Other names for this plant are garden ficus, Aesculapian grass, gusset, Syriac
The plant, which I want to tell you, unfortunately, is very little known, many people have not heard about it. And it's a pity, the plant has a number of very important advantages, especially for people who are unhealthy and who have serious serious ailments. There are several names for this plant (garden ficus, Eskulapova grass, flock, Syrian cotton wool (some are called Siberian for some reason)).
With garden ficus Called for the fact that when the stalk is damaged, the plant emits white milky juice.
Aesculapius the grass is named for its medicinal properties. According to legend, this plant treated people Aesculapius - the god of healing in Greek mythology.
Lastonem It is called because of the characteristic shape of the seeds - sheet, resembling a swallowtail.
А vat is named because to its seeds are attached white, silky-looking hairs reminiscent of cotton wool.
Rodon-quatch (as it is known in the reference books on medicinal plants) from North America. In Russia fell during the reign of Peter I and immediately settled in the apothecary garden in St. Petersburg. Now it mainly grows in the southern regions of Russia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia.
It should be noted that the period when the cotton blossom blooms.
Bees immediately note this important event for them.
Even the person can notice the flowering of the Siberian vat. This weak sense of smell - fragrances resembling the smells of heliotrope, lilacs and hyacinth in addition to fill all around.
Flowers are small, lilac-red, collected in the corymbose inflorescence, emerging from the sinuses of the leaves.
The plant grows quite successfully in gardens, orchards, flower gardens, pleasing us with its beauty and attracting useful insects.
For a long time the cotton wool was highly valued, as a medicinal and technical culture. And for this there were serious reasons. From the leaves of the cotton cleaner, rubber was extracted, paper, ropes, ropes from the stalks, fiber was obtained from the ripened fruit, from which silken fabrics with water-repellent properties were made.
From the seeds produced technical oil. But still I want to dwell in more detail on the medicinal properties of this remarkable plant and tell how and under what diseases it can be used.
Water infusion from the inflorescences of the vitellaria (1 spoonful on 2 cup of boiling water) to insist 60 minutes, and carefully strain, is used to treat long-lasting non-healing purulent wounds, ulcers, to treat places of bites of different insects.
The plant is successfully used in phytocosmetics, as a skin rejuvenating agent, since it contains a large number of amino acids. Water extract from seeds (pour 2 teaspoons of chopped 1 seeds with a glass of boiling water) to insist 1 an hour, then carefully strain.
The extract can be used to treat a wide variety of skin diseases (eczema, lichen, psoriasis) and also for compresses and applications. For the same purposes, the lactate juice of the vat is used, which appears on the stem section. They smear the affected areas of the skin.
But one of the most important advantages of this plant is that it can treat several forms of cardiovascular failure.
Also, a quail-ascelius cures disorders of the heart rhythm, for example ciliary arrhythmia, tachycardia).
My aunt living on the Black Sea coast was exhausted from cardiovascular insufficiency, which developed as a result of progressive ischemic heart disease. Swelling, shortness of breath, arrhythmia and almost complete loss of ability to work prevented her from living!
But after the local resident of that region (herbalist-pharmacologist) introduced me to this plant and told me how to apply it, in particular with heart diseases, my aunt got a hope for life, and now, two years later, she gained strength and health! Since then, I began to recommend it to anyone who has serious heart problems.
The vitovirus contains strophanthine-like cardiac glycosides, due to which it heals the sick heart. And to apply for the treatment of the heart it should be as follows: 10 g dry crushed rhizomes insist two weeks in 100 ml 70% alcohol, filter.
Take should be very, very carefully (the Syrian swab is poisonous!) 6-10 drops, and no more than three times a day.
My aunt took root tincture exactly one month, observing the exact dose indicated. Six months later, I repeated the course of treatment.
The cultivation of the purple in the garden and variety
He prefers powerful tall perennials, therefore, respects the power of nature and is not afraid of it, that is, is brave and generous. He runs the risk of settling such giants in his garden - which means he knows how to freely handle volumes and has a spatial imagination. It is inclined to contemplation - the progenitors for almost two months provide an opportunity to observe the ballet of butterflies on their inflorescences. It is distinguished by the ability to see the beautiful in the original, because the inflorescences of the coopers are far from the classical beauty of peonies and roses. Finally, a gourmet, a delicate connoisseur of smells, as the coasters smell strongly and unusual - chocolate and vanilla.
The genus combines several dozen species of herbaceous perennials and semishrubs that grow in North America and Mexico.
In our conditions, two decorative forms are winter-hardy: meat-reds (Asclepias incarnata) and Syrian (A. syriaca). The name of the latter, as sometimes occurs in botany, was appropriated to this indigenous North American by mistake, and so it was fixed.
Meat-red meat fillet
Develops a multi-stem bush 120-140 cm high and about 80 cm in diameter. The leaves are densely located on sturdy stems, the bush dispenses with garter. Ramtet with moderate speed and into adulthood "enters no earlier" than at the 4-5th year of life. In one place it can grow for a very long time, without requiring anti-aging division and transplants. It is winter-hardy, however, in places with cool summers, it is worthwhile to pick up a warm, sun-warmed place - say, at the south wall of the house. The soil should be fertile, deeply cultivated, as the root system is extensive, with many thick woody roots. Small roots, on the contrary, are almost absent. This circumstance makes it difficult to transplant a plant with a lump, as the earth crumbles, exposing large roots. However, a sleeping plant (early in spring) almost does not suffer from transplantation, although, like any other large perennial, in the first season it noticeably "loses weight." Flowering begins in mid-July and lasts until September. In the natural form, the flowers are purple-raspberry, varieties of 'Ice Ballet' with white inflorescences and 'Cinderella' with pink are also on sale. The flowers are collected in umbrella-shaped inflorescences, each stem branched in the upper part and carries several inflorescences. Interestingly, on the same stalk you can see one inflorescence in buds, the other fully blossomed, and the third in the fruits! Fruits - large, light green oblong capsules - can be used in arrangements. Cut flower stalks will also serve as an original decoration of the bouquet, only when cutting you need to cauterize the ends of the stems so that the milky juice does not clog the vessels. The ripened seeds are supplied with numerous hairs-fluffs (because of what, in fact, the plant is called the “quail”), but I have never seen the opened ripened bolls - apparently, on the Karelian Isthmus there is not enough heat for this.
Care is simple: watering in a drought, mulching with compost, a leaf or needles. The need for weeding with time disappears: a powerful plant itself does not give the weeds any chance.
In the garden, I would offer him the role of solo near a bench or gazebo. In this case it will be possible to satisfy all the preferences of the lover of the quail: to admire the butterflies, and to enjoy the aroma, and not hurrying to consider the bizarre inflorescences. In the group, the cotton wool will also look good, for example, with medicinal asparagus, against the background of stagnant moltings or reed, or, conversely, with low cereals and sedges "in the legs." By the way, there will also be friable gold heleniums, gold diggers, solidusters.
It is larger than meat-red. It grows in an extensive clump of 150-180 cm tall, rapidly increasing the number of shoots. On dense soils, the curtain is relatively dense, on loose soils it is more rare. Rounded inflorescences are located at the top of strong thick stems. It blooms a little earlier than the quail of meat-red - in mid-summer, blooms for more than a month. Large dense leaves, unusual for a herbaceous perennial, are noteworthy.
However, the main charm of the Syrian baby-goat is its color, a rare shade of cocoa, in which there is a lot of milk and not enough chocolate. However, the aroma is distinctly chocolate. This species has some uncomfortable qualities for the garden, which not every gardener is able to approve, even from the camp of lovers of quackers. Its ability to grow too actively and far to the sides and sometimes pop up in completely inappropriate places - in bushes of bluebells or, say, currants growing nearby, does not always meet with understanding.
In my opinion, the Syrian swirl is most appropriate in large compositions that simulate high grass. Its neighbors can be perennials with the same growth pattern (lupine thermopsis, labazniki) or developing powerful bushes (varicoloured mountain, wormwood, Canadian goldenrod, miscanthus saharotsvetkovy).
You can try to land it with a strong limiter, achieving density of the curtain. In this case, the soil inside the confined space will have to be made "more tasty", but in this case it is not always possible to obtain an acceptable result, since the Syrian swine-bearer loves space and freedom. The species is light-loving, it is undemanding to the soils, it takes out the drying, and practically does not require care.
Reproduction of vitellaria
Quarry breeds multiply well by seeds.
You can grow seedlings in a sheltered soil, planting in April, and in May you can sow immediately into the exploratory bed. Seeds are planted in about two weeks, preseeding is not required.
The seedlings are usually taken care of - watering, weeding, dressing with a solution of a full mineral fertilizer in half dose. It is convenient to plant already strong plants at a constant place at the beginning of next summer. Reproduction by dividing the bush is also possible - for the syrup of the Syrian in the spring or at the end of summer, and for meat-red it is better in the spring.
As a conclusion - dear readers - be very careful with herbs and remember self-treatment very rarely can replace a good doctor, which fortunately still exists.
During the preparation of the article, the materials of S.Voronina, landscape designer, breeder of different varieties and kinds of cotton wools were used.
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