It is known that peonies need some time until they get stronger, take root in a new place and begin to bloom profusely. Therefore, not very experienced gardeners, buying seedlings, often try to choose larger plants and seem stronger. Surprisingly, it is such plants, as a rule, that develop slowly and poorly. They begin to bloom only after years, or even in general they may not “wake up”.
To bookmark a new flower garden, take only two or three-year-old peonies or young plants obtained by dividing the bush. They usually begin to grow rapidly and bloom in the second, and at the latest, in the third year. In order for the peony to retain its splendor in the next season, prune the leaves only after they dry. Leaves are needed for the plant to bookmark new buds. Naturally, wilted flowers should be removed immediately, but do not touch the stems.
Beautiful, easy to care for and reliable - all this is about peony (Paeonia). Of course, his magnificent flowers are beyond praise. But the constancy of these plants is also striking: they can grow in one place for decades and become only more beautiful over the years. Milky-flowered peony (P.lactiflora) and officinal peony (P. officinalis) - two main types of grassy peonies.
The variety of varieties of milky-flowered peonies is striking: there are now over 3000. Traditional colors - cream-white, pink and purple - have many nuances and shades. Flowers can also be very different: from simple to double. Peonies with simple flowers impress with their clean and calm beauty. When watering, they do not need as much water as representatives of terry varieties. The flowers are lighter and therefore usually do not need props.
Peony officinalis - one of the oldest garden plants. He was loved back in antiquity; in the Middle Ages, monks raised him in monastery gardens and used for medical purposes. Among the relatively recent selection achievements are hybrid peonies from the Itoh group. They were bred by crossing grassy and tree-like peonies. These are compact strong plants that also do not require supports.
They bloom for 1-2 weeks longer than a milky-flowered peony. The height of grassy peonies, with rare exceptions, ranges from 60 cm to 1,2 m.
Peonies love the sun, but a short shadow will not harm them. Choose a place for them where other plants will not oppress and obscure them. Neighborhood with trees and shrubs, which have a powerful root system, is also unlikely to appeal to peonies. They love loamy, but well-drained soil: these plants stagnate moisture. experiencing very painful.
Peonies are perfectly combined with grassy perennials, the main thing is that the neighbors do not interfere with their free growth. When planting a peony, the distance to other plants should be at least a meter.
If you choose the right companions for peonies, they will favorably shade and emphasize the beauty of each other. Among the most suitable partners are geranium, cuff and catnip. Peonies are good not only in ensemble with other ornamental plants, but also solo. You can, for example, plant a single bush at the entrance to the house, next to a terrace or a resting place in the garden - it will make a proper impression.
The best time planting peonies in warm regions Autumn is considered, and in the cold - the end of summer. Plants come on sale with an open root system. You can not plant them too deep, otherwise it will be difficult for them to take root. Replacing buds that are visible on the root should be covered with a 2-3 cm layer of soil. Peonies with a closed root system in containers can be found on sale, and such plants can be planted in spring.
At first, peonies develop very slowly. In the first spring, they form only a few shoots, and most often one. In the first two years, immediately remove the wilted flowers before the seeds have formed - otherwise this process will take away extra forces from the plant. Transplant peonies do not tolerate well. Therefore, it is important to immediately choose the right place for them. The older the peony becomes, the better and more typical it will be for its variety to bloom.
Care of peonies, especially well-established plants uncomplicated. Every spring, it is recommended to feed them with a complete complex mineral fertilizer. Pests bypass peonies. But plants are affected by gray rot. To prevent its appearance, you must immediately remove the wilted flowers and make sure that there are no fallen petals under the bush. As soon as the leaves dry, cut them immediately. If the soil on the site is heavy, add sand to it. In regions with a cold climate for the winter, peonies need to be covered with spruce branches. As soon as the snow melts, the protection can be removed.
On the photo peonies varieties:
- The coral petals of the Coral Charm peony become creamy by the end of flowering. A plant 1,2 m high is very unpretentious.
- “Ruedesheim” is distinguished by aroma and unusual flowers: pink petals in the center are surrounded by lush white ones. Bush 80 cm high.
- "The Mighty Mo" is an early peony. Golden stamens are buried in velvety dark red petals. Plant 1 m high.
- The late-grade peony “Graefin von Zeppelin”, 90 cm high, has dense terry elegant flowers, on the petals there is a thin light border.
- 60 cm tall Sunlight blooms very early.
- Compactness, endurance and abundant flowering are the main properties of the Lucky Day peony 90 cm high.
- “Mandaleen” features terry light pink flowers, darker in the center, with a delicate aroma. Bush 90 cm high.
- Bartzella is a hybrid of grassy and tree peony. Flowers with a delicate lemon aroma. Plant 80 cm high.
More varieties of peonies - hybrid
Hybrid peony 'Athena' (Paeonia x hybrida)
Description. An old hybrid variety of early flowering. Forms a shrub about 80 cm in height with straight, sturdy stems that do not require support, and large shiny leaves. Flowers with a slight pleasant aroma, cup-shaped, simple, up to 15 cm in diameter, look just great: the petals are round, soft cream or gently apricot, and carmine-lilac at the base. Stamens light yellow. Wavy edges and gentle unusual color of petals make this peony attractive. Agrotechnics. Maximum decorativeness reaches on open and sunny areas, although a slight shading is possible at noon hours. In the deep shadow grow, but do not bloom. Peony for many years can sit in one place without loss of decorativeness.
Reproduction. Planting, replanting and dividing plants is necessary in late August - September. Using. Non-peony peonies are easy to combine with other plants. They are “friends” with many cultures. Interesting compositions are obtained when aquilegia, sage, bows, bells, geraniums, cuffs, cleaner, veronica are planted. Also a good company for peonies will be daylilies, phlox, lilies, providing continuous flowering during the summer.
Hybrid peony 'Pink Hawaiian Coral' (Paeonia x hybrida)
Description. Hybrid variety of early flowering period. Forms shrubs up to 75 cm high with sturdy stems that do not require supports. Flowers are semi-double, large, up to 16 cm in diameter, unusual coral coloration with creamy-yellow stamens. In complete dissolution, the color may change to apricot. Flowers are fragrant. exude the aroma of fresh hay. Agrotechnics. Peonies can be damaged by pests and pathogens. To prevent this from happening, circulate the air near the plants, plant them at some distance from buildings, trees and shrubs. Areas with a close groundwater occurrence are unsuitable, in such conditions, the roots decay in pions.
Reproduction. By dividing the bush (exclusively at the end of summer), buds of renewal with a “heel” (at the end of summer), root cuttings (in August), undercutting of the bush (at the beginning of September). Using. Peony is a stably decorative perennial; it remains attractive throughout the season: from early spring, when young purple-red leaves are just breaking through, until autumn, when the whole plant is again painted in crimson. You can use the plant in different types of floral design.
Hybrid peony 'Fuyajo' (Paeonia x hybrida)
Description. A variety of Japanese breeding medium flowering. Bushes up to 1 m high. Stems are strong, leaves are brilliant. Japanese-style flowers with a pleasant, sweet aroma, large, the color can vary from dark red to mahogany. Staminodynia are long, graceful, dark red with white and golden tips. Flowering is plentiful and colorful. Agrotechnics. It develops best in open, sunny areas. The soil prefers a well-drained, nutritious, loamy, slightly acidic reaction. On clay soils, sand is added, on sandy soils - 1,5 buckets of clay. On acidic soils, 200 to 400 g of lime is added. It responds well to phosphate and potash fertilizers. During the period of budding and flowering, it needs abundant watering, but without stagnation of water. All the rest of the time, peonies are not often watered, but they consume 2–3 buckets for each adult bush. Water should moisten the soil to the depth of the roots.
Reproduction. By dividing the bush, kidney renewal with a "heel", root cuttings. Using. Varieties of peonies with heavy double flowers are best planted next to plants that can interfere with the collapse of the bushes - delphinium, gelenium, perennial asters.
Milky-flowered peony 'Miss America' (Paeonia lactiflora)
Description. American variety of average flowering period. Bushes compact, globular, about 80 cm in height, with strong stems that do not require support. Flowers with a peculiar, sharp, intense aroma, large, in diameter can reach 25 cm, semi-double, snow-white, during the dissolution of tender pink. Stamens are yellow, numerous. Flowering is abundant and lasting. In 1956, the grade was awarded the gold medal of the American Society of Pions (APS).
Agrotechnics. This variety is resistant to pests and pathogens. It is growing rapidly. Peonies can be planted and transplanted only in autumn. So that for many years they grow well and bloom without transplantation, choose the right place for him - bright and warm. Place bushes no closer than 1 m apart. When planting, do not bury the buds of renewal: too deep, as well as too shallow buds will affect the quality of flowering.
Reproduction. By dividing the bush, kidney renewal with a "heel", root cuttings. Using. This legendary variety is the best decoration of any flower garden. Separate bushes will stand out effectively against the background of the lawn, and it can also be planted with ribbons along the paths.
PIONES IN GARDEN DESIGN AND FLOWER
From early spring to autumn, peonies retain their decorative appearance: only snow will fall - ruby sprouts appear from the ground, after which a turn of openwork foliage sets in, lush fragrant flowers bloom in late May, and by autumn their foliage is painted in crimson. Thanks to this feature, peonies are great for a wide variety of compositions.
PEONYS IN THE GARDEN DESIGN - VIDEO
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