reader Reviews Recent Comments gardeners and gardeners:Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Potato varieties Typhoon and Kiranda - reviews and how I treated the tubers with ashCucumber aphid: From field plants you can prepare effective and environmentally friendly infusions for the destruction of aphids. Suitable for this: - nettle, - chamomile, - wormwood, - lavender, - sage. You can also use infusions of onion and garlic arrows. In herbal infusions add iodine (5-6 drops) or potassium permanganate (until a light pink solution is obtained). Treat the beds once or twice a day until the insects completely disappear. Healthy prophylactic cucumbers are sufficiently processed once a week. No less effective horseradish and tobacco. Pour a pound of tobacco or shag in a bucket with hot water and leave for two days, covered with a lid. Before use, add a little household soap or tar soap. You can mix tobacco with ground black or hot pepper and sprinkle the beds in the evening. Watering cucumbers after this treatment can not be within three days. Pepper processing does not affect the taste of fruits completely. And from horseradish they prepare such an infusion: 8-10 grated roots pour 3 l of warm water and pour this water into another container after three hours. Horseradish is again poured with warm water and after three hours both infusions are mixed. For spraying a glass of "hrenovuhi" diluted in 5 l of water.OOO "Sad" Article Leeks (photo) planting and care, useful propertiesOn the first photo there are seed arrows. If they matured, you can collect them. and leave the plant for the winter. With a favorable wintering, the leek will give the arrows again, since it is a perennial plant. The fact that the second photo - it went secondary growth. It is necessary to pile up higher and leave in the winter.Marina, Belgorod Article Leeks (photo) planting and care, useful propertiesTell me what to do with leeks? He suddenly gave arrows that look like arrows on a decorative bow. I wanted to pull them out, but I saw that there were bulbs in the ground from the root. What should I do?Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Growing pomegranate in Central RussiaAnd pomegranate grows in RussiaOlga Pavlovna STARIKOVA, Karelia, Sortavala Article Gladiolus - planting, care and treatment of bulbs - advice of the masterSo much work was in the winter for the preservation of gladiolus bulbs, but they did not bloom. Why does this happen?OOO "Sad" Article Vegetable infusions and decoctions to fight diseases and pests in the gardenWalnut is not to the liking of one of the most dangerous pests of the garden - the Colorado potato beetle. For the preparation of insecticidal means need to take 2-3 kg of dry leaves and 10 l of water. The leaves are harvested in the fall, dried and stored in a dry place. For 3-4 weeks before the appearance of beetles, this raw material is poured with water, drawn and filtered twice. Spray the potatoes at intervals of 2 weeks.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Vegetable infusions and decoctions to fight diseases and pests in the gardenCan walnut leaves be used against garden pests? Maria NikitichnaD. Pakutneva Article Green sprouts on the windowsill for eating (micro-green)Microgreen from the bottleWinter so want vitamins! We began to grow microgreen from our seeds. For this, I made mini-greenhouses from plastic 1,5-2-liter bottles. Each cut along half-and-half, completely undercut only near the bottom. It is difficult to cut the neck, but if you do it with a red-hot knife, it easily breaks into two halves. Bottles laid out on the table. I lay multi-layer paper towels in the lower parts and soak them thoroughly with water. I pour seeds there, thickly, because I need a mass of plants, and not individual, even if well developed, specimens. And then put the top half of the bottle on top. I twist the lid - it connects the two "halves" into an almost unified whole. Scotch tape gaps on the sides - that's all. Mini-greenhouse is ready. Watering crops is not required - they have enough water, filled in when sowing, because the container is sealed. And after a week we are harvesting.N. GROMOVA Article Sowing carrots from A to Z - the best advice and feedback gardeners and gardenersThe seeds are in a sandy cushion. The soil is clay and, after watering, instantly swims, turning first into clay, and drying into stone. Try to grow seedlings! Having suffered a lot at first, I created my technology: I sow seeds in a sandy pillow. First I dig up the grooves - a little deeper than necessary. At the bottom I pour sand. I spill it so that it is compacted and the seeds are not drawn too deep. And then, dropping out, I fall asleep seeds with sand, slightly adding earth. Get sandy tracks in the garden. And no marker crops are required: the rows where shoots should appear are visible from afar.L. AVERCHENKO Leningrad Region Article Sowing carrots from A to Z - the best advice and feedback gardeners and gardenersSeeder-salt shakerFor sowing carrots, I made a special seeder from an ordinary salt shaker with three holes. Here are just slightly increased their diameter with red-hot awls. Now I put carrot seeds inside, I make furrows for planting on the garden bed - across, it is more convenient to care for. I shake the salt shaker - three seeds fall out. Through 4, see shake again. And so I go through the whole garden. Then thinning such crops is a pleasure!OOO "Sad" Article The best varieties of tomatoes for salting, eating, the largest and smallestAny large-fruited varieties with fruits weighing up to 300 I prefer to form into one stem and necessarily ration flower brushes. If the ovaries are left on the lower 1-2, the fruits there will grow very large, but those located above the hand will not be able to boast of the evenness of the fruits. The ideal, in my opinion, normalization of large-fruited varieties and hybrids is three fruits on the first hand, four each in the following. Flower brush is better normalized if the ovary reaches the size of a pea. L. BOCHKINA, vegetable growerN. Lukyanchuk Kaluga Region Article The best varieties of tomatoes for salting, eating, the largest and smallestIn THIS year, in the brushes of tomato Bison, the sugar fruits were very different in size. With what it can be connected? Is the variety degenerated?OOO "Sad" Article Black garlic do it yourself and other ways to store garlicWhen canning, cloves of garlic can change color completely or partially, acquiring a bluish or greenish color. The most likely cause is the presence of copper and other compounds in the acidic medium (and most of the marinade recipes use acid - acetic or citric) - a characteristic hue. Many factors affect the color intensity: from region, soil and weather conditions to the characteristics of agricultural technology. However, it is noted that fully mature teeth are painted more intensely than young, immature. However, this does not affect the taste and product safety.A. Solovyov Moscow region Article Black garlic do it yourself and other ways to store garlicWhy is garlic green in the blanks? Can I eat it?Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Cultivation of the date of the ziphysus: planting, care and pruningHealing Zizyphus For colds, accompanied by coughing, I prepare an infusion of unabi leaves, or zizifu-sa (a tree grows in my area). 1, Art. dry shredded leaves pour boiling water 300 ml, insist 1 hour and filter. I drink 50 ml 3-4 once a day until I have a cold. And the decoction of the fruits of the unabi reduces blood pressure. I fill 0,5 l of hot water of 4-5 ripe fruit, put it in a water bath and boil it on a low fire for 30 minutes. Then I remove from heat, cool, filter, squeeze and top up boiled water to the original volume. I drink on 100 ml 3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 2 weeks. If necessary, repeat the course in a week. Natalia KARKACHEVASummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Room grenades (photos) - seeds and cuttingsHow to grow a pomegranate from the kernel? From the fruit, remove the grain, free from pulp and rinse in cool water. To remove the remnants of the pulp, wipe the seeds in a napkin. Leave them to dry for a day and then sow (seeds quickly lose their germination!) At the bottom of small pots, fill the drainage with a layer of 1 cm, then a loose substrate of peat, vermiculite and biohumus (approximately in equal parts), slightly tamping it. Place 5 seeds in each pot (later remove the weakest plants). Sprinkle with a layer of earth in 1 cm and gently moisten the sprayer with water and Phytosporin. To create a humid microclimate, put the pots in bags and transfer them to the warmest place in the apartment. Be sure to monitor the humidity - if necessary, spray the soil from the spray. Viable seeds should germinate within two weeks.Christine Klemeshov, Cand. agricultural sciences Article Room grenades (photos) - seeds and cuttingsPomegranate from a seed? It is possible! At home, grow, as a rule, dwarf decorative pomegranate. Often, small fruits are tied on such a tree, but for beauty, they cannot be eaten. Flower growers often ask: what will happen if you plant pomegranate pips purchased from a grocery store? You will get shoots, but what fruits they will give in the future is a big question. During seed reproduction, the plant loses its varietal characteristics. The pomegranate loves a bright room, fertile soil (non-acidic), moderate watering. Drainage is obligatory in the container, since the plant does not tolerate stagnant moisture. In order to obtain edible fruits, the varietal pomegranate is propagated by vegetatively lignified cuttings. In the spring (March-April), cuttings are cut from the middle part of vigorous shoots and planted in a mixture of peat and sand (1: 1). The plants are watered moderately throughout the year. In the spring of next year, rooted cuttings are transplanted one by one into containers with a volume of 0,5л. Another year later, the above-ground part is cut short and rolled into a liter container. In order for the pomegranate to bush, it is important to cut off the most vigorous shoots periodically at the end of the summer, “driving” them to the other branches.OOO "Sad" Article Pest of a whitefly (photo) - fight- Biopreparations alone are not enough, since their effectiveness is not very high. Repeat processing one or two times. Replace Fitoverm with biological preparations with other active ingredients - Verticillin, Bowerin, Naturgard. Against adult whitefly insects, install yellow glue traps. You can buy or make them yourself. Dense cardboard size 30x40 cm. Paint in yellow-orange color with watercolor or acrylic. Mix in equal parts castor oil, pine rosin, petroleum jelly and honey. Melt everything in a water bath, stir until smooth. Allow to cool and brush on cardboard.Anna Article Pest of a whitefly (photo) - fightIn the autumn she took home from the garden a bush of basil and rosemary. Recently I noticed whitefly on basilica. I processed Phytoverm - there were fewer pests, but it is impossible to get rid of them completely. How else to deal with the scourge, so that you can eat greens?OOO "Sad" Article How to make the earth loose - my advice and feedback on ways to- As baking powder for growing seedlings, peat, humus, vermiculite, perlite, zeolite, coconut substrate, sand are usually used. Coffee leaves can be added to this list. At the initial stage, it will act as an organic baking powder, and with gradual decomposition it will also act as a source of nutrients. If you use heavy loamy soil, mix it with 1: 1 coffee grounds. For soils with a lighter texture, add up to 25% baking powder.Olga Article How to make the earth loose - my advice and feedback on ways toCan coffee grounds be used as a soil disintegrant? I read that the soil for seedlings should be mixed with the thick 1: 1, they say, it will be useful for plants. If not, what materials can be used as a baking powder?OOO "Sad" Article Reproduction of valuable potato varieties- It is possible to cut the tubers, but the main thing is that at least 2 eyes are left on each part. In this case, before planting, a cut of the tuber will need to be dipped into the ashes. In addition, to accelerate reproduction, you can begin to germinate potatoes this hour. Spread the tubers at room temperature. When the roots appear on the processes, separate them from the tubers and plant them in a mixture of peat, humus and soil (1: 1: 1) spilled with a solution of a complex mineral fertilizer (according to the instructions). Do not throw away the tubers, because after a while they will have new shoots with roots that can also be planted. Then you can cut the tubers into two parts and land on the site. With regard to growing conditions, then with a purple variety, while respecting the agrotechnical problems should arise.Victoria Krupets Article Reproduction of valuable potato varietiesDad brought 6 tubers of rare varieties with purple flesh from an overseas business trip. How to multiply them quickly? Is it possible to cut each into several parts when planting? Will potatoes grow well in our environment?Natalia KUDRITSKAYA Article What vegetables can be grown at home on the windowsill - professional adviceThe first experience of growing lettuce on the windowsill was negative - the leaves grew rough, bitter. It turns out that the salad is quite capricious - demanding of light, humidity and air temperature. I took this into account when re-sowing - I installed a lamp for additional lighting on the windowsill. Every day I spray a spray salad. Shoots thinning out. The best results have shown varieties Winter, Lollo Bionda.Irina RIABOVA Article What vegetables can be grown at home on the windowsill - professional adviceEvery winter I grow bush asparagus beans on the windowsill. I fill the 3,5-liter pot with a universal primer, spill it abundantly with hot (+ 60 grad.) Pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. I sow the beans in 10 cm from each other (on average 3 in the pot), tighten food wrap and put in the heat. With the advent of shoots I remove shelter. I rearrange the pots with beans on the lightest window sill. I water so that water does not fall on the leaves. I finish 2-3 hours in the morning and in the evening, and on cloudy days I don’t turn off the fitball at all. An hour after dressing, I loosen the ground, putting fertilizer in the ground. After each harvest, I feed the beans with yeast (1 tbsp. Dry yeast + 1 tbsp. Sugar for 5 l of warm water; when the composition ferments, dilute it with water 5: 1).Irina KAZAKHKOVA Article What vegetables can be grown at home on the windowsill - professional adviceI love eggplants! In the summer I take them to two beds. And now, with the advent of new dwarf varieties, eggplant can be grown in the winter. True, we have to be limited to 2-3 bushes. Eggplants need a lot of land, so I grow them in buckets with a volume of 10. I tried different varieties, but I was best shown to be undersized in the conditions of the apartment: Northerner, Japanese dwarf, Heart-shaped and Early 148. I used to buy land for the “blue ones”, but over time I realized that they liked the prefabricated soil themselves more. I mix forest soil, compost and coarse sand (1: 1: 1). I sow three seeds in each bucket, pour plenty of warm water over the soil, and put glass on top. Through 10-14 days, the first shoots appear. In the first stage of this leaflet I choose the strongest plant, cut off the rest with scissors. I water the eggplants often, but with a small amount of water. 2-3 once a day, spray on the leaves with warm water. I feed according to the instructions complex mineral water-soluble fertilizer 2 once a month along with irrigation. But when the fruits start to form, I refuse mineral fertilizers. Twice a month under each bush I make 1, Art. wood ash.Elena YAKOVLEVA Article What vegetables can be grown at home on the windowsill - professional adviceI saw a large bush of sweet pepper with orange fruits from a friend on the windowsill. I asked at least a couple of seeds from a handsome man, but the hostess said that the bush would grow from seeds for a long time. Instead, pinched off the twigs from the 2 plant, wrapped them in a newspaper and gave them to me. She told me to put the aloe drops into the filtered water at home with filtered 2-3. Once in 2-3 of the day I changed the water, once or twice I replaced the solution of aloe juice with honey water (1 / 5 tsp of honey with 0,5 l of water). After 2,5 weeks, white roots appeared on the cuttings. Planted twigs in three-liter pots with the purchase of “For peppers” soil. Already a month and a half after disembarking, the bushes bloomed, and soon I picked the first fruit.Darya SVETLOVICH Article What vegetables can be grown at home on the windowsill - professional adviceCelery from the stalks Celery on the windowsill grow from stalks. I buy vegetables, eat greens, and put a stump length 3 cm in a bowl with a small amount of water (layer - about 0,5 cm). I put in a warm bright place, but so that direct sunlight does not fall on the celery. I update the water daily. When the upper sections begin to dry out, and the first green shoots appear from the stem, I mix turf soil, humus and peat in equal parts. I rub the walls of the box in which I am going to grow celery with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. At the bottom I fill the claydite with a layer of thickness 2 cm, above - the ground. Drink plenty of water. I transplant a stalk, deepening it to young shoots. Once again I water with heated water. I put in a warm bright place. The first crop of fresh greens cut off after 20-25 days after transplantation.OOO "Sad" Article Cultivation of cherries in the Moscow region - planting, varieties and care- Raspberry and weed vegetation in the near-wedge strip make up a serious competition to the cherry tree, weakening it. The bark of the cherry has cracked, most likely due to sunburn at the end of winter: during the day, the bark heats up and thaws, and freezes at night and bursts. In turn, the cracking of the bark caused gum cure, which also greatly weakens the plant. In clear, frosty weather, clean the cracks to healthy wood and cover with garden pitch.Tamara Golikova Article Cultivation of cherries in the Moscow region - planting, varieties and careOur cherry, which 5-6 years, blossomed and gave a handful of berries. Last spring, it did not bloom at all, in July the leaves began to turn yellow, and bark cracked on the trunk and drops of resin appeared. Why did this happen? How to help the cherry?OOO "Sad" Article Apple varieties for the Urals - my reviews and description- Talking about the reasons, focusing only on the photo, it is difficult. Perhaps the tree is affected by cancer. Or during the winter, the cambium layer was frozen. In early spring, before the beginning of the growing season, cut off this deadwood to healthy wood, painting the sections with garden paint. For the future: use a healthy seedlings that you need to buy only in proven fruit nurseries. Do not thicken the planting and regularly cut the crowns of the trees (in early spring before bud break), not forgetting to disinfect the garden tools.Olga Korbut Article Apple varieties for the Urals - my reviews and descriptionAt the apple of the crown of the dried. Why did this happen?Olga COSENKO Article Growing cranberries and lingonberries in the garden - tipsOwn cranberries Throughout the winter we eat berries of cranberries, which I grow on the site. The place chose a bright for her, protected from the north winds. It is important to prepare a garden bed (width not less than 80 cm), since the plants need acidic soil (pH - 4,5-5,5). In the spring (April), he removed the top layer of earth with a thickness of 20-25 cm, and the resulting trench was filled with sour peat (with a mixture of peat and sand 1: 1). To increase the acidity, powdered sulfur can also be embedded in the soil (10-15 g per 1 m2). One-two-year-old seedlings were planted in the wells with a depth of not more than 8 cm at a distance of 30 cm from each other (the width of the row-spacing - 35-40 cm), watered well and muddled the root area with sand. Lingonberry quickly grows - already through 3, a solid carpet was formed. In the first season, the plantation was not fertilized. In the second year after planting in the spring (April-May), nitrogen fertilizers were applied for digging (according to the instructions), and in the fall (in October) - double superphosphate (about 5 g per 1 sq. M), after which the lingonberry sulked with peat.OOO "Sad" Article Berry garden: the best varieties of black and red currants, honeysuckle and gooseberries (photo + description)Even if the variety is resistant to powdery mildew, this does not mean that the plant cannot get sick. But for such modern varieties, as a rule, one prophylactic spraying is enough for good growth and abundant fruiting (as the author does - in early spring).Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Berry garden: the best varieties of black and red currants, honeysuckle and gooseberries (photo + description)Black currant, as a rule, is self-fertile, that is, one bush is enough for normal pollination and fruiting. But for a family of four I advise you to plant at least five bushes. We chose modern large-fruited varieties with sweet berries. I recommend the Pygmy variety: berries in long tassels begin to ripen in early July. Harvest sweets varieties Vologda collected from the end of July and the whole of August. Of the new products, I will single out the mid-season variety Sadiko and late-ripening grade Sadko, which is resistant to diseases, temperature and humidity drops. Net bushes The problem of powdery mildew on currants was decided simply - got rid of varieties that are affected by this disease. In order to prevent various diseases of the plant before flowering, we spray the preparation with Fundazol (according to the instructions).Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Golden currant - planting and care: the advice of a specialistI remember that for several years in a row the summer was abnormally hot, and the black currant, which does not tolerate heat, began to disappear in many gardens. In our country, it gives a good harvest consistently. Since the currant root system negatively perceives overheating of the soil, the bushes in the open area are tied with a special net. In addition, they noticed that a currant grows better when its bushes are located at a distance of 70 cm and shade each other themselves. In the heat increased watering. And to preserve moisture, the soil under the plants was compounded with compost. Planting we plant currants in autumn (September-October) and in spring (as the soil thaws). We try to choose a place for her so that at midday she is in partial shade. When sowing, we plant on 5-10 cm when planting (hereafter, root shoots are formed from buds buried in the ground) and we cut off the aerial part at a height of 20 cm from the soil in order to enhance the development of lateral branches and root shoots. The first three years after planting the currant bushes are no longer pruned, and starting from the fourth year, we cut out the oldest branches near the ground every season. As a result, we remove about a quarter of the bush - this stimulates the growth of young shoots, on which the main crop is formed.OOO "Sad" Article Cultivation of apple trees in stanrant-bush form- Trees of Melba variety in the Samara region in severe winters can freeze slightly. So listen to the advice of experienced gardeners and let the apple tree create the crown yourself.Jeanne Article Cultivation of apple trees in stanrant-bush formTwo years ago, in the fall, planted a two-year-old Melba apple tree seedling. In winter, the entire increase was frozen above the place where the stem was trimmed (although I don’t understand why they cut so low in the nursery). Over the past season, side branches grew. I'm afraid the plant will freeze again in the winter. They don’t see a problem in the nursery about my anxiety - they said, let the apple tree grow as it is. And I doubt ...OOO "Sad" Article The best varieties of garden strawberries for the year - expert reviewsI think we have to wait another year. Perhaps the flowers came under frost or they were damaged by strawberry-raspberry weevil. But it is alarming that the next year after planting, your plants bloom profusely. Usually this does not happen in modern varieties of strawberries, it is typical for the old variety Shpanka, which requires pollinator. Ask mom if she only grows this variety or are there others that serve as pollinators? This is the most likely reason for the lack of fruiting.Lyudmila Stepanovna Article The best varieties of garden strawberries for the year - expert reviewsMy mom in the village has a good variety of garden strawberries. For my dacha, I dug up 20 outlets last year and planted them in August on a garden bed. All plants got acclimatized well, the next year they bloomed beautifully, but none of them tied up berries! There were only barren flowers on the plants. Why could this happen?OOO "Sad" Article Dwarf trees: the pros and cons - reviews PROFESSIONALIf you intend to settle such a tree on your plot, dig a hole the size of 80x80x50 cm, and on sandy soil increase the depth by 10-15 cm. You should not dig too deep a hole, but it is better to increase it in width. At the same time, remember that the landing is not high The tree has its own characteristics. In the planting hole or on the knoll, carefully spread the roots in all directions, not forgetting that they are very brittle. The site of inoculation after sedimentation of the soil must be higher than the level of the soil, otherwise the scion may form its own roots.Oleg Ivanovich REPIN, Tula Article Dwarf trees: the pros and cons - reviews PROFESSIONALWhat is the size of the hole to dig for a dwarf apple tree?OOO "Sad" Article Pests of vegetables: thrips, mites, aphids and cicadas - photo and description, signsAfter chlorosis is detected in plants, you have to roll up your sleeves and take serious measures quickly, because you cannot get away with prevention alone. It is necessary to replace the soil and always water the cultures with acidified water. And, of course, add iron to the plant ration. Moreover, in a chelated form, it is such a substance that is most easily absorbed even by a diseased plant. Therefore, after spraying and adding one of the following drugs under the root, plant health is quickly restored. These products include Fero-Vit, Agricola Aqua against yellowing of the leaves, Ferrylein, Brexil-Fe, Chelatezhelez, Micro-Fe, Anti-Chlorosis. It is noticed that iron chelate is most effective when spraying the foliage. In this case, the nutrients penetrate the plant tissue within a day, and when watered, only three days later. Therefore, many manufacturers of chelate drugs position them as fertilizers on the sheet. However, these tools can be used for irrigation, only a positive effect in this case will have to wait a little longer. By the way, iron chelate can be prepared independently. Below are the 2 recipe. 1. In 1 l of boiled cold water, dilute 4 g of citric acid (0,5 tsp), then add 2,5 g of ferrous sulfate (in 1 tsp - 6 g). So it will be possible to create a light orange liquid, which contains a ferrous salt - iron chelate in the concentration of 0,5 g / l. This solution is usually used for irrigation and spraying. 2. In 1 l of water, 10 g of ferrous sulfate is diluted, then injected into a solution of 20 g of ascorbic acid. Pour the prepared solution and spray chlorine plants. Home solutions are stored no more than 2 weeks.Maria Stepanovna KOVALEVA, Perm Article Pests of vegetables: thrips, mites, aphids and cicadas - photo and description, signsWhat to do if plants are sick with chlorosis?OOO "Sad" Article Green sprouts on the windowsill for eating (micro-green)Sprouts - an excellent source of vitamins and minerals - can be grown at home, and it is not difficult. To obtain them, take the seeds of vegetable, cereals and legumes. This process will require quite a bit of “inventory”: a glass jar, nylon cloth or gauze and elastic - these are usually used for bundles of money. First of all, you should carefully wash and rinse the jar and dry it well. It is necessary to cleanse from impurities and wash the seeds (including beans), which are planned to be used to obtain seedlings. This material should be filled with a third of the jar, and then pour into it almost to the neck water of room temperature. From above, you should tighten a piece of nylon or gauze so that the fabric hangs down on 3-4 cm, and secure it with an elastic band. In this form, the seeds are left to swell. It should be borne in mind that in different plants this process differs in duration. Seeds must soak up the water, and the larger they are, the more time it takes. On average, 3-8 hours can pass. After that, the remaining water must be drained, rinse the seeds and again pour water. You need to change it at least twice a day. When sprouts appear, it is better not to rush to use them, but let them grow to 5-7, see. These will be the most healthy sprouts for health. They must be well washed and stored in a tight-fitting jar in the refrigerator. The shelf life of this product is no more than 3 days. To organize a kind of "conveyor" of seedlings, you need to have a few cans that "sow" with an interval of one day. It is not necessary to "fill" the jar with a large number of seeds. The following rule applies: the larger the “seed”, the less tightly it should be located in the vessel. Otherwise, the seeds can simply spoil. It is also not necessary to germinate seeds of different cultures in the same container. Sprouts are called “living food”. They quickly heal the intestinal microflora. With their help, it is really possible to cure dysbacteriosis, gastritis and colitis. They also protect cells from free radicals, the main culprits of disease and early aging. And finally, there are even more vitamins and microelements in seedlings than in greens from a country garden bed.Inga G. Article Green sprouts on the windowsill for eating (micro-green)Recently, the high value of seedlings in human nutrition has become clear. Is there an easy way to get this vitamin product at home?OOO "Sad" Article Brussels sprouts (photo) - growing and recipesIt is possible in the winter to get a crop of delicious kochanchikov. But you need to take care of the planting material in advance. Before the autumn frosts, you need to dig up several plants with the roots, cut off their lower leaves and remove, if there is, the remaining rodents, usually loose. These plants are placed close to each other in boxes and covered with sand or fertile soil. Planting watered and placed in the kitchen by the window. You can put the boxes with Brussels sprouts in the glazed loggia, hiding with a cold cloth. However, after the onset of frost resistant plants should be brought into the house. They need to be watered regularly, and also remove yellowed leaves. As the cob grows, they are cut with a knife and used for food.Margarita KARAVAENKO Article Brussels sprouts (photo) - growing and recipesDoes Brussels sprouts give way to distillation? Her kochanchiki love in our family, but in a frozen form, they lose some taste.OOO "Sad" Article Planting of vegetable peas (photo). Peeling and sugar varieties of peasThis question is certainly very relevant, since many gardeners began to grow peas, not only to please the children with fresh juicy pods, but also for canning. Home-made green peas are much tastier and healthier than purchased ones. Pinches And in order to dramatically increase the yield of this popular legume, and also significantly extend the fruiting period, it is necessary to carry out a whole series of nip. First, when the plants reach a height of about 50 cm, their tops are shortened, after which the peas begin to produce a large amount of side shoots. Such pinching is best done from the very early morning, provided that the day will be sunny. So it will be possible to achieve rapid drying and tightening the wound, which means that it is possible to avoid disease. The next stage is shortening the side shoots, which stimulates their branching. If you wish, you can pinch the branches, as they say, of the third order. All this will help the bushes to increase the number of stems, which will form a more powerful crop. But it should be noted that he will ripen later than usual. Tip To extend the period of pea fruiting, it is not necessary to pinch all the plants at once, but in parts. The result will be bushes with different ripening terms. It fertilizes itself. The best way to grow peas is on trellis. The stems are evenly distributed over the supporting wires, so that all parts of the plant are well lit, and the flowers are provided by insect pollinators. Like other legumes, the pea lays the nitrogen absorbed from the air in the nodules located on the roots. This is assisted by special bacteria that live in the soil. But since in the winter they do not withstand frost, you can dig up several plants, put them together with the earth in a container and store them until spring in a room with a low positive temperature. The following year, this soil is used in new pea beds. Nitrogen fertilizers in the most digestible form of plants give an increase in yield.Vladimir Georgievich KUROSLEPOV, Ryazan region, city of Spas-Klepiki Article Planting of vegetable peas (photo). Peeling and sugar varieties of peasAre there non-traditional ways to increase the yield of peas?OOO "Sad" Article Cultivation of potatoes in the heat - varieties and care. Mini tubers.In the summer, you need to choose the best, healthy bush peculiar to a variety, be sure to wait until it fades. Separate from the plant a few twigs of tops. Throw out the upper and lower parts of the stem, and cut several cuttings of 2-4 length from the middle. See The main thing is that each has a leaf. Then the 4 hours of the cuttings are soaked in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. At this time, preparing the bed with loose soil in the shade. Cuttings should be planted so that the leaf is in a vertical position and is covered with earth by two thirds (the axillary bud of the leaf should be at a depth of about 1 cm). The distance between the cuttings is 3, between the rows -15-20, see. The bed with plantings must be mulched and watered well. After 3 of the week, the leaves will wither and turn yellow, and mini-potatoes will grow in the bosom, growing due to the outflow of nutrients from the leaves . One month after planting, such mini-tubers are harvested, disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate, dried, greened in the light, and then stored until next season. The method is interesting; it is based on the cloning of a mother plant, which makes it possible to obtain healthy seed material that is devoid of pathogens remaining on ordinary tubers.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Cultivation of potatoes in the heat - varieties and care. Mini tubers.Please tell us how to grow mini potato tubers from cuttings for seed production? Svyatoslav Filimonovich GRABARENKO, Mogilev region, KlimovichiOOO "Sad" Article Growing gladioli - planting and care: tips and tricksThis can be done in several ways. The first. It is necessary to remove the old scales from the bulbs, cut them vertically, taking into account the number of sleeping eyes, sprinkle the cuts with ashes or smear them with a pink solution of potassium permanganate, and then let them dry for a while. After this procedure, you can plant future gladioli on a previously prepared permanent place. Prepare it like this: make grooves, pour sand on the bottom, lay out the prepared onions, then sprinkle them with sand, and above them with earth. second. In order not to damage the sleeping eyes, you need to carefully clean the bulbs of old scales and cut horizontally in half. Then immediately put the halves. The cuts can not be processed. As practice shows, thanks to the first method, you can get several delenok gladioli, which later will give the children. But their age will be short-lived - they will bloom the entire 2-3 of the year, and then grow old. The second method may please longer. Rejuvenated bulbs will bloom next year, and so will be over the years 5. And be sure to give the kids for the next rejuvenation, which will surprise with their power. Only kids will not bloom right away. We'll have to wait.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Growing gladioli - planting and care: tips and tricksHow can you rejuvenate gladiolus bulbs? Rimma YakovlevnaOOO "Sad" Article 4 the most common pest of indoor plantsIt would seem that it may be easier than caring for indoor plants. I bought a flowerpot, put it on the windowsill, water it and feed it on time. But, it turns out, not everything is so simple: the midges start up so quickly and unnoticed that the owners do not have time to recover, and the uninvited guests are right there! And the reasons for their appearance can be completely different: excessive watering, poor-quality soil in pots with plants, the desire to feed them with what is at hand: a shell of chicken eggs, tea leaves, coffee grounds, etc. If you do not want to use against mosquitoes " heavy artillery "in the form of chemicals, you can use the usual matches. Insert two or three of them head down at a distance 5 cm from the edge of the pot and change periodically. And then take the usual care of your plants. After a couple of days, check if sulfur has dissolved in the matches. If this happens, change to new ones. Through 3-4 times the midges disappear. There is another trick. So that your flowers do not come across uninvited guests, water plants moderately, and only with settled water. And be sure to loosen the 8 topsoil pots. This will allow in the future not to know such problems.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article 4 the most common pest of indoor plantsOur indoor plants attacked the midges. How can they be “escorted out” from home? Alina I. VOROBYEVA, BelgorodOOO "Sad" Article Small plot (photo) what to build, how to decorate and what to plantIf the land at the cottage is used to the maximum, take a closer look at the areas under the trees. True, it is necessary to take into account that not all flowers can grow here. Under the apple tree, they will feel comfortable, because the foliage of this tree transmits light quite well, and under the spruce tree they will surely wither. In general, under conifers there will be in their place flowering plants that love acidic soil, and this, for example, heathers or rhododendrons. When planting flowers in such places, it is necessary to take into account that the plants should be located above the roots of trees, that is why it is necessary to fill in the ground so that the flower bed rises 10-15 cm above the soil level.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Small plot (photo) what to build, how to decorate and what to plantI have a small garden area. It has many perennial flowers. And so I want to plant more and new. What can you advise in this case? Vera Pavlovna FIVESummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Autumn planting raspberries (+ VIDEO)This season, I was suddenly surprised by the remontant raspberry: the harvest was good, but there were a lot of grown together berries. In the sense of a leg, they had one, but then the fruits began to split apart and even become frustrated, and each “Siamese twin” had its own heart core. What it is? Maybe raspberries began to be reborn?Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Apple varieties for the Urals - my reviews and descriptionI plant an apple tree, which is probably 30 years old. The tree is strong, healthy, fruits beautifully. But this year, for the first time, he discovered some white worms inside the fully matured fruits, which zealously gnawed in the pulp of the flesh. Inside, some apples actually turned out to be almost completely holed by these creatures! This has never happened before. Dear gardeners, tell me, please, where did such worms come from? How to deal with them?Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Growing potatoes in the Tomsk region - planting and care. My tipsFor some reason I lost a common language with potatoes. This year, in spite of the good summer, though it was a big one, it was almost born, but almost all were struck with scab and, once in the cellar, they quickly began to rot from the inside. Dear gardeners, tell me, please, a reliable way to cure my potatoes! And yet what time is incomprehensible to me. My neighbor, before planting the tubers, wets them all with water and collapses in the ashes. And he says that this is the main secret of increasing yields. But after all from contact of ash with water alkali is formed, and she can burn potatoes. Or am I not right? Help me, please, dear gardeners, to understand.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article The simple secret of planting carrotsThis year, the carrot freaked out at feast for the eyes. I have already calculated how much space in the cellar I should allocate for it, but one day I look, and some of the landings have suddenly subsided. I started to pick it up and found that someone had picked up the roots. Well, what does "someone" mean? A mole, no one else, how many mounds dug. But my daughter arrived, carefully examined everything and said: “Mom, this is some other beast. The mole of a mink is much smaller, and it doesn’t need root crops, because it is hunted by beetles and larvae. ”So I was surprised! I began to carefully look at the dug-out moves and once I saw an uninvited guest. Oh, and fear-lover! He seems to have no muzzle! Instead, some kind of thickening, like an ax. So I called this monster "sledgehammer." Explain to me, please, dear gardeners, who is this and how to drive him out of my garden! I'm starting to fear for the potatoes, which I will plant in the new season. Perhaps, under the decomposed tubers (I grow potatoes under straw), first spread the nylon net? Or for such creatures is not a barrier?OOO "Sad" Article Chinese magnolia vine - cultivation and useful properties and tincture of magnolia vineLemongrass Chinese - a perennial deciduous woody vine, similar in its origin to the family of magnoliaceae, winters without shelter, blooms in late May - early June (in the suburbs). Very peculiar structure of flowers and fruits. Flowers with white petals and a pink spot inside. Moreover, in female flowers there is a large pistil, which looks like a cone of light green color, and in male flowers, 3-5 has light sedentary stamens inside. Flowers are always dioecious, but can be on the same bush. There are lianas only with staminate or only with pistillate flowers. They pereopilyatsya using very small crawling bugs. During the flowering lemongrass exudes a delicate lemon scent. In late August - early September, fruits have the appearance of a brush with fruits of bright red color. The length of the brush, which appears from one flower, reaches 5-7; see Fruits in it. 20-25 pieces, provided that it is well pollinated during flowering. Lemongrass creepers are placed along the hedges or at the porch of the house. Shoots grow quickly if you tie them to a support in the first year of planting. It is better to plant in the spring near the trellis height 2-2,5 m with the distance between the plants 1,5 m. Lemongrass prefers penumbra, spraying water in dry weather, unpretentious. Plants begin to bear fruit on 5-6-th year of life. Flowers, fruits and all parts of the plant smell of lemon and contain tonic substance schizandrin. Especially a lot of schizandrin in seeds. They make tinctures, healing tea, which reduces physical and mental fatigue. This is the best natural remedy for fatigue and depression. Lemongrass, on the advice of doctors, can take hypotensive, it is prescribed to enhance potency. Cream of leaves and fruits has a rejuvenating effect on the skin.M. Degtyarev Veliky Novgorod Article Chinese magnolia vine - cultivation and useful properties and tincture of magnolia vineIn the coming year I want to plant in my lemongrass. Where it is better to place it and when you can wait for the first fruits?OOO "Sad" Article Cucumbers in the home (self-pollinated hybrids)Modern parthenocarpic hybrids of cucumbers do not require pollination. They, as a rule, all the flowers - female. This will be indicated on the bag of seeds. But there are cases when varietal cucumbers form mainly female flowers. This happens if the seeds have been stored for a long time (several years), warmed or hardened before sowing. In this case, you need to plant a number of 1-2 plants, preferably old varieties and obtained from fresh seeds. Their male flowers will act as pollinators.Julia Antonovna Article Cucumbers in the home (self-pollinated hybrids)How to pollinate cucumbers, if all the flowers are female?Ekaterina V. KHARCHEVKINA, n. Of the city of t. Lyubohna, Bryansk region Article What kind of potato is the most deliciousHow to choose a delicious potato I want to share with readers the advice on how to buy crumbly potatoes. And this concerns not only the tubers that go to our table, but also seed seeds intended for cultivation. By purchasing potatoes in the market or in an 8 store, you will never get information about the variety, starch content, and purpose. You boil it - it is watery, tough and tasteless. My friend in the fall sold a bag of potatoes. I tried - soap soap. She showed me the tubers, and it turned out to be a fodder variety Nevsky, which I, for example, plant for cattle. My friend grieved that I didn’t share with her advice on how to choose potatoes. But I know a good way to check whether the potatoes will be crumbly. Take the tuber, cut it into two parts, then reconnect the two halves. Squeeze slightly and, holding the upper part with one hand, release the lower one. If it sticks, it does not fall off, it means that the starch in the tuber is enough and the potatoes will be tasty. I know the secret to know how to clean the potatoes in your uniform in just 10 seconds. As soon as it is cooked, it is necessary to take out the potatoes one by one with a slotted spoon, put each in very cold water and take it out by hand, squeezing it out of the rind. This was taught to me by my grandmother, who cooked cast iron for potatoes every day.Konstantin Anatolyevich Voskoboynikov Article Growing strawberries in bags at home - my feedback on the methodGrowing vegetables in bags is not news. A few years ago in this way I managed to get a good crop of cucumbers. But - only for one month. Then, due to poor soil drainage, the roots rot and the plants began to dry out. I could not reanimate them. Knowing the reason for my failure, I began to look for a way to improve the permeability of the soil. Oddly enough, the information about growing vegetables in Africa helped. The peasants are building the whole "garden" of the bags, thus saving scarce water and fertilizer. At the same time, the drainage problem is solved by them in an original way. In the center of the bag is built a kind of "column" of small stones, which is permeable to both water and air. It is not difficult to build such a structure: only a pipe with a diameter of 8-15 is required. See for this purpose, for example, a tin can of olive oil, both round and rectangular, is well suited. This vessel should be cut off the bottom. I put such a jar at the bottom of a thick plastic bag and filled it with pebbles. After that, he poured around a mixture of garden soil and compost (2: 1), slightly compacted and took out the jar. He set it up again, already on the ground along the border of the pebbles, poured a new portion of them and laid the soil again. So I built up the “column” almost to the very top of the bag (left blank about 15 cm). In the soil mixture around the stone column, 6 planted cucumber seeds, and when they sprung, and subsequently the plants were pulled up, he built a support for them in the form of a hut. Stakes for him about 2 height m stuck in the ground. They simultaneously fixed the edges of the bag, preventing it from "falling apart." A little later, I made holes in the sides of the bag and sowed an additional amount of cucumbers into the opened soil. Looking ahead, I will say that they gave a later harvest and fruited until mid-October. Watering and dressing were carried out directly into the stone "column", which allowed even moisture and nutrients to be distributed evenly. The plants were healthy all year long and gave a good harvest.Stanislav Vitalyevich Article Cultivation of cucumber seedlings for a greenhouseI grew up seedlings of cucumbers last year in sawdust. The method turned out to be simple and effective: when planting plants in the greenhouse, the roots were not damaged at all. Sawdust poured into plastic boxes, poured hot water on the surface, spread seeds in a staggered pattern on the surface at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other and sprinkled with hot sawdust in a layer around 3, see Boxes tightened with plastic wrap and began to wait for germination. They appeared much earlier than in ordinary soil: literally in 4 of the day. The advantages of this method of planting cucumbers are obvious. Since sawdust is much lighter than any soil mixture, the root system of plants, practically without encountering obstacles on its way, develops more robust and branched. The temperature of the substrate also plays a significant role: when sown in a hot environment, the seeds are decontaminated and at the same time receive an impulse for development, which increases and accelerates germination. In the future, seedlings grown on hot sawdust are not susceptible to diseases, its immunity is very high. Note Seedlings grown in sawdust can be planted on the bed even in the phase of cotyledons, because the roots are tender at this age are damaged.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Improvement of seed potatoes - my way and feedback about itPotatoes have been cultivated for centuries and, it would seem, vegetable growers should have learned how to get high yields. In fact, most potato growers have hundreds of tubers per 150-200 kg, although this crop can produce several times more! Why is it like this? The secret is in the seeds. It seems that the agrotechnical requirements are fulfilled: in the fall, deep plowing or digging is done with organic matter, springing of tubers is carried out in the spring before planting, soil hilling, weeding and destruction of Colorado beetles are carried out in the summer. But a sharp increase in yield can not be achieved. The reason most often lies in the quality of planting material. The consumer praised that he received an unprecedented (for him) harvest: with 10 weave collected 30 bags (1 500 kg) of potatoes. But in terms of 1 weave is just 150 kg. I told him that such a fee is low even for ordinary potato breeders. He was surprised and inquired about my harvest. And it is 4 times higher: for many years now I have received selected tubers (600 bags) from a hundred of 12 land, and I plant varieties Lasunak, Planta, and Skarb. And the secret is in the selection of planting material. Selection of tubers When hand digging perform the following. Tubers for subsequent planting I take only from the bushes, under which there are at least 10 potatoes. All of them must be healthy, with an average weight of at least 150-200 g. I do not leave small (up to 100 g) and very large tubers (more than 300 g) for seeds. I wash the selected seed material, dry it in the penumbra for 2 days and place it in the basement until the spring planting. A friend, like many others, acts differently. He indiscriminately digs up the dug potatoes, and then selects fines for planting, on average 50, d. Underdeveloped tubers get there, and often with diseased bushes. My interlocutor was surprised that I use such large potatoes, and only a few years later he admitted that I was doing the right thing. This is well known breeders-the best left for reproduction, mercilessly rejecting substandard. So do not regret planting beautiful and healthy tubers on seeds (although they still ask to go to the pan or to the pan), this is the key to getting a good harvest. I attach a snapshot: in the hands of the granddaughter tubers for planting, and in the bucket - for consumption. Vladimir IosifovichAnatoly Article A rootstock for an apple-tree is a seed or cloneThe 62-396 clone stock is a dwarf stock, but not a super-dwarf stock, even with a high graft.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Varieties of apples with red flesh - surprise neighbors谁 知道 苹果 nedzvetskogo 在 中国 的 成长 点?Faina Yakovlevna Frid Article Primula (photo) planting care and reproductionTo enjoy primrose blooms as long as possible, you need to constantly moisturize the soil on which they grow. For this, not only in May, but also in June-July, I moderately water the plants, while excluding all supplements, and from the end of July I moisten the soil regularly and abundantly. At this time, it is desirable to feed the bushes with complex mineral fertilizer. In the fall, garden soil mixed with humus should be added to them in order to cover young roots, including those that grow from new leaf outlets. Thanks to this care, in the spring, under the snow, floral arrows start growing from the renewal buds. Primroses bloom earlier than usual and delight with their beauty for quite a long time.Vasilisa Ivanovna GONCHAROVA Article Bulbous - rules of forcingIf you know the secrets of forcing bulbous at an inopportune time, their flowering will be provided. First. You should make sure that the selected variety is suitable for this purpose. Because of the most popular varieties of 60, for example, hyacinths, only 13-15 are suitable for forcing. The second. You need to choose only large bulbs, not less than 3,5, see. And on a plant slated for distillation, all flowers are removed. Third. As soon as all the leaves turn yellow on the plant, they dig out the bulb. Fourth. The bulbs should be stored at a temperature of 22-28 degrees and air humidity - 60-70%. This is especially important the first three weeks of storage when flower buds are laid. The fifth. The bulbs should be rooted in a container with a substrate of at least 15 cm height at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other so that the tip rises above the soil at 1,5 cm. Make sure that the substrate does not dry out. In this form, the container with the bulb is stored at a temperature of 8 degrees. One month before the chosen time of forcing, it is transferred to a room with a temperature of 12-15 degrees. After a week, during which the seedlings of the bulbs pritenyut, protect from light removed, the temperature is raised to 18 degrees and watered abundantly. When the buds bloom, the plant is placed in a cooler place to prolong flowering.Zhanna Viktorovna Komarova, Ryazan Article To chrysanthemums bloomed ... Flower CareNot once had heard how the landlords proudly talk about the fact that they have just huge bushes of chrysanthemums. Yes, and grow, despite the weeds and thickets of other flowers. These owners of mansions and cottages do not realize that chrysanthemums do not need such freemen. Sooner or later it will lead to fungal diseases of flowers. The problem is that if you give chrysanthemums freedom, you will not be able to notice the signs of diseases and help. But these plants, despite their durability, are also susceptible to various diseases. Another chrysanthemum does not like places, (water stagnates. And in the shade feels ill at ease. If there is not enough lighting, the flowers stretch out, becoming thin and brittle. In addition, over time, shallow, which affects their beauty. At the same time, they will bloom later than those chrysanthemums that are grown according to all the rules.Nikolay Dmitrievich ERMIKOV, Bryansk Article Preparing roses for winter: 5 most important momentsThis advice is for those who like to grow roses at home or in the garden. Under the roots of these flowers in pots, I always drop iron nails, and in the garden - tin cans, which I have closer to the roots. Rusting, iron goes into the soured form and becomes available for absorption by plants. From my own experience I will say that roses, which receive a sufficient amount of iron oxides, are stronger, healthier and brighter in bloom.Stepan Petrovich LUBOV, Tver Article How to properly prepare flower seeds for planting next yearWhat do you usually do when flowers bloom on petunias? Surely cut them off. Meanwhile, it is in these wilted gramophone players that the seeds are located. If you want to collect them, do as described below. When the petunia blooms, tick a few lower buds - the seeds will appear there first. And save them for collection, because they mature long enough. This period lasts from two to three months. The seeds are very small - no more than 0,5-0,6 mm in diameter. As a rule, they are dark brown, less often yellowish. The seed fruit is a box of approximately 10x8 mm. In one such "box" is up to 100 seeds. It is also important to choose the right type of petunia, which will give high-quality seeds. Some flower growers unknowingly collect seeds from hybrid petunias F. But to do it is meaningless. If you count on hybrids, then you can not wait for a good tribe. Quite often, hybrid seeds are barren flowers. And if you like hybrids, they are best bought in specialized stores.Lydia Vasilievna Article Care for aubergines in the second half of summer - formation, watering and pollinationWhen planting eggplants in a greenhouse in two lines - according to the pattern in the row 30 — 50 cm and between the rows 40 — 50 cm — the bushes are usually formed in the 2 — 3 trunk. the strongest upper escape. The remaining stepsons and shoots are removed and the trunk is kept naked until branching. Each skeletal branch is tied up to the trellis separately, because the fruits are heavy, and the branches are fragile and can easily break off. Each stem is formed separately. It selects the strongest appendage and makes it the main one, while for weaker shoots they leave one tied plaid and one leaf each, while pinching the top of the branch. In total, each trunk is left up to 25 fruits, and those that are not mature enough that do not have time to mature are removed.Konstantin Nikolaevich Lyubimtsev, Moscow region, Dolgoprudny Article Sealed landings - kitchen garden with their own handsWith a shortage of space for participation, it is important to effectively use its territory. So-called compacted landings help to solve this problem. Today, trees on dwarf rootstocks help them. They can be planted in the gap between tall apple trees, pears, plums and other fruit trees. It is desirable that they were of the same kind. If you do not plan to increase the receipt from the garden of an additional amount of apples, pears and other fruits, you can plant garden strawberries or vegetables that are not afraid of a little shading. At the same time, it is not necessary to “prescribe” raspberries and blackberries here, which give a lot of shoots and become competitors of trees in the fight for nutrients.Nikolay Dmitrievich ERMIKOV, Bryansk Article Grapes at the dacha - tips of the SPECIALIST (briefly, but capaciously about leaving)If the summer is rainy, the bunches of grapes do not have time to ripen. Formed hard and green, even in early varieties of berries. But there are techniques that help ripening. In August, you need to carry out the minting of grapes - pruning vines and stepsons, then tear off all the leaves that cover the berries so that they are as much as possible illuminated by the sun. Individual clusters can be placed in plastic bags with several openings for air exchange. If the fruits start to ripen but do not have time to sweeten, then before the onset of cold weather, cut them together with vines of 50-70 cm length, paraffin the ends and hang them in a dry cool room. There, the berries will reach, however, they will be a little dried up.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Growing a sea buckthorn tree from A to Z: planting, care and propertiesIf you need to get a large number of new plants of sea buckthorn (up to 20 from one bush), it is best to apply the method of propagation by air layering. To do this, use one-year and two-year shoots with a thickness of 0,5-1, see. In the last decade of June, leaves and branches are removed from the bottom of the shoot and a ring of soft wire (copper or aluminum) with a diameter of 1,5-2 mm is applied. The part of the shoot, located above the ring, is covered with moist moss, wrapped with plastic wrap and light paper and fixed. After about two weeks, roots are formed on the air layers, which are separated in the first decade of August and planted on a bed with loose soil. Marina S. SHALKEVICHNikolay Dmitrievich ERMIKOV, Bryansk Article Winter Garlic: 5 harvesting tricksOften, even before the New Year, garlic heads begin to germinate and, I know from experience, they cannot be stopped. But until the green feather reached 1 cm, garlic is still edible. Therefore, I try to use it faster or put trays on the 8 greens. The teeth that begin to dry and germinate can be scrolled through a meat grinder, put into ice trays and frozen. Then pour ice garlic cubes into a bag and store in the freezer. When necessary, simply add the cube's 1-2 to the cooked dish. You can put the chopped garlic in a jar and pour a little vegetable oil on top. If you spread this mass on bread, it turns out very tasty and useful! Or prepare garlic oil: crush (crush!) 5-7 cloves and pour 0,5 l of sunflower oil. You can also chop the garlic and dry. Then grind on a coffee grinder and use as seasoning, where you need fresh garlic, for example, in minced meat for chops.Victor Naumovich Article Leeks (photo) planting and care, useful propertiesI have been engaged in expelling tasty and healthy leek for several years and have gained a certain amount of experience in this business that I want to share. This vegetable perfectly gives in to the specified procedure, because it has no dormancy period. Storage I dig up a leek from open ground in late October or even in early November. I clean it from the ground, I dry it, if the weather permits, in the open air, I cut the leaves by a third and the roots to about 1 cm (without damaging the bulbous scales). Planting material for distillation should be exemplary: weight 150 g at height 12-18 and diameter 4-6, see. Onions I store 8 basement, sprinkled with clean sand, but not completely - leave the ends of the leaves “at large”. Therefore, it is stored in a vertical position or at an angle of 50 degrees. I keep the temperature no higher than 2 degrees of heat at relative air humidity 80-90%. During this period, the false stem actively receives nutrients from the leaves, as a result of which it thickens, and vitamin C in the “stem” becomes almost twice as large. The tightness is the key to a generous harvest. I produce distillation in a warm greenhouse. I call it so because in winter it manages to maintain the temperature of 6-8 degrees of heat. The soil mixture is prepared in advance: it consists of compost with the addition of humus and no peat (in equal parts). The consumption of mineral fertilizers for 4 kg of a wet mix is as follows: 200 g of dolomite flour, 40 g of double superphosphate and potassium sulfate, 30 g of urea. Leek plants I drift into the ground to the depth of the bleached part of the stem close to each other with the distance between the rows of 10-12, see. This method allows the plant to direct all energy to the release of a green feather. Twice a week I water the plantings copiously to bring down the bitterness of greenery. For 2-4 months, I maintain soil and air humidity at 65-75%. Correct forcing gives a generous harvest - up to 8 kg per square. mРњР ° СЂРіР ° СЂРёС‚Р ° РќРёРєРѕР »Р ° РµРІРЅР ° РћРњР • Р› Р¬РЇРќР • РќРљРћ Article Phytophthora of potatoes (photo) - prevention and struggle: tips of the SPECIALISTРЎ С „РёС‚РѕС„ С‚РѕСЂРѕР№ Рё Р ± СѓСЂРѕР№ РЅСЏС‚РЅРёСЃС‚РѕСЃС‚СЊSЋ, РєРѕРіРґР ° СЌС‚Рё Р · Р ° Р ± РѕР »РµРІРР resKRR ResVR ResPrCRSRR PRRSRRSRR PRRRSRRS RR RR RS RR S RR S RR S S RR S RR S RR S RR S RR S S RR RR RR RR RR RR RR RR R S RR R C R S R S C, S C, C S, C, C, C, S, S, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, C, CёR, CRRR CЌ C‚RёR · P СѓС € РµРІР ° С‚СЊ РЅР ° С‚РѕРјР ° С‚РЅС ‹С… РіСЂСЏРґРєР ° С…, РјРЅРµ РїРѕРјРѕРіР ° СЋС‚ Р ± РѕСЂРѕСРСЊСЃСЏР ° РЅСРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРРР ±Р ±Р ССРС‚С‚СЏС °Р ° РЅРРРРРРРРРРРРРР РРєР ° C °RјR °R °R °R ° C, C ,RЊR ° C ,RR ° C °RR ° C‚RR ° C‚R‚R °R ° CRR ° C‚RRR ° CRСR ° C‚RјR ±SRґRСR ° C ... PI SЋ RџRѕRєSѓRїR ° F ° RїS,RμRєRμ In "RўSЂRoS ... RѕRїRѕR" B ", B" † RђRјRїRoS Röhr "P" RoRЅV "Ryo In" † RSЂRoS,SЂRѕRјRoS RoRЅV ". R'RµS C . Р'РѕР »РµР · РЅРё РѕС, СЃС, СѓРїР ° СЋС‚!РњРёСЂР ° Р РѕСЃРёС „РѕРІРЅР ° РљРЈР› Р Рљ Article Forcing green onions to the New Year's table - planting its greenery for the New YearMany gardeners in the winter engaged in forcing green crops. Mineral fertilizers should not be used for them because of the danger of accumulation of nitrates and other chemicals in the “apexes”. It is better to feed the "home" organic. Here's how I do it. Beru 4 banana skins, 3 egg shells, dry it well and grind it in a food processor. Then add 1 Art. l magnesia (sold in a pharmacy), pour 1 liters of water and insist for about a day. Strained liquid can, sprinkling, give foliar feeding. If you leave a suspension in it, it is better to water the plants at the root.OOO "Sad" Article Decorative pepper - growing and careBitter or hot pepper is a rather unpretentious crop that can be grown as a garden crop (in open ground) and as a container crop, that is, in summer bringing it to the open air, and putting it in the house in the fall and winter. from miniature to tall -1,5 m), and maturity. There are early ripening, and there are late ones, which can take 200 days from the moment of germination to fruit ripening and more clearly, in conditions of a middle band, such plants can only be grown as container ones. Hot pepper is remarkable also by the fact that the varieties are incredibly diverse and very decorative, therefore they are able to decorate the window sill with bright colorful fruits. If you do not know which sort you got, it remains only to observe how he will behave at home. But usually, if the fruits were formed in the fall, they ripen in the winter and without any illumination. And if there are no fruits yet, then in winter the plant should be given a rest, that is, not to highlight, often not to feed (no more than once a month), but water as needed and regularly sprayed, as in a dry room a spider mite can start . Closer to the spring, the bush will revive, will give new shoots and leaves, and soon it will bloom and begin to form fruits. During the period of active growing season it is necessary to regularly feed the plant and give it a bright place.Elena K., Moscow Article Decorative pepper - growing and careThey gave me two nice peppers, they said they were edible. I planted the seeds in pots, grew quite a lot of plants, and closer to autumn they began to bloom. Does it make sense to grow them further in the house? Will they give fruit, or do they need to be illuminated for this, to provide some special care?OOO "Sad" Article Room jasmine (photo) planting and care at homeJasmin golotsvetkovy (Jasminum nudiflorum) is sometimes called garden, or winter, as it can really bloom in the garden in December and February, but in the Crimea or the warm climate of Western Europe, where it is grown in sunny, sheltered from the winds, near the warm walls or on balconies, terraces. There, he is considered one of the most unpretentious of the many species of tropical jasmine (not to be confused with our popular garden jasmine, or chubushnik). Its striking difference from most jasmine is the apparently glowing egg-yellow rather large flowers, which have virtually no odor. They are showered on thin wilted shoots almost entirely, the plant looks great against the background of evergreen trees and shrubs, and next to primroses. In the suburbs, you can try holo-flowered jasmine to grow as a container plant, giving it a cool winter for the winter. Bush tolerates pruning, so it can be easily formed. Experts say that it is perfect for growing in the form of bonsai.Olga, Mozhaisk Article Room jasmine (photo) planting and care at homeLast summer, I brought from the Nikitsky Botanical Garden (Crimea) a small sapling of jasmine flowers, but I did not dare to transplant it into the soil. Although the sellers said that he is a garden and blooms in winter. It is clear that in the Moscow region it will not bloom in winter, but maybe at least flowers will appear in March? The plant gave new long shoots, and I don’t know what to do with it further, how to grow.OOO "Sad" Article Gardenia jasmine (photo): home careThe logical chain - if the plant has leaves like gardenia, flowers like gardenia, aroma like gardenia, then this is gardenia - does not work in botany. Nature sometimes allows herself to repeat the most successful variants and creates twins that can belong to completely different families. This happened to the gardenia (plant of the marenov family) and tabernemontana (the family kutrovye). Both one and the other shrubs have dark green leathery leaves and white fragrant flowers. To distinguish them in appearance is very difficult, especially since both plants have hundreds of species and varieties. The only way to figure it out is to look inside the plant, or rather, pick a leaf. If a milky sap appears on the spot of the rupture, it means you have tabernemontans in front of you. If it is not, it is gardenia. These beautiful fragrant plants are not only remarkably similar in appearance, but also the conditions for their maintenance are close enough (bright spot, acidic soil, moist air). True, tabernemontane grows faster and less capricious when grown indoors.Sergeeva L.K., Penza Article Gardenia jasmine (photo): home carePlease resolve our dispute. My sister has a very beautiful gardenia, but my sister claims that the woman who sold this flower to her called it tabernemontana. I don’t know such a plant, but I had a gardenia, and it looks absolutely the same - leaves, flowers, smell ... Or is it just another name?OOO "Sad" Article Growing a pear in the Moscow region - planting a variety and care“Microprocols is the“ work ”of the pear moth. And as soon as a microcrack appears on the fetus, the fungi of moniliosis immediately goes inside. There is a center of decay, which quickly spreads to the entire fetus. G Rusha dries and mummified. By the way, the causative agent of the disease winters in such fruits. Control measures Remove mummified fruits from the trees and under them. In the season, collect the drops, in the fall, scoop up and burn the fallen leaves. Immediately remove damaged and dry branches. Do not neglect the annual pruning (in early spring, before bud break). To fight the fungal disease in spring, treat the trees with a green copper cone using a contact copper-containing drug - 5% solution of Bordeaux mixture or copper sulfate (500 g per 10 l), Azofos (300 g per 10 l). In the phase of budding - with the fungicide Poliram or Ditan NeoTech 75 (60 g for 10 l). After flowering - with the preparation Scor (1 ml per 10 l) or Tercel (60-80 g per 10 l). To control the plant moth after flowering (before the “fruit of the hazelnut” phase), treat the trees with the systemic insecticide Bi-58 H, Kinphos (according to the instructions). From late May to mid-June, hang traps with fermented jam on the branches.Lydia Krylova Article Growing a pear in the Moscow region - planting a variety and careIn the summer, micro-punctures first appeared on the pear fruits, and then the fruits gradually rotted. As a result, lost more than half the crop. Sinned on wasps. But when the husband cut several fruits, they saw a black passage inside. Who could it be? How to protect the crop next year?OOO "Sad" Article How to transplant an adult gooseberry bush- You can transplant the entire gooseberry bush in the spring, before the growing season. The main thing is to cut the old branches before planting, and shorten the remaining ones to 1 / 3. You can divide an adult bush into several parts and plant them.Larisa Antonova Article How to transplant an adult gooseberry bushIs it possible to repot the adult gooseberry bush? Or is it better to dig up the side branches with the root and plant?OOO "Sad" Article Reproduction of walnut - theory and practice- For a successful accretion of grafting components to a walnut plant, the average daily temperature is more than + 20 degrees, which is unrealistic in Belarus. Therefore, vaccination is done in winter or spring in heated greenhouses. If the quality of the nuts from an adult tree completely suits you, then the grown seedling can be not grafted. As a rule, its fruits do not differ much from those of the mother tree. It is better to transplant the plant in spring when the soil is completely thawed. Place for landing, choose a sunny, protected from the wind. And remember about the size of the future tree - next to it at a distance of 5 m other plants should not grow. The top after transplanting is not necessary to trim.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Reproduction of walnut - theory and practiceApproximately in 2,5mot adult walnut from a nutlet grew young plant (height 0,5 m). What to do with it further: is it necessary to vaccinate, transplant? Trim the top? Valentina Sidorenko, SvetlogorskOOO "Sad" Article If APPLES are sick during storage ...- The photograph shows signs of a complex of diseases affecting the leaves of the apple tree: scab, brown spot. After the leaf fall, it was important to scrape and remove all the fallen leaves, and treat the trees with 8-10% ammonium nitrate solution (800-10OO g for 10 l of water). To remedy the situation next season, it is necessary: - In early spring (even before the buds swell), sprinkle apples 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture (300 g on 10 L); - spray the fungicide and insecticide tank mixture before blooming (for example, Fundazol + Novaction, according to the instructions); - after flowering, treat Azofos fungicide (according to instructions).Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article If APPLES are sick during storage ...Apple tree suddenly "spoiled." What is sick tree (see photo)? What to do? Alla SoldH. ISLAMOVA. with. Kisak-Cain. Bashkortostan Article Ciderates in the aisles of the potato and double rowsInspired by example, she tried to plant potatoes in double rows for two years in a row, she got amazing results. My beds were made about 1 m wide and about 30 m long. Passages between pairs of the beds are also a meter wide. During the summer I spent one loosening near the bushes and one hilling. The gaps between rows on each bed (40-50 cm wide) planted with mustard, which made the earth crumbly and distracted bindweed from the potato. Other weeds, such as quinoa and thistles, I pulled out with my hands, not allowing them to form seeds. August A15 pulled out all the mustard, folding its stems where they grew. In early September, she began to harvest by continuous digging of the beds, standing on the paths between them. At the same time, the mustard mulch, which had managed to shrink and turn black by this time, cut the shovel into small pieces and put it in beds. For example, it is now full of earthworms, it has become friable. And everywhere self-seeded mustard is constantly hatching, constantly thereby increasing the amount of organic matter in the soil. Therefore, the tubers of potatoes now grow strong and regular in shape, which I could only dream of before. But most importantly, they are all rather large. Judge for yourself: those that are medium in size weigh about half a kilo. And if there is a trifle, then the size is not with peas, but with a decent chicken egg. After such harvests there is real excitement and satisfaction from work. Thanks to summer residents for the proposed ideas!