How to care for and reproduce large-flowered chrysanthemums. Getting cuttings (photo).
This plant has a demand for florists as a late greenhouse flower for bouquets. In addition, potato varieties of chrysanthemum large-flowered became very popular.
The very form of "Chrysanthemum large-flowered"(Chrysanthemum morifolium) in the wild form is absent, and it is described by cultivars cultivated in the gardens of ancient China and Japan. That is, all those varieties of large-flowered chrysanthemums that can now be purchased are fully artificial plants derived from long-term and even centuries-old breeding.
Description of the species - biology
Chrysanthemums are perennials, with an average degree of branching of the root system. Has erect stems reaching a height of up to 120 centimeters. Inflorescence of chrysanthemum - a basket consisting of tubular or reed-flowered flowers in inflorescences can even be up to a thousand pieces.
How to grow chrysanthemum?
The first condition for the correct cultivation of large-flowered chrysanthemums is of course the selection of the so-called "mother plant".
It is made in the fall, right at the time of flowering, which will make it easier for you to choose the most beautiful and strong flowers, most fully suitable for the description of the variety.
After the chrysanthemums have faded, cut off the inflorescences and dig queen cells in a greenhouse or a greenhouse before cuttings. Keep queen cells in dark places can not - the yield cuttings will be much less because when stored in the dark queen cells are very quickly depleted.
Cuttings are carried out in March-April, when there are more sunny days. Cuttings take root faster at an average temperature of + 15 degrees.
Timing affects both the height and the power of the plant.
So from early cuttings grow strong plants with a lot of flowering shoots.
At more late term, flowers are in 2-3 times lower, with one or two peduncles.
Planting chrysanthemums in the ground
Good and loamy or sandy loamy soil is suitable for the proper and proper cultivation of chrysanthemums. The site must be protected from strong winds. Plants with a feed area of 60 × 60 cm or 70 × 70 cm are planted in open ground. In greenhouses, an area of 25 × 25 cm or 30 × 30 cm is sufficient, in this case, the desired yield from 1 m2 is achieved by increasing the density of planting.
After planting, the plants are watered abundantly, the land is constantly loosened and cleaned of all weeds. Large-flowered chrysanthemums are commonly tied to pegs or tapestries, and the garter is repeated, and it should be continued as chrysanthemums grow.
As the plants grow, the garter is repeated.
See also: Dahlias - growing and proper care.
Chrysanthemums during the growing season are fed with mineral fertilizers.
The introduction of fertilizers must be carried out in phases of growth. With a lack of phosphorus, the flowers suffer from a mealy race. Phosphorus is best applied to beds from autumn or winter, already in the snow.
Two weeks after the landing, the chrysanthemum needs nitrogen for growth and development, and already from July to the nitrogen fertilizers, add phosphorus and potassium.
The maximum amount of potassium is necessary for the development of buds. Phosphorus is needed during the formation of flower shoots.
During the growing season, as a rule 4 or 5 fertilizers are fertilized.
On average, 12-15 grams of nitrogen fertilizers, 17-20 grams of phosphorus and 12-15 grams of potash fertilizers, both in soluble and dry form, are applied per square meter of plantings.
Photo 1: Large-flowered chrysanthemum "Suzanne"
See also: Lilies - varieties, planting and care
Pinched chrysanthemums - how right?
Growing large-flowered chrysanthemums largely depends on the correct formation of their bush. Under the formation is understood as prishchipka, removal of stepchildren, and choice of bud.
Pinching is nothing more than the removal of the growth point of the stem.
Pinch the top of the stem so that 3-5 pairs of leaves remain below. You can do this procedure once or twice, it all depends on the type of chrysanthemum and on which bud you want to leave - the first or second.
The best time for the first pinching of chrysanthemums is the end of May or the beginning of June, when chrysanthemums grow to 15-20 centimeters.
The second prishvipku chrysanthemums do, through 15-20 days after the first, depending on a grade.
The third prickling of chrysanthemums is made as necessary for 70-75 days before flowering, but as a rule for most varieties there is no need for it.
Reference by topic: Annual chrysanthemums - growing and care
Passion for chrysanthemums
After prishchipki chrysanthemums intensively grow.
Side shoots develop evenly throughout the stem, forming a slender compact bush. Even growth of lateral shoots in chrysanthemums continues throughout the growth period, while the main peduncles of the sinuses of each leaf grow their stepsons.
The stepsons themselves need to be removed, as soon as they can be grabbed with fingers - plucked. The stepson shoots take a lot of nutrients, which delays the normal development of the stem with the main bud.
Pasynkovanie chrysanthemums is done since July. At the top of the main stem of the chrysanthemum, several stepsons are left for stock - if the main bud of the plant is damaged.
Photo 2: Large-flowered chrysanthemum "Golden rain"
Choice of chrysanthemum bud
The most crucial moment when growing chrysanthemums is the choice of a bud. Chrysanthemum plants develop 3 types of flower buds at different times of vegetation.
Buds of chrysanthemums of different terms bear different names: spring, first and second (crown and terminal - that is, the final or last).
The null bud grows, completing the apical growth of the main shoot.
At the ends of the emerging lateral stems and shoots, crown buds are laid sequentially - 1e, 2e and then terminal. From the very first crown buds, larger and double inflorescences develop, and the 2nd or 3rd buds give brighter inflorescences.
Among a wide variety of varieties it is impossible to determine which bud is better. In the early varieties of chrysanthemum varieties, all 3 species of buds of age are beautiful: both spring, and 1 and 2 crown.
Medium and late-middle varieties of chrysanthemums give good flowers from the first and second crown buds. For the latter varieties the second crown buds are better. The choice of the main bud depends on the biological properties of the variety and the natural and climatic conditions.
Reference by topic: Diseases and pests of chrysanthemums - how to fight
How to cut chrysanthemums
Three to four weeks before starting to cut chrysanthemums, they must be taken out of the winter storage place and placed in a room or a greenhouse for germination.
After reaching root height in 7-10 centimeters, you can start cutting chrysanthemums.
Usually rooted cuttings of chrysanthemums in greenhouses, preparing a mixture of 2 portions of turf, and 1 part of the leafy land (on the bottom), a layer of sand is poured on top of five centimeters.
The sand should be slightly damped and moistened with light watering.
Cut the cuttings with a well-honed knife. The place of a cut for rooting chrysanthemums does not matter - it can be done with the same success both under the knot and in internodes.
The length of cuttings for chrysanthemums should be equal - in the winter period 7 centimeters, in the spring from 3.5 to 5 centimeters.
After the cut was cut, remove the lower leaves (the general requirement) on it and the shortest ones on 30%. Do this in a soil pit (you can use a peg or pencil as Photo 1) and plant the stalk (Photo 3) and press firmly.
For better rooting, cuttings can be treated with any growth stimulant (Photo 2) - are well suited for large-flowered chrysanthemums Heteroauxin or Kornevin.
Usually the average feeding area for chrysanthemum cuttings ranges from 16cm2 to 25 cm2 and depends directly on the size of the leaves (Photo 4).
After planting, chrysanthemums are watered and priteny with spunbond or paper.
Usually the cuttings are completely rooted in 2-3 weeks. Planting cuttings in the open ground is recommended after the last spring frosts, i.e. in mid-May-early June, depending on climatic conditions.
Reproduction of chrysanthemums by cuttings photo
Attention - chrysanthemum cuttings before planting need to be hardened!
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Annual chrysanthemums, variety and groups, planting and care
- How to prepare chrysanthemums for wintering
- Chrysanthemums - care, beautiful varieties, nipping and preparation for winter
- Chrysanthemum garden - pluses and minuses of cultivation
- Korean Chrysanthemum - planting and care. Varieties and their photos
- Large-flowered chrysanthemums - care for flowers, growing and reproduction, photo
- How to deal with pests and diseases of chrysanthemum
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