How to care for gladioli
In Holland, several varieties of Gladiolus Mikhail Alekseevich were put into industrial production. The first were the most famous Grand Duchess Elizabeth and Dimitry of Thessalonica. Mikhail Kuznetsov - the first of the breeders of Russia was awarded the Order of Glory of the Nation.
My mother gave me love for the land and flowers. Her beds were always flat, the garden was neat, - Mikhail Alexeevich recalls. - A large grape garden, and on one of my favorite apple trees - up to 40 vaccinations. And even then we had a lot of flowers. When the family needed money, they gave tulips to the store.
But the gladiolus bought better, and I decided to grow this culture. They have become a passion for life: attract the original shape of the flower, a gamut of color shades and, most importantly, that this flower can be made even better.
How to grow a beautiful gladiolus?
And this is what the Lord will send. The very operation of pollination is simple - from one flower I carry the pollen on the stig of the other. After a while in the middle of the tied a box, seeds are formed, which I sow.
But it does not always happen and not at all. The Grand Duchess Elizabeth does not form seeds at all. Although she has magnificent and stigma, and pestle - everything seems to be there. And when the pollen from her transferred to another plant, everything turned out.
From the seeds I get bulbs, plant them and wait for the result. Nina Afanasyevna Miroshnichenko, a well-known breeder from Zhytomyr, teaches that new varieties should be obtained only on a very good "mother" - a strong bulb, a beautiful ear, holding buds, and the father may not be such a perfect variety. For 20 years, that engaged in breeding, I received about 60 new varieties and many are proud. In terms of the number of awards won, Dimitri Solunsky and Moscow Region are in the lead. It strikes with greatness John the Warrior.
Great Arkhipova and Vladislav Piavko remind of the magic voices of the famous soloists of the Bolshoi Theater. Pleases one of the last varieties of gladiolus - Kuznetsovsky porcelain.
But I admire other people's gladioli. I really love Cranberry in sugar Valentin Fedorovich Dybov, Third millennium Andrei Nikolayevich Gromov. He created the most unique varieties, which are still the best in cutting. And mine The Grand Duchess Elizabeth was created with the participation of its variety.
Annually you plant on the site about 400 corms gladiolus. What is the most difficult thing in growing them?
Through trial and error, long-term observations, I developed my own rules. Sometimes bulbs are very flat in height. This means (in addition to the characteristics of the variety) that the plant was not adequately fed and the soil was poorly prepared. Gladiolus can be grown on all types of soils, the main thing is that they are cultivated. If the soil is clayey, but nutrient, treat it to a depth of 15-20 cm, and it will give plants moisture, nutrients and will have good air permeability.
Consider that the roots of the gladiolus penetrate deep into the earth. By the way, on clay, heavy soil, you need to plant bulbs to a shallower depth than on sandy ones. But, according to my observations, if to plant finely (8 cm), gladioli will not have enough moisture, which means that the flower stems will not be powerful.
Many buds in the ear, if during warm season the weather, a sufficient amount of moisture and nutrients. I plant the bulbs to a depth of about 15 cm. We have 22 hundreds of sandy soils, a very dry place. We have to create the humus layer ourselves. It should be at least 20 cm. Annually we buy two machines (KamAZ) horse manure with sawdust, and it lays a year.
Then we bring it under the previous culture. With it, soil moisture remains better. And after another year at this place we plant corms of gladioli. On sandy soil it is very important to maintain moisture, a growing gladiolus needs a lot. Even a healthy plant may have a curved ear, if it is not watered in time.
I plant tuber-bulb gladioli in the direction from the south to the north in four rows. We have sand, gravel, stones, and often bulbs die because they are located near the stone. The temperature regime is different. I thrust the baby in three to five rows with a distance of about 20 cm.
I rake the soil between the rows, make a groove and fall asleep in it humus, water. Since for decades the soil was replenished with organic matter, it is rich enough, therefore I do not do any top dressing. And for 25 years at all exhibitions gladioli received the first places.
What dates for planting gladioli are most acceptable for our climate zone?
- Depends on what time you want to get flowering plants. In addition, the soil must warm up; Heavy, clay warms up later. The best time to plant is May. But, if it is possible to hide plants from recurrent frosts, you can plant in the middle of April. And early varieties are planted and in June - in late August-September they will blossom.
Reference by topic: Gladiolus - planting and care
Than before planting process corms?
- I use foundation. I prepare the solution in 20-30 times stronger than recommended in the instructions, reducing the content of bulbs in it for 5-10 minutes. A strong solution of the drug kills mushrooms and bacteria in a short time.
When digging in the autumn, I etch the bulbs with a foundationazole from thrips. I keep the bulbs in solution for only 15 minutes and then rinse twice. Forced to spray plants from thrips in the summer - this is the main pest of gladioli. Although the causes of the disease may be other. Feed with fresh organics - wait for Fusarium. Its first sign is sickle-shaped leaves. There are longitudinal strokes on the petals - a viral disease, destroy the plant so as not to infect the others ... Mikhail Alekseevich knows the answer to any question related to gladioli. The love that the Master carried to these plants after so many years gives him the strength to create, creating one flower better than another. We wish him good health and new discoveries.
Author of questions: Z. Novikova Answers. M. Kuznetsov. In the photo, the variety of gladioli "Cornet"
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
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- Gladiolus Gromov: photos and varieties
- Gladiolus - planting, care and treatment of bulbs - advice of the master
- Small-sized gladioli “Little Miracle” and “Tiny Miracle”
- Gladiolus Care - Feeding and Pest Control
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- Planting and growing gladioli is my experience and a few tips. Magnetized water and containers.
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