Autumn planting of bulbous
The weather recently asked us: when to plant bulbous; that they did not rise before the New Year?
For example, my landing dates have been postponed for a month. I follow this logic: it takes two weeks to root the bulbs, so I look at the weather forecast - when they promise stable cold, I count down two weeks and plant them.
The last two years, the time of planting bulbs is shifted for at least a month. If earlier tulips, daffodils, Muscari planted in September, now it's not too late in October, and even in November.
Last year everything went not according to plan: it was December, and tulips gave sprouts, they got out on 10. See what to do? I just covered it with lapnik, hay, fallen leaves, in a word, everything that was near at hand.
It happens that everything develops in a different scenario. Bulbous has not planted yet, and frosts have struck. What to do? All the same plant. Firstly, the land from two or three frosts has not frozen yet, and secondly, there are several thaws ahead, bulbs in any case will have time to take roots.
Gardeners- "excellent" dig out bulbs of tulips every year, earlier I also did so, and then noticed-
la, that I have winter better than those bulbs that I did not excavate. Therefore, the last 3-4 year I do not touch them, and they blossom smartly. Sometimes I dig out, but only in order to separate the children and plant them. Tulip groups that are unpretentious and do not require excavations for 3-6 years are checked (these are groups Kaufman, Foster, Greig, species, as well as Darwin's hybrids, Triumph, Simple early and Simple later).
I prepare a good place for good flowering
To bulbous for a few years beautifully grown in one place, this place should be very good: sunny, windless, but the main thing is not to stand high groundwater, no stagnation of water! And in no case should the land be acidic. Bulbous love weakly acidic or neutral soils.
If bulbous planted for the first time, then I prepare the earth in advance. Ideally, for a month, you need to dig it up, pick weeds, break up clods and level, there should be no pits on the surface. In them, in spring and winter, water will stagnate.
But this theory, in practice in the garden many other things, so I prepare the holes right before planting. It's okay, just let the ground before planting stay a few days, settle and thicken.
Related link: Frost resistant bulbous and small-bellied
Strongly do not make fresh manure. It reduces the protective power of bulbs and causes fungal diseases.
I plant bulbs in grooves or holes, a sand pillow is required at the bottom, so that the roots do not rot.
Last year, under the flower garden, I adjusted the vegetable patch. Tulips beautifully blossomed after potatoes, cabbage, beans. But after tomatoes and asters, it is better not to plant them.
And now the most important thing is the depth of landing. Of course, it can be found in any encyclopedia: these are the three heights of the bulb. And I noticed that this scheme works well only on loose ground.
If I plant in a dense, then to the depth of two height of the size of the bulb.
I used to think that for bulbs loose soil is preferable, but with experience I realized that the earth under the influence of rains, and then melt water settles, so the roots rise up. In general, now I try to plant so that the roots are not rested in a loose, but in a dense soil.
The distance between the bulbs depends on the method of planting. If a carpet landing is planned, then for 1 square. m - 50-70 tulips. And if in the flower bed between perennials, then the distance is 2-3 cm between the bulbs.
See also: Proper cultivation of bulbous
How to fill the void?
Usually it is formed after bulbous fades. Of course, you can plant annuals, but good neighbors will be perennials: hosts, astilbes, daylilies.
We plant in the fall, we admire the spring!
The most popular group of autumn bulbous. Thousands of varieties plus many new hybrid varieties! With their help you can turn the most nondescript corner of the garden into a bright flowerbed.
Remember: tulips need to be bought at once a lot, they look spectacular only with a large group.
The most problematic bulbous. Once planted, you can forget about them for a long time. Every year the daffodils grow, and very soon a whole curtain grows from one bulb. In spring they will please the white-yellow-
orange scale. Planting bulbs of daffodils can be anywhere.
They start to blossom one of the first, as soon as the snow comes down. Mass flowering of crocuses usually lasts about 2-3 weeks.
Very unpretentious plants. They look great on a spring lawn, in the foreground of flower beds, under the crowns of trees and shrubs. They perfectly winter and are distinguished by high frost resistance.
A versatile bulbous plant. It dissolves at the very beginning of the season. By the timing of flowering, hyacinths are divided into early, middle and late. In this case, as a rule, the blue varieties of hyacinths bloom first, then white, pink, red, lilac, and later of all - yellow and orange hyacinths. Flowering usually lasts 7-12 days, in some varieties - 12-15 days, and at a temperature of 10-15 ° C - up to 25 days.
Ornamental onion - a perennial unpretentious plant, a close relative of the usual edible onions and garlic. It blooms very beautifully and is very effective in appearance. Starts
blossom at the end of spring and holds a flower for a long time. It is unpretentious and almost does not require attention, it is drought-resistant and cold. Sub-; walks for dry bouquets.
This flower got its name due to its smell, similar to the smell of musk. The second name - "mouse hyacinth" - it is due to the similarity of the peduncle with hyacinth. Very unpretentious, color - from white to dark blue. In spring, using Muscari, you can create a spectacular “blue sea” under the trees and in the flowerbed.
Charming asterisks are one of the first, often even when the snow did not come down. That's why Hionodok-su is often called a "snowman". It grows without much trouble, it does not require nursing, and it grows rapidly. This is a very miniature plant, it can be of different shades: blue, pink, white, lilac.
© I.LUKINA, Tverskaya obl.
Planting bulbs in the fall - tips and reviews of specialists
The end of summer and the beginning of autumn is the best time for planting and replanting bulbous plants. Indeed, in almost every garden plot there are, for example, tulips, hyacinths, daffodils, crocuses, and blueberries.
The end of August and the beginning of September - we plant small onions.
The second decade of September - a daffodil (especially not to delay the planting of split-crowned, Tatsetta, terry), a week later - hyacinths. The last decade of September is the time of tulips.
A few important rules
It is better to prepare the landing site in advance. After digging, the soil should settle.
Before planting, fertilizers must be applied to the soil. Ideally - 2-3-year-old leaf humus (up to 10 kg / sq.m, for hyacinths - up to 15 kg). Additionally, phosphorus-potash or classic full mineral fertilizer is added, but you need to choose a composition where the nitrogen content is minimal. Consumption - no more than 60 g (2 tablespoons) per square meter of beds. It is also important to withstand time so that they are fully assimilated and "earned."
Dig the soil to a depth of 30 cm. This is necessary so that the bulb can take root well before it freezes to such a distance. The roots for a successful wintering should go deep by 20 cm.
Bulb planting depth is two or three of its size. For example, if it is 2 cm in girth, it is buried no more than 6 cm. It also depends on the mechanical composition of the soil - on light it can be planted deeper, on heavy - a little smaller.
In dry autumn, bulbous should be watered. If daffodils are planted after a dry storage method (when the bulbs do not have roots), the planting site must also be mulched with fallen leaves with a layer of 10 cm.
Crocuses are transplanted once every 4 of the year (not more often), and snowdrops, spring bloom can grow in one place until 10. That is why small-bulbous plants are usually planted in the middle of ground cover plants or as a filler between perennials.
They look fine onion and on lawns. And in this case, it is better to plant by the bouquet method - in small groups of 5-10 plants.
Discard all diseased bulbs, as well as those with mechanical damage or an affected bottom. Treat the rest before planting in 0,1% potassium permanganate solution (any fungicide can be used) for at least half an hour.
© Author: Sergey SIDORENKO, agronomist, x. Podolsky
AUTUMN LANDING OF BULBFUL FLOWERS - VIDEO
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