14 Review (s)

  1. Nelly Garifulina

    Pear is very susceptible to disease attacks, so adherence to the rules of farming and processing for it is very important. If you use last year's foliage and weeds as mulch, then in the spring when spraying the pear crown with preparations against fungal diseases and pests, do not forget to spill them.

    In the summer, pick up the carrion, which contributes to the spread of a variety of diseases. And in autumn it is necessary to burn mummified fruits and damaged cut off branches.

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  2. N. BARYSHEVA Kaluga Region

    Every gardener knows that stone fruit grafting happens with a catch - he planted a plum or cherry stalk, but the buds turned out to be floral, the flowers fell, the stalk died. This does not happen in apple trees and pears - since they have “double” buds, an shoot will appear after the buds.
    In order not to lose a year in the case of vaccination of cherries and plums, it is necessary that at least one kidney on the inoculated cut should be vegetative (growth, giving an escape). In the summer, by performing the ocularization, this can be achieved by performing the work early, with the non-mature (that is, not yet differentiated) kidneys. In this case, after the vaccination, they will undergo differentiation and become growth, not flower. When spring vaccination is impossible, the kidneys are already formed.

    Therefore, there is only one thing - to cut the cuttings for vaccination from the longest shoots (usually there are fewer flower buds on them) and leave the cuttings themselves more authentic, then there will be more chances that at least one kidney will be vegetative, and therefore, the vaccination will be successful.

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  3. Alexander

    What is a "provocative" way to combat garden pests?

    Reply
    • OOO "Sad"

      Many gardeners are positive about the "provocative" method of protecting plants from pests. For example, if cabbage is sprinkled with squeezes from potato leaves, then all cabbage pests will stop "recognizing" it and will immediately fly away.
      And if you squeeze potatoes from cabbage leaves, cabbage pests flock to this smell and begin to lay eggs here. But when, in 8-12 days, caterpillars begin to appear from them, they are immediately killed by phytoncides of an alien plant.
      Why is this happening? The thing is that the different smells of plants blend with each other. In this case, insects lose orientation and lay most of the eggs on plants that are not determined by their biology. On the contrary, they are hostile to the offspring of pests.
      Even greater difficulties arise in those insects that always lay their eggs only on the ground. However, all pests will not disappear completely, but they will not be able to breed avalanche, causing great damage to the crop.
      And in monoculture (on cabbage, carrot beds, etc.), this constraining factor is absent. There, the spread of pests and diseases goes exactly like an avalanche, moving from one plant to another.

      Reply
  4. Igor the Beast

    My cherry is sick: the trunk has cracked, then the branches from the trunk swell. Tell me what to do?

    Reply
    • OOO "Sad"

      Cracking of the trunk can occur for several reasons - age-related changes, mechanical injuries and frost damage. The wound shown in the picture is very similar to a frost war. However, regardless of the reason, you need to try to restore the viability of the strain.
      To do this, we clean the cracked part, conduct disinfection with copper or iron vitriol (1-3% solution), tighten the wire (without digging into the bark), and cover with the garden sauce.
      In addition, it is necessary to create such a tree the most favorable conditions for growth and development. To this end, we carry out the autumn and spring whitewash of the bole, warm it for the winter, dig it up, remove the weeds, and mulch the tree trunks (1,5 m) with compost. Also, you should regularly feed trees with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, in time and abundantly water them and protect them from diseases and pests.

      Reply
  5. Tatyana Verbovaya, Poltava

    Fruit trees in my garden started to hurt. On the crust, some growths. What happened?

    Reply
    • Tatyana

      The trees were chosen by the apple-shaped comma shield. The pest damages the apple tree, pear, plum, apricot, currant, hawthorn, mountain ash and other deciduous trees and shrubs. This small insect, received its name from the shape of the flap (resembles a comma) covering the body of the female. Larvae of the pest are light yellow, wingless, flat, oval, with well-developed three pairs of legs.
      Hibernate eggs under the guards of dead females, located on the bark of trunks and branches of trees, shrubs. At the end of flowering of the apple tree or shortly thereafter, from the eggs,
      I'm a larva. Having found a young branch with a tender bark, they pierce it, tightly suck in and heavily feed on the plant juices. When the pests multiply multiply, the trees become weaker, the bark dies off, the leaves fall prematurely.
      Control measures
      1. In the early spring, it is necessary to clean the trunks and branches from the upper dead layer of the crust, and to clean it.
      2. Immediately after flowering, sprinkle the trees with one of the preparations: Novakti-on, Sumition, Fufanon (according to instructions).
      3. Fertilize the garden, loosen the soil and observe other agrotechnical techniques that increase the resistance of plants to pests.

      Reply
  6. Alexey MAKARENKO, Bryansk

    A cherry fly was started up?
    There were times when my cherries and cherries suffered greatly from the cherry fly. Its larvae spoiled almost half of the fruit. I had no choice but to start fighting the pest.
    I took it as a rule in the spring and autumn, and sometimes in the summer, to dig deep in the trunks of cherry and cherry trees. It is there that a significant part of the fly larvae are hidden, and at least partially destroys them. During the mass summer of the insect, he began to hang on the trees an adhesive tape and cans with the remains of an old jam. These traps helped to destroy many pests. Crowns sprinkled alternately with tobacco, garlic and onion infusions. And in the years when there were a lot of flies, I used chemical preparations, but at least for 2 weeks before harvest. When collecting cherries, I took a separate bucket for the damaged fruit. Then he destroyed them. Late and medium-ripened cherries and sweet cherries gradually replace with early varieties, they are damaged by a fly less.
    After 4 years of struggle, I can summarize that the cherry fly is no longer a serious problem for my garden.

    Reply
  7. Nadezhda SOTNIKOVA, the city of Stariy Oskol

    I have used stale bread for many years as a fertilizer for the garden.
    In spring and autumn I add wetted dry bread when planting trees, bushes and perennials in a planting pit along with humus and ash. In the summer I put pieces of bread in a bucket, pour water (arbitrarily), I insist for several hours, filter, dilute and spray plants. Particularly useful is the procedure for grapes, currants, blackberries, chrysanthemums, dahlias, and from vegetable plants - for beans.

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  8. Taisia ​​Shevchuk, Moscow Region

    We feed young trees
    The autumn before last, we laid a young garden. Planted trees and carefully cleaned the weed-crop circles from the weeds. In the early spring, as soon as the ground dried up, dug up the soil and introduced complex mineral fertilizers (15 g per 1 sq. M.) And reparted manure (8-10 kg per 1 sq. M). On the outer edge of the trunks, a groove was made with a depth of 10-12 cm with a sloping edge so that the water does not spread during irrigation, but flows directly to the roots.
    The second top dressing was carried out in the summer, in July. Pre-well watered the trees with water and fed a solution of slurry О part of the manure into 5 parts of water, per 1 sq. m 1 bucket of solution is enough). After that they were mulched with old straw. July is the hottest and driest month, and under the mulch, the moisture under the trees lasts longer, and favorable conditions are created for the vital activity of soil microorganisms.
    In autumn, the manure (8-10 kg per 1 sq. M.) And superphosphate (40 g under one roundabout) again brought in manure. And in rows between rows, buckwheat was sown as a siderata. When it grew to 20-30 cm, they mowed and dug green mass into the soil.
    Now the trees are developing well, the young garden is growing.

    Reply
  9. Natalia

    The way above is really worth considering. But what if the garden is large? Where to get a lot of buckets without a bottom? You can, for example, make fertilizer in the grooves. To do this, from two sides of the tree along the periphery of the crown, you need to dig straight grooves with a depth of 40 cm and a width of 50 cm, add organic, phosphoric and potash fertilizers and fill them with earth. Next year, fertilizers are brought from two other sides of the tree. You can make them in one year, making an annular groove along the periphery of the crown. Add fertilizers and foci into wells made with an iron rod or shovel. The solution is poured into the prepared holes (on 1 sq.m under the crown of the tree - one hole). This method is especially useful for a garden that has been jaded.
    However, the easiest way is to apply fertilizers to the tree trunk under the digging. Take into account that the deep application is used primarily for pomegranate crops grown on high growth stocks. Fruit plants grown on weakly grown rootstocks have a superficial root system, so nutrients introduced deep into the soil in this case will not be used in full.

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  10. Vyacheslav

    On our site we use the following method of fertilizing fruit. At the level of the edges of the crown around the apple tree and plum bury level with the soil 2-3 buckets without a bottom, where to the top we put the broken brick, stones, gravel. Cover the lid. It turns out a kind of "drinking bowl".
    When the apple tree needs to be fed, water is
    Dime fertilizer (for example, bird droppings - 1: 15, manure - 1: 10 or ash - 1 glass on 1 l) and pour into a dug bucket. The food immediately comes to the roots purposefully, does not spread. When the apple tree grows and the crown becomes wider, we move the buckets a little further.

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  11. Reader

    Against the moth, I take a glass of apple cider vinegar (standing in the heat for about three days) pour into an 3-liter jar and then add about half of it to water. I hang it in a tree at a height of 1,5-2 m. I change the solution every week. In the morning you will see how many butterflies will be in the bank.
    7 kg of chopped green dandelion, tansy or yarrow insist a day in 10 l of water under the lid, filter and then spray the apple tree. Spraying I repeat every two weeks.
    If you do not have these herbs at hand, I use garlic. I pass through the meat grinder 200 g heads, stir them well in 10 l of water, I insist 7 days, filter and spray.
    And from the cabbage two times a season I sprinkle plants on top of fragrant strong tobacco.
    Butterflies even fly above the beds, but the plants do not sit down.

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