Which breed of goats is better for breeding
Goats live side by side with the man for about eight thousand years. Probably, there is no corner on the planet where they would not be kept. Animals deserve their popularity with nutritious milk and unpretentiousness in their content. Recently, in Russia, interest has increased in the goats of Nubian and Zaanen breeds. Although, of course, the Russian white imported goats were not pushed from the pedestal, but took their place with dignity nearby.
So how to understand the goat's milk lovers, to whom I also relate, which goat breed to choose?
The question is very interesting and relevant for many, so I decided to conduct a small own research and share its results with you, dear readers. I singled out the three most important parameters for the assessment of breeds: yield, adaptability and acclimatization to our conditions.
Well, with your notebook in one hand and a camera in the other, your humble servant set off to distant lands in villages and villages ...
The first person I met was a Nubian goat, or, as it is correctly called, an Anglo-Nubian breed. These goats were brought to us from England. "The English sir" I always imagined to be decently, sedate and unperturbed, so I waited for the same impression on me and the goats with the English genealogy. And what was my amazement when I saw the most amusing brown creatures galloping along the pasture!
The fact that these are the same "sir", there was no doubt - very nice hanging ears, a wide nose with a hump, big eyes, an upper lip that reveals teeth, is shorter than the bottom. You can imagine how these goats look funny, which, by the way, does not prevent them from giving good milk.
Self-grazing goats are very playful and restless, but do not worry that it will be difficult to cope with them, it's not so.
As soon as the owner appeared on the horizon, the goats were transformed and became very accommodating. The owner Nikolai Ivanovich explained that goats consider him to be the leader of the herd, so they can not disobey. I was invited to the house and treated to goat's milk.
And the milk did not have a smell, it was very pleasant to taste and rather fat, somewhere from 5 fat content and higher. At the same time, the taste of milk does not depend on feed, conditions of detention and other external factors, although this does not mean that you can not take care of goats. On taste, inattention from your side, of course, will have little impact, but the amount of milk will significantly affect.
Goats are very tall, in two years they have growth at the withers of 80-90 cm and weight of about 70-80 kg. Another interesting detail: the goat does not emit any smell, even j during the mating season, it allows to keep it in the same room as the goats.
In general, from these wonderful goats you can get not only a charge of good mood, but also a good milk yield, about 3 liters per day.
Next on my way were two beautiful goats with white beards and long muzzles related to the Zaanen breed.
Their slender high legs resembled the legs of a gazelle and held a rather powerful body. The mass of goats is about 60 kg with the growth of 70-75 cm, almost inferior to Nubian goats. But most of all I was impressed with the udder, it's just huge! Any cow can envy. Maybe this is not a very good comparison, but it was like a full can of milk.
Goats peacefully grazed near the planting, eating birch branches, by the way, branches are their favorite delicacy.
Well, you would have fun with them, you won’t be especially bored with such an udder, otherwise you’ll splash everything for an hour ... So the definition of “goat-dereza” does not refer to goats of the Saanen breed in any way. They are very accommodating and friendly. You should have seen how they greet their mistress Anna Petrovna, just like affectionate cats, literally rub themselves on their legs and turn their necks, saying, stroke. Here I managed not only to drink fresh milk, but also with the permission of the hostess herself to milk it. The goat wasn’t mine, and, in theory, it shouldn’t: let a stranger in, but, apparently, it was crushed by the kind words with which the hostess and I showered her, and behaved surprisingly meekly. It is believed that the Zaanen goat gives 3,5 liters of milk per day, but Anna Petrovna convinced me that her goats are pleased with 4-4,5 liters daily. The fat content in milk is 3,5% -4,5%.
It turned out that the yield goes: more than the Nubian, but for the fat content of milk zananenskih goats lose a little. Well this: looking from which side to see who is more important, as in the proverb "Who loves a watermelon, and who's a pig: a cartilage."
Milk absolutely has no specific smell, which can not be said about the goats of this breed, here the joint content does not work out. But also zaanen's goats have their own trump card - the offspring from them noticeably adds milk yields, therefore goats often cross with goats of other, not so dairy breeds.
Read also in this column: Vitamins for chickens
RUSSIAN WHITE GOAT
White Russian is, probably, the best representative of our native breeds. These goats have well expressed joints, a mundane trunk, small ears and a beard. The coat is predominantly white. This is all the information that I learned, walking on a visit to the last goat. But for some reason I was sure that "the fisherman sees a fisherman from afar", so I recognize the Russian, even the goat's soul, from the mass of the rest.
A lot of goats in the meadow grazed, probably everything that is in the village, and each one is tied to its own peg. Yes, the task is not as easy as it seemed to me at first ... Almost all the goats in this meadow are white, it is not so easy to see the ears from afar. Of course, I was at a distance, you never know what wanders into these wondrous horned heads. But here I still examined large, pronounced knee joints in one goat. She probably felt that they were looking at her, and fell into continuous bleating, to which a rather young woman sitting on the bench near the outer courtyard vigorously reacted. It turned out to be the mistress of a goat scared by me.
The woman introduced herself as Marina, untied the goat, then another, then another, and finally two already rather big (with the mother) goats. Imagine, and I, it turns out, only one Russian soul could see instead of five! We went to the yard, along the way discussing all the charms of this breed.
Russian white goats are not very large, weigh from 40 to 50 kg, goats slightly more than 60-70 kg. Goats give milk about 3 liters per day with high fat content - 4,5% -5,5%. Goats are very prolific, can bring goats twice a year, and moreover according to 3-4 baby. Very valuable goat skin of this breed, it is used to make the chevrolet.
Difficult choice - which breed of goats is better?
Draw conclusions from my small study. First, all goats give a large amount of milk, and it is fat enough. Secondly, they are well adapted to our conditions, they feel fine both in winter and in summer. Well, about the nature, too, like everything is clear: calm zanaenskie, playful, but respecting the owner, Nubian goats and very intelligent - white Russians. None of the owners complained about the harmfulness and uncontrollability of their goats. Hence, these goats, like any animals, appreciate the care of them and obediently follow the breadwinner.
Now about feeding, there are no special preferences in eating in goats of these breeds, everyone is fed in a simple way, without pineapples and hazel grouses. The diet includes freshly cut grass, willow and birch twigs, vegetables and root vegetables from the garden (beet, zucchini, potatoes), in winter the goat is given hay prepared in advance.
We must not forget that, whatever breed your goat was, there are general principles of caring for these animals and the individual characteristics of each goat, regardless of the breed. For example, an early covered goat usually milk well, but not for long, its body quickly wears out. Late covered passes from a number of dairy to meat, that is, gets fat and gives little milk. Noticeably, milk is added after 2-3-th lambing.
But only here, which of the rocks is the best, I have not figured it out, in my opinion, all are good. Maybe you can choose? And, by the way, for me it remains a mystery who came up with the idea that goat's milk has an unpleasant smell. None of the goats was seen! Well, and if the animals come across the mistresses are negligent, do not want to look after their cattle, then the goat guilt is not in it and no breed will fix it.
On the photo: 1. Nubian goat. 2.Zanen Goat. 3.4. Russian white goat
Author: N. Borodina
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