reader Reviews Recent Comments gardeners and gardeners:OOO "Sad" Article What cucumbers for what - varieties or hybrids. Informative about simpleIf it was cold, and even more so, rainy weather during 1-2 weeks, then the chances of getting full-fledged seedlings are small. The sprouted sprouts will develop slowly. You can try to reanimate them with the help of anti-stress drugs. It is advisable to add biopreparations to the soil for the prevention of root rot. In the middle lane, repeated sowing is justified to do until the second decade of June (in greenhouses - until July 1-5). For very late sowing, choose varieties and hybrids that are resistant to root rot and a complex of diseases.L. Pavlenko Smolensk region Article What cucumbers for what - varieties or hybrids. Informative about simpleIs it necessary to replant cucumbers?OOO "Sad" Article The most delicious beetroot varieties - my review, tips and feedback on Variety CrimsonMost varieties of seeds (glomeruli) contain from 2 to 7 single-seeded fruitlets. Germinating, each of them gives life to a new plant. The “extras” have to be transplanted (beets, unlike carrots, take root very well after transplantation and give an excellent harvest). In your case, the reason for getting ugly root vegetables was most likely an inaccurate pick of the seedlings. Severe damage to the taproot or the planting of seedlings with a "twisted" root leads to the formation of deformed root crops covered with many small roots. Perhaps the penetration was carried out too late: when the plants form several true leaves, it is impossible to transplant them without damaging the main root. It is possible to completely get rid of the breakthrough by planting the beetroot Odnorostkovaya. However, it is inferior in taste to most varieties of multi-edible beets. I. BELKINA, agronomistO. Pichuzhkina Moscow region Article The most delicious beetroot varieties - my review, tips and feedback on Variety CrimsonLast year, the beets grew shallow, with a large number of small roots. What could be the reason?OOO "Sad" Article Growing large garlic - care and reviews of varieties (Udmurtia)Can. True, the result will be unpredictable. Garlic is well adapted to the conditions of the area where it grows, and in another region it may, let's say, not manifest itself. The adaptation sometimes takes 3-4 of the year. Therefore, it is best to get local garlic in the market or from neighbors. Then you can collect the bulbholes from it, sow - and get a large number of one-sided to land for next season. Shop-garlic may not ascend at all if it was treated with anti-sprouting preparations. When planted in the ground, it will rot rather than start growing season. L.TIMOFEEVA, agronomistG. Abakova Perm Region Article Growing large garlic - care and reviews of varieties (Udmurtia)Is it possible to plant purchased garlic?ianeto Article Plant roses: how to choose seedlingszialata roza ev vosak bez korenite triabva li da obelia predi zasawdaneOOO "Sad" Article Strawberries-strawberries - planting and care from A to ZIn order to collect a magnificent harvest of healthy berries without nitrates, with a high content of vitamins and sugars, feed your plants with complex Fasco bio-fertilizer for strawberries. The fertilizer is based on natural ingredients such as compost, biohumus and other useful organics. They stimulate the active growth of roots and the development of plants, and in addition, activate the vital processes of the soil. Trace elements contained in this fertilizer, a beneficial effect on plants, support immunity and protect against the negative effects of the environment. Evenly distribute the fertilizer granules around the strawberry bushes, gently loosen the ground, pushing the granules into the soil, and water well. At observance of norm of introduction repeated top dressing during the season is not required. L. ROMENSKAYA, agronomistI. Lipatov Moscow region Article Strawberries-strawberries - planting and care from A to ZWe love strawberries very much. Tell me, how to feed the plants so that the berries are large and even, but tasty and healthy, without nitrates?OOO "Sad" Article Strawberries-strawberries - planting and care from A to ZDuring vegetative reproduction of strawberries (mustache), all properties of the mother plant are preserved. Seeds will in most cases be hybrid, but there is no need to use them for reproduction. L. KALUGINA, agronomistO. Guzeva Chelyabinsk Article Strawberries-strawberries - planting and care from A to ZIs it possible to plant different varieties of strawberries in a small area? Will there be a pollination?OOO "Sad" Article Strawberries-strawberries - planting and care from A to ZVariety Lord, like many later varieties, especially under adverse weather conditions, often forms low-viable pollen. Self-fertility is reduced, and therefore the variety needs a pollinator of about the same flowering period. Perhaps this was not near. In addition, due to frosts, the anthers, especially in the first flowers (namely, they form the largest percentage of pollen capable of pollination), can freeze slightly. The yield on plants is negative and the plants finish fruiting late and they have little time for the formation of the harvest of the next year And here also the mustache grow. They are powerful in this variety, and if they remain uncultivated for a long time, they deplete the plants and reduce the quantity and quality of the flowers that have formed. Therefore, it is better to remove the mustache or cut the stolons immediately after rooting outlets. N. Alekseev, agronomistL. Alekseeva Moscow region Article Strawberries-strawberries - planting and care from A to ZFor two years they gathered a good harvest of wild strawberries of the Lord variety, and then the berries stopped tying, and this “fatty” went for a walk around the plot like a weed. What happened to the strawberries?OOO "Sad" Article Why ovaries fall off - the causesThe advice to cut the buds (not the flowers!) Really exists, but in relation to the new cages. The plant spends a lot of effort on the formation and opening of the buds, and if it is a newly planted sapling or a new graft, the buds should be cut as soon as possible, as soon as you notice. Then the sapling (or grafting) will spend the nutrients not on useless flowering, but on taking root, getting stronger, forming new shoots. If the tree has been growing for several years (as the author of the question), it is not necessary to pick off flowers or buds.I. Kravchenko Moscow region Article Why ovaries fall off - the causesI read in the newspaper that all the flowers of the fruit tree should be cut off at the first flowering. I would like to hear a reasonable response from a specialist. Confused by the fact that the tree is already 4 of the year. I would like to at least try the first fruits.Oleg BUYNOVSKY, agronomist Article Pruning raspberries and currants - master classCut the currants? During the cutting of black currant, you can prepare cuttings for reproduction. From the middle of woody 1 -2-year-old shoots (diameter not less than 5 mm), cut twigs cm long 15-20: make the upper cut 1 cm above the kidney, and the bottom - just below the kidney. Put the cuttings in a jar of water. As the roots appear, plant the cuttings in a container with fertile soil. In early May, transplant to a permanent place in the garden. By the autumn will grow good bushes.Valentina SIMKOVICH Article Stratification of seeds - waysStratification Beginning flower growers often encounter the fact that acquired seeds, for example, lavender, sleeping herbs, or rare primrose varieties do not germinate. The point here is not the obstinacy of plants, but their natural needs. The seeds of these plants, as well as the seeds of aconite, aquilegia, clematis, gentian, hazel grouse, barberry, thuja, pine, spruce, hawthorn, henomeles, require a long period of cooling before germination. Therefore, they are usually sown before winter. If we are late with the podzimny sowing, we can sow the seeds in containers, boxes with drainage holes, moisten the soil after sowing, take out the containers to the garden and prikopat in the snow, and sprinkle with a thick layer of foliage, peat in the snowless winter. If it is not possible to use the methods described, then arrange the stratification of the seeds in the refrigerator. We can immediately sow the seeds in a bowl, cover with a film (or sow in a transparent container with a lid) withstand for several days at room temperature and put in the refrigerator. After stratification we put the plates into the light and into the heat, and when the seeds germinate, we further grow seedlings. We can use a more compact method, which will be more convenient if we stratify many different seeds. Then put the seeds in a rolled up damp cloth or on a damp cotton pad and put them in plastic bags with tags. So that the bags do not become confused in the refrigerator, put them in a container or a larger package. Stratifying seeds are periodically checked, as there is a danger of the development of fungal diseases (mold). In this case, treat them with a fungicide. It also happens that the seeds in the refrigerator hatch and begin to germinate. Then you have to put in a warm place and grow with highlighting. And to avoid premature germination in the refrigerator, keep the seeds at a temperature near zero and no higher than 4 ° C. Most seeds require cold stratification 6 weeks, so we can refrigerate them closer to the New Year. In early December, we put the hellebore, dusky, peony, Siebold primula, which require a longer cold period. And the seeds of meconopsis, primrose, ear stemless and candelabra, Daurian gentian stand in the cold of the whole 1-2 week, therefore, we put them on the stratification closer to spring.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Vitamins from the window sill - tips for forcing fresh verdure: tops of root cropsIn December, we start distilling “vitamins” - green onions, parsley, celery, and table beets on window sills or in loggias. For the distillation of chicory salad more suitable basements, greenhouses, pantry. To distill the parsley we select thick short roots, place them in pots with the ground, plant diagonally. Make sure that the roots do not touch each other. The optimum distillation temperature is 15 ° C. When the roots are exhausted and the greens stop growing, we put a new batch on the forcing. In the same way we expel the green leaves from the celery root. Green onion feathers can be obtained by forcing both onions and chives. Rhizome plants (sorrel, rhubarb), when distilled, also give a good harvest of greenery. We prepare rhizomes in the late autumn, then 1-2 weeks keep them at a low temperature. This promotes better growth of leaves, which means petioles and rhizomes. Salad chicory is expelled in rooms where the temperature is maintained above 10 ° C (optimal 15-17 ° C). We sort the roots before planting by size and thickness, respectively, and we land. Too long roots are pruned (but they should not be shorter than 15 cm). We plant vertically or diagonally, also ensuring that the roots are separated from each other by soil. Then we fall asleep with a layer of soil or sand. Layer thickness - 15 cm, if the distillation is produced in a dark room and 20 cm, if in a light. After planting, water the roots. To make the soil warmer, we cover the planting with a layer of leaves or straw manure. Heads piercing through the layer of shelter without light can grow compact and bleached. In the light, they turn green and become bitter. When the heads reach a length of about 15, chicory is dug out, we cut the heads off with a part of the root, otherwise they will crumble. We throw away the roots, and lay new ones on the forcing. At a temperature of 15 ° C, chicory will be taken out for 20-30 days, and at lower temperatures - 40 days. On the windowsill we grow and watercress. Moreover, it is not necessary to sow it in the ground, you can - on moist gauze, paper towels, napkins placed in a flat tray. Through 1 -2 weeks, when the greens rise, we cut it off with scissors. We use it in salads, we sprinkle sandwiches with it, we add to soups and other dishes. In addition to watercress, so-called mini-greens can be sown on window-sills - chard and parsley varieties, bred specifically for growing in rooms in the winter.Irina V. KUDRINA, city of Voronezh Article Tansy (photo) - how to look, how to grow and what is usefulStock up on tansy for a sore throat. My son has long suffered from chronic tonsillitis, which made itself felt both in summer and in winter. The tonsils of the child were constantly “decorated” with purulent corks that could not be rinsed out. I began to think about alternative options for getting rid of purulent traffic jams and remembered how a relative was praising the infusion of tansy flowers. With the help of lotions from it, she got rid of any inflammations on the skin and admired the unique properties of the plant to quickly draw pus. In the literature, I did not find any mention of whether it is possible to use tansy flowers for our ailment. However, she learned about the powerful anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties of this plant and decided that gargling with such an infusion would not harm the child and, possibly, help to clear the tonsils from purulent plugs. This was prepared from 2 Art. l dry flowers of tansy, which steamed a glass of boiling water and kept 30-40 minutes in a thermos. With the filtered liquid, the baby rinsed the throat of the 4-5 once a day for 2 weeks. With breaks at half a month, we conducted an 3 course of such daily rinses. The son patiently performed the procedures, considering such a bitter therapy (the infusion is very bitter) a more benign remedy in comparison with washing the tonsils in the ENT doctor's office. I did not lose. During the course of therapy, the son rinsed out a huge amount of purulent congestion, which began to “ask” outside through the 2 day of daily procedures. Tonsils completely cleared and significantly decreased in size. During the six months that have passed after the end of treatment, the purulent congestion no longer made itself felt, and the son finally stopped complaining of pain in his throat.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article The scheme of fertilizing flowers - MEMORY - gardeners-floristI can not guarantee that if you feed the plants well, you can count on giant flowers. But something really can be done. First, you should purchase quality seeds. And before you sow them, you need to check for germination. It is also necessary to properly prepare the soil for the flower of your choice to grow. Secondly, it is necessary to properly care for the plant. When it starts to develop, it will need nitrogen. In the budding stage, a full complex of fertilizers with a predominance of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. When the plant blooms, he again needs feeding. But fertilizers should be with less nitrogen, but with more phosphorus. And if you are the enemy of "chemistry", then use wood ash. From her flowers are not only more, but also brighter. Pay attention to the color of the leaves of a flowering plant. If they are light green, do not skimp on top dressing. And they noticed that an ugly brown border appeared on the leaves, the tips curled up, reduce the dose of fertilizers. At the same time, use organic dressings, giving the flowers an infusion of high-quality rotted compost. All this will have a decisive effect on the growth and size of the flowers. Do not forget about the correct lighting, humidity and temperature. It is important that the difference of night and day does not exceed 10 degrees. Remove dried leaves and flowers in time: the plant will have more energy to form new buds. Sometimes an increase in the size of flowers contributes to cutting the top of the plant. Usually this procedure allows you to appear new shoots. True, this should be done while the plant is still young. But it is best not to be lazy to experiment, try to apply new drugs that stimulate the growth and flowering of plants. And over time you will understand what is most suitable for growing various flowering plants and makes them taller and larger.Dmitry Petrovich HARCHEVKIN, Bryansk Article The best sorts of cucumbers - an overviewThe choice is difficult, but it is possible There is no garden plot or garden, where there would be no cucumber beds. Now is the time to sow the seeds of this beloved culture in the open ground or under the simplest shelter. But this important work must begin with the choice of varieties or hybrids, so that the cucumbers grow tasty and beautiful, and the harvest, of course, pleased. Fortunately, today there is a huge selection of seeds for every taste. Purpose My choice depends on the goals and growing conditions of this crop. For example, cucumber salad varieties are not suitable for pickling. But many varieties and hybrids are universal, and therefore suitable for fresh consumption, and for blanks. And it is very convenient. I advise lovers of pickled cucumbers to opt for short-fruited varieties with a large knobby surface. True, under unfavorable conditions, such Zelentsy may spoil the taste: they begin to taste bitter. It's not scary for pickling, but the taste of fresh salad will be spoiled. True, many hybrids have this feature excluded. To avoid trouble, you must carefully study the descriptions of their taste. Choose such hybrids in which the ability to eat bitter is eliminated at the genetic level. This, for example, characterizes Zozulya F1, Baby Crepe Shock F1, Pasadoble F., etc. Tip Never pick cucumber seeds from the picture on the sachet. Of course, it can give a general idea of the variety or hybrid. However, the most important thing is its characteristic. So carefully read all that is printed on the package, and even better - compare this description with annotations posted on the Internet. Place of growth It is also important to determine where cucumbers will be grown: in a greenhouse or in the open field. This nuance can not be missed. There are both self-pollinating (parthenocarpic type) hybrids and those that depend on pollinating insects. The latter is undesirable to sow in greenhouses. Otherwise, you will have to engage in manual pollination of your plants. It is easy to do: you need to pick a male flower and transfer the pollen from it to the female ovary. But this is also a labor that requires a lot of time. There is one more important detail that I advise you to pay attention to: the ability of fruits to maintain a dense consistency without formation of voids when salting and canning, as well as a pleasant crunch. For this purpose, I recommend Crunchy variety, F1 hybrids. True friends, Masha and Real miracle crunch, which is also devoid of bitterness at the genetic level.Egor Article Planting potatoes and growing them from A to Z - ways and preparation of seedsThe traditional method of planting potatoes involves the deepening of tubers to the depth of a spade bayonet. But this is wrong - shoots appear much later than with a smaller planting. This is explained by the fact that the tubers need air access to form viable seedlings. Therefore, on heavy soils, the depth of the holes should be no more than 5, and on light soils, see 8. In the event that on the plot where potatoes are planted, ground water comes close to the surface, it is not necessary to bury the tubers in general at all. They should be laid out on loose soil and covered with lowland peat, usually having a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. If its acidity is increased, a glass of wood ash should be added to the bucket of this material. Note It is not uncommon to germinate the first shoots on the tubers during germination so that the rest of the eyes wake up faster. This method does not give anything good, and in some varieties, germination is generally lost.OOO "Sad" Article Seeds of carrots - how to get (harvested) and properly plantedHow to collect your carrot seeds Stefan - read here - http://kak-svoimi-rukami.com/2015/08/kak-sobrat-semena/#i-7 http://kak-svoimi-rukami.com/2015/ 07 / kak-vyrastit-svoi-semena / # i-7Stefanov Article Seeds of carrots - how to get (harvested) and properly plantedSo we will not direct the seeds from the carrots, and let us plant them later. Our seeds of coitus and we will direct. Do not askakam but buy the seeds out of the store, protect yourself from abroad. How yes si nabavya seeds from carrots for so mog da si after? By kakv nach se finished off? The lawsuits and the closing of the crop itself, but not the imposition of damages on the store from the seeds, but from washing the carrots, and receiving the seeds, and yes, and the seeds from my seeds. Nyako akoo mozhe yes explain in a simple way. Thanks in advance.Mira Yurievna Article Compatibility of vegetables - table (personal experience)In plants, often the strongest help the weaker. I was convinced of this by using the advice that my friend gave me. I didn’t really believe her - it’s not enough to conduct an experiment. He concluded that I sowed sunflower seeds in two rows every 60 see. And when shoots appeared, it was time to plant tomato seedlings in the open ground. So, I made the holes between the grown sunflowers. Hemp twine was attached to their stalks in two rows, it turned out a tapestry, to which she tied up the bushes of tomatoes. The plants got on well with each other and gave good yields.Stepan A. ZHELEZNYAK, Pskov Article Growing carrots in the Moscow region - planting and care: to grow smooth and beautifulOld sources advised to use kerosene to control weeds on carrots. The experiments carried out at that time showed that the plants of the umbrella family are resistant to this liquid, and for other plants it is poisonous. It was recommended to use kerosene both before germination and after it. In the first case, the treatment is carried out 2-3 the day before germination. If time is missed, then this should be done in the 2 phase of true leaves. When processing carrots on shoots, time should not be delayed: the extreme date is that the upper part of the root crop reaches the diameter 6 mm. It should also take into account the stage of development of weeds - kerosene best suppresses them in the phase of 1-3 leaves. If you are late with the deadlines, the weeds are damaged much less. Dose per one hundred parts is 2,5-4 l and depends on the degree of contamination and seedling density. After processing, carrots on 5-6 days slow down active growth, but soon recover and develop well later. Spraying the beds should be done with fresh kerosene in dry, windless, warm weather. When the threat of rain can not be applied this "herbicide" - rain leads to the formation of water-kerosene emulsion that can damage carrots. Do not use kerosene if the carrots are planned for harvesting young.Marianna Nikolaevna Article If garlic turns yellow from year to year ...When garlic leaves begin to turn yellow in May, and this happens quite often, some gardeners panic, thinking that some disease has visited the plants. In fact, everything is much more prosaic: so garlic reacts to a lack of nutrients, in other words, it suffers hunger after winter. I usually warn such a reaction of plants and in April I give them additional feeding. Nitrogen is needed Most of this time nitrogen is required, so, depending on what is in my “store” of mineral fertilizers, I usually take either ammonium nitrate or urea. Any of these substances is enough 1 Art. l on 10 l of water in which they dissolve well. The resulting solution makes foliar feeding, pouring garlic over the leaves. And supporters of organic farming can apply infusions of mullein or bird droppings, which also restore the green color of leaves well. Advice If the spring is warm and the weeds, traditional for herbal infusions, have already grown in sufficient quantity - nettle, dandelion, quinoa, of which you can prepare a “vitamin cocktail” for garlic. In addition to leaf treatment, this infusion improves soil fertility by activating microorganisms. Above-ground parts of plants are poured with green fertilizer, starting from the top, and the remains are poured at the root. Fertilizer fertilizer I know that some gardeners do not use fertilizers, but chemist's remedies against the yellowing of garlic leaves. My neighbor is throwing 10% ammonia solution in water (2 tbsp. On the bucket). With this liquid, it makes foliar feeding on the leaves, but not necessarily in the absence of the sun, from which treated plants can get burned. Along with nutrition, as she claims, plants receive protection from onion flies and fungal diseases. This year, I applied this dressing, and I was pleased with the results. But, of course, nitrogen alone is not enough for garlic. Therefore, approximately 10 days after the first one, plants need to be given a second, but already complete, top dressing. In accordance with the instructions, it is necessary to dissolve the complex mineral fertilizer with microelements and water the plants under the root.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Is it possible to grow Egyptian potatoesIncomprehensible emptiness This year in the supermarket I bought a couple of kilograms of potatoes I liked for sample, for sprouting and planting in my plot. When he began to clean and cut, he found rather strange voids in some tubers. The potato turned out to be quite good in frying and soups, it does not fall apart, it does not resemble soap. For mashed potatoes, another variety is needed. Today, my potato has already appeared from the ground and quickly rises. But I am worried about the question: are these voids any disease, therefore, is it worth planting it on the site? I will plant it this year in a small area, fenced from all sides with boards, so that it is easier to fight if it is something harmful for plants.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article How to speed up the fruiting tree? Table memoWe have a garden and a garden, and in the garden all the time birds are walking geese, ducks, chickens. The problem is that there is no way to feed the trees, especially if the fertilizer is in pellets - we are afraid that the animals will peck. I heard or read somewhere that fruit trees (we have apples, pears, plums, cherries and apricots, they are already 5-6 years old) can be fed as follows: drill holes with a brown hole and fill up fertilizer there. But we do not know how much fertilizer to fill there, how often, what depths should be holes, at what distance do they make from trees? HopeSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Physalis variety "Royal" - reviews, planting and care (Bakshkortostan)Physalis is of two kinds. If you have it in orange boxes, then it is decorative. In the fall you can cut in a bouquet - it costs all winter, it looks beautiful. I will write about physalis vegetable. It is planted with seedlings, like tomatoes, - now there are a lot of different seeds. Vegetable Physalis can be pickled, you can cook jam, fresh can be added to salads. Yummy! try to grow it yourself, 2-3 plants will suffice. It is not necessary to rush, the bush grows sprawling. You can put a support and tie up.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article The best varieties of beans - reviews and photos, name and descriptionMany ask what needs to be done to save the beans without bugs. As soon as the beans dry in the garden, tear off the pods. Then I peel off (free the beans from the shell) and already cleaned put in an aluminum bowl with a wide bottom, put in the sun and dry for three days. For the night I bring in the house. Then my three-liter jars and I expose in the sun. After a good drying, I pour into jars, and I put 3-4 garlic cloves with peel into the jars and tightly close them with plastic covers. I keep the banks all the time under a canopy. It is said that some are dried in the oven, but I have never done that. I'm 80 years old, but I love the earth. IzsettaSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Cultivation of wild garlic in the garden - my feedback and advice (photo)Frequently asked about wild garlic, I will share my experience. In the autumn, when the leaves were already very yellow, she brought cuttings from the forest. I planted them under trees, under each tree on 3-4 pcs. They multiply rapidly. Green leaves can be plucked, but flowers cannot be touched until fully ripe. Seeds are spread by the wind, so the ramson multiplies. From it we bake pies with Ossetian cheese. We grind the underground part through a meat grinder, use it as garlic or in an omelette instead of onion, and roll up the ground part until the leaves are dissolved.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Physalis variety "Royal" - reviews, planting and care (Bakshkortostan)I grew up in the village and knew that physalis is a weed. He can not eat. And Physalis is a cultural grow already years 12. Varieties are different: Confectioner, Strawberry, Plum, etc. I plant only Confectioner. I live in the south: I plant the seeds in the ground, without seedlings (although it can also be seedlings). I take care of them like tomatoes, I don’t delete anything: Physalis has very fragile stems, so it grows as it grows. The bush is sprawling, so the distance between the holes is somewhere 70-80, see. When the box bursts, the fruits are orange. I make jam of them, cut them into slices, like apples. I fall asleep with sugar: 1,5 kg per 1 kg of Physalis, and be sure to add a lemon - I cut it with the peel and throw it on the 5 min. at the end of cooking. Sometimes I add another handful of raspberries. Not everyone likes this jam, but I like it very much. Another salt physalis, like green tomatoes, and roll it up.OOO "Sad" Article Growing large garlic - care and reviews of varieties (Udmurtia)At the end of the last century, in the 1990s, we planted garlic varieties Gulliver on our old site. Its root system penetrates the soil shallowly and it does not shoot. A bed was prepared from autumn, after legumes (beans, peas) and partially after pumpkin. It is advisable not to plant after onions, garlic or potatoes. The peculiarity of spring garlic is that it must be planted in early spring, in mid-April, in thawed soil. Planting care is usual - loosening after watering and rain, protection from weeds. At the end of May - the beginning of June, when 4-5 leaves appear, it is necessary to feed with a mullein extract. Spring garlic in the conditions of an apartment does not lose its qualities, does not dry out and does not germinate. Currently I plant winter garlic in the garden. During the formation of the bulbs of the plant, I feed up a phosphorus-potassium mixture: 2 Art. l double superphosphate and 1 Art. l Potassium sulfate is diluted in 10 l of water. Feed rate: 5 l of solution per 1 square. I can not wear it, so I use a five-liter watering can. Between dressings I pour wood ash -1 a glass on 1 square. After harvesting, I hang the garlic in the shed for drying - it needs shade and coolness, then I keep it in the fridge. IreneSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Chin (photo) description landing and leavingSochevichnik (spring rank) Care. This perennial herbaceous plant of the legume family is unpretentious. In nature, the rank can be found in the pine forest. On the site it is better to sow with seeds - immediately after harvest (ripen in July). The colors of flowers can be of different tones: from white and yellow to violet. Benefit. The plant has anti-inflammatory, wound healing, analgesic, expectorant, choleretic action. And even a slight hypnotic properties. Infusion. 1, Art. dry grass pour boiling water 500 ml, wrap container and leave for an hour. Strain. Drink on 1 Art. 3 20 once a day, minutes before meals for heart pains, is soothing. Elena GORBUNOVA, Cand. biol. of scienceSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Garden violets (photo) - species and varietiesViolet fragrant Care. Prefers sunny places, loose fertile soil. It tolerates slight shading. Be sure to water the plant: it loves moisture. But if the bed in the valley, make sure that there is no stagnation of water. Every couple of weeks, violet can be fed with any mineral fertilizer for flowering plants, but do not give fresh organic. Benefit. Due to the presence of essential oil, fragrant violet is used for bronchopulmonary diseases. Violet has a beneficial effect on the condition of blood vessels, relieves inflammation and swelling. In addition, the flowers are added to salads, and are decorated with cakes and jellies. Infusion. With bronchitis, pneumonia: 1 st.l. chopped dried herbs violets fragrant pour 1 Art. boiling water, insist 30 minutes, strain. Drink on 0,5 Art. 2 once a day for two weeks.Alexei VOLODYKHIN, agronomist Article Planting clematis from A to Z (PHOTOS + MASTER CLASS)Doping for clematisClematis rarely gets sick and suffers from pests, so I see no reason to treat them with chemicals. But these vines like fertilizer growth stimulant. Once a month, you can spray them with a solution of Epin or Zircon - this will protect the plants from stress, help them move spring frosts and activates the growth of shoots from lateral buds. So, clematis will grow more magnificently and bloom more abundantly.Maria ANASHINA Article Secrets of growing tulips: advice of an experienced floristTulips bloomed. What's next? After flowering, tulips lose their decorative effect. This spoils the general view of the front garden. I'll tell you about the techniques that help solve this problem without changing the development cycle of my favorite flowers. I plant annuals and perennials (viola, arabis, obriet, awl-shaped phlox) in the flower garden next to the tulips, which decorate the faded bulbous flowers. There are tulips with decorative leaves. They are planted separately, because they are good even after the end of flowering. For example, Kaufman tulips (favorite varieties are Johann Strauss, Giuseppe Verdi and Ice Tic) and Foster tulips have leaves with stripes and specks. Immediately after flowering, a part of ordinary tulips is “relocated” from a flower bed to a container (an old plastic or metal bucket, a flower pot, a basin) with drainage holes. Pre-pour sand and light soil to the bottom. I put the plants in partial shade in the garden. Part of the bulbs in the fall I plant in special plastic baskets with soil, which I put down in the basement for the winter. In the spring I drift in the area under the lilac bushes around the apple trees. After flowering, it remains only to undermine the baskets with garden forks. If the tulip cuts off the entire above-ground part immediately after flowering, the bulb will not be able to form. Its vegetation usually ends by the end of June and the beginning of July, which is easy to determine by the faded color and wilting of the leaves. By this time, the covering scales of the replacement bulb will turn golden brown. But it is also impossible to delay the harvest of the bulbs, as the risk of nest disintegration and loss of covering scales increases. And the "naked" bulbs are stored worse.OOO "Sad" Article Tui: planting and care, varieties and species.- Tui is one of the most unpretentious and spectacular plants for landscape design. And to a large extent due to the fact that it responds well to trimming and molding cutting. These works should be carried out in early spring (March-April) or in the fall (early September). And be sure to choose a dry, clear day (in rain and wet weather, you shouldn’t use the tool with the tue). Three 1 trimming steps. If you are going to cut the center conductor, measure the height you need. Cut the tip under the nearest side branch from it, departing no more than 1,5 from this branch, see 2. Then, for sanitary purposes, remove dry branches and those that thicken the crown with garden shears, so you will ensure better air circulation and thereby reduce the possibility of the plant becoming infected with diseases and pests. 3. The last step - a decorative haircut to give shape to the crown. Trim the side branches about a third. All places slices immediately gloss over the garden pitch. Mikhail NAUMOV, agronomistVladimir Korotkov. Adygea Article Tui: planting and care, varieties and species.I have a thuja growing on the site that is more than 20 years old. The height is about 8 m. I want to shorten it to 5 m and somehow give the crown a neater look. How to do it right? What time?Olga SURINOVICH, agronomist, Horki Article Lawn in the country with their own hands: care, sowing, etc.In the care of the orchard and the flower bed, do not forget about the lawn. When the grass stretches to 15-20 cm, walk on it with a lawn mower. Mow the lawn once a day in 10-15 days to a height of 4-5, see. In dry weather, water the grass with plenty of water (so that water penetrates to a depth of at least 15 cm.). Combine one of the irrigations with ammonium sulphate fertilizer (15 g per 1 m2), which acidifies the soil and does not allow weeds to grow.Elena BOYKOVA Article Care for roses in early springEarring for roses in MayFeed up In the budding phase, feed the roses with complex mineral fertilizer (according to the instructions or based on 30-40 g per 1 m2). Prepare an aqueous solution or put dry fertilizer into the soil (then pour). Protect from aphids As early as May, aphids may attack roses. If there are few insects, crush them with gloved hands or treat the plants with ash decoction (dilute 10-300 g of ash in 400 l with water, boil 2 for an hour, cool, strain). With a strong settlement, connect the "heavy artillery" - insecticides Aktara, Decis, Inta-Vir, Iskra, Kinmiks (according to the instructions).Elena BOYKOVA Article Pruning of decorative shrubs in spring - by groupsImmediately after the end of flowering, many early flowering ornamental plants (almonds, forsythia, spirea, decorative plum, broom, dogwood) need formative pruning so that they can form new shoots on which flower buds of the next season will be planted. Without pruning, they also bloom, but very scarce. Crop slightly - slightly shorten the shoots (by one third). Completely remove old, damaged branches growing inside the crown. Cut branches do not rush to immediately throw away. From this “spring waste” you can get wonderful cuttings. They are well rooted - and the young will form by the autumn with a sufficiently developed root system. In the spring of next year, wintered seedlings can be shared with friends or neighbors in the country, to complement their own planting.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Lilies of the valley (photos) - cultivation, planting and careLilies of the valley - infrequent guests in flower beds. Many consider them too simple. Although garden forms with double flowers, variegated leaves, flowers of soft pink color are not inferior in beauty to other inhabitants of flower gardens. But I think that these plants should be planted already because of their amazing aroma, which will fill your garden in May. Lily of the valley seeds are sown in spring in April-May, in autumn - in September-October. But it is easier to propagate the plants by dividing the rhizomes: I plant the seedlings into the soil on 1 –2 cm at a distance of 10 cm from each other (the distance between rows is 25 – 30 cm). Keep in mind that during the spring planting lilies of the valley will bloom only in the second year. When planting and growing need to consider a few important points. Lilies of the valley prefer light penumbra, which my plants give openwork tops of trees. The site should not be swamped. But in a drought, I regularly water the flowers. From the soils, light loams with good air and water permeability are optimal. Before planting for 1 -2 weeks under a deep digging, I make compost or humus (10 kg per 1 sq. M), superphosphate and potassium sulfate (100 g and 40 g on 1 sq. M). Mulch plants with peat. Next year, in April-May, you can feed a solution of mullein (1: 10). Lilies of the valley do not tolerate alkaline soil, prefer a slightly acidic. In my family, they love karkade tea, which I sleep tea leaves in a bed of lilies of the valley. The result is amazing: flower brushes on bushes with such dressing are two to three times more abundant than on other specimens. Do not bring ash under the lilies of the valley, eggshell, dolomite, lime - everything that gives an alkaline reaction.OOO "Sad" Article Decorative cabbage for ornamental garden - photo, planting and cultivation- Decorative cabbage is edible and useful. It contains vitamins A, C, K, PP, B, B2, B6, as well as beta-carotene, potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium and phosphorus. In Europe, salads, smoothies, soups and main dishes with leaves of this plant have long occupied an honorable place in the daily menu. Leaves freeze and pickle. And the plants themselves are often grown in pots on window sills.Larisa Ivanova Article Decorative cabbage for ornamental garden - photo, planting and cultivationI read that decorative cabbage (often seen on flowerbeds in the city) is very useful. It can be stewed and even eaten raw. Is it so?OOO "Sad" Article Eggplant (photo) planting and care, varieties and growing seedlings from A to Z- To protect eggplants from Colorado beetles, follow simple rules. Plant eggplant seedlings after onions, cabbage, legumes, cucumbers or carrots. Place the bed as far as possible from the potato. Plant celery, dill, calendula, marigold or nasturtium. Cover the bushes with a mosquito net or spunbond. After watering, powder the ground around the eggplants with ashes. Spray the bushes with infusion of celandine or wormwood (fill the bucket with crushed fresh grass for a third, pour boiling water, leave to cool, add 1-2 tablespoons of liquid soap). If there are a lot of pests, spray the bushes with Phytoverm or Corado diluted according to the instructions. Repeat the treatment as the larvae appear.Alisa German, Saratov Article Eggplant (photo) planting and care, varieties and growing seedlings from A to ZI'm going to plant eggplants in the open ground, but I'm afraid that Colorado beetles will immediately eat them. I am at the dacha once a week. How to protect plants so that they do not need to collect pests every day?OOO "Sad" Article Melons and watermelons in the middle zone - in the greenhouse and open ground!- The benefits and convenience of using black spunbond (lutrasil, agrotex, agrofibre) for growing various crops - strawberries, pumpkins, zucchini, cucumbers, cabbage - have been known for a long time. The advantage of this versatile material is that it passes moisture well and keeps it in the soil, It also absorbs light and retains heat, protecting plants from temperature drops during the day and at night, and weeds hardly grow under it. If before covering the bed with a spunbond, you have well-gnawed the ground, and the edges of the material are pressed tightly to the ground - you can not be afraid of pests.Larisa Goryeva, Bryansk Article Melons and watermelons in the middle zone - in the greenhouse and open ground!Seedlings of watermelons landed on a bed with a dung "pillow", closed black spunbond. But the neighbors say that the shelter needs to be removed, supposedly the plants will be too hot, and pests can start under the spanbond. Is it so?OOO "Sad" Article Planning of the fruit garden: what and where to plant- Wires of a working high-voltage power line create electric and magnetic fields that affect all living things that are at a distance of several tens of meters from power lines. For example, plants may change the shape and size of flowers, leaves, stems, and extra petals appear. A healthy person suffers from a long stay in the field of power lines. Therefore, if you have any doubts, I recommend to contact the local sanitary and epidemiological service to take the necessary measurements in order to determine the degree of potential danger.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Planning of the fruit garden: what and where to plantCan a high-voltage line damage plants? Her going to lay next to my site. Neighbors say that because of the sound waves from the line in our gardens, nothing will grow ... Olga Perova, KislovodskVitaliy ZUB, Dnipro Article Control of pests of cabbage - folk remedies and tipsThree blows to cabbage pestsTo protect the young cabbage from the cruciferous flea, add fir oil (10-15 drops to 10 l of water) with each watering. And in order to get rid of the caterpillars, I lure the wasps to the plot with cabbage, which feed their offspring with the caterpillars. To do this, I spread the jam with water and spray the plants with the resulting syrup. From aphids on cabbage: 1 st.l. mustard powder and 1 Art. ash and tobacco dust pour 10 liters of boiling water. Insist day. Strain and process plants. Through 2-3 hours the pests die.OOO "Sad" Article Late cabbage - planting and careIt is possible to grow in the described way not only late cabbage, but also early (it will be ready for harvesting in August). And in order to cope with the cruciferous flea, immediately after sowing the seeds, you can cover the bed with a thin white spunbond (No. 17) and press its edges with the ground. After the described dressing of the bed and feeding with Crystalon, watering with a mulleet solution is not necessary. Cabbage will be enough nutrients. But in the phase of 6-8 leaves, it is useful to spray the plants with the ovary for cabbage (2 g for 1,4 l of water). Through 2 week to repeat. This will greatly accelerate the formation of heads and make them strong. Elena ISAEVA, agronomistClaudia SHUPIKOVA Article Late cabbage - planting and careI grow late cabbage for winter storage without seedlings. At the end of May, I am preparing a bed: I contribute for digging through 1, Art. superphosphate, 1 Art. ash and 5 l of humus on 1 sq. m, watering at the rate of 2 buckets of water on 1 sq. In 30 see from each other I form wells with a depth of 2,5 see. At a distance of 3-4 see from each other I sow each 2 seed. Shoot dust with ash or tobacco dust from cruciferous flea. I cover the 1,5-2-liter bottle without a cap with a cut-off bottom. With the appearance of the second true leaf on the seedlings, I remove the shelter, cut off the excess plant or plant it. To enhance root formation, I feed with green Crystalone (2 g on 1 l of water). Two weeks after that, I water with a solution of mullein (1: 10) or chicken droppings (1: 15). After each feeding spud plants so as not to fall asleep growing point.OOO "Sad" Article How to deal with the bearIn May, in the bear, indeed, the mating period begins. Young bears "remember" that they have wings that they absolutely do not need at all the rest of the time, and at night they go on a flight in search of a pair. Therefore, the method described by the author is quite acceptable. Nikolai Khromov, Cand. agricultural sciencesOlga GRIBKO Article How to deal with the bearI do not know how for you, but for me personally there is no more frightening and unpleasant insect than the bear. Finding this pest in the garden for the first time, I ran away and for a long time could not return to the beds. Then I decided to find out about this "beast" everything that is possible. It turned out that the bear cannot bite a person (it has weak jaws), but it can easily scratch it with strong clawed paws. And the pest flies. True, it does this only in May (during the mating period). It is at this time that you can significantly reduce the population of frightening insects. I am exhibiting lighting fixtures in 2-3 garden and kitchen garden (building spotlights, lamps with a battery and even kerosene lamps are suitable). Under them I put containers with a mixture of water and kerosene (1: 1). Like all nocturnal insects, bears fly to the light, hit the lantern, fall into the water and die.Vera SOMOVA, Bryansk Article Compatibility of vegetables in a greenhouse - what can be planted with and what not?"Dormitory" in the greenhouseTo maximize the use of free space in the greenhouse, I grow lettuce and other greens between tomatoes: basil, onions on the feather, and dill. True, so that everyone has enough light, I cut the leaves off the tomatoes. I water the beds regularly, otherwise plants with a shallow root system will quickly fade. In addition, I prefer spraying to root dressings so that the well-growing greens do not get too much nutrition and do not accumulate nitrates.Vera SOMOVA, Bryansk Article My technology of growing large potatoes - tips (Birobidzhan)The secret of the giant potato To grow potato tubers twice the size of the usual one, in early June I bend down to the 2-3 bed of the most developed stalk from each bush, in the middle I sprinkle it on the ground, leaving the top on the surface. As a result, the stems root, the bush gets more nutrients due to the additional roots, and the tubers gain weight well.OOO "Sad" Article Repair raspberry - reviews about varieties and dressing- The famous Indian summer variety, indeed, has a big drawback: the autumn harvest in the middle lane begins to ripen in early September, and the height of the harvest comes at the end of September and early October, when it is already cold enough. In our nursery for more than ten years we have been studying the raspberry remontant. For your conditions of the capricious Nonchernozem region, we can recommend the varieties of the Augustów miracle, Autumn Beauty, Heracles, Diamond, Golden domes, Monomakh's Hat. Raspberries of these varieties due to an earlier term of ripening in the middle lane can give 65-90% of the potential yield. For comparison: Indian summer has time to give only 30%, and the berries of this variety, in comparison with the above, are smaller in 2-3 times.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Repair raspberry - reviews about varieties and dressingRaspberry berries of Indian Summer variety do not have time to ripen. Tell me a worthy replacement. Maria Kovrigina, ZhukovskyOOO "Sad" Article Repair raspberry - reviews about varieties and dressing- In the most direct way - for the worse. In the middle lane, plant remon-tanty on the warmest and sunny part of the garden, preferably from the south side of the house. Only in this case, abundant fruiting is guaranteed. Penumbra is permissible only for the southern regions, where it is very dry and hot. The distance between plants when planting - 0,7-0,9 m. Raspberry does not like thickening (guided, to 1 sq. M was 3-4 powerful escape). You can place the raspberry in the form of a flower bed, planting a triangle at a distance of 50-70 cm from each other. Such planting allows the most efficient accumulation of scarce autumn heat and light from the sun, which will help the ripening of berries.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Repair raspberry - reviews about varieties and dressingIf I plant a remontrant raspberry in the shade (a shortage of space on the site), will it somehow affect the crop yield? Evgeny Karpov, Leningrad regionOOO "Sad" Article Repair raspberry - reviews about varieties and dressing- The technology of planting raspberry seedlings in recent years has become increasingly popular. This is a plant with 8-10 leaves grown in fertile soil in a pot with a volume of 0,5-1,2 l. Raspberry seedlings are grown from rhizomes harvested in the fall (stored in a refrigerator or basement). In early spring, rhizomes are laid out in boxes with wet peat to a depth of 5. See Raspberry roots have dormant buds that sprout and form green shoots. They are carefully seated in pots, watered regularly. For quenching, after the disappearance of the threat of return frost, it is exposed to the air and later transplanted to a permanent place (transshipment with a clod of earth). Such shoots successfully take root, grow well and quickly overtake in the development of raspberries planted with seedlings.Konstantin Burenin, Irkutsk region Article Repair raspberry - reviews about varieties and dressingHeard about planting raspberry green seedlings. What does it mean?Ekaterina FURSOVA, Rostov-on-Don Article What are and how to deal with diseases and pests of strawberries and strawberriesOn my site the main pests of strawberries are strawberry and spider mites, scoop caterpillars and strawberry weevils. Of the diseases, leaf blotches (white, brown), powdery mildew, and gray rot are common. I withstand the onslaught of all this “evil” with preventive treatments. I spray plants in spring and autumn, mixing pests and diseases in one container (according to the instructions). Spring "cocktail" consists of Aktofit and Horus, where I add mineral nitrogen fertilizer (which is available in the store). I process strawberries before flowering twice at weekly intervals. Recipe for the autumn "cocktail": Actellic + Skor - I spend three treatments at intervals of a week in August. I try to spray beds of strawberry remontant varieties in the intervals between fruiting, but this is not always possible, so I pick berries before processing. After harvesting, I feed strawberries with phosphate-potash fertilizer - under the loosening I make ash (500 g per 1 m2). And yet: these drugs lose their protective properties at temperatures above + 25 hail. Therefore, I process strawberries in the late evening or early morning.OOO "Sad" Article How to grow a cedar (tree) from seedlings or seeds (nuts)- Seedlings of cedar pine swoop just in the third year of life. It is better to choose the time when it is not hot and not dry - in late April-early May or late August-early September. Prepare a bed of a mixture of earth and humus (2: 1). The distance between plants should be at least 20 cm (with the expectation that they are planted in a permanent place on 5-8-th year of life). For the first time 2-3 weeks shade seedlings from the bright sun, in dry weather often spray it with water. Next - the usual care: watering, loosening the soil, weeding. Feeding up (for example, 1: 15 mullein solution) is needed only next year during the period of bud swelling, since excessive use of organic fertilizers, like excessive watering, can lead to rotting and death of young plants.Ekaterina Volkova, Leningrad region Article How to grow a cedar (tree) from seedlings or seeds (nuts)Cedar from the nut Daughter planted cedar nuts from the cones at the fence. I was skeptical, but they came up very thick. Now the plants are the third year. I understand that they need to be seated. When is it better to do this?OOO "Sad" Article Growing a sea buckthorn tree from A to Z: planting, care and properties- Plan green cuttings of sea buckthorn in the period of intensive growth of shoots - from mid-June to mid-July. Cuttings are better from long growth shoots (than from shortened side shoots), and from the apical part. Before planting in a film hothouse, soak the cuttings on 12 for hours in Kornevin's solution (according to the instructions) - this will increase the number of primary roots. As a result, the seedlings are stronger, they winter better.Lyudmila Semyanko, Pskov Article Growing a sea buckthorn tree from A to Z: planting, care and propertiesI want to propagate sea buckthorn for hedges. Tell me, can this be done with green cuttings? What time?OOO "Sad" Article Plum - scheduled care: my personal experience and feedback on the methods- Without a photo of a pest, it is difficult to say exactly who damaged your plum. Most likely, it is smoldering. Countermeasures Treat plums with insecticides (Fufanon, Karate, Aktara, Mospilan, Calypso) 3-4 times per season: before budding, during the appearance of leaflets, before flowering and before the fruit begins to ripen. Against plum aphid, an ash-soap infusion is often used: pour 1 l of boiling water over 10 kg of ash, infuse for two days, add 100 of planed soap, mix and spray trees (especially carefully on the back of the leaves) at intervals of 10-14 days.Sergey Korzhich, Smolensk Article Plum - scheduled care: my personal experience and feedback on the methodsLast year, the leaves on the plum became yellow-green, twisted inside. Then came the little green midges. What are these pests?OOO "Sad" Article What are and how to deal with diseases and pests of strawberries and strawberriesA black spot in the middle of a strawberry flower indicates that it is freezing, that is, the air temperature at the site before flowering has dropped below 0 degrees. Of course, you will not get a good harvest from frozen flowers. In the year when the “nuclear mixture” was used, there were no frosts, the flowers remained intact. Therefore, the harvest was good. But this does not mean that your tool is completely useless. It is a preventive measure against pests and diseases, additional feeding and irrigation. Valery MATVEEV, Doctor of Agricultural SciencesDmitry Kharchevich, Bryansk Article What are and how to deal with diseases and pests of strawberries and strawberriesI will share the recipe of the “nuclear mixture” against pests and diseases of strawberries, which, in turn, was revealed to me on the market by a farmer. Having admired on its counter with large berries, I complained that for three years on my beds, the hearts of the flowers blacken, and the fruits are tied either small or ugly. Then an experienced gardener told her a secret, which I decided to test on my plants right away. I bought a bottle of tar at the pharmacy (100 ml), a bottle of iodine and fir oil, 10 g of boric acid. He spread everything in a 40 liter barrel with water, into which he poured 1 l of weed infusion. A glass of a mixture of barrels, straining, spread in a bucket of water and sprayed strawberries - it was in August. The following year, such processing was repeated during flowering. The reward was the harvest of large berries. Since then, I have watered “nuclear mixture” not only with strawberries, but also with apple, currants, plums, cherries, raspberries, and roses (once a month from May to September). Very pleased with the result!Elena Pisarenko, city of Balakovo Article How to get rid of slugs - tips agronomistThey tried several methods from slugs on strawberries, but only one turned out to be effective. Slugs are nocturnal, and during the day they hide under foliage. Therefore, the operation to destroy the enemy was carried out in the evening. Prepared a solution: in 1 l of water diluted with 2 st.l. ammonia. Sprayed this composition strawberry planting. Berries solution does not bring any harm, but slug destroys completely. We had only three treatments (with an interval of 2-3 of the day), so that there was no trace of the pests.Yury RUDENKO Article Repair raspberry - reviews about varieties and dressingRaspberries have been practicing for more than 10 years, have experienced many varieties. And I continue to test new items, the best of which I give permanent residence in the garden. Among the favorite summer varieties - Patricia, Lyashka (Lyachka), Octavia. But the variety of French selection Delbar Manific, which passed the test of severe winters, is particularly impressive, and during the growing season does not require additional treatments, as it is resistant to diseases common to raspberries (anthracnose, didimella, rust, powdery mildew). This is the workhorse of my raspberry pancake. Productivity - 180 kg per hundred. Large berries (up to 8 g) of dark red color during transportation are not only not crushed, but do not even change shape.Vladimir KRYLOVICH, farmer, Dzerzhinsky district Article Than mulch trunks of trees and shrubs?In May I process tree trunks. If the trees are less than 7 years old - loosen the soil, digging. This work is easily and quickly done by a motor cultivator. But weeding weeds usually takes a lot of time and effort. Therefore, I recommend pristvolny circles to process herbicides (Roundup, Glyphos - according to the instructions). If I process pristvolny circles of low-growing fruit trees or bushes, I cover them with plastic wrap so that the herbicide does not get on the leaves. After each treatment, thoroughly wash the sprayer. And I advise everyone to follow this rule: my acquaintance somehow disregarded them — he fumbled the sprayer with the remains of the herbicide with a fungicide and walked through the beds with cucumbers and tomatoes. The result is pitiable - left without a crop.Victoria Article Top-5 useful weeds for the vegetable gardenEveryone knows that dandelion is not so easy to get rid of. It is not worthwhile to mulch the beds with this weed after weeding, since it is well dispensed and gives a new batch of “freeloaders”. Here it is thrown from the site. But few people know that during growth dandelion accumulates a large amount of vitamins and minerals. Therefore, from this plant I prepare super-fertilization. Any plastic (not metallic!) Container is completely filled with weed dandelions, poured with water, pressed down with a load and covered with a lid or film with holes (for air exchange). I put the tank in the greenhouse: at a higher temperature, the fermentation process is faster. And a week later the fertilizer is ready. 1 l concentrate grow in a bucket of water and feed trees and berries, as well as garden beds (only beetroot and cabbage, such an infusion is contraindicated) twice a month. All plants are pre-watered with water. Keep in mind: the infusion of dandelion lowers the acidity of the soil.Victoria Article Peanuts (photos) planting and growingI tried to grow peanuts. I bought half a kilo of nuts in a store, cleared off the shells and planted them on a bed in the preheated earth. Planted in the grooves, thoroughly spilled with water, then covered with film. It turned out the greenhouse. When shoots began to appear, the greenhouse aired, closed again for the night. My nuts sprang up smoothly and amicably, little yellow flowers began to appear. I poured them several times to form fruits, fed and watered. By the way, it is necessary to spud so that the flowers are buried in the ground, only then nuts will be formed on them. The first harvest was only half a bucket of nuts, now I collect much more.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Cabbage with its seedlings - which varieties are better, planting and careI really liked growing different kinds of cabbage. Soot Beijing, Savoy, red, broccoli, color. Planted on seedlings in the greenhouse under the covering material in late April. I placed bricks between the grooves in the same place so that they would heat up during the day and give their heat to the earth at night. It is still cold in our region at that time, so the cabbage sprouted slowly, but I was not in a hurry. In the middle of May it became warmer, the seedlings began to open and air, and the young sprouts began to grow faster. In each well they put on handfuls of lime and ash. Absolutely all seedlings got accustomed! Distribute handing out to everyone. Cabbage was watered with an infusion of grass or chicken manure in a low concentration, and also (by leaf) with a solution of iodine (or brilliant green, or liquid ammonia): tsp. To a bucket of water 1. one of these means.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Growing carrots in the Moscow region - planting and care: to grow smooth and beautifulMy carrots were constantly failing, either small or clumsy. I, frankly, already desperate to grow it. And once in a conversation over a cup of tea at work, employee Irina told me how she grows large and beautiful carrots. I immediately adopted her method. And the point is that carrots are planted in a furrow next to potatoes in the beginning of May in damp earth, covered with river sand and clapped with a palm. The earth is warming up, carrots are rising, and weeds are perfectly visible on the bright sand. Watering produce only if very dry, and enough moisture. The sand is not the ground, the crust is not covered, and my carrot rises very nicely. A separate furrow is clearly visible, the sun warms it up, and the carrots grow. I sometimes podrykhlyu yes polya, if it is dry - that's the whole care. In August, I take carrots for harvesting, and at the end of September I harvest the roots and enjoy the harvest. I do not observe any curly-curliness. True, in the last two years, following the advice of Dacha, I plant carrots before planting at home. Sprouted, saturated with moisture, it is sown less often, so that later it is not necessary to thin out. And after such sowing it comes up in a week. When in September I dig out my carrot with a pitchfork, I always cut off the tails and tops on the hanger to remove the point of growth. I dry it a bit in the sun, then I transfer it to the shed for a draft and there I dry it. I keep in a basement in buckets with sawdust, on sawdust on top I put a sprig of spruce with needles and cover with lids. Why put a Christmas tree? But I don’t know myself, just a big fir tree grows near the house, and because of the wind there are always a lot of branches in the yard. Carrots are stored perfectly, do not germinate and do not rot.Vladimir V. MAKAROV, Rybinsk, Yaroslavl Region Article How and what to fertilize cauliflowerMost of the vegetables grown by seedlings are first sown in the greenhouse, these include cabbage of all varieties - white, red, Brussels and cauliflower. Since my seedlings always grow a lot, I distribute it to all my neighbors. It was the same last spring, but five or six cauliflower plants remained in the greenhouse, which I wanted to give to my relative, but it turned out that she had already acquired it. So I stayed in my greenhouse, these non-built future cabbages - it’s a pity to throw out, and there is no place to plant, and (as we thought) there is no need. But it turned out that the tomatoes planted in the greenhouse turned out to be quite un-tall, and even a couple of for some reason they died, so the place next to the cabbage seedlings turned out to be free - but I don’t have that! I placed the cabbage seedlings on the empty seats and waved my hand to it - what grows and grows. In early August, they began to harvest the crop of cauliflower planted on the garden beds: some were eaten, some were frozen in the refrigerator, and the cabbage grew in the greenhouse and grew up. Stretched out in length, grew powerful leaves and ... no hint of a cabbage! However, throwing it away, which took place all summer in the greenhouse, was already pitiful to us. In mid-September, the last crop of tomatoes was harvested in a greenhouse, and here they found that small cabbages had formed on the cabbage. We decided not to cut them, and wait. And in early October, when I began to put the garden in order and put the water barrels in the greenhouse for the winter, we took our last harvest. The heads of cabbages turned out to be wonderful, dense, free of defects and, most importantly, without caterpillars! So we heartily tasted cauliflower and even made a reserve for the winter. This summer I will definitely try to reapply this randomly open method.Marina Article New varieties of cherries and cherries - photo, name and description, expert reviewsLast year, my five-year-old cherries finally bloomed with wild color. But most of all I was pleased with a large number of fruit began to tangle. But in June I suddenly found some small worms on the underside of the leaves. I immediately sprayed trees with Bordeaux liquid, and soon all this living creature died, but the fruits on the cherries never formed - it feels like they dried out at the very beginning of their development and fell off. Dear gardeners, explain to me, please: is it that I was left without a crop, are pests or bordeaux liquid to blame?Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Cucumber (photo) - planting and careIn the gardening store for the first time I saw the seeds of cucumber "beam" varieties. Never dealt with them before. She began to ask the sellers what their peculiarity was, and she answered in response that such cucumbers should be grown only on high beds, which, as they say, are loaded with manure to the eyeballs. I decided to clarify whether it is possible to replace this fertilizer with something (we have just enough labor for manure, therefore, prices for it are broken up - be healthy), but they categorically stated that they are not. Dear gardeners who grow these “bundle” cucumbers come forward now! Please tell us in more detail what are the secrets of their agricultural technology? I think not one will be interesting to me.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article Treatment of bacterial pear burn - my advice and toolsMaybe my question will seem strange, but I would like to clarify for myself the following point: bacterial burn and bacteriosis are one and the same disease? And how can you quickly and effectively save “burning” fruit trees?Lydia Ilinichna Article Growing black currant - planting and care (St. Petersburg)For example, I dig up all the berry bushes in the fall and fill it with the same rotted manure, and in the summer I fold all the mowed grass under them, which I cover with a film so that it warms faster. And in the spring I don’t need to deal with berry fruit feeding - there are enough other important things to do. A currant, by the way, grows the size of a cherry. Why is there a currant - even my pumpkins are perfect, although I don’t water them at all, I just pinch them according to all the rules: there should be no more than three fruits on one plant. Carrots, beets, eggplants, peppers, tomatoes, potatoes - all this is of excellent taste and quality. Here is my work in the garden.Tatyana Cherkessk Article How to deal with the bearI propose a very simple and effective way of dealing with such a stubborn and arrogant pest, like Medvedka. And my mother-in-law taught me that, who had worked on the collective farm all her life, and therefore her farming skills are enormous: for example, despite her age, no one has yet managed to outrun her in the speed of weeding the flower beds. in the spring, just before melting, she scattered it right in the snow. In the garden in 12 weave took her a bucket of salt. And the medvedka was not one, despite the fact that her neighbors were full! Such a cultivation did not affect the crops at all, because the salt in the soil did not accumulate - it was washed out of it with melt water.Vyacheslav Teterin. Irkutsk Article Infusions for processing onions from onion flies - personal experience and feedbackOften I meet tips on how gardeners are struggling with onion and carrot flies. And that only people do not invent! Planting is watered with kerosene, diesel fuel, turpentine. Horror! I came up with a simpler and safer way for the land and plants. Tearing celandine, skipping it through a meat grinder and putting it into a quart jar. When it is full, I transfer the contents to the 10-liter watering can, fill it with water, wait for the 10 min. and after that I go to water the beds. Then in rubber gloves I take crushed celandine from a watering can and spread this mass as mulch in rows. I do this several times over the summer (when forming bulbs and root crops, before harvesting and during dry periods), and onions and carrots grow in me clean. If when digging to find out that some of the carrots or onions have managed to fly, they still damage them, rinse them with clean water, and then soak them in the same infusion of the celandine on the 2 h. The larvae of the pests die, I dry the vegetables and put them in the case. saving from pests and other planting. For example, if I notice that the slugs and caterpillars are beginning to show interest in cabbage, I immediately water it right over the heads of the cabins, and the pests stop messing it up. The only thing is to always remember that it is necessary to work with crushed celandine and its infusion only in rubber gloves, otherwise irritation may appear on the skin. Ask, but what about plants? And this tool does not harm them at all - it is checked. After all, I've been using it for 20 years. Lydia Article So that the seedlings do not stretch and overgrow (Altai Krai)Several years ago, in April, I planted tomato seedlings, set up arcs, threw agrofiber on them, and a film on top of it, and well crushed their edges below with boards and bricks. The plant caught on, but after a few days the temperature suddenly dropped to -7 °, and the snow was falling. And the bushes in my life left nothing at all. It was a shame that words could not be conveyed. And then I remembered: there were several articles about the fact that you shouldn’t despair if the transplanted seedlings died - plant an urgent “spare” in whatever form it may be. But I thought that if I needed to do this, then vice versa - a little later, when it is time to plant the plants already in open ground. And now, after planting the surviving tomatoes at a permanent place, I asked my daughter to go to the market and buy some what will find the remains of seedlings of early varieties, even if flowering. She found, bought, brought, and I planted these plants in the greenhouse under the agrofiber and film. And these tomatoes thanked me: they ripened much faster than those that are in the open field, and fruitful abundant! Of these fruits turned out very tasty dressing for borsch (without vinegar). Here is the prescription. 3 kg mince fruits, 2 carrots wipe grated, put into water and put on fire, boil 40 minutes after boiling. Skip half a pound of red sweet pepper and bitter pepper (to taste), add 2 garlic heads and add to boiling mixture. Add there also 1 a glass of sugar, 2 Art. l salt, 1 / 2 glass of vegetable oil. After boiling, boil still 20 min. and roll up. Exit - 7 half-liter cans.Hope Article Winter Garlic: 5 harvesting tricksFor example, I noticed that if winter garlic is planted at the end of autumn, then no matter how fruitful the variety is and no matter how I “charge” the soil (using everything I can, right up to the mineral water), in the spring it’s still not all cloves sprout. And the place is then empty on the garden, although every centimeter of land in the garden is registered! But on the “bald spots” among the garlic, what then can I plant? So you're worried about such mismanagement. And although it seems that all this is not my fault, it is still unpleasant. And in the end, I came up with this thing. In the late autumn I select the strongest and largest chives of garlic, soak them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, rinse thoroughly with running water, dry them and immediately wrap them in dry rags. Then I wrapped these knots in a film and put them in a black plastic bag, which I bury in the garden, and I leave the pens from this bag hanging out. And next to it, for fidelity, I also stick some kind of stick — an extra reference point will not hurt. I cover the ground around the "stash" with old grass and leave everything in this form until spring. And at the beginning of the season, as soon as the snow melts completely, I pull the package out of the ground by the handles, unfold the nodules and pull out the teeth that have already sprouted with pretty roots (and there are very few non-hatching ones among them). Then I plant them right away on the garden. "Propleins" among the landings are not, yields are good. In the same way, by the way, I germinate carrot seeds, I just drop them in the spring and just for a week. And then they are very convenient to plant, because on the background of the earth, these seedlings are clearly visible.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) Article 3 harvest of remanant strawberries for the season - 5 Tested tipsI want to share the reproduction experience of small-fruited remontant strawberries. In the fall I take off the largest and ripe dark berries. Drying and waiting for deep autumn. When it comes time to cover all plantings and flowers (and this is frost), I extract the seeds. I choose the sunniest place, enclose a small fence or put a rubber ring from the tire cover and sow the seeds on top, slightly compacting the soil. Everything! Snow will fall - cover, warm, stratify the seeds. In the spring, when the sun warms, a green rug from shoots will start to appear - as a rule, thick. When the seedlings grow up, I transplant the plants with a clod of earth to a permanent place using 2-3 with the smallest scoop or knife, and also plant old bushes. I dig, shake the ground from the roots, and it immediately becomes clear that the old dark root is inside, and along the perimeter there are young plants with non-lignified roots. Separate them and also put 2-3 into the well. That's all. And do not bother with the old woman at home!Irina V. KUDRINA, city of Voronezh Article Sorrel (photo) - growing billets and recipesAt one time, my mother was able with the help of her sorrel to get rid of the painful climacteric symptoms: irritability, apathy, hot flushes, headaches, insomnia and other unpleasant sensations that accompanied her during that difficult period. For this, she steamed a glass of boiling water 1 Art. l (with a slide) of dry crushed oxalic leaves and kept the 1 infusion for an hour in a thermos. Then I filtered the medicine and took a third of a glass of 3 once a day for 0,5 hours before meals. She conducted such courses regularly: 2 weeks of therapy, then 4 weeks - a break. These troubles did not cause her inconvenience, because thanks to them she forgot what climax is. A few years ago I decided to try this recipe for myself, but with a different purpose - I was always worried about severe discomfort during PMS periods. The infusion of dry oxalic leaves was prepared and taken according to the dosage described above, but it changed the schedule: she took the medicine every month for a week before the start of “women's days”. Oxal therapy is carried out to this day, and this wonderful plant relieves me of nervousness, migraines, back pain and other unpleasant symptoms during PMS periods. I want to warn those women who decide to learn from the experience of our family: the help of this female doctor will do you more harm than good if you have gastritis with high acidity or a stomach ulcer.Anna Ivanovna MURAVTSOVA Article Growing hawthorn - planting and care, advice and feedbackTo treat diseases of the cardiovascular system, as well as to normalize the level of cholesterol in the blood, I use hawthorn berries. A glass of boiling water requires 1 Art. l young fruits. I boil them over low heat until the liquid is boiled down to half. Accept 0,5 tsp. 3 times daily before meals. The course is 3-4 of the month. In hypertensive diseases and nerve overload, it is better to use the infusion. 1 Art. l dried berries pour a glass of boiling water, insist 2 hours in a dark place, strain through gauze fabric. Consume according to 1-2 Art. l 4 once a day before meals. For the treatment of angina, 6 Art. l dried hawthorn berries and motherwort grass, pour 7 cups of boiling water over them, cover them with a blanket and let them stand for 24 hours Then strain the infusion, and squeeze the hawthorn berries with gauze. Keep this tool must be in the refrigerator. Take 3 X-NUMX once a day.Irina V. KUDRINA, city of Voronezh Article Marigolds from diseases and pests - application in infusions and other methods of plant protectionI liked even more sympathy for the lovely marigolds when I evaluated their healing properties. Infusion of inflorescences and leaves, I quickly relieved my infant from potnichki. To do this, finely chopped fresh leaves and inflorescences, emptied 2 Art. l in a thermos and poured a glass of boiling water. Infusion kept in a thermos about 2 hours, filtered, cooled, and then with the help of a cotton swab treated painful places on the skin of a child. Such a tool to this day helps our family to get rid of any skin ailments - irritation on the skin, sunburn, wounds and abrasions. This infusion is very effective in any suppurations. I put a piece of cotton or bandage moistened in the infusion on an abscess, cover it with a plaster and leave it for the night - after 1-2 procedures, the sore spot is “opened”. I rub the leaves in a wooden mortar and rub a sore spot on the skin of myself or the child with a wet gruel - in 20-30 minutes there is no trace of unpleasant sensations.Dmitry Petrovich HARCHEVKIN, Bryansk Article Melons and watermelons in the middle zone - in the greenhouse and open ground!Summer and autumn is a time when we all enjoy eating juicy and sweet watermelons. At the same time, most of us throw away wastes that form in large quantities — crusts. But for me, they do not go into a bucket, but to the benefit of green friends. Crusts of watermelons, I wipe the leaves of indoor plants to give them shine. They immediately respond to such a procedure, showing all its beauty. And after wiping, I send the crusts to a compost pile - this is an excellent component for organic fertilizer.Nikolay Fedorovich Article Aronia (photo) planting and care, reproduction and cultivationTo make the garden original, it is not necessary to plant exotic trees. For example, I created charming miniature miniature stumps from aronia, well adapted to our conditions. I do this in two ways. The first is to prune a bush: I leave one of the strongest escapes from it and form a crown on it. You can leave 2-3 closely growing sprouts, then weave them into a pigtail and fasten. Chokeberry perfectly tolerates a haircut, and the life of its individual trunks reaches 10 years. Only it is necessary several times per season to remove the emerging root growth. The second method requires skills in conducting vaccinations. I plant a choke-stalk on a 1-2-year-old sapling of a mountain ash. They have good tissue compatibility, besides the graft and the rootstock have the same winter resistance. I remove all the shoots of mountain ash that appear below the graft site, and form the crown of a black wolf by pinching the ends of the branches. Since the ordinary mountain ash lives for a long time, such a combined tree can decorate the site for many years. At the same time, the grafted black chokeberry in my country is flourishing and abundantly bearing fruit.Polina P Article Asters: planting and care, questions and answersMost of the time from the end of March to the beginning of April is suitable for planting asters on seedlings in Belarus and central Russia. In warmer regions, this can be done earlier. At first, seeds in a gauze bag are soaked in a growth accelerator solution. After proceeding to the preparation of the soil: mixed garden soil with sand and humus. At the bottom of the tank, in which the seeds will sprout, pour a layer of expanded clay, on top - the prepared soil mixture. Seeds are spread evenly over the surface, irrigated with water from a spray bottle and mulched with a thin (0,5 cm) layer of peat or sand. Then the container is covered with a film, put in a bright and warm room. Every day the container is ventilated. After 5-7 days, the first shoots should appear. When the 2 real leaflets appear on them, the seedlings are moved into separate peat or plastic cups. After a couple of weeks, the crops are fed with complex fertilizer. Before the seedlings are in the flowerbed, the plants are fed 2-3 times, alternating root dressings with spraying on the leaves. When the aster seedlings reach 6-8 cm, they are transported to a flower bed.OOO "Sad" Article Growing gladioli - planting and care: tips and tricksTo make gladioli impressive, there are many rules to follow. First, in March, bulbs should be taken out of storage, free from scales and put in a bright place. Secondly, since gladioli are very fond of light and heat and do not tolerate strong gusts of wind, they should be planted in a sunny and protected place. Thirdly, on the prepared bed of the onion, you need to deepen it with 10 cm, having previously put some sand on the bottom of the hole. After that, the place prepared for planting is poured abundantly with water, the bulb is placed in the dirt, and the ground mixed with sand is poured on top. No dressings do not need! Leave planting alone, until the first shoots appear. This is a signal to the fact that it is necessary to water the plants well - just like during planting, so that the earth turns into a “liquid porridge”. Then water the flowers only after the soil dries. After watering, it is imperative to loosen the ground, weed weeds and mulch the soil. Plant bulbs need at a distance of at least 20 cm from each other. And in order to prolong flowering, the bulbs should be planted in several stages at intervals of a week. And since gladiolus flowers are fragile and unstable, they also need props. It should be noted that the best place to buy gladiolus bulbs are specialty stores. When purchasing planting material, ask the seller, where he brought. If you do not live in a region with a warm climate, then you should not take planting material grown there - it is unlikely to adapt to your latitudes. It should also be said that the gladioli of the Dutch selection will be able to please you no more than one season. So is it worth spending on such fleeting beauty?Polina P Article Growing gladioli - planting and care: tips and tricksNo matter how hard I try, I never manage to grow tall gladioli. Not only short stems are produced, but also small flowers. Tell us what you need to do to admire the truly beautiful gladioli?OOO "Sad" Article 10 the most delicious and simultaneously beautiful varieties of tomatoesAs is known, oranges are not born from Osinki. To get weighty tomatoes, you must first purchase a large-fruited variety of tomatoes. From such seeds and seedlings should be better quality - healthy and powerful. Moreover, planting will have to be more free, since excessive crowding will adversely affect the growth of tomatoes. Plant 2-3 plants on 1 square. m in the formation of bushes in one stem. Consider how to pollinate them. It is necessary to observe the temperature regime, to air the plantings well, in order to avoid overheating of plants and strong moisture. In order for high-quality tomatoes to appear on the culture, it is necessary to use the preparation "Ovary". Before flowering, tomato nutrition should be moderate, and when the fruit is poured, the plant needs to be given more water and minerals. Nitrophos (20-30 g / m2) and a mixture of potassium nitrate with superphosphate will be suitable for feeding. And since large tomatoes cannot be grown without magnesium, it is necessary to feed the plants with fertilizers with microelements. If large leaves interfere with the growth of plants, shading the fruit, some of them can be removed. At the same time, in each inflorescence one should leave three convex, actively growing ovaries, the rest should be cut off.