How to grow white currant in your summer cottage area
My advice on the care of white currants
The white currant is undeservedly forgotten.
But she is not inferior at all red currant!
Its fruits also contain many sugars, vitamins (B1, B2, K, E, PP), carotene, pectic substances, organic acids, mineral salts and tannins.
It is indispensable in children's nutrition.
Bushes perfectly grow and bear fruit in one place more than 15 years.
The bushes of white currant are resistant to air and soil dryness.
A powerful root system feels better on cultivated and fertilized soils. For white currants are equally good as clay and loamy, and sandy and sandy loam.
It does not tolerate wetting, so that cottage or a site with a high standing of groundwater or undergoing periodic flooding, the white currant should be planted on loose mounds. The sun and protection from cold northern winds significantly increase the yield.
White currants are planted in late September - early October.
When planting, keep a distance of 1,5 m between plants. Planting pits dig 60x60x40 cm. The upper fertile layer is mixed with 10 kg of humus, a glass of superphosphate and wood ash. Then this mixture is laid on the bottom of the pit, and on top it is covered with 10 cm of fertile soil without fertilizers - so as not to “burn” the roots of the seedling. The seedling is placed at an angle of 45 °, spreading the roots.
Fall asleep, the soil is compacted, but not kicked! Well watered and mulch tree trunks. After planting, the leaves of the seedlings are cut off, the shoots are cut off, leaving 4-5 kidneys above the ground. Further during 5 years form a bush.
A well-formed bush should have four strong, evenly spaced, basal shoots from each year of growth (in the first years, two or three shoots).
As you grow (approximately from 8-year old), cut out old, low-yielding shoots.
Remember that when pruning a crown, one-year increments can not be shortened, since buds are laid on their apexes, which will give whole bunches of berries for the next year.
Fertilize white currant is best organic.
Early in the spring, it is good to apply nitrogen fertilizers - mullein or green manure with water (1:10) or bird droppings (1:20).
Repeat top dressing is performed during flowering.
And after harvesting they are fed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Note that the white currant is very sensitive to chlorine, so it is better to bring in sulphate potassium or wood ash.
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2 Review (s)
White currant is not an independent botanical species. The name "white" is an economic term. This is the same red currant, in which varieties with fruits having a cream or pale pink color are simply bred. Therefore, the properties and requirements of white and red currants for growing conditions
are identical. Growing them next to it is very beneficial for obtaining guaranteed cross-pollination. Their root system lies deeper than that of black, and is more extensive. Therefore, they are more drought-resistant and even poorly tolerate excess moisture in the soil, so it is better to plant a black currant in the lowland.
I want to plant a white currant in spring. Can I plant it next to the red currant? And there is a free place on my site in the lowland. How does the white currant relate to moist soils and does it need some special care in comparison with other currant species?