How to care for treasures, planting, care and pruning of bushes
Everyone wants to make raspberries and blackberry in the garden they grew large, tasty, juicy, transportable, and the bushes on which they grow were not prickly, undemanding in their care, winter-hardy and long-lived ... Do you think these are just the dreams of a naive gardener?
So it was, until the breeders did not give us a miracle plant - jemalina.
This hybrid took from the "parents" all the best: from the blackberry - high yield (up to 9 kg from an adult bush!), Absolute unpretentiousness to the quality of the soil and care for themselves, and from raspberries inherited excellent winter hardiness and relative stingless stems.
The berries of the treasure are very large (up to 4 centimeters), sweet and sour and very rich in the same nutritious and useful substances as the plants from which it "occurred." Fruits the treasures to the frosts, can grow in one place up to 10-15 years, easily avoiding pest and disease attacks and not "spreading" around the garden. And ezhemalina is very decorative. Just a find for any berry!
Secrets of cultivation
Ezhemalina is a very very unpretentious berry, but nevertheless there are secrets that will allow you to harvest the maximum harvest of berries:
At the end of April and early May, cover the ground under the bushes of jemalines with cardboard. Top with a usual mixture consisting of sawdust (preferably pre-mixed) mixed with ash, dried mullein.
For a year the mulch will turn into an excellent fertilizer, and the cardboard will not let the weeds get through, playing the role of a kind of agrofiber.
In older bushes, so many large berries can get stuck, that they will not withstand the weight of their own fertility. So you need to take care of the trellis. We propose to make it according to the type of grape: single-plane, 2-2.3 height, with 5 rows of wire or thick line between the supports. Fruit trees are attached to the upper rows of this trellis, the rest to the lower ones.
In the summer seasonal branches of substitution appear.
When they reach a height of 2,5 m, they need to pinch the tops - so the branches will become thicker and give more lateral shoots.
After fruiting, do sanitary pruning, leaving 4-5 strong healthy shoots, and in the spring, before the garter, shorten them to 20-30 cm - the berries will increase in size and their number will increase.
Care for the treasure
In the first half of the summer, add carbamide, infusions of nettle or fresh manure to replenish nitrogen. And after the first autumn frosts it is better to be safe from the consequences of a snowless winter, again by mulching. Since blackberries are not prone to obstruction, you can cover it with humus, sawdust, hay, straw, and the like.
The best time to plant a treasury in most of Central Russia is October, in the south you can plant it until the end of October.
Under the landfill landing, it is necessary to take a site that is protected from winds and sunny enough. After planting, the seedlings of the garden are abundantly poured and promulgate the soil around the bush. Also after planting, it is recommended to shorten seedlings up to 30 centimeters.
Pits for planting are digging the same as for raspberries (40 on 40 on 40), the distance between bushes is about 90-100 centimeters.
Do not apply organics to the planting pit, so you reduce the winter hardiness of the plant. Dung or compost is best added to the "ration" of the treasures, not earlier than two years after planting.
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