What is a citron, its varieties: Hand of Buddha, etrog, ordinary
Citron, or cedar (Citrus medica L, family Rutaceae) originates from Northern India (Eastern Himalayas), according to some sources, the culture of its cultivation began as early as the ancient Babylonian civilization.
Blossom almost all the zebrites throughout the year, but the most abundant flowering in spring and autumn.
All forms of citron are extremely non-cold-resistant, heat-loving.
Used for processing on jam and candied fruits, a medicine for rheumatism, funds from moths, as a cult plant in many nations of the world.
The plant is characterized by the fact that even in warm regions of Russia in the open ground does not live long, therefore, as a rule, it is grown as a room, kadochnoe plant.
When caring for this plant, always watch for regular watering - citrons, in addition to heat, like very moist and well-drained soil or substrates, reduce the frequency of watering only in winter.
Fertilize the cedar is necessary only from the beginning of spring and until the middle of autumn - in winter it is not necessary to introduce fertilizer. Citrons are responsive to the introduction of nitrogen potassium and phosphoric fertilizers (better integrated), which are recommended to make no more than three times a month.
In winter, the temperature is not less than 7 degrees, the optimum temperature in summer is + 15.
Varieties and types of citrons
Among the varieties of the citron, the ordinary citron is polymorphic, and the fingergrass and the Etrog citron have no varieties.
Leaf citron is a small tree with fruits of mass 100-150 gram of finger-shaped, fragrant, almost without flesh. Fruits are used for the aromatization of rooms and clothing, for decorative purposes and in ritual ceremonies.
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The Citron Hand of the Buddha (pictured left), a member of the finger group, is very popular as a crop cultivation in both the West and China with Japan (like Etrog) where it is often attributed to unusual properties - for example, anyone who grows a citron "Buddha's hand" will live happily ever after. Fruits are very hard, with a sweet peel, there is no seed inside.
Citroon etrog - a small tree with small fruits 3-5 cm in diameter, peel rough, apex with pronounced nipple. Fruits are used in religious ceremonies (in Israel) and for decorative purposes. The skin is thick with about a paper leaf, the seeds are concentrated in the center of the fruit, the flesh is sourish.
Citron is an ordinary shrub or a small tree with sour fruits. There are about 17 varieties, among the bottom are known Fertile, Calabria, Bajauri.
On the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus appeared at the end of the XVII century, but, perhaps, these were intermediate forms. Typical citrons appeared at the end of 19 century.
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