Podzimniy sowing beets
Who does not risk - he does not eat the early harvest of table beet from his own garden. And if the spring is late and the terms of the spring sowing are removed, the podzimnius sowing in general will prove to be very useful.
Cycle: Biennial vegetable plant
FORMS: Dining room, fodder, sugar
KORNEPLODS: In shape - from round to cylindrical; by color - red all shades (table beet), white (sugar beet) or yellow (fodder); from 400 g to 10 kg
Pregoods: Good: potatoes, cucumbers, cabbage and other crops, under which organic fertilizers were applied
Nutrition: Beets are returned to their former place through 3-4 years
Beets grow well and yield high yields on soils rich in humus, loose, loamy and sandy with a deep arable layer and the occurrence of groundwater is not closer than on 60 cm to the surface.
The beds for the sub-winter planting are made on a high place, protected from cold winds (with a slight south or south-west incline), which in the spring quickly dries up and warms up, but with a stable snow cover.
Preparation of a bed for beets for winter
The site is prepared in advance - by the first ten days of October. It is dug into the spade bayonet, covering 4-6 kg per 1 sq. M pereprevshego compost or humus (but not fresh manure!) With the addition of 60-70 g of potassium sulfate and 40-50 g superphosphate. After the area is leveled and make ridges facing the south, cutting into them grooves depth 4 cm (after the subsidence of the soil they will be less). Prior to the onset of frosty frosts, the bed is covered with an old sponge-bond or polyethylene film, so that the grooves are not covered with snow. In addition, the soil is stored to fill the seed, which is stored indoors.
Beetroot is a cold-resistant culture. Its seeds begin to germinate even at soil temperature + 5- + 6 degrees.
FACT: Experiments to determine the optimum sowing time beets for the winter showed that the crop when planted in frozen soil at 1-2 kg with 10 sq. m is higher than when sowing in unfrozen soil. Also in the first case, the percentage of attacking plants was smaller.
TIP: An important role in podzimnem sowing beets is a variety. Suitable for all early cold-resistant non-stalking varieties: Cold-resistant 19, Bordeaux 237, Boltardi, Prygazhunya, Gaspadynia.
Do not miss with the timing of sowing!
It is important to choose the right time for sowing beets for the winter, because the seeds should swell, but do not have time to germinate in the fall. Therefore, they are sown with the onset of a cold snap and frost: in the middle zone this is the second decade of November, in the south - the end of November. Crops in October are dangerous - in a thaw the seeds can germinate and then die in frost.
Reference by topic: Beets - planting and care. Beetroot Dishes
Sowing beets for the winter
For the sub-winter planting, the largest seeds are selected. They are not soaked before sowing, but only for a short while they lower it into a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then they are washed and dried.
Sown at the rate of 1,5 g of seeds per 1 running meter on ridges or ridges according to the scheme 5-10 × 30-40 cm to a depth of 1,5-2,5 cm. After they are sprinkled with previously prepared soil, and then mulched with dry peat or humus with a layer of 1,5-2 cm. Leaves, spruce branches or branches with leaves are thrown onto the garden. In the spring, until the snow completely melts, the shelter is removed. So you can get a beet crop 10-14 days earlier than with spring sowing.
In the spring
When the snow comes down, the mulch is raked by rakes, and the beds are covered with film so that the earth warms up faster. In addition, the beets can be covered with foil or non-woven material under the arches, which will allow harvesting a week earlier.
With the emergence of sprouting soil loosened in the aisles and make nitrogen fertilizers (7-10 g urea at 1 sq.). Further care for crops is common, as in spring planting.
GRADETHE TABLE BEETS FOR SOWING NAZIM
Features of beet cultivar
Ultra-early variety: from shoots to harvesting root crops - 68-97 days. Cold-resistant, carries back spring frosts. Resistant to flowering, high-yielding
Roots dark red, weight 150-220 g, leveled, good presentation
Medium-ripening (from sowing to full harvesting - 110-123 days), a yielding grade. To blossom inclined slightly, prone to cercosporosa and peronosporosa
Roots are round and round-flat, weight 230-500 g
Mid-term hybrid of Dutch breeding. The period from shoots to selective harvesting is 60-65 days, until technical ripeness - 100-110 days. Good shelf life
Roots are rounded, firm peel, weight 230-300 m. Pulp is red-burgundy, sweet
To note - the use of beets:
Table beet is rich in pectin substances, it has a lot of iodine and calcium.
It has a diuretic, laxative, hematopoietic action.
It removes radionuclides from the body, improves fat metabolism.
With hypertension, mix 1 Art. beet juice with the same amount of honey, drink on 1 st.l. 3-4 times a day before meals until the state is normal.
Improves peristalsis of the intestine. Has a mild laxative effect. Useful for constipation.
See also: Beet cleaning
Beet storage in winter
Even if the roots are cleaned in time and properly cleaned (without mechanical damage), they are sorted, cleaned of the leaves (cut with scissors, leaving a tail in 1,5-2 cm), storage still needs to be paid close attention.
Take at least the initial period of storage of beet, when it is particularly sensitive to high temperatures and already at + 4 degrees, begins to grow the tops. How to store beetroot?
Properly equipped supply and exhaust ventilation in the cellar will prevent the accumulation of carbon dioxide. Then you can simply store root crops in bulk on the floor, but it is more convenient in a wooden box at 15 cm above the floor and with walls up to 1 m. At the bottom, a wooden grate was made for better air circulation. Roots are evenly cooled without harmful sweating. I watch that in the cellar rodents do not start. Sometimes, under the beet and on top of it, I put the leaves of the fern.
There are other options.
Stack the beetroot over the potatoes. So she absorbs the moisture necessary for her, and potatoes, on the contrary, gets rid of her surpluses.
A familiar summer resident interweaves beets with pure granular sand. At the bottom of the box or trench, sand is poured (moisture within 20%) by a layer of 2-3 cm, then spreads the roots in one layer, falls asleep with a new layer of sand and over again the roots. The space in 5-10 cm above leaves free. After making sure that the sand remained dry.
You can store beets in boxes, pouring salt.
© Author A.GORNY, Cand. s-x Sciences and V. ROSSIYSKY, Minsk
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- When to clean and how to store beets
- Fodder beet varieties - planting and cultivation
- Growing and cleaning of beets
- Storing beets from A to Z - varieties, conditions and 4 storage methods
- Beet seedlings - subtlety tips and secrets, pros and cons
- Winter beet planting - what are its huge advantages
- Beet Growing: 5 Rules + 7 Tips
- What to do so that the beets do not shoot?
- Own beet seeds - cultivation, collection and selection
- Planting beets is my way
Subscribe to updates in our groups and share.
Let's be friends!