Phlox is a classic, it is grown everywhere. There is something nostalgic in these colors associated with the spirit of antiquity, because not a single peasant courtyard could do without phloxes, and many of us still remember them from our grandmother’s garden.
But why do not they go out of fashion in our time? Simple flowers, ordinary leaves - there seems to be nothing special in them. But in this simplicity, the absence of artsy or excessive, lies the secret to the success of phloxes (Phlox). These flowers are what they are, without embellishment, without whims, without special requirements for the place of growth, getting along equally with almost any partner.
But phlox has something to offer its owners. For example, a huge variety of species and varieties. There are varieties with white-pink flowers, similar to small funny fans, with very saturated purple or even dark purple inflorescences. And light blue and white phloxes are especially good at dusk: they shine in the twilight, wrapping the garden with a fleur of mystery.
Despite all its nostalgic charm, which makes you remember your childhood in the country, phlox keeps up with the times. New varieties with salmon-red or orange flowers have noticeably expanded the traditional pink-purple-white phlox palette.
There are now a lot of two-color varieties, there are even phloxes with an unusual coloring of the leaves. For example, phlox paniculata "Giltmine" is very decorative leaves with a golden rim "and the flowers are bright red! No, phloxes have changed compared to yesterday. New varieties are more hardy ”many are almost not affected by powdery mildew. But before she could greatly ruin the feast of flowering of these plants.
And (Phlox paniculata) was and remains the most famous species. Depending on the variety of plants bloom in the period from the end of June to September. Usually their height varies from 0,8 to 1,2 m.
But there are in the assortment dwarf representatives or, conversely, real giants. The height of the purple-violet phlox “Wendy House” is only 50-60 cm. It is one of the lowest stunted panicled phlox, it has strong stems and goes well with higher plants. Unlike other phlox with intense color, its flowers do not fade in the sun. The height of panicled phlox “Robert Poor” reaches 1,3 m.
In mix boarders, it is better to plant it in the background or, in the case of a round flowerbed, in the center. There, the company will make up this giant dolphinium, mullein, stock-rose.
Almost all panicled phloxes prefer bright places in the garden with nutrient-rich, moist and not overheated soil. In arid conditions, young roots are affected primarily, which causes the lower leaves to dry out. Exception: light-violet phlox panicled “Prospero” - it grows quietly even on dry sandy soils. If there is no rain, then the flowers should be watered regularly. It is important that water does not get on the plants. Otherwise, conditions favorable for the development of powdery mildew will be created. Affected shoots in plants are removed.
(Phlox maculata) - a fan of the sun, painfully reacting to a lack of moisture in the soil. A vivid representative of this species is the Alpha variety, decorated with large pink-purple inflorescences from July to September. Spotted phlox is resistant to powdery mildew and stem nematode.
Under the trees and bushes it is not only dry, but also crowded because of their overgrown roots. But phlox broadifolia (Phlox amplifolia) is not. Whether in the shade, in the hot sun - this phlox grows where panicle panic is not worth growing. At the same time, both species are very similar in appearance: in height, in the aroma of flowers, in their abundance, such broad-leaved phlox varieties as pink "Winnetou" or red-violet "Minnehaha" almost do not differ from varieties of their closest relative.
Bright phlox awaken a passion for collecting in gardeners.
Varieties of phlox in the photo above
- At the phlox broadleaf “Winnetou”, 70 cm high, fragrant flowers bloom in late June.
- Phlox Arends "Jessica" 1,3 m tall blooms in late June. Repeated flowering is possible.
- Spotted phlox “Natascha” with a height of 80 cm is resistant to powdery mildew. It blooms in July.
- In July-August, Phlox panicled Uspech is decorated with fragrant purple flowers with a white eye. Plant height 70-80 cm.
- Phlox panicled “Blue Evening” with a height of 1,3 m fills the garden in July with a bluish fleur and a pleasant aroma.
- Panicled phlox “Duesterlohe” 1,1 m high blooms in July, exuding a delicate aroma.
- Purpurkuppel panicled phlox, 1–1,2 m high, is decorated with purple inflorescences in July.
- Panic phlox blooms at the same time “Graf Zeppelin» height up to 1 m.
Phlox - planting and care: gardeners tips
In the middle of summer the garden envelops the sweet scent of flowering phlox. Multicolored hats of elegant flowers adorn our cottages until autumn. These beautiful and unpretentious plants are indispensable for creating romantic flower beds and compositions in a natural style.
Panicled phlox has many advantages - a wonderful aroma, flexible character and long flowering. It fits perfectly into a variety of green compositions and attracts beautiful butterflies to the garden. This is a North American plant from the cyanosis family (Polemoniaceae) is perfectly adapted to the conditions of the middle band.
These plants are propagated by dividing well-grown bushes and cuttings. Green and ripened phlox cuttings easily root in a nickname - this is the easiest way to get a lot of plants with a limited amount of planting material.
There are many varieties of these plants, differing in terms of flowering, height and shape of bushes and inflorescences, the size and color of flowers. Flowering phlox, with the right selection of varieties, can last from July to the end of September. The variety of phloxes is so great that everyone is able to find among them the plants to their taste.
Their flowers are both very small, the size of a small coin, and quite large - up to 5 cm in diameter. The color palette of phloxes is surprisingly rich - they can be monophonic, with a contrasting eye, striped or with watercolor color transitions, frivolous "chintz" or rich wine-but-red, scarlet, orange and violet.
Place under the sun
Phloxes prefer good lighting, but in the sunlight bright petals of some varieties can burn out. In addition, under such conditions, the phloxes quickly fade. It is best to choose for these plants a bright area, protected from the bright midday sun. It is also desirable that the landing site is not blown by strong winds.
Phloxes like nutrient loams with an alkaline or neutral reaction, they can not stand acidic soils. When planting in the ground, it is desirable to add ash, dolomite flour or slaked lime. Soil for these plants should be well-treated, cleaned from weeds.
These flowers need to provide regular watering, but waterlogging for them is disastrous. The flower garden should not be stagnant. Take care of good drainage. Raise the soil level if necessary. To maintain the soil moist, loose and free of weeds will help a layer of mulch around the plants. Watered in the evening.
When choosing phlox for your garden, pay attention to the varieties of domestic selection. Often in their decorative qualities, they are superior to foreign varieties. In addition, our domestic phloxes are better adapted to the whims of their native nature.
In order for phlox to grow and bloom better, they need to be properly fed. It is important to remember that these plants cannot be fertilized with fresh manure. With it, a dangerous pest, a nematode, can be brought into the soil. Use well-rotted compost and mineral fertilizers.
The first feeding of phlox with complex mineral fertilizers with a predominance of nitrogen should be carried out in the spring, as soon as the shoots start to grow. In June, fertilizing with phosphorus "potash fertilizers is carried out to give a good start to flowering. Before fertilizing, the soil needs to be well watered. Untimely, excessive and unbalanced fertilizing negatively affects plant health.
Possible problems with growing phlox
Pests: slugs, slobbery, beetle-click, earwig, aphids and thrips. They not only weaken the plants, but also are carriers of dangerous diseases. Under adverse conditions phloxes are often affected by fungal, bacterial and viral infections.
Phlox viral diseases are not treated - if you notice strange spots, streaks, deformation of leaves and atypical color of flowers on your plants - check your suspicions in the directory. If they are confirmed, remove the affected bushes as soon as possible and burn them. Such plants can not be put in compost and used for reproduction.
Early varieties bloom in June or mid-July, late varieties in September-October ...
In recent years, new European varieties of panicled phlox from the Feelings group began to appear on sale - their fluffy or “curly” inflorescences are so unusual that at first glance it is often difficult to say what kind of plant it is. Such phlox will appeal to lovers of original design solutions. Many phlox can boast not only bright colors, but also attractive foliage - variegated varieties are decorative all season.
TIPS FROM OUR READERS
In general, caring for phlox is quite uncomplicated - during the summer they need to be weeded regularly, watered, loosened, mulched the soil around the bushes and in time to fight diseases and pests. In the fall, phlox shoots are cut off. V. Nikitina, pos. Forest
Phloxes can grow in one place for many years, so the site for planting these flowers must be carefully prepared. L. Vasilyeva, Moscow
Spotted Phlox 'Natasha' (Phlox mac lata)
Initially, the variety was called 'Sonata', under this name it was listed in the collection of the Minsk Botanical Garden until it was noticed by Dutch botanists. The variety "went" to Holland, there it was propagated, and he returned to his homeland already under the name 'Natasha *. A bush up to 80 cm high, consisting of erect, numerous, rather strong shoots. Flowers with a diameter of up to 3 cm, white with a lilac-raspberry stripe in the center of the petal, bloom in June - July. The inflorescences are dense, cylindrical in shape. Agrotechnics. The conditions for growing spotted phlox practically do not differ from f. panicled: fertile soil, good watering, but always without stagnation of water, as well as regular top dressing during the growing season. The main difference is that spotted phlox definitely needs a sunny area without shading, only in this case it can achieve maximum decorativeness. Resistant to fungal pathogens. In especially harsh winters it can freeze. Reproduction. Propagated by division of the bush, cuttings.
Using. Very effective variety, good in single and group planting. Can be used to design the background of the mixboarder.
Phlox paniculate 'Heaven' (Phlox paniculate)
The variety is considered one of the best whites. Created in 1969 by Yu.A. Repeat. It forms a beautiful, compact, rapidly growing bush, up to 75 cm in height. The flowers are white with a slight, barely perceptible bluish tint, up to 4 cm in diameter. The inflorescences are large, dense, oval-conical in shape. Medium flowering period. Agrotechnics. The plant feels best in sunny areas, which in the hot midday hours are in light partial shade. Phloxes suffer greatly from drying out - in the dry period they need a large amount of moisture, do not forget to water them. The variety is resistant to pests and pathogens. Reproduction. Propagated by division of the bush, cuttings. The second method is the most effective. In early spring, when the shoots begin to reach a height of 10 - 12 cm, they are Separated from the mother plant and planted in greenhouses. Cuttings rooted best, taking with part of the rhizome.
Phlox looks very impressive against the background of the lawn. It is best to plant several bushes of the same variety at once, the “bouquet” of 5-7 copies looks the most advantageous. Planting several varieties will be good along the track.
Panicled phlox 'Ural Tales' (Phlox paniculata)
Description. Old variety created in 1953. Originator - P.G. Gaganov. It forms a compact bush up to 100 cm high, and grows rather slowly. Flowers with a diameter of up to 3,7 cm, dark pink with a smoky ring around the center and a bright carmine eye. Inflorescences are friable, roundish. Due to the color of the flowers, this variety is easily recognizable, unlike other varieties, which are often not easy to identify. Medium flowering period, blooms from the end of July. Agrotechnics. The variety is winter-hardy and resistant to pests and pathogens. Phlox, resilient and unpretentious, can grow in almost any corner of the garden. But in order to get the most spectacular large inflorescences, they must be fed periodically (three times a season - in early spring with nitrogen fertilizers. In the middle of June and after flowering - with potassium-phosphorus), weed and water. It is necessary to transplant and divide every 4 to 5 years, since until this time the number of stems increases, and after that the bush begins to age. Reproduction. Phlox is propagated by dividing the bush, cuttings and root shoots. Using. Bright, unusual varieties in single and group planting, against the background of the lawn, look spectacular.
Panic phlox 'Sormovo' (Phlox paniculata)
Quite a rare variety. Created by the originator M.F. Sharonovoy. Forms a beautiful shrub up to 70 cm. Flowers are up to 3,6 cm in diameter, very bright, cartilaginous, with a rather thick maroon claret in the center. Inflorescence round-conical, fairly large. Agrotechnics. An unpretentious plant, of maximum decorativeness, reaches on solar areas with fertile, moderately moist soil. Floksam for successful growth requires the loosening of bushes, but do not forget that the root system of plants is located shallowly, so it is necessary to carry out this agrotechnical exercise very carefully.
Propagated by division of the bush and stem cuttings. In the first case, the bushes are divided into small parts, necessarily removing dead, dry parts of the rhizome. Each split should be 2–3 kidneys of renewal and a piece of lining 8–10 cm long. Use. Phlox can often be found in garden areas - their unpretentiousness, winter hardiness, variety of varieties, strong aroma - these are the qualities that help them to remain so popular for many years. They are good in mixborders, in group and in single landings.
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
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- Reproduction of phloxes (detailed photo)
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- Phloxes paniculate (photo) - beauty depends on care
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- Phloxes paniculate - popular varieties, care, planting, reproduction
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