We make the dacha beautiful and useful
A garden from medicinal herbs can be made by everyone, and it is not necessary to be a healer and doctors for this. Plant the familiar plants and enjoy their use.
Medicinal herbs in the garden are planted by many. Even a simple mint is a medicinal plant. And if you plan an apothecary garden on your site, you can devote a whole season to herbal medicine and get better. The basic principle of creating such a garden is the combination of landscape and regular planting.
Place for planting medicinal herbs select sunny and non-windproof. In order to prevent drafts, it is sufficient to protect the site with a dense green hedge. Apothecary garden can be designed as a monastery courtyard of the right form, where each large path ends with some architectural element - a bench, a sculpture, an armchair. For such a site, it is necessary to provide an economic zone, which will be in a remote inconspicuous place.
Plants in the apothecary garden are planted from north to south - to provide better lighting. As borders for beds you can use lavender, santolinu and decorative
an alpine astra that blooms in the fall. A classic option for decorating curbs is boxwood, as it is easy to mold.
Medicinal plants and herbs can be very diverse, depending on your desire, but remember that tall species should be in the middle of the flowerbed, so as not to obscure other plants. Also, in focal points (in the center of the flowerbed), it is possible to plant the hybrid tea roses, which are an excellent essential oil culture. As already mentioned below, it is desirable to make so-called rocketing plantations, which will protect other plants from strong wind and drafts. For this, juniper, thujus or any other freely growing shrub is planted to 1,5 m. If perennial grasses are used, they are placed side by side so that planting annuals does not harm them. Valerian, for example, is very proliferating, so every year you need to remove excess seedlings in time.
CARE FOR THE GARDEN
Most herbal remedies are unpretentious, however, watering beds should be provided in any case. In addition, plants used for backstay landings, for example thuja, can be quite hygrophilous. Therefore, it is worthwhile to observe a different watering regime for different functional zones. So, in a zone with unpretentious medicinal plants
it is better to install drip irrigation, and in the zone of moisture-loving plants provide periodic rotary irrigation. It is advisable to cover all the plantings. This will help keep the moisture in the soil longer. Among medicinal plants, so-called juveniles are often found, which, if not cut, gradually begin to die out. These include lavender, santolina, thyme. Cutting is carried out in the autumn, and then the plants can live longer.
This garden is simple in form and easy to care for. It is divided into four equal parts, divided among themselves by even paths. In each part the beds are separated by small paths, which are necessary for caring for the plants. In the center of the garden, along with other plants, planted stamping roses, which are the center of the entire composition.
1. Garden house.
2. Rest area.
3. Household yard.
5. Arches (hops).
9. Tapestries with lemongrass and actinidia.
10. Berries and medicinal shrubs.
11. Central flower bed (rose on a trunk).
12. Medicinal herbs.
13. Borders from lavender, heather, zriki.
14. Ornamental and berry bushes (rosehip, sea buckthorn).
15. "Living" coniferous hedge.
17. Geyser and chair.
18. Garden strawberries.
19. Chokeberry (chokeberry).
WHAT IS THE SOUTH?
For good growth all medicinal herbs are suet and loam. If the garden is broken on loose sands, it is necessary to prepare the soil by making a waterproof layer. Alya this is poured a layer of ordinary clay with a thickness of 10 cm. Do not do it any more, otherwise the water will stagnate. Then pour a layer of sand with a thickness of 5 cm, which serves as drainage, and then - chernozem or soil fertilized with black soil.
Do not forget that in any garden, even an apothecary, there must be flowers, as well as climbing plants on arches or pergolas, for example, such as actinidia, hops, schisandra. They are not only beautiful, they occupy little
places, but also useful. The number of coniferous and deciduous plants should be approximately the same, so that the useful phytoncides are allocated by them throughout the year. Some heat-loving plants are planted in the garden or put up in pots for the summer, and for winter clean. In conditions of an open ground such plants can survive only in the South.
Tips for Beginners:
When planning a garden, decide for which specific purposes you need it - to collect and harvest medicinal herbs, or it will be just a garden with plants and herbs that can be added to drinks and food. Proceeding from this, choose an assortment of plants.
Think about how much time you are willing to give to the garden. Most herbs are unpretentious, but curbs will need a haircut.
Decide what you will plant herbs and flowers - decorative or utilitarian.
Some medicinal herbs can be poisonous. Therefore, if there are children on the site, it is better to avoid planting such plants.
Selection of medicinal plants for the garden and cottages
1. ECHINACEA PURPUREA (ECHINACEA PURPUREA)
Echinacea has a stimulating effect on the central nervous system and has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects in trauma. The entire aerial part of the plant is used.
2. CALENDULA DRUGS (CALENDULA OFFICINALIS)
Calendula acts as an astringent, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and soothing. and also improves capillary blood circulation. Used in the form of extracts and tinctures. Collect flowers during the flowering period.
3. DRUG VERBENA (VERBENA OFFICINALIS)
This plant is known as an anti-scoring agent. Decoctions from this herb are used for sclerosis, fever, liver disease. Spleen and thrombosis. Prepare the aerial part of the verbena during flowering.
4. DRUG CHEMICAL (SYMPHYTUM OFFICINALE)
With the therapeutic purpose, the roots of the comfrey are used. They are harvested in autumn or spring before the appearance of leaves. The roots are excavated, carefully washed with cold water, cut into small pieces, dried in air and dried under a canopy, in air or in dryers at a temperature not exceeding + 40 ° C. Hemp has wound and bone-healing. bactericidal, hemostatic, expectorant and antitumor effect. It slows down the process of tissue necrosis and is used for any cosmic pathology, rheumatoid joint damage and gout, arthritis and arthrosis, bone fractures. The plant is poisonous.
Tinctures and extracts based on the lofant apply for coughing, bronchitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis and gastritis. The broth helps with the treatment of atherosclerosis, angina pectoris, prostatitis and high blood pressure. The plant has a unique ability to prevent the aging of the whole organism, removes radionuclides, harmful substances and slags. Leaf and inflorescence of the loofah aromatize tea, as a seasoning they are added to salads, meat and fish dishes. But most of all this plant is valued for essential oil with the smell of anise and fennel, which has high bactericidal properties.
6. CATHETRAL CATHETER (NEPETACATARIA)
Infusions of the cat's cat's cat are used for stomach and liver diseases, as a choleretic and anthelminthic agent. Also, the plant is effective in anemia, exhaustion, bronchitis, migraine, anemia, menstruation, nervous disorders, hysteria, headache and spam. In addition, the cat has an expectorant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and soothing effect, increases appetite, improves gastric and intestinal functions. Outwardly, the herb is used for various skin diseases.
7. MINT MILK (MENTHA PIPERITA)
Peppermint is used for diseases of the upper respiratory tract (pharyngitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, runny nose). It is also effective for dysfunction of the digestive tract, flatulence, nausea and vomiting, cholelithiasis and hepatitis. Extracts from this plant have antispasmodic, choleretic, antiseptic and analgesic properties. Juice helps with attacks of angina pectoris, increased excitability, insomnia, hysteria, itching dermatoses. The most known is the soothing effect of mint, in this case teas are made from it. Prepare the entire aboveground part of the plant.
8. SHOWER ORIGANUM VULGARE
Used in the form of lotions and baths for pustular skin diseases and diathesis. Infusion increases intestinal tone, secretion of gastric juice. Accept for female diseases, after childbirth and to enhance lactation. The above-ground part is used.
9. HEART COLLECTION (LEONURUSCARDIACA)
Tincture from motherwort has a strong sedative effect, it is prescribed for nervous excitability. neurasthenia, sleep disorders. Also, the plant normalizes the activity of the autonomic nervous system. Gather during flowering.
10. THE ELEPHANT (ECHINOPSRITRO)
Decoctions of seeds and tinctures from mordovina fruits are used to treat headaches, multiple sclerosis, poliomyelitis, and oil - for skin diseases. Tinctures restore the elasticity and flexibility of the walls of blood vessels.
11. NASTURCE BIG (TROPAEOLUMMAJUS)
Decoction is used for diseases of the oral cavity, chronic bronchitis, hypertension, anemia, kidney stone disease. The tincture has an antiscorbutic, diuretic and blood-curative effect. Prepare the grass during the flowering period.
12. DUBROVNIK ORDINARY (TEUCRII HERBA)
The herb of Dubrovnik is used as a mild laxative, with chronic respiratory diseases, fever. gout, as a diaphoretic. Infusion of flowers is used for anemia, spleen diseases, mainly with its increased function.
13. LEUZEA CARTHOVOIDES (LEUZEA CARTHAMOIDES)
Tincture is used as a tonic and stimulant for fatigue and decay of forces, disorders of the nervous system, with mental and physical overstrain, reduced performance, depressive state. The root is used.
14. RESTAURANT PHARMACY (AGRIMONIAEUPATORIA)
It is used for gastrointestinal diseases. gall bladder, an astringent and diuretic, with angina, stomatitis, gingivitis and periodontitis. The aerial part of the plant is widely used in the form of decoctions and infusions. The cask is collected during the flowering and fruiting period.
15. SHALFEY DRUGS (SALVIA OFFICINALIS)
The infusion has astringent, anti-inflammatory, disinfectant and phytoncidal properties. Applied with inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx and upper respiratory tract, with inflammatory skin diseases, burns and frostbite, All overground part is used.
Optional (moved from comments - give answers)
I have Japanese corn. An arrow began to grow from the crown of the flower, on which buds appeared and began to bloom. Tell me, is it possible to prepare tincture from it now, and if so, how?
Of course, it happens. Watching for what purpose, you grow this indoor plant. If for beauty, then you have it and waited. And if for medical purposes, then this is quite another.
In folk medicine, this plant is used in the form of alcohol tincture. Apply it to joint diseases.
Tincture of Japanese corn is prepared as follows.
Shoots (mustaches) are released from underdeveloped leaves and rolled with a rolling pin or kneaded in a wooden mortar, always with a wooden pestle (you can not cut with a knife).
Fill a half-liter jar, pour 40-percent alcohol, vodka or moonshine and insist in a dark place 5-7 days. It turns out tincture of brown color, which at night rubbing sore spots.
USEFUL PROPERTIES OF PLANTS THAT YOU CAN GROW YOURSELF - AS WELL KNOWN AS THERE ARE NO
MODEST "WIZARD" REPESHOK
Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria) is a perennial plant from the Pink family.
Among the people, it is often called a magpie, a love spell-grass. About 1 m high, yellow flowers in long, spike-shaped inflorescences open from June to July-August.
Prefers drained, loamy, humus soils.
You can grow from seeds (purchased or collected from the bottom of the "spikelets" at the end of August), sowing them before winter on a garden bed or in March for seedlings in a mixture of turf soil, humus and sand (2: 1: 1). The grown seedlings dive, at the end of summer they are transplanted to a permanent place. Seedlings bloom in the second year. Propagated by dividing the bush, digging it up in early spring in nature (agape is found on high river banks, light forest edges). Plantings are mulched with ventilated high-moor peat, watered in the heat.
Has urine - and choleretic, astringent, tonic, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory effect, improves digestion, regulates liver function and intestinal activity.
The grass is harvested in the summer, before half the flowers bloom on the inflorescence and the fruits begin to set. Cut off the upper leaves and flowers. Dried under a canopy, spread out in a thin layer.
Infusion: 2 tbsp. l. Pour 0 liters of chopped dry grass, boil, let cool, wrapped. Drink 5/1 tbsp. Zraza per day in 3 minutes. before meals with jaundice, rheumatism, stomach diseases, indolence of digestion, etc.
Outwardly (4-5 tbsp. L. Tra-you / 0 liters of boiling water) is used to wash the nasopharynx with a runny nose, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth and throat, for compresses for boils and lotions for abrasions, bruises.
From overstrain of the speech apparatus, it is useful to gargle with an infusion of agrimony mixed with honey: pour 50 g of leaves into 0 liters of boiling water, evaporate to 5/1 of the volume, strain and add honey. Rinse at least 2-4 times a day.
© Author: Inna MOROZOVA, Cand. biol. sciences
HOW TO GROW HERBS - VIDEO
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