Recent Comments gardeners and gardeners:

  • OOO "Sad" on What is a salad (photo) - varieties and species, subtleties of cultivationЭто целесообразно для северных регионов России, характеризующихся холодной весной, а в Беларуси выращивание имеет смысл только для получения раннего урожая. Посев семян раннеспелых сортов салата можно проводить в середине марта, чтобы через месяц высадить рассаду в открытый грунт и к концу апреля получить первый урожай. Поскольку эта культура без проблем переносит кратковременные заморозки до минус 6 градусов, можно не бояться возвратных холодов. При посеве нужно обратить внимание на следующие нюансы: в бороздки, сделанные на почве в рассадном ящике, лучше всего сыпать семена, смешанные с песком, или сухой чайной использованной заваркой (на 1 ч. л. посевного материала требуется полстакана «балласта»). Это поможет не загустить посевы и в дальнейшем, при пикировке, будет легко извлекать растения из субстрата. Второй момент заключается в том, что семена не надо засыпать почвой, достаточно накрыть их двумя слоями газеты, которую после появления всходов (через 2-3 дня) следует снять. Пикировку производят пример но через неделю после посева.
  • Larisa Evgenievna on What is a salad (photo) - varieties and species, subtleties of cultivationDoes it make sense to grow leaf lettuce seedlings?
  • OOO "Sad" on Which mulch is better?Such a crust is indeed the best mulch, but only if it is of the second or third grinding. However, this material has one drawback - it quickly decomposes, enriching the soil, and after that the weeds grow very actively. Sawdust can also be used, which during decomposition makes the soil more alkaline, and pine needles, on the contrary, acidic. It makes sense to pour them under rhododendrons and other plants that love acidic soils.
  • Zhanna Olegovna on Which mulch is better?I would like to know which mulch would be better for a flower bed, where hosts grow with irises and peonies? Personally, I like the pine bark. But is it suitable for such a flower garden?
  • OOO "Sad" on Is it possible to use herbicides on a flower bed, in a flower garden?It is believed that weeds need to be removed so that they do not take strength from the flowers, and they do not hurt. And this is fair. But even weeding and loosening provide air access to the soil, which accelerates the germination of seeds, and then supplies the roots of the plant with oxygen. At the same time, the grower removes and thins out the seedlings. Do it several times a season. And best of all after heavy rains. Loosen the soil very carefully so as not to damage the roots of plants. The last weeding is done in the fall, bale weeds are put in a compost pile so that after they rot, they fertilize the garden, flower garden and vegetable garden.
  • Anna Vasilievna Rybkina, Kostroma on Is it possible to use herbicides on a flower bed, in a flower garden?They argued with a neighbor. She says that weeding the flowerbed is a must. I believe that there is no need. After all, plants are planted very tightly. Who is right?
  • OOO "Sad" on Storage of bulbs and tubers of flowers - conditions (table-memo)Remove the bulbs from the bag. Inspect them carefully. Move healthy ones into egg trays, and then put them in a cold place (with a temperature close to zero). Such conditions will be comfortable for planting material. Three things are important for bulb crops in winter: it should be dry, dark and cold. And lilies, which are actively growing in spring, will need to be transplanted into a pot of earth and put in a cool place. But first, put a bag with holes in the pot, and then put the onion in it. When the time comes for transshipment and planting on the flowerbed, carefully pull the bag out of the pot, cut it and plant the lily in the soil along with a lump of earth.
  • Lidia Nikolaevna on Storage of bulbs and tubers of flowers - conditions (table-memo)In winter, bulbs of daffodils, crocuses and lilies were sent to me. I put them in a plastic bag in the refrigerator. And now I’m worried, did I do everything right?
  • OOO "Sad" on How to determine what is missing a rose? (nutrition deficiency)As you know, the simplest and most commonly used method of propagating roses is budding, or kidney vaccination. Some old varieties when grown from cuttings on their roots give powerful root shoots. To avoid this, they are vaccinated on the stock of another group. Most modern varieties of roses - on specially selected rose hips, which gives the bushes splendor and durability. During the growth period, the stock can produce shoots sprouting. And usually a short distance from the center of the plant. It’s easy to distinguish them: the leaves of these shoots are smaller and of a different color than the scion. Such shoots must be removed immediately, because at first it weakens, and then completely replaces the shoots of the grafted variety. Meanwhile, pruning unwanted shoots only enhances their growth. It is necessary to dig up such a shoot and carefully remove it from the ground along with the roots. This will remove the sleeping underground kidneys, which can give rise to new shoots. If standard roses are grown, grafted to the top, they can give the same shoots on the stem. They are plucked or cut off at the stem itself.
  • Raisa on How to determine what is missing a rose? (nutrition deficiency)Tell me, how to remove a root shoot from a rose, which is called blind shoots?
  • OOO "Sad" on Clematis planting - preparing a landing pit and leaving in the first yearYou can do it. In the internode zone, scrape the plant with a knife and dig a pot of soil under it. Then lower the shoot into it. Sprinkle with soil, put a pebble on top, so as not to forget about your experiment. Water the cuttings on time. And forget about him for a year. If winters are frosty, then in the fall the plant should be pruned, and lay the cuttings in a cold languid place until spring. Usually by this time a good and healthy seedling is formed, which can be settled on a garden plot in another place.
  • Alina Yakovlevna SVERZHITSKAYA on Clematis planting - preparing a landing pit and leaving in the first yearTell me, is it possible to root clematis with layering in the spring?
  • OOO "Sad" on Types of petunias - photo and descriptionMost probably not. These plants can only survive indoors. And if they are too long, then in the spring they need to be covered with earth, leaving the internodes free so that there are more shoots. You can do so. Root petunias in pots and put on a glazed and insulated loggia. And then cut them to the root. If closer to spring to dig up the soil from the plants in pots, then you can see that they are alive and there are many roots on them. For a good wintering of petunias, four conditions must be observed. They need high humidity, low temperature - not higher than 10 degrees, sparse watering - 1 time per week, as well as lack of top dressing. And this plant needs good lighting.
  • Olga Yuryevna Polezhaeva, Voronezh on Types of petunias - photo and descriptionIn August last year, planted petunia cuttings in peat tablets for rooting in order to preserve the varieties of their choice. Most of the plants survived and gave roots, which pecked through the shell of the tablets, after which I transplanted them into glasses. Now they are standing in the cottage in the cellar. I can’t go there. Do you think my petunias survived?
  • OOO "Sad" on Why do not bloom irises? Reasons and elimination.The first signal that the iris was attacked by leaf blotch, or heterosporosis, is the appearance of oblong yellowish spots on the extreme, aging leaves. Over time, they become light brown or grayish-olive with a dark brown edge. The tips of the affected leaves turn yellow and dry. The disease affects the internal leaves of the bundle. If this happens every year, then it noticeably weakens the health of rhizomes. The culprit is the pathogenic fungus, which also affects daffodils and gladioli. Irises get more and more from this pathogen if warm and humid weather is established. And thickened plantings, an excess of moisture and a lack of phosphorus in the soil help the development of the disease. How to protect plants from this infection? In autumn, all affected leaves must be removed. Planting plants should be gum, where the site is well blown. It is imperative to weed out and water so that water does not fall on the leaves. When caring for irises, you need to carefully examine them, remove old leaves, which will allow you to identify their defeat in heterosporosis in time. And if it is found, it is necessary to spray the plants with one of the fungicides. Bordeaux liquid and Oksikhom are best suited.
  • Tamara Lvovna ZELMAN on Why do not bloom irises? Reasons and elimination.There are many irises growing in my garden. I noticed that in the second half of summer their leaves begin to hit rusty spots. How to preserve the decorativeness of plants?
  • Nikolai Fedorovich MARCHENKOV, Penza Region, Nizhny Lomov on How to choose the seedlings of the bookmark (planting) for your gardenCHOICE OF SEEDLING A responsible approach to the selection of planting material is the key to a good future harvest. When choosing apple trees, it is important to take into account the taste of their fruits and the ripening time, so you can not only harvest the whole season, but also save it until spring. How to “recognize by sight” a strong apple tree seedling that will meet all the specified requirements? Keep the following rules in mind: 1. The best material is annual. The age of the tree is determined by the branches: a one-year-old plant has no pronounced branches, a two-year-old already has 2-3 strong branches growing at an angle of 45-90 degrees. 2. Pay particular attention to the roots. Having made a cut on one of the underground processes, look at the color on the cut. In a healthy plant, the roots are white, and a gray shade on the cut indicates that the plant is frozen or decayed. Swelling and curvature of the roots are signs of disease. Another criterion: in a healthy seedling, the root system should not look too dry. 3. If groundwater is shallow in the area where the garden is planned to be laid - 1–5 m from the surface, I advise you to choose apple trees on dwarf rootstocks with roots located close to the surface. It is useless to plant tall varieties on such a site. Contact of the root system with groundwater will lead to decay and death of the tree. Decide which variety you need. Summer varieties, for example, White filling, Moscow pear, give a crop in early August and are not intended for long-term storage. And there are varieties whose fruits are removed in late autumn, they reach a maximum in taste during storage.
  • Innokenty Arkadevich VRUBLEVSKY, Gomel region, Kalinkovichi on Proven rules for the care of gooseberries - my tips from the experience of growingIn early spring, it is very useful to spray currants and gooseberries with a specially prepared liquid. It is necessary to take 700 g of urea (urea) and 50-100 g of copper sulfate. All this diluted in 10 liters of water. Treatment with such a composition is a good prevention against fungal diseases and most pests. If spraying is not carried out before the buds open, a preventive procedure can still be carried out. However, in order not to burn young foliage, the amount of urea should be reduced to 50 g.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Honeysuckle curly honeysuckle (photo) species, planting and careHoneysuckle curly honeysuckle is my favorite. A few years ago, in June, I cut the cuttings, planted them in ordinary garden soil, watered it well and covered it with a plastic bottle. Planting periodically aired and, if necessary, watered. Soon, cuttings released new leaves. Young plants wintered well, and in the summer I determined them to a permanent place near the fence, where my husband built a support - a trellis. The honeysuckle quickly swept over her. How I rejoiced at the first fragrant flowers! Every spring I carry out sanitary pruning, removing dry and broken branches, I feed with complex mineral fertilizer (according to the instructions). And the honeysuckle becomes thicker, and more and more flowers. Last year, due to prolonged rains, powdery mildew struck the plant, and the Topaz preparation helped (according to the instructions).
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Tubular, giant lilies - my experience of planting and careOne spring I bought several lilies on the market. Among them was a charming white-flowered variety. When planting in a hole, sand and some fertilizer were poured to the bottom, planted the bulb to a depth equal to its triple height. And that summer, the lily bloomed, surprising with its strong aroma. In the care of the snow-white beauty, as well as for other lilies, the correct feeding is important: during budding I use complex mineral fertilizer, and after flowering - superphosphate and potassium nitrate (according to the instructions). I cut the peduncles after drying, for the winter I cover the plant with pine or spruce paws.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Cropping Clematis by Group - Florist TipsWhen I learned that burning clematis has an incredible aroma, I immediately wanted to plant it in my garden. In the fall I received a parcel with a seedling and planted it, adding compost and universal fertilizer to the pit (according to the instructions). She covered with spruce paws for the winter. In the spring, the newcomer, having released several shoots, quickly went up, climbed to the support. In early summer, small white flowers blossomed. Burning clematis is completely unpretentious: neither pests nor illnesses are terrible for him, it hibernates perfectly, after a complete pruning of the aerial parts it only pretters.
  • Inna STARTSEVA, Pavlovsky Posad on Flower antirrinum (PHOTO) - cultivation, reproduction and varietiesIn childhood, snapdragon, or antirrinum, we called "dogs." The unusual shape of the buds, bright shades ... What a pity that now this flower is rarely found in gardens. Snapdragon blooms from June until the frost. There are many varieties: there are dwarf ones with a height of 15-30 cm, large-flowered semi-tall - 50-70 cm and high - up to 100 cm. Sowing secrets Sowing seeds are sown in containers in March. Evenly distribute them on the surface of the soil without falling asleep. I put the containers in a warm place with a temperature of + 20-22 degrees. I moisten the soil with a spray gun. Shoots usually appear on days 10-14. When picking, I plant 3 plants in a pot. After 1-2 weeks, I feed the first time with complex fertilizer (according to the instructions), after 10-14 days - the second feeding. In mid-May, I plant seedlings in open ground in a sunny place with fertile light soil. The distance between the plants is 20-30 cm. I must put 1 tablet of the soil biofungicide “Gliokladin” in the planting hole. Features of care In the dry period, the antirrinum is moderately watered, but not waterlogged, because due to excess water it can become sick and die. It is periodically advisable to moisten under the root and spray with Alirin + Gamair, alternating them with Trichocin or Trichodermin (according to instructions).
  • Julia KUPINA, Belgorod region on Roses for beginners in pink - planting and careFor many years I have been delighted with the supermobile flowering of ROSES SPRAY. Sprigs are literally strewn with small flowers, each stalk is like a miniature bouquet. In my garden, such roses are relatively low - about 50-70 cm. Spray roses bloom almost continuously, until the frost. Unfortunately, buds are not always open at the same time. Sometimes this can really ruin the whole "picture" when one rose in the brush is just opening and the other is already fading. But I found a way out of this situation: during the budding period I pinch the central bud - and the roses open at the same time! My favorite varieties: Lovely Lydia. Bushes are frost-resistant, about 60 cm high. Shoots without thorns, with saturated pink flowers 4-5 cm in diameter. Petals do not crumble as fast and hard as other roses. In the sun, flowers can fade, and in partial shade they retain a saturated color. Fire Flash (Fire Flash) is resistant to diseases and pests, not afraid of rain. Flowers 4-6 cm in diameter with an interesting two-tone red-yellow color. Luviana. Differs in thick-doubled flowers of unusual lemon-lime color.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Action (photo) Planting and caring for the plantOriental beauty action. She fascinates with her flowering! In addition, this delightful shrub is very easy to propagate by cuttings. For cuttings in July, I cut young lignified branches. The lower section is oblique, under the node, and after 3 internodes, the upper straight section. I remove the lower leaves, cut off the upper ones by half, so that they do not take away the "seedlings" of strength. I dig a landing hole 30-40 cm deep, water the soil abundantly and make a recess in it with a stick. I insert the action stalk and compact it with soil. I cover with a cropped bottle of dark plastic from above - it turns out a mini-greenhouse. I don’t close the lid: it’s so convenient to water, and the condensate easily evaporates. I tighten the cap in September. I do not insulate action bushes for the winter. After wintering, the plant leaves healthy and unharmed. In the spring I cut old and crooked branches, in the snow or after rain I scatter complex mineral fertilizer around the bushes (according to the instructions). I am glad that my action is resistant to various diseases and pests. Natalya POPOVICH, Volyn region Author photo
  • Nina MALAKHOVA on Brugmansia (photo) landing and care. Growing and wintering tipsMagnificent Brugmansia On the advice of a friend, she decorated her flower garden with Brugmansia. And now I can not imagine a garden without this fragrant queen of the night with buds, “pipes” of white color. Last season, it acquired two rooted cuttings on the market and planted them in open ground in mid-April. In the planting pits, I added a little onion peel and a couple of handfuls of rotted manure. I spilled the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (you can also use Fitosporin according to the instructions) and planted plants together with a lump of earth. As necessary, I watered and fed new pets with chicken droppings every week (a liter can of litter / 10 l of water, insisted for a day, then added 1 l of infusion to a bucket of water). And for foliar spraying, I used Fitosporin (1 tablespoon / bucket of water). When the bushes grew, I tied them to the supports. If this is not done, fragile twigs can break due to wind or rain. By the way, Brugmansia is a nocturnal plant. During the day it seems to fade, and in the evening comes to life, dissolving fragrant flowers.
  • Natalya DORONINA, Moscow region on How to prepare fertilizers for feeding from grass (green infusion)?In early July, I am sure to feed all flowering plants with infusion of green fertilizer with ash and other “tasty” additives. Such an effective tool extends the flowering period. I put the barrel (240 l) in a sunny place, fill up to half with chopped nettles, comfrey, tansy, chamomile, horsetail (without seeds). I add 1 liter of wood ash, several handfuls of bread crusts or compound feed, a half-liter jar of jam, 100 ml of the Baikal-EM biological product, fill it with water and cover it with a film with holes. I mix the infusion once a day. Universal fertilizer for flowering will be ready in 7-10 days. To feed all the plants, I filter the infusion and dilute it with water 1: 2.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Works in July at the dacha, flower garden, garden, vegetable gardenIn July, it is important for all faded perennials (frankincense, medunica, etc.) to ensure a sufficient content of phosphorus and potassium in the soil. These elements contribute to the maturation of replacement buds and help the roots store nutrients for a successful wintering and rapid growth of shoots in spring. Once every two weeks I bring in under faded perennials 50-100 g of superphosphate and 25-50 g of potassium sulfate per 1 sq.m. Around the plants, I make a groove, pour fertilizer into it, water it well and fall asleep with dry soil or mulch. Perennials with a dying aerial part (tulips, hyacinths, etc.) are watered as long as the stems are alive. After (if you do not need to dig and divide), I cut off the dried shoots, mulch the plantings with sawdust. You can not make nitrogen fertilizers in the second half of the summer, as this will provoke the awakening of replacing buds, which will subsequently freeze out in the winter. Victoria KRASNOVA, Oshmyany
  • Karina BOZOVA, Volgograd on How to get rid of ants on peoniesTo protect peonies and other flowers from ants, I put a special gel on the stems (sold in a garden store). And I sprinkle the soil under the bushes with ash - then insects cannot get to the plants. It repels ants and the smell of tobacco. I fill half a liter can with cigarettes, pour water to the brim, insist on the day, filter and spray the buds. TIP If you need to cut peonies for a bouquet, and ants crawl along them, I drop the plants literally for a minute with flowers down in a bucket of cold water. Then I take out and shake droplets of water from them along with the insects.
  • Antonina ARZHEVIKINA, Moscow on Geranium garden (photo) 12 ideas for open groundWant lush vibrant geraniums to become flower garden stars? Take note of my tips! I sprinkle the geraniums sparingly under the root with settled water. I try not to get on the leaves and flowers, otherwise burns will form on them. Due to frequent watering, flowering stops, and the root system begins to rot. As I grow for sprawling bushes, I establish supports: strong wind and rain can break the shoots. Garden geraniums do not need intensive top dressing. For abundant flowering in late June and early July, I treat them with an infusion of “green” fertilizer (from any weed). You can also use mullein infusion (1:15). Ф After flowering, cut off the peduncles so that the bushes do not lose their attractive appearance. In August, I divide and transplant aging plants to a new place. I dig out the bush, cut it into small pieces with a sharp knife, dust the sections with ash and plant them on a sunny site. Before winter, I cut all geraniums to ground level and cover them with fir or pine branches.
  • Tatiana Buyina on Why is it better to buy bulbous flowers in the fall?We save the poultry farmer Once I noticed that the leaves of the poultry farmer turned yellow early. When I dug up the bulbs, it turned out that the flower was damaged by a root tick. I dig and inspect the bulbs of the affected plants. I reject the sick, and dry the healthy for several weeks in a dry room. In August, I withstand bulbs for a couple of hours in a solution of potassium permanganate (3 g / 1 0 l of water) and planted in a sunny place in humid fertile soil - a mixture of humus, leafy soil and sand (1: 1: 1). When landing at the bottom of the holes, I pour a little ash. Of course, you can solve the problem with the help of acaricides, for example, Apollo. For a season, one or two treatments are enough (according to the instructions).
  • Alexey Viktorovich AFANASYEV, Vologda Region, the city of Kirillov on Planting peppers for seedlings and planting in open ground - tips and reviewsGrowing a good seedling of peppers helps me supplement in the substrate, which I pre-harvest in the forest. From my personal experience I was convinced that the plants turn out strong if you add moss - Icelandic, reindeer moss or sphagnum to the boxes with the ground. I collect it in the summer, dry it thoroughly, grind it in a coffee grinder and store it in a cupboard. In the spring I take out the earth from the cellar and let it warm up in a warm place. Meanwhile, pour a glass of reindeer powder 1 liter of hot water, mix thoroughly and leave for 2 hours. Then I mix this mass with warm soil and transfer the mixture to boxes (approximately 20% of the capacity should be exactly moss). Then I spill the substrate abundantly and only after a day I sow seeds of peppers. I cover the boxes with glass or transparent film. With the advent of shoots, I take off the shelter and put the containers in a warm, well-lit place. Moss is rich in nutrients and mineral salts that sprouts need. It is also perfectly a kind of natural hydrogel that holds moisture that is vital to plants. And of course, from ancient times, the bactericidal properties of this plant are known. Moss contains a powerful natural antiseptic - sphagnol. It suppresses the vital activity of many types of bacterial and fungal infections, does not allow various rot to develop on plants. Thanks to its use, my seedlings are always strong, well developed and growing rapidly, and then the bushes delight with a generous harvest of peppers. Moss can be used as a layer between layers of vegetables during storage. As such, it competes well with sand or wood shavings.
  • Alexey Viktorovich on Black leg of a seedling - what to do?Emergency measures against the black leg! As soon as I notice sprouts with darkened stems in seedlings, I take emergency measures. After all, these are symptoms of a very dangerous disease - the “black leg”, which threatens to “mow” all the plants. If the spread of the disease is small, seedlings can be saved. I pour clean sand under each of them with a layer of 1-1,5 cm. This dries the soil. Wood ash also helps out - I sprinkle the soil with it. I spray the diseased plants with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
  • Nina MALAKHOVA on Asters - shrubby, New Belgian, New English, heather, agate - descriptionAfter planting the seedlings of an annual aster in the open ground, she suddenly began to fade. And I turned for advice to a friend - an experienced grower. It turned out that asters wither and die due to a fungal disease (black leg), the causative agents of which are in the seeds and soil. Control measures Unfortunately, I had to get rid of diseased plants. But a friend gave me some recommendations on how to avoid any mushroom infection. Do not grow asters in one place for several years. Previously, the seeds must be treated for half an hour in a strong solution of potassium permanganate or preparations “Vitaros” (2 ml / 10 l of water), “Topsin-M” (2 g / l of water), “Skor” (1 ml / l of water). Before planting seedlings, the soil on the flower bed must be shed with one of the fungicides: Vitaros (2 ml / 10 l of water), Skor (1 ml / l of water), Azofos (100-200 ml / 10 l of water) ) Two weeks later, the same drugs should be sprayed with plants after planting.
  • Olga GORBUNOVA, Bryansk on Long-flowered perennial flower garden - photos and what to plant. Decorative leaf perennialsWhen arranging a garden, many flower growers rely on perennials, because the hassle with them is much less than with annual flowers. And in the spring you do not need to create a luxurious flower garden from scratch. I decided to compose a harmonious flower bed of bright perennial plants: rudbeckia, gypsophila, lychnis, lupine, doronicum, coreopsis. She grew all the flowers from seeds - two years ago, in April, she sowed them directly into the open ground. Thinning and top dressing At the end of May-June thinned plantings for the first time, in July completely got rid of the extra (weakest) bushes. I left a distance of 25-40 cm between them so that the bright colors had enough space for good growth and development. A week after thinning, she fed the pets with this solution: 20 g of ammonium nitrate and potassium chloride, 30 g of superphosphate / 10 l of water. Consumption rate - 1 bucket for 20 plants. Last summer, the bushes pleased me with the first flowering.
  • Angelina on Plant of blood-groove drug-use and cultivation on the siteI thought for a long time about which flower to decorate the coastline of an artificial reservoir in the country, until I saw a note about a blood sting on a forum on the Internet. A perennial, non-demanding care plant has excellent winter hardiness, is not afraid of diseases and pests. The hemorrhage is highly appreciated in everyday life and traditional medicine: vitamin salads are prepared from young leaves, and tonic tea is brewed; rhizomes (harvested in August, after flowering, stored in dried form for up to 5 years) are used for useful decoctions and tinctures. Throughout the summer, I regularly feed the flower with complex mineral fertilizer (according to the instructions), loosen the soil under the bushes. It is best to propagate a hemoptysis by seeds, sowing them before winter. But it is possible and dividends. After flowering, I dig a bush and use a sharp knife to cut the rhizome into several parts (I leave at least one growth point on each dividend). I process the slices with wood ash and plant them in a new place. The distance between the bushes is 0,5-1 m, they grow rapidly.
  • Andrey KAPYLOV on How and when to water flowers in the garden in the open groundIt seems that watering flowers is a simple matter, no special skills are needed. But this is completely wrong. The frequency of watering depends on the type of soil, weather conditions and crops grown. It is ideal to use rainwater, but if this is not possible, a well-maintained, warm one that is heated in the tanks in the sun will do. Remember: ice water causes stress in plants, and also contributes to the defeat of powdery mildew. Water the flowers under the root, make sure that the leaves and flowers are not wet, otherwise they can get burns. Use a watering can - it creates a rain effect. But give up the hose: the soil will be washed out of the root system, and the soil will be very compacted. After moistening, be sure to loosen the soil so that a crust does not form, which prevents the penetration of air to the roots. In the heat, all flowers need additional watering. Moisten the plants with warm water in the morning or in the evening, after 18.00.
  • OOO "Sad" on Hydrangea: diseases and pests - photoI once noticed that in large-leaved hydrangeas, they dry from the edges and then the leaves fall. Watered the plant several times with a solution of potassium permanganate, but not Hydrangea is relatively resistant to diseases and pests. The main thing is to maintain optimal conditions for the plant. The flower prefers acidic and slightly acidic soil, likes to drink and does not tolerate drying out, responds poorly to high doses of mineral fertilizers. After a thorough inspection of the bush, I found out that the cause of the drying out of the leaves was not a pest, but gray rot. A characteristic sign of this ailment is that in damp weather on the affected leaves and shoots a grayish coating of mycelium is noticeable. And then already these areas dry up (die off) and can crumble into dust. Of course, manganese will not help here - you need a good fungicide. In dry weather, early in the morning sprayed hydrangea "Skor" according to the instructions (you can also use the preparations "Azofos", "Vitaros"). After 10-12 days, the treatment was repeated. To prevent gray rot in the spring, it is necessary to shed the soil and spray the plant with fungicides 2-3 times a season. Victoria KRASNOVA city Oshmyany
  • Anastasia ZHIHAR, Moscow on Renewal (rejuvenation) of primrose - how right?I propagate bright primroses both by seeds and rooting of axillary shoots. From the end of June, primrose box fruits begin to ripen. I carefully collect them, but sow the seeds in the winter after stratification - in boxes with loose soil, dug in the snow and covered with a film. In early spring, when the snow begins to melt, I bring in a container with crops in the room, I water it sparingly. As soon as the first pair of leaves opens, I dive into separate cups. After the threat of freezing frost has passed and the positive temperature has set, I plant seedlings in open ground. But most often I propagate young primrose in a simpler way - by rooting axillary shoots. In July, when the bushes completely bloom, at the base of the neck I separate the leaf petiole with a kidney and part of the shoot. I cut the leaves in half. I powder it with “Kornevin” and plant it obliquely with a kidney up. After moderately moisturize. After a while, shoots with 3-5 leaves will develop from the kidneys.
  • Marina ZUBKO on What is the difference between panicle hydrangea and tree hydrangea - planting and care, conditions and varietiesFor landscaping arbors, they chose petiole hydrangea and did not fail. It is so great to spend warm summer evenings in its gorgeous greenery and snow-white flowers! From mid-June to the end of July, I feed the beauty with mineral fertilizers: 20 g of superphosphate, 10 g of potassium and 10 g of ammonium nitrate / 10 l of water. Norm - a watering solution for 4 plants. I repeat top dressing every 7-10 days. This will provide better flowering and will contribute to the laying of flower buds for next year. During mass flowering I also feed “Fertik. Wagon "(according to the instructions). I water in a timely manner throughout the season - once a week 20 liters of water under the bush. NOTICE If yellowing leaves appear on the plant, it is most likely chlorosis. Double processing by Ferovit will help (according to the instructions). To protect against pests, I spray petiole hydrangea twice a summer with Fufanon solution (according to instructions).
  • OOO "Sad" on Preparations for the treatment of conifers what and what- Evenly, until the needles are completely wetted, treat the fir trees on the crown with one of the preparations: Alatar, CE (5 ml / 10 L of water), Pinocid, CE (2 ml / 10 L of water), Kinmix, CE ( 4 ml / 10 l of water), Fufanon-Nova, VE (13 ml / 10 l of water), Iskra, SP (10 g / 10 l of water), Aliot, CE (10 ml / 10 l of water ) You can also use the biological product "Lepidocide", P (20-30 g / 10 l of water). After 10-14 days, repeat spraying with the other of the proposed remedies.
  • Anton Loginov, Bryansk on Preparations for the treatment of conifers what and whatNew branches of young spruce damaged sawfly. How to deal with this pest?
  • OOO "Sad" on Reproduction of rhododendrons from A to Z (CELLS AND SEEDS)- This type of cuttings is best suited for breeding representatives of the subgenus Azalea (Azalea). In the second half of summer, prepare planting material from semi-lignified shoots. A good leaf bud stalk is a small segment of the stem (not more than 4-5 cm) with a leaf in the bosom of which there is a kidney. All parts of it perform a certain function: the leaf is a source of nutrients necessary for the growth and development of the cuttings, and the stem of the future plant will appear from the kidney, on which roots will form in the future. Make the upper cut with a sharp knife as close as possible to the kidney, the lower - after 4-5 cm. Before planting, powder it with growth regulators, for example, “Kornevin” or “Heteroauxin”. Immerse the stalk in the rooting substrate so that the kidney is at ground level (cover it with a cropped plastic bottle). It is better to plant in a mixture of sand and high peat (1: 1).
  • Inessa Pavlova, Moscow on Reproduction of rhododendrons from A to Z (CELLS AND SEEDS)I saw a gorgeous rhododendron from a neighbor in the country. I remembered that the plant can be propagated by leafy cuttings. Tell me how to do it right? I really want to have the same beautiful flower on my site.
  • Sergey SIDORENKO on If lilies degenerate - transplant will helpTwo summer top dressing of lilies So that these beauties will delight us with gorgeous flowers in a month, take care of their nutrition in advance. 1. At the time of formation of the first buds. At this time, plants need nitrogen-potassium-phosphorus composition. Such top dressing helps to increase the size of the bud and makes the color of the petals more saturated. Good results are obtained by the introduction of azofoski (nitroammofoski) - 1 tablespoon / 10l of water. 2. During mass flowering. Top dressing will help prolong it, because the plant will receive all the elements necessary to maintain strength. During this period, complex compositions are used, including trace elements - according to the instructions. Summer top dressing can be supplemented by adding wood ash to the soil - 100 g / sq.m.
  • Ekaterina GOLENIA, collector of roses, Moscow on How to plant a rose from a bouquetCut roses preferably early in the morning or late in the evening, best in cloudy weather. Flowers are cut off in the phase of a colored bud with bent sepals, and densely terry cultivars are in the "loose" bud stage, when the lower petals begin to open. Do not cut tightly closed buds; they may not open in a vase and droop. You need to work with a sharp secateurs. Scissors crush and deform shoots. Water for cut flowers is better to take settled and change it daily, rinse the stems with running water, regularly updating the slices. Roses do not tolerate direct sunlight, drafts and hot rooms.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Garden signs that really helpNational signs In July, clouds in the sky in stripes - it will rain. If the grass is dry in the morning, expect rain by night. The rainbow appeared in the morning - to rain, in the afternoon - to improve the weather. Strong dew - on a clear day. The strong crackle of grasshoppers in July portends dry weather.
  • Elena KUZMINA, agronomist, St. Petersburg on Clematis planting - preparing a landing pit and leaving in the first yearVertical layering To get such layering from clematis, bushes spud with humus or peat - you need to close the 2-3 lower nodes of the stems. For several seasons, this soil layer is kept moist, and after one to three years, the stems are fully rooted. The bush is unbolted in the spring, the rooted shoots are cut and planted in new places. This method allows you not to disturb the roots of the mother plant and not disturb flowering.
  • Elena MARASANOVA, agronomist, St. Petersburg on Daffodils (photo) - varieties of flowers and their descriptionWe divide daffodils It is possible to dig out daffodils' nests for dividing and transplanting from the first decade of July, when the leaves begin to "diverge" and their tips turn yellow. If you wait for complete yellowing and lodging of the leaves, the boundaries of planting are lost, the bulbs when digging easily fall off the nest and can be cut with a shovel. Young roots are injured during sorting and drying. And poorly rooted daffodils will be weakened, prone to various diseases. Bulbs can be planted almost immediately after digging. Early planting ensures successful wintering and abundant flowering in the next season. They are stored for a short time, only for drying and separation of a large baby. Dry under a canopy or in a ventilated area at room temperature.
  • Yuri BAZHENOV, collector, Moscow on Growing fragrant tobacco variety Sander - photo, planting and careSweet tobacco is a poisonous bait for the Colorado potato beetle. If you plant seedlings near potato plantings, then within a radius of 5 to 50 m (depending on local conditions) there will not be a single Colorado potato beetle on the potato. They will all be on fragrant tobacco and will not lay their eggs on young tops.
  • Elena MARASANOVA, agronomist, St. Petersburg on Lily flowers (photo) - planting and care, reproduction and propertiesCurly lily bulbs divide slowly - every 3-4 years. Therefore, for its faster reproduction, another method is used. As soon as the plant fades, immediately you need to dig out the bulb and, having separated the outer scales, plant again. Or carefully scoop up the earth and, without digging a lily, separate the scales. Then they are buried at 2/3 of the height in a container with light soil mixture of turf land, humus and sand (2: 1: 1). Sprinkle with peat on top, cover with a film and put in a shaded place. By autumn, 1–2 baby bulbs with roots and leaflet are formed at the base of the scales. They are separated (in September) and planted on a distribution bed, which for the winter is insulated with mulch or cut perennials with a layer of 5 cm or more.
  • Daria KAMINSKAYA, Moscow on Mangold (photos) planting and care, useful properties and recipesPickled chard and beet leaves. Chard and marin beet leaves for winter. Then I use them for vinaigrette and cold borsch. 500 g of chard and beet leaves, horseradish leaf, 4 peas of black and allspice, 5-6 vetch dill, 3 tbsp. 9% vinegar, 2 tsp. salt and sugar, 6 cloves of garlic. I put spices in dry, sterilized jars (divide equally). I put the chopped washed and dried leaves of beet and chard tightly on top. Pour boiling water, let stand for 5-7 minutes. I pour the infusion into the pan, bring to a boil, add salt and sugar, and when they are completely dissolved, add vinegar and pour the marinade into jars. I sterilize the workpiece for 20 minutes, roll it up. I turn it upside down, wrap it up and leave it until it cools down. I keep in the cellar.
  • Galina MARININA, Smolensk on What flowers are considered edible and recipes from themFritt with pumpkin flowers and zucchini I do not throw out the flowers remaining from pinching pumpkins and zucchini. I cook a delicious omelet from them. 2 eggs, 4-5 flowers of pumpkin or zucchini, 2-3 tbsp. chopped herbs, a clove of garlic, butter or vegetable oil for frying, salt, pepper and nutmeg to taste. I take out the pestles from the washed flowers. Beat eggs with salt and spices, add greens. Finely chopped garlic, fry for a minute in boiling oil, spread the flowers and pour the egg mash. When the eggs cease to be liquid on top, gently flip the frit, fry for another 2-3 minutes and remove from heat. Great breakfast ready!
  • Irina MELNIKOVA, Moscow on Recipes from their vegetables, berries and fruits - a collection of 5I love this jam! The aroma of strawberries, mixed with subtle notes of cinnamon and star anise, is the perfect complement to an evening tea break on cold winter evenings. 2 kg of strawberries, 2 kg of sugar, 2 star anise anise, 4 sticks of cinnamon. Washed and dried on a towel berries without stalks I fill in with sugar in a saucepan, leave for 3 hours. I bring to a boil over medium heat, cook 10 minutes after boiling, remove from heat and let cool completely. I bring it to a boil again, add star anise and cinnamon, and cook another 10 minutes. I let it cool and boil again. I remove the spices, pour the jam into sterilized jars, wrap it up and let it cool completely. I keep in the cellar.
  • OOO "Sad" on Caring for roses after wintering and taking cover- Roses need to be fed regularly, and in your case, also carefully loosen the soil in the flower garden, especially after watering and heavy rains, because the soil is heavy. Loosen at a distance of 30 cm from the root neck of each plant. As for fertilizers, today there is a huge selection of them in flower shops. Or prepare your own: for plentiful and long-term flowering, once every 12 days, feed roses (and all flowers) with infusion of mullein (1:10) or chicken droppings (1:20), adding 10-15 g of double superphosphate and potassium sulfate per bucket composition. Consumption - a bucket of 4-5 young roses (2-4 year olds) or 2 buckets of more mature bushes. In the heat of feeding, carry out in the early morning or after 17 hours at the same time as watering.
  • Svetlana Rzhapetskaya, Moscow region on Caring for roses after wintering and taking coverLast year, my roses "went on strike," bloomed poorly. This season I see that the situation is repeating itself. How to help plants? The soil on the site is heavy.
  • OOO "Sad" on Tree peony - planting and care from A to Z, tips for growing gardeners- If on peonies you saw back and forth red-yellow sod or black ants, this is a sure sign that plants are already inhabited by aphids, because ants feed on their sweet secretions, sometimes eating petals. Control measures Spill the soil around the bushes with a solution of Anteater (1 ml per 10 liters of water). If you find an anthill - spill it with a solution of the drug Thunder, Thunder-2 or Ant (20-30 g per 10 square meters). Some gardeners pour boiling water over an accumulation of ants on the ground and then take them out with a shovel along with the soil. Repeat this procedure several times until they are completely destroyed (if the ant colony is in the immediate vicinity of the peonies). In addition, ants can be sprinkled with boric acid. Sod and black ants carry from one bush to another aphid. In this case, before or after flowering, spray peonies with Fufano, Actellik or Spark (according to instructions). Against aphids, you can use tobacco infusion (50 g per 10 l of water) with the addition of 50 g of planed laundry soap.
  • Larisa Kunitsyna, Yalta on Tree peony - planting and care from A to Z, tips for growing gardenersAdvise how to get rid of black ants on peonies?
  • Dmitry Kharchevich, Bryansk on Aphids and ants together - how to fight?Two killer aphid recipes By mid-summer, aphids can pretty much spoil the look of the flower garden. At one time, roses, dahlias, daisies, chrysanthemums and spirea were severely affected. I tried to plant marigolds for deterrence, but it did not help much. More effective were citrus and onion infusions, which I alternate (I spray plants once a day). Citrus Recipe. Grind a half-liter jar of fresh or dried peel of oranges (tangerines) and pour 1 liter of water for a day. Boil for 10 minutes, filter, pour into a bucket of water (10l), add 1 tbsp. l liquid soap. Onion infusion. Shredded large head of onion (you can add a little onion peel) pour 1 liter of water and leave for 5 hours. I add 4-5 g of planed laundry soap, filter and bring the volume of water to 1 liter.
  • Antonina POPOVSKAYA. Krasnodar region on Tree peony - planting and care from A to Z, tips for growing gardenersWe will save the peonies from gray rot. After flowering, the peonies fall off the petals. I sweep them out from under the bushes, otherwise they can rot from excess moisture, which can lead to the development of a fungal disease - gray rot. Yes, and it is better to remove faded flowers in time so that the seeds are not tied (this weakens the plant).
  • Elena PISARENKO. Saratov region on Reproduction of roses by vaccinations and cuttings - the best advice from A to ZRosary from cuttings In early July, I propagate roses (climbing, hybrid tea, floribunda) by cuttings (but park roses root poorly). I cut the cuttings with two internodes from flowering or just fading semi-lignified shoots (from the middle part). I remove the lower leaves completely, and cut off the upper ones by half. I lower the bottom of the cuttings for 12 hours in Kornevin’s solution, and then immediately plant them in a greenhouse on a bed in the sand (its layer is 5 cm) obliquely after 4-5 cm in a row to a depth of 1-2 cm. I water abundantly, close and shade the greenhouse. The first 2 weeks on sunny days I spray the cuttings up to 6 times a day. In the heat of the greenhouse aired. Within a month, roots form on the cuttings. At this time, I reduce the spraying to two per day, on cloudy days I remove the shading. For the winter, I cover the cuttings in a greenhouse with dry leaves or a straw layer up to 20 cm. And in May-June I plant them in open ground.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Dwarf bearded irises (photo) planting and care: questions and answersDig up rhizome irises at the age of 3-5 years after flowering and divide. Cut off the delenka at the site of the rhizome constriction, cut the roots by 10 cm, powder the wounds with crushed charcoal. Then leave the dug up rhizome and delenki for a couple of hours under a canopy in the air. When planting, cut the leaves of delenka by 2/3.
  • Irina Yaremenko on Spring melkolukovye flowers - photo and descriptionIn July, I dig out overgrown nests of small onion flowers (crocuses, muscari, galanthus, poultry farmers, chionodoxes), divide into onions and immediately plant them on a prepared bed. The planting depth is usually equal to the triple size of the bulb. At the end of the work, I definitely water the flowerbed.
  • Elena FEDOTOVA, Samara region on Growing petunia as a container plant - on the balconyFor abundant flowering in petunias, I remove faded and deformed flowers, and at the same time I pinch the elongated shoots. Plants in hanging baskets that decorate the open veranda are watered abundantly at least once a week. And at least once a week I feed them with a solution of complex fertilizer with a predominance of phosphorus and potassium (3-5 g per 10 liters of water).
  • Svetlana KUSPIS on Planting and caring for clematis - fan tips for these colorsClematis: top dressing and care At the beginning and middle of July, I necessarily feed clematis with mullein infusion (1:10), to which I add mineral fertilizers (100 g of superphosphate and 500 g of wood ash per 10 l of composition; I insist hour). And for the prevention of fungal diseases I spray once with Bordeaux liquid (100 g per 10 liters of water).
  • Nikolai CHROMOV, Cand. of sciences on Fertilizing conifers in springTrunk circles of conifers (thuja, spruce, juniper) mulch pine needles, spruce or acid peat. Remember: several times a season it is useful to pour them with acidified water. For this, dilute 1 tbsp. 9% vinegar in 10 liters of water.
  • OOO "Sad" on Rotting onions? Photos, name and description of diseases + how to deal with them- Most likely, we are talking about rust. If so, then after some time the dots will turn black and the feathers will dry out. Rust is a fairly persistent and contagious fungal disease. Its spores winter well in the soil, and if from year to year grow onions in the same place, rust will attack it every year. Therefore, in the future, be sure to adhere to crop rotation rules. In addition, do not thicken the planting, as the disease is especially active in onions in high humidity. If signs of rust have been noticed on several plants, pluck and burn them, and pour the bed abundantly with a pink solution of potassium permanganate or 1% solution of copper sulfate. If the lesion is massive, pour the bed with a solution of HOMA (30 g per 10 liters of water). Repeat the procedure after 20 days. In addition, do not feed diseased plants with nitrogen-containing fertilizers. Instead, pour a solution of potassium sulfate (1 tsp per 10 l of water) at the rate of a bucket of composition per 1 sq.m. If there is no mineral fertilizer, sprinkle the bed with sifted wood ash (200 g per 1 sq. M).
  • Ekaterina Golik, Smolensk on Rotting onions? Photos, name and description of diseases + how to deal with themThe feathers of the bow were deformed and covered with yellowish dots. What is it? How to save a crop?
  • Irina Ryabova, Moscow on What care do cucumbers need in the second half of summer? Agronomist advises!A super recipe for all diseases of cucumbers. It was always marvelous how my mother-in-law, regardless of weather, manages to grow a rich crop of cucumbers. Moreover, her plants do not get sick and bear fruit until late autumn. A couple of years ago, she shared her secret. It turned out that all summer every 10 days the mother-in-law alternates with plentiful spraying with two superfoods from all diseases. In 4, 5 liters of water breeds 1 tbsp. soda, 1 tsp. dishwashing liquid and vegetable oil, adds two crushed tablets of aspirin (500 mg). In a bucket of water dissolves 30 drops of iodine, 20 g of laundry soap grated on a grater and 1 liter of milk. I tried to do as she did - I was very pleased! Cucumbers produce rich crops and are not affected by rust, or spotting, or powdery mildew.
  • Olga GRIBKO on Dill in the shade and dill compatibility with other plantsI speed up the dill To dill sprouted sooner, a week before sowing, fill the seeds with hot (+45 deg.) Water. After 10-15 minutes, filter, rinse under cold water and repeat hot “bathing” twice. I wrap the heated seeds in moist gauze, put it in a jar and keep it warm. I dip them in warm water once or twice a day. Sowing to a depth of 1,5 cm in moist soil. After a week I notice the first shoots.
  • OOO "Sad" on Column-shaped apple trees - for small plots and gardens- The columnar type of trees is inherent in only a few varieties of apple trees. Such trees are a column - a trunk, overgrown on the sides with small (10-15 mm) fruit formations. Continuation growth is only vertical, but there are no lateral branches. Column-shaped apple trees have reduced winter hardiness, and growing them in the Moscow region is a rather risky occupation. But care for the columnar plants is no different from caring for ordinary varieties of trees grafted onto a dwarf rootstock. Varieties of plums, pears, apricots and other plants that are recommended on the Internet do not belong to columnar plants and are spurous forms of these crops, that is, plants with short internodes (the distance between leaves). Without annual pruning that regulates the growth of lateral branches, the crown of these trees turns into a thick, rounded shape within 2-3 years.
  • Elena Solovyan, Moscow on Column-shaped apple trees - for small plots and gardensI saw on the Internet a photo of columnar trees - apple trees, pears, plums, apricots, cherries. Tell me how these trees grow in the middle lane? I have a small plot, such plants would just fit. But none of my friends have experience in growing “columns”. And I still do not dare to give money for a "pig in a poke."
  • Tamara on Varieties of apples for processing and canning - the name and description: OWNERS noteI'll tell you about the Spartan apple tree of the Canadian selection, which grows in our garden. The plant is quick-growing (fruiting for the 3-4th year), frost-resistant, the fruits practically do not crumble, even with a strong wind, and are well transported. The tree blooms early and plentifully. In addition, these apple trees are resistant to fungal diseases, especially powdery mildew and scab. The young seedling surprised with its intensive growth: 3 years after planting, it reached 2,5 m, so the tree needs timely forming pruning. If you are late with this - the Spartan apple tree can grow too tall, not bloom for a long time and not bear fruit. It is known that the apple tree only bears fruit on horizontal shoots. To change the direction of growth of the vertical branches, in the spring they began to hang a load on them. The following year, these shoots were covered with the first flowers, and in the autumn they collected the first heel of fruits from them! Apples are large, with dense skin of a violet shade. And the taste of our “Spartan” fruits is just honey: the snow-white hard flesh is very juicy, refreshing, sweet with a slight sourness. The crop lies in the basement until April.
  • Svetlana DUBROVSKAYA on Strawberry Altess and Vivarra - agronomist reviewsGranddaughter is allergic to strawberries. In order not to deprive her of her pleasure to feast on her favorite berries, she planted small-fruited repair strawberries of the high-yielding Dutch variety White soul. Creamy white berries with bright yellow seeds have a pineapple flavor and a delicious aroma spread throughout the garden. Plants feel great both in partial shade and in the sun, are resistant to drought, are not afraid of cold winters. We harvest until the end of autumn (we try the first berries in late spring). Strawberries of this variety are resistant to many diseases and are not pecked by birds. But the most important thing is that the granddaughter can eat a whole bowl of sweet berries at one time, and she has never had an allergy in a season.
  • Valery MATVEEV, Doctor of Science on Plum varieties for the North (more precisely for the North-West): names + descriptionIn early July, one of the most dangerous pests of the crop appears on the plum - the plum moth. And if you do not want to share the harvest with it, treat the crowns with one of the insecticides: Karate, Decis, Actellik (according to the instructions). An important point: this treatment can and should be combined with spraying from kleasterosporiosis (hole blotch) - a fungal disease of stone fruits. The fungicides Skor, Abiga-Peak, Topaz will come to the rescue. You can prepare a complex, tank mixture.
  • Raisa MATVEEVA, Cand. Biol. science on How to get rid of powdery mildew on gooseberries - folk remedies (Memo table)If there are a lot of bumps on the gooseberry bushes, spray the berries with mustard infusion (200 g of powder per 10 liters of water). In general, systematically inspect plants, collect damaged berries and destroy them. The same applies to currants damaged by sawflies. Usually diseased fruits are larger than healthy ones, they are ribbed, solid. And inside - yellow wrinkled larvae that gnaw round holes.
  • Irina Gurieva, teach, comp. FNTS them. Michurin on Spider mite on cucumbers - how to get rid of folk remediesIn July, there is an invasion of a spider mite, especially on strawberries, raspberries, currants, and apple trees. It is difficult to notice the pest, but its work is clearly visible - white dots on top of the leaf and cobweb below. Leaves dry quickly. And the plant itself weakens and withers. The tick not only harms plants, but can also be a carrier of viral infection. Acaricidal drugs work against the pest - Akarin, Fitoverm. But during the ripening period of the berries, when less than 20 days are left until the harvest, you can use only folk remedies, of which the most effective is: dissolve 10 g of ground sulfur-tar soap in 150 liters of water. The composition is desirable to spray the plants at least two times (with an interval of 5-7 days), trying to thoroughly moisten the bottom of the leaves.
  • Tatyana SEMENOVA, Moscow on Date palm from a stoneLast winter, a misfortune happened with my date palm: I watered the plant too abundantly, and suddenly it began to tilt, did not stay in the pot at all, the leaves began to turn brown. I could not find the reason. At the top of the container is a thick layer of rotted husk from the grain (the remains of food for parrots), and it seemed to me that the soil was too dry. Only when water flowed from the pot did everything become clear. I took out the flowerpot from the pallet and put it in a bucket. After she examined the roots sticking out through the drainage holes - they were black. So the palm tree died? I began to wait for the soil to dry, so that it was easier to carry a container with a plant in the trash. The soil dried out for a long time. I had already come to terms with the fact that I had to throw the plant away, when suddenly my pupil became prettier: she didn’t “hang out” in the pot, the leaves were green and shiny. I put the beauty back on the table, and soon new leaves began to appear.
  • Natalia KARKACHEVA. Krasnodar region. on Pandanus Care at HomePandanus Veicha has grown from a stalk. The young plant did not hurt. I felt normal both in partial shade and in the back of the room, although I prefer diffused bright light. Almost did not respond to low humidity. He calmly endured a drop in temperature to +13 degrees. Forgiven irregular watering and "random" substrate. It developed slowly, but eventually turned into a spectacular false palm tree with a spirally curled trunk and long, arched, curved, prickly leaves along the edges. Secrets of leaving A pot of adult pandanus stands on the floor. I put a couple of “kids” on the closet. In the summer I water the plant often, in winter - less often, but always after the drying of the upper soil layer. I regularly spray the foliage with lukewarm water and clean it from dust. I feed from spring to autumn once a month with liquid complex fertilizer for decorative leaves (according to instructions). In March-April I replant every 2 - 3 years, separating offsprings 15 cm long at the base and rooting them like stem cuttings.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Greening the apartment and clearing the air: the choice of plantsFor some reason, many consider the cissus rhomboid (birch, room grape) to be a boring “grandmother's” flower. Nevertheless, a vine with graceful, long, climbing shoots can often be found in apartments, conservatories, libraries, schools, offices. Secrets of leaving A handsome man loves bright diffused light, grows well and in partial shade. For spring and summer, I put it on a cabinet or on a high stand. In winter, I move closer to the window - at the window sill level it is not hot and light. Transplanted annually in the spring in a stable pot or hanging cache-pot. I buy soil or make up of turf, sheet land, peat and sand (1: 1: 1: 1). I put drainage at the bottom of the pot. Watering all year round moderately after drying of the topsoil. Propagated by cuttings, which easily form roots both in water and in vermiculite.
  • Oksana ZAYARNYUK on What flowers are considered edible and recipes from themSince ancient times, calendula has been used not only for medicinal purposes, but also in cooking. I knead the dough in the milk in which this flower was brewed, and the baked goods turn out to be a warm cream shade. I add 10 g of crushed marigold inflorescences to cabbage soup 15-30 minutes before cooking: the soup becomes more piquant and richer. You can also make universal soup dressing. Dry the marigold baskets dried in a well-ventilated area, dry in the oven for 30 minutes at 80 degrees, chop and put them in a glass jar with a tight-fitting lid. Use at the rate of 1 tsp. per serving of soup. In a meat grinder, grind 5 tbsp. marigold flowers, 10 g of dill, 70 g of cream cheese, 10 g of butter and mix. Spread this paste on fresh bread for breakfast. Keep in the refrigerator. Lush omelet from 4 eggs, 250 ml of milk and 2 tbsp. fresh marigold petals (salt and black pepper - to taste), fried in butter, will delight even on the cloudiest morning. Boring rice will turn into a side dish if you add 1 tablespoon during cooking. shredded marigold petals.
  • Tatyana KRAVTSOVA, Perm on What flowers are considered edible and recipes from themGourmets appreciate nasturtium dishes. But I don’t cook any particularly delicious dishes from this flower - my family loves simple salad leaves. Dice 2 hard-boiled eggs, 1 cucumber, 200 g of hard cheese, and 10 nasturtium leaves in thin strips. I chop half the onion. I put all the ingredients in a deep bowl, salt to taste and season 2 tbsp. olive oil. This spicy salad will be a great addition to meat. TIP Try making a pesto of nasturtium flowers. Grind in a blender 1/2 tbsp. walnuts, 2 cloves of garlic, 2 tbsp. flowers. Add 1/3 tbsp. olive oil, salt and black pepper to taste and mix.
  • OOO "Sad" on How to sow the lawn in the "bald spots"SPECIALIST COMMENT If you planted your lawn with rhizome grasses (bluegrass, field pole, most forms of red fescue), then you don’t need to do anything at all - bare spots will be overgrown with new shoots. The lawn from dense bush varieties (sheep fescue) cannot be dispensed with without additional sowing. It is advisable to use a grass mixture of the same composition that was previously sown. Kristina KLEMESHOVA, Cand. Agricultural Sciences, Sochi
  • Sergey ANDREEV on How to sow the lawn in the "bald spots"At the beginning of summer, I noticed that bald spots appeared on the lawn. I decided to sow grass seeds. Step 1. Mowed the damaged areas and gently loosened the soil with a rake. Step 2. Evenly distributed on the surface of the soil a mixture of seeds and fertile soil (1: 2). Step 3. Sealed the ground at the seedling site. Step 4. Well watered the lawn. Soon the lawn looked perfect.
  • Larisa PARKHOMENKO on Topping gladioli - when and with what. Memo tablewhat luxurious bouquets are obtained from gladioli! In order to grow up handsome men worthy of the best flower arrangement, I feed them 6 times during the summer. The amount of fertilizer - per 1 sq. M plot, dissolve in 10 l of water and bring under the root. 1.After the appearance of the first true leaf, I feed gladiolus with a mixture of 25-30 g of nitrogen and 20-25 g of potassium fertilizer. 2. In the phase of 3-4 leaves I give 10-20 g of nitrogen and potassium fertilizer and 2 g of boric acid. 3. As soon as the plant releases the sixth leaf, I prepare a solution of 15 g of nitrogen and 30 g of potassium fertilizer. 4. When the peduncle appears and flowering begins, I use 30 g of complex mineral fertilizer. 5.After flowering I bring in 15 g of phosphate and 30 g of potassium fertilizer. 6. In late August and early September I water the gladioli with a solution of potassium permanganate (5 g / 10 l of water).
  • Larissa Bragunets, Khabarovsk Territory on Flowers that can be planted even in JUNEWhat to sow in June? At the beginning of summer, I sow the seeds of marigold, cosmea, morning glory, calendula, decorative beans. They can bloom at the end of July and will delight until the first frost. Soak decorative bean seeds for faster germination for a day soak in warm water and sow to a depth of 3-5 cm. Marigold seeds, cosmea can be sown to a depth of 1-1, 5 cm without pre-treatment. I mix the very small seeds of clarkia with sand and sow it to a depth of 0, 5 cm, slightly sprinkling it with earth. Biennials At the same time, I usually sow the seeds of pansies (Vitroca's violet), digitalis, stem roses, carnations (Shabo, Turkish). The depth of their embedment is 1, 5-2 cm. I cover a row with non-woven material, which I remove after the emergence of seedlings. In August, plants are transplanted to a permanent place. Next year, the flowers come out of the green under the snow, grow and bloom beautifully.
  • Anna ABRAMKINA on We germinate dahlias and root cuttingsDahlias are a sight for sore eyes! Charming dahlias are worthy to become an ornament of any flower garden. My pets always grow strong and healthy, because for a year I have been planting them according to this pattern. I pre-prepare the tubers in order to disinfect from any bacteria and pathogens of fungal diseases - I keep them for 30 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate (5 g / l of water) or Fitosporin-M (according to instructions). After spread on paper towels and let dry. For planting (in the colder northern regions this can be done until mid-June), I choose a windproof and well-lit area with nutritious soil. Lowlands, in which water often stands, are not suitable. The distance between plants depends on the species and variety. I plant the dwarf dwarfs half a meter apart, and leave 1 m between the tall ones. I add 1 tbsp. To each hole. ash and 1 tablespoon superphosphate (can be replaced with any complex mineral fertilizer, according to the instructions). After planting the tubers in the open ground, mulch the flower bed with sawdust.
  • Tamara GOLTSEVA on Tree peony - planting and care from A to Z, tips for growing gardenersSo that peonies bloom magnificently I have been growing peonies for many years and am ready to share my secrets of caring for plants. These tricks are simple, but thanks to them I enjoy gorgeous colors every season. Watering and loosening the soil I do not pour water directly under the bush. I dig a 10 cm deep groove around the plant and pour 2 buckets of water into it. In hot weather I water peonies every 7 days. After watering, gently loosen the soil. Top dressing When buds appear, scatter a nutrient mixture (0,5 tbsp. Ammonium nitrate and superphosphate, 1/3 tbsp. Potassium salt) under the bush on moistened soil and plant in the soil. I repeat feeding during flowering. As soon as the peonies fade, under the digging I bring under the bush 0,5 tbsp. superphosphate and 1/3 tablespoon potassium salt. Removing buds With the beginning of wilting, I cut flowers, without waiting for the petals to fall. But with the buds of young peonies I do this: in the first year after planting, I leave only 1 -2 buds, I cut off the rest; for the second year I leave already a few; three years later I give the peony to show its beauty in full.
  • Antonina ARZHEVIKINA on Caring for roses after wintering and taking coverIn order to keep roses healthy and prolong their elegant bloom, in June I adhere to the following plan of action. To protect against pests, I process fragrant bushes with the Inta-Vir preparation (according to the instructions). To prevent powdery mildew, sprinkle soil around the ash. But if the roses still get sick, in dry, calm weather I treat them with a solution of copper sulfate (300 g / 10 l of water). I feed every two weeks with infusion of manure (1:10). During strong growth and the formation of buds, I water abundantly, and after that I loosen the soil around the bushes. I make sure that water does not fall on the leaves - burns may appear. In the grafted queen of the flower garden, I constantly cut out the shoots, otherwise these "wilds" will drown the scion. After the end of the first wave of flowering with a sharp secateurs, I cut off faded shoots to the first, well-developed bud. Such a simple procedure is an incentive for the appearance of a new growth and the resumption of flowering.
  • Maria IZOTOVA, Belgorod on Features of the cultivation of repair irisesWhen the irises bloom ... Two weeks after the end of flowering, I divide the overgrown irises. In the dividend, I leave one or three fused annual links, which should be healthy, elastic and bright at the cut. I shorten the leaves by 2/3, the roots by 1/3. I process the slices with wood ash. Before landing, I soak the delenki for 30-40 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. I dig a hole, pour a small mound of earth with a top of sand at the bottom, put a piece of wood on top, straighten the roots along the slopes and dig them in. Remember: the “back” of the rhizome cannot be buried - it must be exposed and warmed up well so that flower buds are laid. Sometimes irises with their own roots pull rhizomes deep into the ground. In this case, they have to clear the backs. For the winter, be sure to cover the rhizome with soil. But not in the warm autumn, but as late as possible, otherwise it can "crawl out" and subsequently freeze.
  • Olga GORBUNOVA, Bryansk on Sorts and pruning clematisClematis pruning Once a neighbor complained that her clematis, rather, resemble a very annoying weed, and not a climbing garden decoration. She watered and fed bushes correctly, but only decided to neglect pruning ... Representatives of the plants of the Lanuginoz group, which delight with beautiful flowers in May-early June, are now actively growing, and if they are not cut, the plantings will become too thickened and will bloom again (in late summer) you can not wait. In June, after the completion of the first wave of flowering, I cut off the tops of the shoots along with the fruit. As they grow, new strong branches are surely raised to the supports. It is important to remember that at clematis they are quite brittle, so they need to be tied carefully. After pruning each plant, the secateurs must be disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate or alcohol (you can use special alcoholized napkins). As soon as budding begins, I feed clematis with infusion of mullein (1:10) with the addition of 150 g of wood ash / 10 l of water. I pour 1 liter of composition under each bush.
  • Alevtina Ignatova on Bells (photo) types of planting and careLast year, I acquired a small split of the peach bell. Landed in a rock garden on a sunny, but slightly shaded at noon place with well-drained non-acidic soil. Secrets of leaving In early June, she fed the acclimated bush with a full complex fertilizer (according to the instructions) - and soon flower stalks more than half a meter high appeared over it. So that they did not die from the wind, she carefully tied them to a peg installed nearby. And even 10 days later, after treating melt with mullein infusion (1:15), the bell pleased me with celestial flowers with a diameter of 3 cm. I regularly watered the beauty in the heat and fed me every two weeks, alternating organic matter with mineral fertilizer. After flowering, wilted inflorescences pruned. In autumn, she removed all the aboveground mass, mulched the rhizome with humus and covered it with dry leaves on top in case of a harsh winter. In the early spring, she removed the "fur coat" - otherwise the kidneys waking up on the roots may vytryat. In May of this year, carefully separated 5/1 of the plants with a lump of earth and planted them at a distance of 3 cm from the "mother" - I want to get even more bright blue bells. They will look great in the neighborhood with irises and pinworms.
  • OOO "Sad" on Reproduction of coniferous cuttingsIt is very important to immediately cover the plantings with a film in order to create a greenhouse effect, this is done in such heat as in your case, and at lower temperatures. Too small substrate. Only the top layer of sand should be 3 cm. In addition, for cuttings 8-12 cm long, the depth of 1-1,5 cm is too small. The shank must be immersed in a substrate at about a third height. A box with cuttings should be placed in partial shade, and not in the sun. It’s more logical for your area to make a “cold” greenhouse in the coolest place in the garden. Petr REKOVETS, dendrologist
  • Nikolai ZAGAYNY on Reproduction of coniferous cuttingsCut their conifers in June last year. This is a juniper horizontal varieties Prince of Wales, thuja Smaragd, ki-parisovik Nunkansky and others. He cut off cuttings 8-12 cm long with a heel. Having removed the needles in the lower part, washed them in clean water and sprinkled them with Kornevin. A substrate of sand, peat and agroperlite (50: 30: 1) was poured into a box 2x1 cm in size with a layer of 5-6 cm. I poured it with boiling water. He made “holes” 5 mm in diameter (stick), at an angle of 60-70 degrees, and planted cuttings in them to a depth of 1-1,5 cm. He left the box on the street, where the temperature at that time was + 25-30 degrees. Once a day, sprayed the cuttings with water. As a result, only a few are rooted.
  • Elena TRIFONOVA, Smolensk region on Paving with tiles and planting cleaning is a beautiful idea (+ photo)Our rock garden is decorated with many flowers, but the most interesting plant among them is stonecrop. On rocky areas, it forms a creeping beautiful rug with rooted meaty, bluish-blue-green leaves. It blooms long and beautifully in June-July. At the end of May, I planted a stonecrop between the stones and in the dimples on them (I poured a thin layer of earth, laid out the cuttings of the plant, pressed it firmly into the ground and watered it). A week later, they were already rooted and began to grow. Watering plants rarely: the leaves and stems of a handsome man are filled with juice, which contains moisture. I feed twice - in the spring, in the beginning of May, and in the summer, after flowering (with any fertilizer for succulents, according to the instructions). BTW, Leaves and young shoots of stonecrop have a refreshing sourness. They can be added to salads, vegetable soups and sauces.
  • Victoria KRASNOVA, town of Oshmyany on How to get rid of ants on peoniesWhen ants begin to host the flower beds, do not rush to buy "chemistry". There are many proven folk remedies. Insects do not tolerate the smell of tansy, wormwood, field mint and anise. They are also scared away by the aroma of parsley, tomato leaves and laurel. I spread fresh or dried twigs of these plants in the places where the ants gather. 0 I also scatter millet along the paths of ants or where they most often appear. After 2 weeks I repeat the “procedure”. Insects are actively dragging millet to their anthill, and there, under the influence of moisture, the croup swells, blocking all the exits. As a result, the ants are forced to abandon their home and look for a new place. Fir essential oil is most effective against these insects. In the morning and evening I water the anthill and insect paths with coniferous solution (8-10 drops / 0,5 l of water). A single treatment is usually sufficient, but if necessary, it can be repeated at intervals of one day.
  • Inessa on Elimination of tulips for 8 March - expert adviceI dig out bulbs of green, fringed, parrot tulips every year, otherwise they become smaller and it will not be possible to preserve the varietal characteristics of plants. I remove planting material from the ground with a lump of soil in dry, clear weather with the help of a pitchfork, so as to less injure the roots. Then I spread the bulbs on the fabric and keep it for 2-3 days in a well-ventilated area. After drying, I remove the soil from them and separate the baby. Then I lay out in one layer in boxes (you can in small grids or baskets). Be sure to stick pieces of paper on the tank with the grade and date of excavation. I periodically ventilate the room where tulip bulbs are stored until the fall. Storage conditions On my own experience I was convinced that tulips are the most comfortable planting material at a stable temperature of + 23-27 degrees. But at the end of August I transfer them to a cooler place, where the maximum is + 12 degrees. Such a decrease in temperature promotes better adaptation and preparation of plants for winter, increases their endurance.
  • Eugene SALANOVICH on Freesia (photo) cultivation and care of a flowerFreesia is a spectacular flower with a pleasant aroma that can decorate any garden, greenhouse, and window sill. Her first tender buds appear in July. I feed the charm twice a month with a solution of superphosphate (30 g / 10 l of water) and potassium salt (15-20 g / 10 l of water) - the first time that the buds appear. I water the plant often, but in moderation, since severe waterlogging of freesia does not tolerate well. When cutting flowers for a bouquet, I cut the main stem into a third. As a result, the flowering period on the secondary stems is significantly increased.
  • Alexey SOKOLOV, Ufa on Kinds of maple: acicular aspen and other maple trees - planting and careIn my garden} 'the acutifoliate maple (Acer platanoides) grows - an unusual tree on a stem with a spherical crown, in which the leaves can simultaneously be two or three colors. As a stock, I used an ordinary bug, dug at the edge of a nearby forest (it is best to start the “operation” a year after the seedling restore the gay). If you already have such a stump on your site, experiment with it. For vaccination I used two varieties - Globosum and Royal Red. The first has a dense spherical crown that does not require pruning, and yellow-orange leaves in the fall. The second retains a dark purple color throughout the growing season. Inoculated into a green shoot (of the current year) in early June. Used the method of budding by the kidney ("eye") in three places. In the spring of next year, the grafted shoots gave an increase of 50-60 cm, and in June the tree began to attract attention with an unusual color. The second half of the summer in our region was rainy, and in August there were signs of powdery mildew on the leaves. After processing the Bordeaux mixture (according to the instructions), it disappeared. In the fall, all no6ei and shortened to a third pair of buds - this was the first stage in the formation of the future crown of the tree. The following year, another cultivar of maple maple — Drummondii — grafted with green leaves with a very decorative creamy-white border was grafted into the crown of the plant.
  • OOO "Sad" on Violets (photo) - flower types, planting and care- So that the violets saturated and long, until the winter colds, bloom in a pot, in advance (10-14 days before transplanting) I prepare for 1 container (3-5 l) peel from 2-4 bananas, husks from 2-3 onions and as many egg shells. I grind everything and mix well with soddy soil, water it and leave it to “ripen”. I plant 5-7 violets in one pot. I water it once a week (in very hot weather more often). Before the buds appear, I treat them with a solution of “Potassium Humate” - I dilute it in water so that it is light brown. Then every 15 days I feed with fertilizers for flowering plants (according to instructions). More often it’s not worth it, because the soil is already well seasoned with macro- and microelements, which are in the peel of bananas and other organic matter. Faded flowers periodically delete. Raisa
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Violets (photo) - flower types, planting and careUsually every summer I buy Wittrock violet seedlings (hybrid varieties) to decorate her courtyard. What soil mixture to prepare for transplanting flowers in a cache-pot? What to feed during the season? Nina Makarova