Arrangement of a flower garden for beginners
As a rule, we collectively call a flower garden together on a small area of flowering plants. However, in the pursuit of beautiful flowering plants, we often forget about their decorative brothers.
Decorative and deciduous plants amaze the imagination with a variety of shapes and textures, sizes and colors of leaves.
Many plants attract attention with the correct shape of the crown, and winter-green perennials preserve the beauty of the leaves not only in summer and autumn, but also under snow until spring. Dwarf coniferous varieties, unusually different in color and life forms, came into use.
In the fashion of ornamental herbs and unusual flowering creepers. Completely new in their qualities garden plants allowed to look at the flower beds in a different way, to introduce into their composition a lot of non-traditional plants: ornamental foliage and ground cover perennials, beautifully flowering and variegated shrubs, dwarf conifers with unusual coloration and strict geometric shapes.
A change in the composition of flower beds entailed a change in their structure and, ultimately, the very meaning of the definition of "flower garden". Today they increasingly say “composition”.
This notion is not only more capacious and integral, but also more universal. And now we are increasingly thinking not about prolonged flowering, but about continued decorative, since this quality is actually more important, especially in a small garden.
Indeed, flower beds, in which, along with flowering perennials, use decorative and deciduous and flowering shrubs, various garden forms of conifers, ground cover and climbing plants, ornamental grasses, are complex garden compositions that are decorative almost all year round. This does not mean that we stopped growing summer crops, but their role in contemporary decorative compositions is less significant.
It has become easier to look after new flower beds. Their unpretentiousness, and often even autonomy through the use of unusual and simpler plants in the culture, not only flowering, but also supporting the structure of flower beds, is another important new factor.
So, the structure, the long decorative and unpretentiousness of the flower beds are directly related to the new idea of their composition. But the type of flower garden, its parameters and the composition solution always depend on its purpose and are determined by the location.
With regard to the conditions of a private garden, it is a question of placing such a composition in the sun or in the shade, in the front zone (at the entrance, in the front garden, near the house), in the passage (along the tracks, in pockets), or in the quiet rest zone in the depth garden.
Therefore, the perception of the flower garden will necessarily affect the background on which it is located, and its environment, and the overall parameters of the site will determine the size and shape.
The importance of the background is often underestimated by gardeners, and in fact the fact that the flower bed is located on the background of a lawn or paving, the walls of a house or a tree-shrubbed scenery, can either improve our impression of the flower garden or completely ruin it.
In lighted and shaded areas, light and dark shades, bright and delicate colors, complex color combinations and direct contrasts are perceived in different ways. So, for example, whites and generally light shades remarkably highlight the shaded corners, especially in the evening and cloudy weather.
On a bright sun, white often looks flat, but yellow is corny. Dark and saturated colors in the shade are poorly discernable, but in the sun are active.
Vivid contrasts are often tiring, while calm contrasts are much more versatile. In modern flower gardens, the compatibility of plants with each other is more important than ever. When selecting, it is necessary to take into account not only the color, contrast of textures, sizes and shapes, but also agronomic and environmental requirements. When plants are grouped without an internal logical connection, it immediately catches the eye and makes an unpleasant impression. Plants of dry and moist places, living in nature in dense shade and in the open sun, cannot harmoniously look planted nearby. With all their appearance they will discord with each other and look oppressed.
Seasonal variability of plants, change of color accents in the group should contribute to the maximum duration of decorative composition as a whole. Therefore, the role of the individual components of the flower bed varies greatly.
Some create a mass of color, others play in texture, others contrast with the others, the fourth organize the background, etc.
Some are stable in their signs, others vary by season. The difficulty in working with modern flower gardens is precisely to harmoniously weave into a common canvas a lot of different plants that will not contradict each other and create a dynamic composition that preserves decorativeness during the season.
See also: Planting roses in the flower garden
That is why the literacy of the florist today is determined not only by the knowledge of the agrotechnical requirements of a particular culture, but also by the general idea of the rules of artistic composition. Without this, rich in assortment of flower beds often look bulky and variegated.
The laws of composition are not complicated and it is not difficult to remember them. Only then will your flower gardens look natural, expressive and decorative from early spring until late autumn.
The composition should have a unifying composition center, and if the flower garden is large, then there should be several such dominant points. In the composition, unity must be guessed, which can be achieved by the repetition of elements or by the likeness of characteristic features: size, shape, color. The special expressiveness of the attributes creates an accent, and the repetition sets the rhythm, which, in turn, enhances the emotional impact of the composition.
The similarity of features, the grouping of small elements into larger fragments, organizes mass, gives integrity to the whole group. In this case, the disparate elements must be commensurate with each other and subject to expressive, dominant characteristics.
In the group, the dominant can be expressed vividly, contrastingly, then this is a powerful accent, but can only be allocated in part, on nuances. The composition should not have too many accents, otherwise it will not be so expressive as tiring for the eye.
Reference by topic: Choice of fragrant plants for a flower garden
The integrity of the perception is also affected by the balance of the elements of the composition - not complete symmetry, but necessarily visual balance. All these components are not only important separately, they are closely related and intertwined with each other and it is together that create harmony.
PS: In the photo above, one of the techniques of landscape design when building a flower garden on the site: the frequency of the colors
Author: V.Ilina, landscape designer
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