Roses with unusual shades
Many famous breeders of the world, working with roses, want to get new varieties with a unique color. Breeding professionals often say that luck is important in their work. In each case, parents are carefully selected and thousands of seedlings are grown. Selection of plants with desirable properties requires high qualification.
Roses are unusual flowers with powerful energy. They perfectly feel the mood of the owner: if you show love to them, they will necessarily reciprocate. Choosing the color of the roses on the catalog or book, any gardener will later find out that real live flowers are quite different - they are natural. In the catalog, some roses acquire in the photo an unusual bright color, and the specimens shot in the sun sometimes look paler than in reality.
One of the main elements of the definition of a variety is color. Roses have a huge range of colors. There are hundreds of varieties of the same color, but with a special shade. Flowers can be monochrome, bicolour, striped, painted or mixed. Single-colored roses are painted in one color. In bicolour, as a rule, the outer side of the petals is very different from the inner one. In striped - on the main background, distinct bands of one or several colors are allocated. The painted roses usually have bright spots or an "eye" in the center of the flower. Varieties with mixed colors have different colors on the outer and inner sides of the petals.
Variegated striped varieties are few in the history of rose growing and were previously considered a mistake of nature. They bring great joy to the lovers of these flowers. Some varieties of gallic rose (Rosa gallica) and, above all, mundi rose (R. mundi), which has been cultivated in Europe since 1581, had a striped color. Many striped specimens were sports (spontaneous persistent genetic deviation) varieties: 'Candy Stripe' (sport 'Pink Peace'), 'Harry Wheatcroft' (sport 'Picadilly').
The American breeder R. Moore, who is rightly called the king of miniature roses, created the variety 'Stars' n 'Stripes', the flowers of which had bright red stripes on a white background. Then he bred other striped varieties of miniature roses: 'Crazy Quilt', 'Joan Austin', 'Pinstripe', 'Strange Music'.
A popular series of striped varieties of the company Interplant: 'Pink Flash', 'Fire Flash', 'Flash Night'.
Many striped varieties of different breeders have appeared in recent years: 'Abracadabra', 'Broceliande', 'Certinia', 'Hocus Pocus', 'Purple Tiger', 'Scentimental', 'Soutine', 'Tropical Sunset'.
Great success was achieved by New Zealand breeder McGredy, working with the cultivar 'Fruhlingsmorgen', he came to unusual colors in varieties painted like 'by hand': 'Picasso', 'Matangi', 'Molly McGredy', 'Regensberg', 'Sue Lawley'. These bright colors were in miniature varieties of roses 'Little Artist' and 'Hurdy Gurdy'.
Louis Lena, a Belgian breeder, created magnificent scrubs - 'Pirourette' and 'Omi Oswald', which are painted roses.
The son of the famous French breeder Georges Delbar, Henri, embodied a new approach to color in the selection of roses and created a series of varieties "Great Artists" dedicated to impressionist artists: 'Claude Monet', 'Edgar Degas', 'Alfred Sisley', 'Maurice Utrillo' , 'Henri Matisse', • Grinaldi ',' Camille Pissarro ',' Paul Cezanne ',' Rose des Cisterciens', 'Paul Gauguin'. Henri Delbar was amazed when he visited the exhibition of impressionists and post-impressionists in the Museum d'Orsay in Paris (the term “impression” in French means “impression”): “I accidentally discovered a connection between the colors in those paintings and the colors of roses that interested me” . Canvases of impressionist artists by mixing and combining tones always delight the eye. This technology was repeated on live roses. It should be noted that varieties dedicated to great people attract a lot of attention and cause interest. I always want to find a connection between the plant and the prototype. The colors of these specimens sparkle, change depending on the light intensity, sparkle in the sun and do not even have two completely identical flowers on the bush. Almost six years took Henri to create this magnificent series.
A blue rose is an old dream of breeders and geneticists. However, it was not possible to obtain flowers of pure blue or blue. A real blue rose did not exist, and it was believed that it would not appear, because roses do not have a blue pigment - delphinidine. This pigment determines the color of a number of plants (delphinium, aconite, iris). In 2008, there was information that the Japanese company "Sun Tory" managed to bring out a blue rose. Japanese scientists after fourteen years of work by genetic engineering identified a gene that is responsible for the blue coloring of pansies and introduced it into the structure of a pink plant. Now the company is testing an experimental batch of blue roses in the US and Australia. And, perhaps, this dream came true.
In modern rose growing, a large number of varieties with two-tone and mixed color flowers are presented. For example, the famous French company Meilland has 'Acropolis', 'Bigoudi', 'Cherry Parfait' ('Jubile du Prince de Monaco'), 'Love and Peace' ('Pullman Orient Express'). In 2007, the company introduced the variety 'Julio Iglesias'. This wonderful rose is dedicated to the great singer Julio Iglesias and is distinguished by its original color - cream with red stripes.
All shades of brown are also in high demand: in 1956, the German breeder V. Cordes created the floribunda variety 'Cafe'. Now many other varieties are known: 'Fantan', 'Julia Rose', 'Remember Me', 'Terracotta', 'Leonidas'. Variety 'Just Joey' takes its rightful place in the Hall of Fame of outstanding roses. Shades of green are interesting: the Chinese rose 'Green Rose', 'Green Diamond', 'Green Ice', 'Greensleeves', 'Lovely Green', 'Green Planet'.
When buying roses as a gift, it is important to consider their color. Red roses - love, passion, a feeling of love, admiration. White - purity and innocence, modesty. Dark pink - thanks. Light pink - sympathy. Orange is desire. Yellow - joy. Greens are abundance and generosity. Motley - fun. Blue - a symbol of mystery, mystery.
The advice of the great breeder J. Delbar
The language of color consists of six colors: warm colors - red, orange, yellow and cold - green, blue and purple. In most cases, the garden can not consist only of warm or cold tones. These colors need to learn how to combine. If you are inclined towards sharp contrasts, combine diametrically opposite colors of the circular spectrum. For example, the combination of yellow and purple will create a contrast effect. White colors can be used together with one or more colors that you want to enhance. The inclusion of white in the composition provides ease and liveliness. Blue is the color of the sea, sky, cosmos, used to impart depth. It extends like a horizon, and connects the earth and the sky. Red - the color of blood and smoldering coals, stimulates the senses and draws attention to what you want to emphasize. Yellow is the color of the sun, heat and light. The garden is lit up in yellow tones. Green color cools and refreshes.
Varieties of roses with unusual coloring
- 'Henri Matisse'
- 'Gebruder Grimm'
- 'Rose des Cisterciens'
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