKOVA, agronomistOlga GRIBKO Article What cucumbers for what - varieties or hybrids. Informative about simpleLast season, I noticed yellow spots on the leaves of cucumbers. I thought it was from the differences in day and night temperatures (it was the beginning of August). She mulled the plants with a thick layer of straw, and began to cover it with a film at night. However, over time, the spots began to darken, and a plaque appeared on the leaves below. It turned out that cucumbers were struck by downy mildew. In the garden store they said that the only way to cure plants is to cut off all the diseased areas, harvest, and then treat the bushes with Ridomil Gold. I took advantage of the advice, but it turned out that picking cucumbers for food is possible no earlier than 3 weeks after spraying. Therefore, the harvest, which was collected during the forbidden period, had to be sent to compost. The disease, indeed, receded, and even throughout September cucumbers continued to bear fruit.Anna LEBEDEVA Article How to fight cabbage pests - whiting, cabbage fly and scoopSo that gluttonous caterpillars do not appear on heads of cabbage, gardeners primarily scare away the butterflies of the whites from the site. They cover the cabbage with a spanbond, sprinkle with wormwood broth, sprinkle with ash. But what if you lost in this battle, and the caterpillars still appeared? Dilute in 10 liters of water 2 tablespoons salt or 1 Art. vinegar (1 tablespoon of vinegar essence), or 50 ml of ammonia. In the afternoon, spray plants abundantly. Repeat the procedure every 3 days until all the tracks are dead. Immediately after the first treatment, cover the beds with spunbond cabbage or put capron stockings on the heads. Subsequent spraying can be carried out without removing the capron, but the spondondom will have to be removed and returned before and after each treatment. 4-5 fresh pods or 2-3 chopped dried hot pepper pods, boil for half an hour in 1 l of water, leave to infuse for a day. Strain. Dilute 150 ml of concentrate in 10 l of water, add 1 tbsp. liquid soap and spray the heads of cabbage, damaged by the tracks. After a day, if necessary, repeat the procedure.Alina SKOROBOGATOVA Article Wireworm - how to deal with this beetleIn early August of last year, she discovered that potato tubers on the bed through one were damaged by wireworms. On the advice of a neighbor, she cut out eyes from last year’s potatoes (so that they would not germinate). 10 ml of the preparation Tabu was diluted in 1,5 l of water, held the tubers in solution for two days and dug the bait a meter apart from each other between the rows. She stuck a twig over each potato, and before digging the tops, she dug up and burned them. When I was sorting through the harvest, there were some tubers damaged by wireworm, but not very much. And this year, starting in the spring, I dug poisoned baits once every 2 weeks - and the wireworms almost disappeared. By the way, the Colorado beetles also became much smaller.Elena ISAEVA, agronomist Article Horned and crooked vegetables - WHY? Explanation and DescriptionWhy carrots are bitter? Somehow, a neighbor asked me a question: “Why do they write and talk about how to scare off a carrot fly, and nowhere describe how to understand that the larvae have nevertheless appeared, and most importantly, how to drive them away?” Understand that a carrot spawning larvae can be savored, it is possible according to the reddish-violet shade of the leaves, and if there are a lot of pests, then the leaves of the carrot begin to turn yellow and die. Root crops are covered with tuberous outgrowths, inside of them passages of larvae are visible. The carrots are bitter and taste stiff. It is difficult to cope with the larvae of the carrot fly, they can’t be killed by folk methods, and chemical insecticides can no longer be used (the poison will most likely remain in root crops). The only option is biological products. For example, Fitoverm or Aktofit - 10 ml of one of the preparations is diluted in 10 liters of water, spray the plants and the soil around them liberally. Repeat the procedure after 5-6 days. Harvesting will be possible a week after processing.OOO "Sad" Article Growing black elderberry - planting and care, varieties- Black elderberry is really unpretentious. But as for attracting pests, you apparently mixed up something: from time immemorial, elderberries were planted precisely in order to scare away harmful insects and mice. Allocating phytoncides, the plant protects not only itself, but also its neighbors from the moths and codling moth. For a long time it was believed that elderberry is not sick. Unfortunately, this is not true. On plants, one can find anthracnose, bacterial or rust spots on leaves, petioles. From anthracnose, use fungicides (Fundazole, Scor - at the first sign of 2-3 disease spraying after 7-10 days). Copper containing preparations - Bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate solution - will cope with rust (in the spring before buds open - 300 g per 10 l of water; before flowering and after flowering - 100 g per 10 l of water). Planting Elderberry loves the sun and moist loamy fertile soil. It can be planted in spring and autumn. Fill the planting pit with a depth and width of 0,5 m with humus, turfy soil, peat and sand (2: 2: 1: 1). Leave 1,5-2 m in the row between the plants, but if you plan a hedge, then 1,2 m. After planting, cut off all the seedlings' shoots, leaving 20-30 above the soil, see Pruning. In the first year after planting, leave only the two most powerful, not competing between an escape. And in subsequent years, form a bush of 10-12 branches of different ages from 1 to 6 years. Black elder usually comes into fruiting in the third year after planting. Elderberry tolerates drought, grows rapidly. Thanks to its resistance to gas pollution from motorways, it is simply indispensable for hedges. Elderberry leaves quickly decompose and enrich the soil. In addition, it was noted that if elderberry bushes were planted next to a compost heap, valuable fertilizer would ripen much faster. Elderberry has some strange property of attracting aphids. Sometimes to such an extent that these harmful insects throw all other plants and crowd on elderberry branches. In this case, it becomes simple to deal with these pests: spray elderberry trees from aphids a couple of times with insecticides, and not the entire garden. Natalya DORONINA, teacher at the School of Gardeners, Kaluga RegionOlga Kolesnikova Article Growing black elderberry - planting and care, varietiesParents are asked to plant black elderberry on the site. They say that there will be no trouble with her at all, and she does not get sick. But I heard that the plant attracts various pests to the garden. .. So do you need an elderberry in the garden?OOO "Sad" Article My Method of Currant Reproduction is a descriptionIn November, when cuttings were cut, the plant was already at rest. By putting the cuttings in the water, you repeated the common mistake of amateur gardeners - the plants spent energy on the germination of the leaves, and there were no more forces on the roots. I advise you to propagate the currant with lignified cuttings that are harvested from annual shoots in late September - the first decade of October. Cut 16-18 length cuttings. Make the upper cut straight above the kidney. departing from it 0,5 cm, and the bottom - oblique under the kidney (it should be on the opposite side of the handle in relation to the upper kidney). Tear off the leaves. And immediately plant at an angle 45 hail, on a previously prepared bed with fertile soil at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other, deepening so that only one bud remains above the soil. Press the earth around the cuttings with your fingers, pour. If the autumn is very warm, the upper bud may open (a leaf may appear) - this will badly affect the rooting of the cuttings. In this situation, it will be better to cut the cuttings in a new way and repeat the planting. In the spring, so that they do not protrude from the ground, mulch with peat. In the summer, do not forget to water them, weed, loosen the soil. By autumn, you will get good bushes with a branched root system, which at the end of September can already be transplanted to a permanent place. Alexander ZAZULINAnna TSEMA, Nikolaev region Article My Method of Currant Reproduction is a descriptionI can’t propagate currants ... I can’t reproduce black currants. In November, she cut 20 cm cuttings from annual shoots and put them in a bottle of dark glass. I was waiting for the roots to appear in a month, but they never appeared. But the kidneys are swollen. And then on each stalk, 3-5 leaves bloomed, which then turned yellow. I selected the four best twigs and transplanted them into a PET bottle with a substrate (I punched several holes in the bottom for water drainage). But the plants died ... What did I do wrong?Natalia DORONINA, Kaluga Region Article How blueberries grow - planting and care. Growing Specialist TipsBlueberry eyelet In September, under the blueberry, I bring in 100 g of superphosphate on 1 sq. M (close up in the soil). But I don’t fertilize the cranberry plantation, but sprinkle coarse-grained sand under the plants (about 2-3 cm layer). If blueberries freeze every winter in the garden, in early September you need to put rope loops on the ends of each branch and carefully bend the shoots to the ground, securing them with pegs . In late October, such bushes are easy to cover (burlap, spanbond, snow).OOO "Sad" Article Cultivation of peaches in the garden. Diseases, yielding varieties, pruning and care.- According to the described symptoms, it can be assumed that peaches are sick. One of the most dangerous and harmful peach diseases is leaf curl. The main source of infection is mycelium and spores wintering under the scales of the kidneys, in fissures of the cortex and in affected branches and shoots. The main way to combat curly hair is prevention, that is, spring treatment with universal fungicides during the period of swelling and blooming. What can be done now? Cut the affected shoots to healthy wood, tear off diseased leaves and burn them. After leaf fall, treat the trees with a solution of copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid (300 g per 10 l of water). Next spring, during the period of swelling and budding of the kidneys (air temperature should be within + 6 ... + 8 degrees), spray peaches with fungicide Horus. If you are late, and the thermometer column shows above + 15 degrees, use Topsin-M, Skor, Delan preparations (according to the instructions).Tatyana Kozi Article Cultivation of peaches in the garden. Diseases, yielding varieties, pruning and care."Curly" peach Last year, peaches were planted. This spring, they faded, fruit tied, but the leaves spun (pictured). What happened?OOO "Sad" Article Growing columnar apple trees - planting and care. Professional Tips- The easiest way to preserve the tree stump is to heal the exposed area. Clean this place to healthy wood, then rinse with 5% solution of copper sulfate (50 g per 1 liter of water), let it dry, cover with garden varnish (instead of it a mixture of clay and cow manure in the ratio 3: 2 is suitable), then tie a wound with a natural tissue.Irina Goigoryeva, Smolevichi Article Growing columnar apple trees - planting and care. Professional TipsThe apple tree dries up ... On the apple tree, which is 8 years old, there is a bare section (pictured). Maybe this is the reason that the tree began to dry out? How to save an apple tree?Mikhail KACHALKIN, breeder, cand. agricultural sciences Article Coloniform pears - reviews of a professional gardenerDo not look for pear “columns”: while there are none! Compact columnar apple trees have certainly won the sympathy of summer residents. Therefore, it is not surprising that gardeners willingly acquire “columnar” pears in the markets. But their enthusiastic expectations are replaced by disappointment - the trees die ... Where did the rumors about the "columnar" pear come from? Yes, in nature there are those whose shape resembles a columnar apple tree, for example, a pear of the Voskovka variety. Only her growth power is the same as that of an ordinary pear. And the taste of the fruit is mediocre. As, however, the dwarf pear varieties Night Wert, which has long been known in Europe. Specialists of our experimental breeding nursery, using pollen from the best English dwarf pears and plants of southern domestic varieties, also received interesting hybrids. These are small trees with a rounded crown and dense foliage, the height of which is from 0,8 to 1,3 m. Beare fruiting in the first year after planting. The annual seedlings of such a pear are very similar to the seedlings of a columnar apple tree. This was used by unscrupulous businessmen who stole hybrids cuttings, propagate them and pass them off as “columns”, although they do not know the names of the varieties or the quality of the fruits. Our tests showed that such plants have a long growth period, which is why they only manage to prepare for winter in the southern regions (and not everywhere!). Nevertheless, the selection does not stand still: the first winter-hardy dwarf pears with good fruits have already been bred. But for consumers they will be available no earlier than in a few years. In the meantime, do not believe the colorful advertising on the Internet and do not buy "columnar" pears!Tamara Article How to care for columnar trees in summer"Dwarf" garden: care in the fall And if you have columnar apple trees in the garden, listen to tips for caring for them. Protection and tying Young plants (1-2-th year of life) can suffer from severe frosts in winter, so it is advisable to tie them up, for example, with spanbond in the fall. The main thing is not to forget in time to remove this "fur coat" in spring so that the plant does not vomit. Good protection of plants from frost - hilling with snow. Do you need whitewashing? Columnar apple trees have virtually no “bare” sections of the trunk, it is densely overgrown with fruit formations (gloves, spear, fruit twigs). At the same time, it is impossible to whitewash the same gloves (short, 0,5-3 cm long, shoots with underdeveloped side buds). What can I advise? In February, shade trees from the bright sun or try using a small brush to spot-clean the exposed areas on the south side with whitewash.Tamara GLAKEEVICH Article Raspberry hardening: cold water and pruningIn August, I cut the summer raspberries heavily - I do not regret, like many neighbors. Immediately I remove all the two-year-old shoots that have bereaved, and the diseased branches, without leaving stumps that can “populate” pests or infection. To plant well, I can leave no more than 1 ripened shoots on the 10 moss (I cut late-appearing, twisted and weak). And at the left young raspberries I shorten the tops by 10-15. I burn all the scraps, scatter the ash together with potassium phosphate fertilizer (1 tablespoons per plant) under raspberry bushes and slightly loosen the soil.Irina ISAEVA, doctor of science Article Varieties of apples with red flesh - surprise neighborsIf you stick a figurine made of dark paper or some word on a red-fruited apple during ripening, then after 20-25 days their contours will be clearly marked on the fruit. But this can only be done at a time when the apple has already regained its normal size, but has not yet managed to turn into a typical color for the variety. For apples and pears in the autumn ripening period, this time falls in mid-August. Previously, the fruits are still not large enough, later they are already colored. It is better to cut out letters and words in advance. To do this, a thin dark film glued on one side or thick dark paper that can be glued with adhesive tape is suitable. Try to grow an apple, for example, with the name or the inscription "Love." And give it to a loved one.Nikolai CHROMOV, Cand. of sciences Article Actinidia and Schisandra - care for fruit vinesActinidia: how to collect until the last berries Actinidia berries ripen in August. But there is a feature: the fruits ripen at the same time and quickly crumble, often breaking on the ground. Therefore, harvest the actinidia crop a little immature or lay a soft cloth under the vine.Varvara Alexandrova Article Physalis sproutsPhysalis is of two types. If you have it in orange boxes, then decorative. In autumn you can cut it into a bouquet - it costs all winter, it looks beautiful. I’ll write about the physalis vegetable. It is planted with seedlings, like tomatoes. Now many different seeds are for sale. Vegetable physalis can be salted, you can cook jam, add fresh to salads. Yummy! try to grow yourself, enough 2-3 plants. No need to stepchild. The bush grows sprawling, you can put a support and tie it up.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article HOW TO GROW AND SAVE BEAN WITHOUT PUPPIESProcess beans at least twice during flowering: it blooms for a long time, bugs fly unevenly. Summer gardeners choose a sprayer themselves. Anatoly.Nina Article "Family Garlic" - growing planting and careThere are enough people who want to buy family garlic, but I want to share some advice: to grow larger heads, plant it through 15-20 see. For the last five years I have been planting second-years from bulbs- Harvest strong, heads beautiful, well kept. I select the heads with 3-4 teeth and plant them in a row through 20 cm in a staggered pattern, row spacing by 40 cm. On 15 on July I dig out garlic-year-olds from bulbs, 700 pieces. I plant them in the winter. And another piece of advice: if you have garlic cloves in the spring, plant them - there will be no shooter, and do not dig out in the autumn, just cut the stem near the ground, and in the fall you will harvest a good crop. Just plant less! The harvest of garlic depends on the variety and care. Our garlic: scales dark purple, very sharp, does not freeze. But we cover with a fern: it is light and soft, soft, sprouts easily break through it, in the spring I do not pick it up for a long time, until the garlic grows on 15 cm. Then I rake it in the aisles, it keeps moisture. I have been planting garlic, one might say, all my life, and I came to the conclusion: I do not need to plant it deeply, and he does not like the strong sun.Nina Article How to store the planting material of garlic - tips and feedbackI don’t remember, 30 years ago, from somewhere I found out about the storage of garlic in millet. I put dry garlic in a saucepan and fall asleep with millet, it’s possible to drink in half, I also have small noodles in this mass. Before backfilling, the mass must be calcined, cooled and filled up, shaking, so that millet fills all the voids. I cover it with a rag and keep this pan under the chair. This mass has not changed for me for several years, I only fill it up, if not enough. In the spring, somewhere in April, I take out the leftovers, put it in a canvas bag and put it in the refrigerator. It is stored until a new crop. I even make preparations with this garlic. Today, in the spring, a bed of garlic was flooded in it, it disappeared. Planted in spring from the one that was stored - large single-teeth grew. And in the fall, I plant garlic with one-tooth bulbs (they have already been written about how to collect them). I sow in the autumn at the same time as the main garlic, on the edge of the bed. In the summer, when ripening, I dig it out, dry it and in the autumn I plant it not with cloves, but with single teeth, and additionally I sow bull-barrels for future seeds. It grows perfectly. Of course, not with a fist, but 4-5 cloves in the bulb are quite large.Lidia Viktorovna Article My technology of growing large potatoes - tips (Birobidzhan)A week and a half before planting, I sprinkle the sprouted potatoes (with sprouts) in buckets, into which I insert large black garbage bags. I carefully shift the tubers, lightly spray them with water from the spray bottle and tie them up. The result is clean, and it’s convenient to transport or carry to the place of planting, and the potatoes are already with a “beard”.Nina Article My technology of growing large potatoes - tips (Birobidzhan)Potatoes with a "beard" A week and a half before planting, sprouted potatoes (with sprouts) I put in buckets into which I insert large black garbage bags. I carefully shift the tubers, lightly spray them with water from the spray bottle and tie them up. The result is clean, and it’s convenient to transport or carry to the place of planting, and the potatoes are already with a “beard”. Maria Article Wireworm - how to deal with this beetleI also want to tell you how I got rid of wireworm and other sores on potato tubers. In the 2014 year, when harvesting, I found many tubers all in the holes, like lichens or burns, and some peel in black dots, as if the black earth was sticking. I asked the neighbors, but they did not say anything intelligible. I don’t remember where I read out such a recipe: take a pound of garlic, crush it without cleaning, and pour 5 l of water at room temperature. Mix well, insist 2-3 hours and tubers selected for planting, two days before planting, dip in this solution, then dry. It was written that this is a recipe from the wireworm. Imagine my surprise when I did not find any sores on the tubers when harvesting! And before, how many there were ... Therefore, I decided to write to the magazine - maybe someone would risk getting rid of uninvited guests too? gość Article Mulberry (photos) planting and care: advice of a professionalWitam? czy ktoś z ukrainy może mi pokazac swoje uprawy morwy? Przyjadę :)Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Growing onion garlic from A to Z - planting and care (PHOTOS + VIDEO)Last year I had a very good crop of onions Stuttgart Riesen: planted a little less than 1 kg, and dug out 19 kg And the bulbs were all pick-and-drop: smooth, strong and absolutely healthy. She dried them well in the sun and then transferred them to the attic. In general, I prepared onions for storage as I always did. And the collected trophies lay perfectly until the New Year. And then something happened to them - they began to rot. Moreover, the upper membranes of the bulbs remained dry, and all the insides of them turned into a crumb. What is the reason? Is this some kind of disease that affected the keeping quality of the onion, or did I violate some storage condition? But after all, as I already said, I acted according to the method already worked out ... And I also had a problem with potatoes. Last year, the harvest was very poor, and the tubers grew clumsy and with some growths. And when they later began to cut them, all the flesh was in brown small specks. What happened to my potatoes? Who will tell? By the way, she squeezed it, too, in the usual way - under the shovel, threw onion peel, ash, rotted sawdust, humus and crushed shells into the holes. IrinaSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Yablonnaya comma-like shield - how to fight (+ PHOTO)Holes of irregular shape began to appear on the leaves of my apple tree. Which of the pests does this and how can I protect the tree from them? And what could end the visit of these intruders? Dear summer residents, please help me with advice.Vera Article Stop phytophthora: protect tomatoes and potatoes - folk remedies and chemicalsYes, it’s hard to fight late blight. But I have one simple recipe for improving planting. And a neighbor shared it with me at that time, when I was just starting to work on the site. And now it was necessary for this to happen that almost immediately I met phytophthora, which in the bud destroyed my tomato crop. Seeing my chagrin, a neighbor shared an idea. It turns out that a week after transplanting seedlings, you need to spray it three times (with an interval of several days) with a solution of vodka: a glass on a bucket of water. I was surprised, but followed the advice. And my tomatoes that year did not hurt anything and grew to fame. Since then I regularly use this recipe - there are no more problems. Yes, I forgot to say that if the seedlings are elongated and weak, then most likely the "fiery water" will not save her.Anfisa Article Joint landing of onions and carrots - negative and positive reviewsoften write about joint plantings, but in most cases, such letters mention only 2-3 crops, and, as a rule, these are onions, carrots and cabbage. But after all, on our sites in 6 one hundred square meters that just does not grow! Therefore, I decided to share my observations regarding who is friends with which of the plants and, conversely, is not friends. I think my note will not be superfluous. I’ll start right away with the “company”. So, on one bed I plant: • carrots, radishes, onion sets and parsley; • tomatoes, parsley and strawberries; • spinach, watercress, dill, parsley and savory; • onions, spinach, carrots, tomatoes and watercress; • parsnip, leaf or head lettuce (planted alternately in one row). And now I’ll tell you about individual “personalities”. For example, under an apple tree, I plant either dill, or onion, or garlic, or tomatoes, and there is always coriander to them, which repels harmful insects (by the way, I plant it near roses and peonies). And also raspberries are friends with the apple tree. Tomatoes really like the neighborhood with currants and gooseberries. Beans are friends with savory, strawberries, potatoes, tomatoes, beets, carrots, white cabbage, peas, cucumbers and garlic. By the way, cabbage with tomatoes or cucumbers feels good on the same bed. But the same cabbage oppresses grapes without any pity. I almost always plant garlic with strawberries, but I try not to place onions next to this beauty under any conditions - there will be few berries. Apricot is also a big individualist - few people get along with him.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article My way of sowing carrots - never failed (Ryazan region)Everyone knows that carrots, parsley and celery, as they say, are very similar. I also suffered with them for more than one season, and then I found a way to invigorate their seeds. And now I have peace and harmony with these cultures. And I am landing as follows. On pre-prepared and organic-charged beds, I make longitudinal grooves, pour them from a watering can with hot (but not higher than 50-60 °) water and dust with fluffy lime. And I mix the seeds right before planting with sand at the rate of 1 g per 2 glass of sand. And then I pour this mixture into a groove with an even layer, cover it with a non-thick layer of earth, slap it lightly with my palm and then tightly cover the beds with a film. And after a week (maximum 10 days) shoots appear together. And my crops are good. This technique is especially convenient when handling carrots, especially since in this case it still sparsely sprouts. I really like this technique. I don’t want to change it for anything, unless I still have to try out the advice read in Dacha, according to which carrots should be planted by mixing it with ash: 1 part of the seeds on 10 g of ash. I would also like to thank all the summer residents for clever and useful ideas that help to achieve good results. For example, last year during the summer I collected 25 buckets of cucumbers from one garden! And about the same amount of tomatoes grown in a greenhouse. I've never had this before! Thanks to the magazine, I learned as much as I did not know in my long life. That's what it means when together we all do one useful thing together. Lyudmila Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Preparation of sandy soil and its improvementIt seems to me that if you are lucky with the soil, then without any agricultural technology everything will grow by itself. Here when my husband and I lived with his mother, there I just laid the seeds in the garden in the garden, and all the plantings grew like yeast. Sunflowers, for example , so even in bald spots on the lawn planted. And in 2015, we bought with our husband a house in the village. But the soil turned out to be pure sand. It goes in 3 m layer, and gray clay beneath it. I wrapped my sunflowers, and they grew knee-high, giving the heads with a third of the palm. She decided to improve the soil with green manure: he sowed mustard, and it grew 10 cm high, it turned out to be thin and constantly went out of color. What should I do? You can, of course, just fill up the whole garden with an organic layer of 2 m, at least with the same straw, and then the earth will be reproached as pretty. But this requires opportunities (including financial), and this is so far tough. I began to experiment further, and in a few years it became clear to me that the most effective way to improve sandy soil was to add clay. Then it will become much more nutritious and moisture-consuming, the compost and manure will not leave it (the reader just complained about it in the magazine). The literature indicates that the prepared clay must first be dried, then crushed with a sledgehammer and only then brought into the sand. These “exercises” seemed unbearable to me (and how much has already been planted!), And I decided to plant clay in the water, raise the soil from the bushes with a pitchfork and pour the solution there. And she also came up with a chalk to mix it in, because the sand is sour, and the beds are covered with moss, and sorrel climbs everywhere. This summer I’m doing it, but I don’t know what happens. Normal people, of course, first prepare the ground, and then plant, as my husband wanted to do. But he didn’t have time (it is necessary to conduct water, gas, something to build), but I wanted everything to grow at once. And then say, we have four children, the eldest 5 years. So I planted everything in the sand. Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Cultivation of potatoes under the straw - my feedback and adviceOnce during a trip to the country, I was not too lazy to bring potatoes with me for food and did not use it completely. These tubers began to sprout. And then, driving through the village I saw a huge pile of ownerless straw. There were empty bags in the car, and I decided to take this opportunity: I hammered my Lada with the right kind of stuff. At first I wanted to chop it all up and use it like mulch. And then I remembered about my doubts about planting potatoes under the hay: what prevents me from testing in practice? Fortunately, there is already sprouted potato, and a high bed, with planked sides 30-35 cm high, is available. We must use the moment! He took a hoe and held two parallel furrows in the entire length of the bed. Lightly sprinkled their bottom with ash and slightly loosened there, mixing with the ground. Then he spread the sprouted tubers in 30 cm from each other. He covered it with straw, compacting it and abundantly pouring water from the drainage ditch, which he collected into a watering can. In the future, he constantly threw mowed grass on this bed, which before it was slightly dried. He continued to do watering regularly, sometimes applying infusions of herbs and ash. The layer of straw and hay on the bed was compacted, and I continued to add organic matter until my potato tops went through the mulch and bloomed. Once, in August, having arrived at the cottage, he decided to cook soup, but did not bring potatoes. Well, I think, maybe at least some little thing is found in the experimental garden? I lift the shelter, shove my hand - wow! Wow little thing! Well, not just scored on the soup. Then a neighbor walks by and sees that I am picking under the hay. “What are you doing?” Shouts. I explain to him, but he does not believe. “Well, go get your own hand and make sure,” I reply. And one had to see his eyes and delight! “I’ll also do it the way you do now!” In the autumn, using a pitchfork, he took off the whole “blanket” from the garden, and there was a clean large, beautiful potato. This is despite the fact that I never even spud her. There were no Colorado beetles at all. By the way, if you use hay harvested in the late summer - early autumn for this method, then a large number of weed seeds can be put on the potato beds, which will then be difficult to sweeten.natalia Article Salted tomatoes - selection of varieties and recipesGood day! How can you help us?Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Black and oat root-growing, recipes and useful propertiesSurprised goat breeder The plant got its name for the similarity of a faded basket with a goat beard. And for the peculiarity of opening the buds early in the morning in England he was nicknamed "Vanisa, going to bed at noon." By 11 hours of the day, the flowers are already closing. This is a biennial plant up to 90 cm high. It pleases with yellow flowers in June-July. After flowering, seeds ripen very similar to dandelion seeds. The goat-breeder is unpretentious, as it grows in the wild in meadows. It is undemanding to the soil. My care for it is infrequent watering, although it is a rather drought-tolerant plant, and weeding. Likes open sunny places. I propagate it with seeds, in the first year of life only rosettes of leaves grow, and bushes bloom in the second. This plant I like most of all is its faded inflorescences - huge balls, similar to dandelions, with a diameter of up to 12-13 cm. When they fully ripen, I gently cut them off, spray them with ordinary hair spray so that the seeds do not fly apart, and put in a dry vase without water.Tatyana BOCHAROVA Article Rare plants for the middle zone of Russia - robinia, wisteria and acaciaI'd like to share my joy. A few years ago in the “Flower” there was an advertisement for plants offered by a garden store. When she saw Wisteria, she fascinated me so much that I begged my student daughter to buy a seedling. Years passed, and this summer I waited for a real abundant flowering. I now have such a miracle! Liana blossomed before, but modestly, and so many "beads" on the branches gave only now. Probably, Wisteria really liked the landing site, since it develops well. True, in the shade of a walnut it is a little dark, but calm. The plant has enough moisture. Wintering and pruning Sheltered in the early years. Although there were winters when the tops of the shoots were frozen, but then the buds woke up and the crown grew again. Wisteria imperceptibly covered the window, climbed onto the roof, choosing a lightning rod as a support for itself. When a threatening situation developed - the shoots “crawled” in all directions, the growth over the year amounted to the width of my house and even more - cut the shoots! The plant normally underwent this operation. If someone still has doubts about whether to shelter this beauty at home, do not hesitate to plant it! Natalya DAVIDYUK, d. Minyanka, Brest region.Tatyana BOCHAROVA Article Tree peony (photo) planting and care. Cultivation and varietiesThe best time to plant a tree peony is from mid-August to mid-September. And, believe me, this plant is worth it to spend your time on it. The seedling of the tree-peony should have 2-3 lignified shoots with a height of no more than 25 cm with unblown buds. Moreover, they are quite large and glossy. The roots are well developed, ideally their length should be equal to the height of the crown. Features of the tree peony Slowly growing, but becoming more beautiful every year. So be patient. On one site can grow for decades. This must be taken into account immediately when choosing a place in the garden. Very tenacious. If in the spring it seems that he was gone (frozen, withered), the kidneys do not open, do not rush to say goodbye to him. After some time, new shoots may appear, and even with buds. Secret planting I choose a place in the garden sunny or in light partial shade, protected from the north winds. Tree-like peonies grow on almost any soil, but they prefer water-permeable loams with a slightly alkaline reaction. I prepare the pit in advance, in about 2-3 weeks. Size - 80x80 cm and depth 60-70 cm. I pour a layer of drainage in 15-25 cm to the bottom, then - a soil mixture consisting of garden soil, humus and peat in equal proportions with the addition of ash, bone or dolomite flour, potassium sulfate and superphosphate and superphosphate (about one glass each). When planting the roots, I carefully straighten them along the “knoll” in the pit and fill up the remaining soil mixture so that the root neck is at the level of the soil, rammed and watered.OOO "Sad" Article Flowerbed with spicy herbs and fragrant plants - planting scheme- Tarragon grows well and develops for the first 4-5 years, and then the inflorescences are smaller, the middle is exposed, the bush is falling apart. Rhizome grows and interferes with other plants. In late August, you can begin rejuvenation. Trim the shoots, leaving the stumps to 15-20 see. Then dig up the rhizome and examine it. Dark, curved roots can be cut without fear. Divide the bush into several parts so that each one has 3-4 vegetative buds, and planted in a new place. When planting a kidney, deepen it by 2-3 cm, water it abundantly and mulch it with dry lawn grass. Tarragon prefers light soil, well-drained, neutral reaction. On heavy, it grows very slowly, often sick. Frosts to -30 hail tolerates. Photophilous, but can live in partial shade. It does not tolerate damp places. Anna FEDOSOVA, gardener, RigaDiana Logvinova, Togliatti Article Flowerbed with spicy herbs and fragrant plants - planting schemeThis year, the tarragon bush began to decay. It’s time to transplant it. When and how can this be done?OOO "Sad" Article Peony Spring Landing - MASTER Class- The size of the trunk circle on the lawn depends on the size of a particular plant. It should be borne in mind that different species, varieties grow at different speeds. It is important whether the support will be installed under your peonies. Usually 15-20 cm in circumference recede from the shoots of P. grassy and indicate the outline of the future circle. You can make it wider and not round, but ... rectangular in shape. Then it is better to plant onions in this place, blooming in spring and autumn (crocuses, hyacinths, colchicum).Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Peony Spring Landing - MASTER ClassMy peonies grow right on the lawn, the plants are 5-6 years old. What diameter of the trunk circle should the bush have? Irina Kim (email)OOO "Sad" Article Cold-resistant annuals - photo, description and care- Nemophiles, or American forget-me-nots, have their own whims. It blooms better in the sun. I suppose that hawthorn obscures this groundcover. Or maybe he doesn't like the acidity of the soil - he needs a neutral environment. Also, the flower does not like excess moisture. Frequent watering and heavy rains lead to root rot. Nemophile develops poorly in cramped conditions, it is better to sow seeds less often. It can be scarce because of the heat. Try collecting seeds from a plant this year. Dry them well and store in a paper bag. And in the spring, sow again, but already in a sunny place. Prepare the soil in the fall, season it with compost and ash.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Cold-resistant annuals - photo, description and careSown near the hawthorn nemophile. She wanted a thick, flowering "rug" to drown out weeds. And then the thorny bush does not allow to approach to weed. Nemophile seeds sprouted together. Over time, the "rug" really became thick. But the leaf blades are pale, and the flowering is sparse. Why? Natalya Zhdanova, Smolensk regionOOO "Sad" Article Berezkin (photo) planting and caring for questions and answers- With an excess of moisture in the soil, spores of fungi, including powdery mildew, actively develop. Do not fill the plant, but also do not allow the soil to dry out. Beresklet responds well to organic and mineral fertilizers applied in the spring and in the middle of summer - they stimulate growth and development, which means they increase the chances of resisting diseases. In order to prevent powdery mildew in early spring, before buds open, in dry cloudy weather, treat the plant with Bordeaux liquid, and repeat the treatment after 7-10 days.Maria Leonova, Brest region Article Berezkin (photo) planting and caring for questions and answersFor the second year in a row, euonymus falls ill with powdery mildew. I know how to deal with it, but after all the bushes after spraying still look ugly. What to do?OOO "Sad" Article Berezkin (photo) planting and caring for questions and answers- If the bush is an adult, it can be divided in September. Dig a spindle tree with a lump of earth, brush off the soil as much as possible. Divide the rhizome into several parts with shoots and plant it in a new place. Do everything carefully as the euonymus roots suffer from mechanical damage. It is difficult to dig up and divide very old plants; it is more convenient to propagate them by layering. In the spring, press the creeping lower branches to the ground, drip and water regularly. By autumn, roots will appear, then separate the layers from the uterine bush and plant separately. Euonymus can be cut. In June, young annual shoots are cut up to 10 cm long and planted in a box with a mixture of turf land, humus and sand (1: 1: 1). The branches are buried in the substrate at a slight slope, then the box is covered with film and shaded. Periodically, the greenhouse is ventilated and moistened with soil mixture. In early autumn, cuttings are ready for planting in open ground.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Berezkin (photo) planting and caring for questions and answersHow to propagate the euonymus growing in the country? Tatyana Voronova, MazyrOOO "Sad" Article Berezkin (photo) planting and caring for questions and answers- No need to wait until spring. Land right now. In doing so, follow a few rules. Exclude lowlands. If groundwater is close, make a mound. Choose a sunny place. If the soil is acidic, add a glass of ash or bone meal and a handful of humus to the planting pit. Thin clay soil with sand. The root neck should remain at ground level. Pour seedlings abundantly with water. In case of soil shrinkage, add more. Mulch the root zone with peat. In late autumn, carry out water-charging irrigation even with periodic rains. In addition, mulch the near-stem circle with peat in an 10-15 layer. See the plant with agrofiber. As the spindle tree grows older, its frost resistance increases, and the bush can winter without shelter.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Berezkin (photo) planting and caring for questions and answersFriends gave a seedling of a winged euonymus in a pot. Can I drop him now? Or is it worth the wait until spring? If so, how to save it in the apartment? Ekaterina BaburovaSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Tkemali-growing in the country, varieties, vaccination and careFor the winter, 3 kg of cherry plum, 12 cloves of garlic, 150 g of sugar, 1,5 tsp. dried mint and suneli hops, 1 chili peppers, 200 g coriander greens, salt. We free chili peppers from seeds and ponytails and chop as finely as possible. Do the same with coriander, chop the garlic. We wash the cherry plum, remove the seeds and place them in a gauze bag. We place the fruits and a bag of seeds in an enameled pan and fill them with water so that it covers the fruits a little. Bring to a boil, then cook over medium heat 30 min. Then we take out the bag and drain the juice, crush the cherry plum in a blender. In the resulting slurry, add all the spices, mix and cook for another 10 min. Pour hot sauce into jars and cork.N. Pereshivkina Article Folk Remedies for Moniliasis and CurlyShe was just about to write about a peach, as a reader from Kursk got ahead of me. But I’ll nevertheless clarify something - which was not in her letter and what I had to face. So, I bought my seedling of the Vityaz variety on the market in May. He was even wearing flowers. She planted, not really hoping for anything, as the neighbors said that they tried to plant both peaches and pears, but they did not succeed. Peach does not grow in our area - perhaps because our groundwater lies close to the surface, perhaps for some other reason. But I decided to try it myself and draw my own conclusions. She planted by all the rules, began to look after, as a small child. My peach overwintered, and in the spring the bark cracked on it. I took a sharp knife, treated it with potassium permanganate, cleaned up the damaged areas, and with the help of a sponge I impregnated the wounds with green, and two days later soaked all the cracks with potassium permanganate. But in the first year my Vityaz became hardened and began to discard the leaves. What to do? I subtracted the names of preparations from curly peaches in the old book, went shopping, but these funds are not imported. One seller explained that they are expensive, there is no demand, so they do not order them. Well, let’s look further what can be done. I found a recipe: if the peach has already hardened, take 200 g of yarrow, brew, cool, dilute 10 l of water and sprinkle abundantly in the tree. The first time I bought yarrow grass in a pharmacy, now it’s dry land itself, since the field is next to the cottage, and it grows a lot there. After a week, I repeat everything to consolidate the result. For the winter, I warm the tree with litter from the chicken coop, dry marigolds, leaves - everything that comes to hand. I planted a peach in the 2013 year, and it bloomed every year. The neighbors asked with irony: “Well, when will you try your peaches, Vasilyevna?” And finally, in 2017, i.e. four years later, my peach was born. Yes, how! Large, clean, large fruits. And then I made a mistake - I hastened to collect the fruits. It was already the end of September - I was afraid that it would get colder in the yard, and they would freeze. She collected them slightly immature, hoping that they would reach ripeness, but, it turns out, they not only ripen, but also quickly deteriorate. I concluded: you can’t rush! The variety is late ripe, so let the fruits ripen on the tree. Only when the first ones begin to fall, then the time will come to collect them. Last season I did so and collected two buckets of delicious peaches! And I ate myself, and I cooked the jam. And now the neighbors are silent for some reason ...OOO "Sad" Article Coreopsis whorled (photo) varieties, planting and care- For all coreopsis, it is important that the soil is fertile, light, drained, slightly acidic (pH 5,5-6,5). Despite the winter hardiness, on a heavy, dense, and even more so with stagnant moisture, plants fall out. When planting in a well-lit place in suitable soil, they bloom for a long time (up to 80 days) and winter without shelter (cut off the aerial part). For certain species, there are some nuances: K. large-flowered requires moderately fertile land; K. pink also does not like excessively fertilized soils, on which it loses compactness and worse blooms. In the first year of life, coreopsis are fed once a month with complex mineral fertilizer for flowering species. From the second, it is enough to add compost under the bushes in the spring. They also bring it after the first wave of flowering (in late July-early August), when faded inflorescences are cut off in order to get buds again by the end of summer. An exception is K. large-flowered, for which such pruning can result in a decrease in winter hardiness and death. It is pruned, but not immediately after flowering. Coreopsis is drought tolerant, but in the heat they need to be watered. The most demanding moisture K. large-flowered. Young plants need regular watering for the full formation of the root system. Later they are watered once a week, making sure that the soil remains moist at a depth of at least 2-2,5 cm.Nina TKACHEVA, Oryol Article Coreopsis whorled (photo) varieties, planting and careLast year, planted coreopsis, and this summer could not admire their flowering - did not come out after winter. A friend said that it was because of the soil. Is it so? How to care for plants?OOO "Sad" Article Fighting aphids - my way- My garden roses also suffered from aphids in the summer. I had to save them by chemical means. Although the use of such pest control methods on plants is undesirable. You can cope with aphids and folk remedies. Most often, they do not kill, but scare away the insect aggressors. The aphid does not tolerate the smell of Dalmatian chamomile and fennel, as well as lavender. Plant them near your rosary to protect the flowers. Pest and marigolds, pelargonium, nasturtium, calendula are driven away. If the aphid nevertheless settled on the plants, treat them with a decoction or infusion of garlic, onions (onion husks), pharmacy chamomile, aconite, hogweed, marigold, larkspur, dope, tobacco, Japanese sofora, yarrow, celandine or fresh potato tops. To prepare 1 l of 200-250 concentrate, pour any herb (or mix several types) with boiling water or simmer for half an hour, then the broth should be allowed to brew for 2-3 days in a sealed container. Then this concentrate must be filtered, diluted with water in the ratio 1: 3-4 and then sprayed with plants. It is also useful to add green or laundry soap (40-50 g / 5 l) to all decoctions to increase the adherence of the prepared product. The roses affected by aphids are usually sprayed in the evening. At this time, beneficial insects on plants no longer exist, so you can safely fight pests. Irina KOROZA, biologist, MolodechnoSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Fighting aphids - my wayAphids attacked my roses. Tell me, is it possible to get rid of a pest with folk remedies? Elena Voropaeva, BerezinoSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Plants for a flower garden and a garden with gray leaves - photo, name and description- The species you named are the most common in the Sucker family. Shrubs have a similar appearance, but have different qualities. The silver goof has no thorns, it is used only in landscaping, and its fruits are inedible. But the narrow-leaved sucker - a tall thorny bush, has delicious sweet fruits, which are popularly called the wild or northern date. This is a light-loving and drought-resistant species, undemanding to soils, even tolerates their significant salinity. It blooms in late May and early June. During flowering, the air is saturated with a pleasant sweetish aroma. The fruits ripen in August. It begins to bloom and bear fruit from the age of 5. Propagated by seeds, cuttings, layering. In culture, there are several forms with large edible fruits. Both species are successfully used in single and group plantings; their silvery foliage looks spectacular against the green background of other plants. L. narrow-leaved tolerates a haircut, suitable for creating prickly hedges.Elena Potapova, Smolensk Article Plants for a flower garden and a garden with gray leaves - photo, name and descriptionI heard about unusual shrubs: the sucker is silvery and narrow-leaved. What is their difference?OOO "Sad" Article Roses in Vertical Gardening: Rose Tips- Roses with a closed root system can be planted in the garden throughout the summer season. They successfully take root. The root system in such specimens is well formed, which means that after planting in open ground the plant will have time to take root and prepare well for wintering. The bush is planted by transshipment, carefully pulling out of the container along with the soil, so as not to damage the roots. When buying roses in a container, pay attention to healthy green, unshriveled shoots and good sprouts. If the bush looks weakened, it must be sprinkled with a solution of a biostimulating drug (Epin-Extra or Zircon, according to the instructions).Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Roses in Vertical Gardening: Rose TipsIn the summer I bought a rose bush in a container. When is it better to plant it in open ground? Maria Stashenin, MoscowSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Roses in Vertical Gardening: Rose Tips- One of the most unpretentious is the roses of the Cordes group. These are powerful bushes up to 2-3 m tall with climbing branches. Their leaves are shiny, dark green, and the flowers are terry, large, collected in inflorescences. They grow them in the middle lane without any problems. They are winter-hardy, resistant to pests and diseases, bloom profusely until late autumn, prefer sunny places with loose fertile soil. Roses of Cordes are ideal for vertical gardening of high supports: walls, arbors. I’ll tell you about some of them that I grow on my site. For Bengali roses, for example, (photo 1) large orange-yellow flowers with a moderate aroma are collected in small inflorescences. Rosenfaszination (photo 2) has thick double-lavender pink flowers that hold well in hot and rainy weather. Cosmos (photo 3) with creamy white buds is resistant to black spotting - an insidious disease of roses. Kolner Flora (photo 4) is also resistant to disease, its densely-sized pink buds are collected in large inflorescences and have a more intense smell. The variety Jazz (photo 5) has small semi-double flowers, orange in color, which eventually fade to a peach hue, have no smell.Ekaterina Efimova, Voronezh Article Roses in Vertical Gardening: Rose TipsI want a lot of roses on the site. Recommend unpretentious varieties.