Wintering irises in an apartment
How to prepare irises for wintering at home
The first step towards success in growing bearded (Germanic) irises - the correct planting material.
I have been cooperating with Shevkhiy Settarovna Saydaliyeva from the Krasnodar Territory for several years and I am very grateful to her for the wonderful planting material. But even good rhizomes can be ruined if they are improperly planted.
"Delenki" I have so that there is room for growth. I excavate the well a little wider than the rhizome and depth 2-3 cm. I fill the ash-sand mixture at the bottom. I have a rhizome in such a way that the blade of leaves does not obscure it.
I pour the earth so that its back protrudes from the ground. I'm watering. The place must be necessarily sunny and dry. The sun is the best cure for all kinds of root rot.
And the ashes.
She and medicine, and fertilizer, you can powder it with rhizomes without regret, irises will respond with lush bloom. I water them only during budding and flowering, after enough precipitation.
If there is a rainy summer, irises can hit leaf patch (heterosporiosis). Only after noticing the first signs of the disease, I spray the plants with a solution of copper-containing preparations according to the instructions.
And the root rot is cut to a living tissue and sprinkled with ashes. In the sun, the wound dries and contracts. I feed in the early spring during the period of the growth of leaves with mineral fertilizers for bulbous - and no organic.
For the winter, I cut off the leaves "on a cone" at a height of 10 cm, and sprinkle the rhizome with dry foliage. Can you store rhizomes in winter outside the ground?
In the literature and the Internet, it is argued that this is impossible. But my experience has proved otherwise. At the end of summer 2012 year I had to be sent by mail bearded irises, but delivered them in October.
At this time we have already dropped the first snow and frosts began. I decided to store it in the refrigerator in vegetable boxes, wrapping it in several layers of the newspaper. Irises were kept well, only slightly dried up. In the spring before planting at night, they were soaked in a solution of the rootstock.
Reference by topic: Irises bearded: planting and care
Planted in the ground. For stability, it was rammed around the rhizome. She drank copiously with warm water. The soil periodically loosened.
Polila planting with zircon, so that plants can more easily deal with stress. All the irises were rooted, but the weather intervened - it was raining all June in our area. Unfortunately, three rhizomes out of twenty died. But in fact the most part of plants I managed to keep - some even pleased with flowering.
Of course, irises do not store this, but fortunately, in your case, the wintering of the planting material was successful.
Before planting, it is necessary to carefully inspect the pieces.
If they only drastically shriveled, then land in the ground and quietly "solder". If there are small spots on the de-lenks, soft formations (signs of decay), then it is necessary to treat them with fungicides (according to the instructions). When planting only the roots are sprinkled with earth, the rhizome remains above the soil. To water moderately.
If the irises wintered successfully ...
Iris - a bright rainbow on a summer day
In translation from Greek, "Iris" is a rainbow, as it is called for bright and differently colored flowers. He also has one more name - "tango", which in the Old Russian language corresponds to a gentle appeal to a young man or a man. Mention of irises can be found in ancient medical treatises, their images are found both in ancient frescoes and on handicrafts. Its outlines are easy to find in various coats of arms, and yet it is considered a flower of the Virgin Mary, comforting her in sorrow.
In Japan, in early May, celebrate the holiday of irises - cebu-no seku. In different countries, irises are used not only as ornamental plants. they are widely known in medicine. in cooking and in the perfume industry. Irises are used for the preparation of spices, flavors
A little magic
In many countries, irises symbolize military valor, as their leaves resemble swords, and flowers - helmets. Therefore, the Japanese believe that where there are boys, it is necessary to grow irises, as these plants enhance morale and give courage. In feng shui blue or blue irises denote faith, hope, eternal youth and the attainment of noble goals. And yellow irises are symbols of gold, wealth and abundance in the house. confectionery and spirits. aromatic oils and medicines.
Such different irises
In culture, about 300 species and several thousand different varieties of irises are known. among which there are both rhizome and bulbous plants. The height of the irises is measured by the flower with the peduncle, and it can reach from 10 cm to 1.5 m meters. Dwarf species are considered to have a height from 10 to 20, see dwarfs - from 20 to 50 cm, medium-sized - from 50 to 70 cm high - over 70 cm. Depending on the plant species, one to seven flowers can be located on the peduncle the size from 8 to 15, see.
The most suitable for cultivation in our region are English bulbous irises as the most winter-hardy.
Of the rhizome irises, the most popular are the bearded irises, among which are tall and short stems. They also grow beardless irises, such as the yellow airo-prominent iris, which we also call the marsh iris, and the Siberian iris, known for its endurance even to the harsh climate. At the exhibition of irises, represented in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden, you can find irises not only with yellow and blue flowers, but also with pink, white, brown and even black petals. In our climate, irises bloom from late May to early July.
Plant and grow irises
Irises in your area can be placed not only on flower beds and rabatkah, but also among shrubs and fruit trees. observing only one condition - irises should not be in the shade.
These plants are light-loving and, having got into a shaded place, may not even bloom.
In the garden first aid kit
In folk medicine decoction of dried roots of iris is used as an expectorant, a diuretic and for the reduction of headaches. Rhizomes of iris have long been used in homeopathy as a choleretic and sedative, and the oil obtained from them is used to treat various skin diseases and enhance immunity. ATTENTION! Not all types of irises have medicinal properties.
Irises are distinguished by high winter hardiness and unpretentiousness to the soil. Do not tolerate a strong overmoistening, so they should be planted on a higher ground. An exception is the marsh iris (airoids), which can decorate even artificial reservoirs.
The root system of irises is located in the upper layer of the soil, so they easily multiply by dividing the rhizomes in spring or late August. Irises are planted at a shallow depth, leaving the bud and upper part of the rhizome at soil level. Bulbous species of irises are propagated by baby bulbs. which can be seated.
Caution! Irises can not grow next to a hazel (hazel). With this neighborhood they feel oppressed and do not even bloom.
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Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Bearded irises - growing care and some varieties
- Irises Siberian (photo): cultivation and care
- Siberian irises: varieties, planting and care
- Dwarf bearded irises (photo) planting and care: questions and answers
- Wintering irises in an apartment
- German Iris (photo) - planting and care
- Irises are bearded and not bearded: planting, care and varieties
- Irises in questions and answers: growing, planting and care
- How I grow bearded irises on the site - planting and dividing
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