Cornflower flowers - cultivation and varieties
If the giants are the most noticeable, then we will start with them.
An ancient inhabitant of our gardens vasiliselnik vodosborilistny (Thalictrum aquilegifolium) just not a kid. Well-developed bushes in suitable conditions (rich moist soil, light shading) reach 180 cm. During flowering, when fluffy clouds of inflorescences soar above the bush, they are very effective. The foliage is good from the moment of growth to autumn, and if the inflorescences are not cut, then you will receive abundant self-seeding with different color options for flowers - from white to all shades of lilac and pink. There are selected forms - for example, Thunder Cloud with dense lilac, almost purple flowers. The bush is more compact, grows up to 120 cm, it should be propagated only vegetatively, as varietal traits in seedlings are not repeated.
European view bright white (Thalictrum lucidum) has dense and shiny carved leaves that seem leathery. Flower clouds creamy- i white, height of sturdy stems 150-180 see.
Vasilistnik yellow (Thalictrum flavum) differs from the previous by broader parts of the leaf and light-yellow large and branched fluffy inflorescences. Bushes are powerful, above 2 m. Both blossom in June, simultaneously with the vassilistnik water-swamp. These plants are monumental and spectacular, but perhaps you want a vysilistnik more garden, not such a natural appearance, in a word, some unusual, raisins.
Please is a form Glaucum of the Basilist yellow with bright-blue, almost blue leaves (Thalictrum flavum ssp. Glaucum or Thalictrum glaucum). It is just as great, with age it becomes more beautiful and interesting already early in the spring, when a bright abundant foliage appears.
Grade Illuminator has one more feature - the leaves are yellow at the time of regrowth. Grade Silver Sparkler has variegated leaves with white strokes and stripes. However, one can argue about their decorative advantages - a plant without these features is quite impressive. In addition, these varieties are devoid of the vitality that distinguishes the species bluegrass cornflower and makes you look at it with respect from the bottom up.
This group of vasilists needs a bright landing site with dense and nutritious moisture-absorbing soil. Negatively react to over-drying, although adult plants are very hardy.
Chinese large species are a paradox in the plant world. These are giants, but the giants are lace, powerful and elegant at the same time. At of the Dival arthrosis (Thalictrum dipterocarpum) and a species similar to it the Basilica of Delaway (Thalictrum delavayii) clouds of delicate purple flowers can soar and at a three-meter height, as, for example, in the variety Splendid (Splendid). At the same time, the cloud is larger than 1 m in circumference.
Garden forms are more convenient for a gardener, they grow up to 150-180 see. This Hewitts Double with double flowers and white flowers Album (Album). Rare is found similar to these species vasilistnik Rohebrunna (Thalictrum rochebrunianum), but if you do not go to hand, then you can not chase, the above two of his brothers have enough with a vengeance, and the plants are similar.
Here renal tubuloideus (Thalictrum reniforme) it differs noticeably from them - its light lilac flowers are significantly larger, and it is laced with lace, unusually airy and light. These cornflowers bloom in the second half of summer, the flowering time is very long - they are good until September. They grow well in the light and with partial shading, they prefer sufficiently nutritious soils. A mandatory requirement is good drainage, eliminating stagnation of water in the root zone.
Interesting hybrid varieties obtained with participation the vasilistnik of the blue-eyed and va-Valerian Delaway and the two-winged.
They have beautiful bluish foliage, representing an elegant contrast with dark stems, and huge branched inflorescences from yellow-purple filigree flowers. That is, the buds are bright-violet, the “petals” are lilac, and the stamens are creamy yellowish. They grow slowly, developing over time strong bushes with a height of more than 2 m. Of the well-tested, I’ll call Elin, Anne and Ankum.
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In spring, the leaves are beautifully painted in purple-violet hues. Bloom in late June - early July and bloom until the end of summer. The stems are strong, tough, fluffy inflorescences, like all cornflowers, and airy. They develop better in a well-lit place with ample nutrient soil and timely watering. Stagnant humidification and close standing of groundwater are poorly treated, they can also be soaked in winters with frequent thaws and meltwater standing on frozen soil.
Low varieties of vasilistnikov
There are also Cinderella in the world of the vassilists. I would refer to them small (Thalictrum minus) and simple (Thalictrum simplex). They are rarely found in gardens, and in nature you are unlikely to pay attention to their greenish flowers. However, the very appearance of plants is so attractive that these vasilists seem to me just necessary flower garden members. And in many other compositions in the garden they will be in their place, and sometimes it is simply impossible to do without them!
The fact is that the whole plant already in June is a grayish-green cloud, these cornflowers have the finest finely cut foliage and huge branched inflorescences from small flowers of a “no” color plant veil! Inflorescences persist until the fall - even when the petals (tepals) fall off, numerous inflorescences retain the veil effect.
These are ideal dividers of bright spots of flowering perennials - whether it be phlox, nyvyanik, daylily, lily, rose, etc. At the same time, they have a convenient height (120-140 cm), flexible nature and a comfortable, fibrous root system, which allows replanting the plant and easily sharing it .
Small cornflower is presented in the gardens in two forms - a tall (up to 150 cm) Major form and a dwarf fluffy creature - a form Adianifolium.
Accordingly, growth is selected for them and a place in the flower garden. The kid in the foreground looks unusually touching - as if a grayish-green cloud of fog had sat down on the edge of the flower garden to rest. Note that the small division of the bushes is not very desirable - they develop quite slowly and the effect of the "fluffy ball" will have to wait in this case.
These vasilistniki grow well on the usual garden moderately nutritious soil, they are hardy and without a loss of ornamentality suffer a temporary (short!) Lack of irrigation.
There is another useful in the garden view - filamentous cornflower (Thalictrum filamentosum). If you select a shade-tolerant ground-cover perennial, then it is worthwhile looking for the seeds of this vasilistnik. It grows to the sides with the help of branched moderately creeping rhizomes, graceful leaves grow already to May, and in early June the curtain is covered with numerous small white caps of fluffy flowers. Plant height up to 40
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For decorating stony gardens, there are medium-sized cornflowers, which can serve as a wonderful addition (a contrast to the lightness of lace and the density of the stone) or a good background for bright “gems” of a rock garden: gentians, breakers, etc.
Thymic ispyroides (Thalictrum isopyroides) it is good with a fine shallowly divided foliage, its inflorescences are not noticeable, the flowers are few. The larval phalanist (Thalictrum petaloideum) has not such airy, but also distinctly bluish leaves, but in June it is adorned with smart light flaps of inflorescences. Both do not exceed in height 40 cm (during flowering), and the bushes themselves are lower, about 20 cm. These vasilists need a light, well drained landing site.
The pride of collectors can become rare in the culture of miniature species that come from China and Japan. It is the vassilistnik Kiusianum (Thalictrum kiusianum), slowly forming a neat curtain with a diameter of 30-40 cm and a height of only about 15 cm. Blossoms all summer, beginning in June, with delicate purple-pink flowers. This is a forest treasure, which is difficult to tame. He needs a semi-shady place under the canopy of trees with good drainage, loose soil enriched with leaf humus, and the absence of a number of plants with a competing root system. We need an attentive and loving gardener who will protect the baby from snails and slugs, water it in arid summer and periodically, once in 3-4 year, divide the curtain, rejuvenating the plant.
If you manage to grow this species, then you can safely try and other eastern rarities, which are now on sale: the Thalictrum ichangense, and the reddish thimble (Thalictrum rubescens). Both species have thin, but stiff, like a wire, stems bearing fluffy flowers, collected in a little-flowered branched inflorescence. The height of the bush is about 15 cm. Blossom throughout the season.
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The Ichanga crucifix has in addition decorative forms with a pattern on the leaves, as, for example, variety Evening Star (Evening Star), characterized by silvery veins of brownish-purple leaves. The conditions for living in the garden are the same - shading, but not a dull shadow, soil with leaf humus or compost, perfect drainage, but without drying out during the season.
So, even this brief overview showed, I hope that there is a cornflower for each garden - among them there are forest for a shady garden, and light-loving mountain views for rock gardens, finally, meadow species that will decorate the sunny flower beds. On the partners for the painters in such flower gardens, let's say separately. High species require a deliberate landing and careful selection of the environment.
First of all, as it seems obvious, in height.
If a dense column of the vysilistnik of the blue can serve as a backdrop for aconite, buzulnik, phlox and other tall perennials, then the lacy clouds of Delaway's vassilists, two-winged and hybrid varieties themselves need a backdrop on which they will stand out effectively. It can be high shrubs or trees with a low crown, walls of buildings. Windblown open space for them is not very suitable, because under such conditions the stems will require a garter, and at a considerable height it is difficult to make it invisible.
Cornflower - photo of some varieties
The use of some types of vysilistnik
The Basilica of Delaway (Thalictrum delavayi)
Description. A large, openwork plant with many children, it can reach a height of 150 cm. Leaves are compound, double- or triple-feathery. The flowers are quite small (but each is very beautiful in itself), lilac-pink in color, collected in airy, loose, paniculate inflorescences, bloom in July. Flowering can be enjoyed for a very long time, sometimes it can last up to two months. This species has a very interesting variety - 'Hewlett's Double'. It is slightly lower than the original plant, reaches only 1 m in height, and it has extremely beautiful flowers, like small pompons, purple-lilac, double, bloom later - at the end of summer.
Agrotechnics. It grows best and develops on the plots in the penumbra under the canopy of trees. In the sun, the color of the inflorescence can noticeably fade. Soils prefer fertile, moist, well drained. In the conditions of the middle zone of Russia you hibernate with a small shelter. Reproduction. It multiplies by dividing bushes and cuttings.
Using. Perhaps this species is one of the most attractive among all cornflowers. During flowering, its powerful, stately bushes look like a lilac openwork cloud.
Vasilistnik yellow (Thalictrum flavum)
Description. A perennial plant in nature occurs in the temperate zone of Eurasia. High, thin stems can reach 180 cm. Leaves are deviated from the stem, dull-green, from below are lighter. Flowers are small, yellowish-green, form a dense, often almost corymbose panicle. They blossom in mid-July. Agrotechnics. It grows well both on slightly shaded areas, in thickets of bushes, and on open, sunny areas. The soil prefers wet, well drained, but it is tolerated and with a lack of moisture, especially large is obtained on fertile soil. Winters, in the middle zone of Russia well winter and without shelter.
Reproduction. It is propagated by cuttings, division, and also by seeds that are sown under the winter.
Using. This plant is attractive throughout the season, looks especially impressive during flowering. But he has one serious drawback: this giant has too thin “legs”, which often do not withstand the weight of heavy inflorescences and lie down in heavy rain or wind. However, the problem has a solution - the bushes are planted with curtains in a place protected from the wind, and even better - among the bushes.
Basil aquilegifolium 'Album' (Thalictrum aquilegifolium)
Description. Perennial plant with a height of only 90 cm. Outwardly similar to its parent - c. water-bearing, but differs in more compact bushes. The flowers are white, bloom in mid-June, flowering continues for a month. Agrotechnics. In one place it can grow for a long time (10 years or more), becoming only better every year. It is not at all difficult to grow it: after flowering, cornflowers are better to be cut, and in the period of drought - watering, that's all care.
Reproduction. Propagated only by cuttings or division. Bushes are divided in early spring, before the start of active growth, as well as in early autumn. Cuttings can only be young shoots, it is better - being in the growth stage, not fully developed.
Using. This variety is not so affected by strong wind and rain, its stems do not lie down. The bush remains beautiful and neat in any weather. Cornflower is used as part of large grassy borders, as well as single plants. It looks beautiful in the form of large arrays. This plant is a real find for garden owners in the shade. Its abundant self-seeding, resistance to our difficult conditions attract gardeners.
Vasiliselnik vodosborilistny (Thalictrum aquilegifolium)
Description. Perennial plant, reaches a height of 120 cm, forms beautiful, compact bushes. The leaves are green or slightly bluish, large, triangular. The flowers are small, pale lilac, collected in a loose, large, corymbose panicle up to 20 cm long. Blossom in June, flowering lasts until the end of July. Agrotechnics. In the Moscow Region c. watershed feels great. Winters perfectly without any shelter. Maybe even fucking up. In agricultural technology it is very similar to the catchment (aquilegia), prefers shaded areas with cool, fertile, moist soil, although it will not disappear even with a lack of moisture. It can grow in light partial shade, it is in such conditions that the flowering is the longest, and the color of the flowers is the most saturated. In addition, its flowers with a lot of pollen attract insects.
Reproduction. It can be propagated by cuttings or by dividing the bush, but the easiest way is by seeds. Sown before winter, and seeds germinate next spring, especially if the area under crops is in the sun. Germination can be all 100%.
Using. This is an indispensable plant for the decoration of flower beds in the shade.
The vassilistnik in the garden
You look at the wrestlers, they look so unusual, it seems as though this horror is what drove them, but do not be afraid of these plants, many representatives of this genus grow exceptionally well in our difficult conditions even without special care.
Race Thalictrum has about 150 species. The main feature of these plants, which makes them so unusual and attractive, is that their flowers are devoid of petals, and immediately after the buds open and the sepals fall off (though not in all species), stamens remain, therefore from afar the flowers are more like fluffy balls and small brushes.
But not only the "cosmic" appearance of cornflowers attracts gardeners - these plants are unpretentious, and they winter in central Russia without problems. They grow well on different soils, they may well be put up even with the poor, although especially bright and lush specimens still work in areas with fertile, moist soil.
Most often in the gardens of the middle zone of Russia can be found in. water-collecting (Thalictrum aquilegiifolium), in nature it grows in the middle, southern and southwestern parts of European Russia, as well as in Asia Minor and the Balkans.
This plant is large, reaches 170 in height. Its leaves are bluish, complex, large, resemble the leaves of aquilegia, for which it received its name. The flowers are pale purple, collected in large air whisk to 20 cm long. They blossom in June, and abundant flowering can last more than a month. In the garden of this species the most place in the rarefied shadow, it is better under the canopy
trees. It can grow in the light, though in this case the bloom will not be so long, and the flowers themselves will quickly burn out. In addition to the species plant, several varieties of its various heights and colors can be found on sale: Thundercloud - low, up to 70 cm, flowers are lilac; snow-white 'Album' height up to one meter, mauve 'Dwarf Purple', as the name implies, a dwarf, up to 40 cm in height.
Another species that deserves our attention, - yellow cornflower (Thundercloud flavum) height up to 180 see
The leaves of this basil have a bluish bloom, triangular in shape. The flowers are yellow, collected in large corymbose-paniculate inflorescences. They bloom in the middle of summer. But this species has one drawback - the stems cannot withstand strong winds and can lie down, therefore, in order for the plant to remain attractive, it is tied to a support or saved by a tight planting, planting next to shrubs. This species has a variety True Blue ”, which looks very similar to the original plant, but differs in more durable, practically non-sticking shoots.
Among the low basilists can be noted in. filamentous (Th. Filamentosum), which came to us from the Far East, in height it reaches only 20 cm, forms a loose cover. Its snow-white flowers collected in openwork inflorescences bloom from mid-May to mid-June. This is a stable plant that grows well in tree-trunk circles. Another advantage of it is that it is a long-lived, in one place it grows well for 20 years or more.
Examples of flower beds with cornflower - photo
FLOWER 1 “EASTERN COLOR”
The photo shows a colorful mixer with a one-sided view, located along the path. Look, what a solid picture turned out. And not the last role in achieving this integrity is played by the fact that both the bench, the arch, and the sculpture are painted in one color. In the foreground there are planted agapants, phloxes, boxwood, the average plan is low grades of maple, kosmeja, krokosmia.
And on the back - a two-winged cornflower leaves, it can reach a height of 2 m. This species blooms in June, and abundant flowering can last about two months. Both the small sculpture and the multi-colored varieties of the maple are attached to the oriental flavor, though in our conditions this plant is not winter hardy enough and many manipulations must be done to preserve it, and the result is not at all guaranteed, therefore it is better to replace it with other types of maple. And to enjoy this floral splendor, you can sit on a bench.
FLOWER FLOWER 2 "UNDER THE CANADA OF TREES"
Waterborne cornflower is best planted in small groups in partial shade in natural-style gardens. This is spectacular, unlike any other plant, and it would seem that picking up satellites for it is a whole problem.
But this is not so! This cornflower is actually the "soul of the company", and combining it with other plants is not at all difficult. It looks great with gravels, lupins, Siberian iris, daylilies, hosts, valerian, loosestrife and many other plants of a natural appearance. An example of a flower garden with a cornflower is presented in the photo, where, by the way, he plays one of the main roles and occupies almost the entire middle plan. But due to the fact that he has openwork leaves and weightless inflorescences, it does not seem that he dominates; such a composition looks harmonious.
Combinations with the master
2. The leaves of cornflowers - a real work of art. In some species, it is small, bluish, in others it is larger, green, in some species the root leaves form a rosette, from which the peduncle shoots. But in any case, these plants remain decorative from spring to autumn.
3. Cornflowers are excellent plants for compositions in a natural style. Highlanders, watersheds, cornflowers, digitalis, astrantia, lupins should be planted in company with them, and the bright flower garden is ready.
4. A wonderful duet - cornflower catching and catchment, a nuance in the form of leaf blades and a contrast in the shape and color of the inflorescences.
5. Vasilistnik is so self-sufficient that it can be planted by single bushes.
6. An exquisite combination in lilac tones: the cornflower is waterborne, sage is oak, giant onion. And for a change - silver wormwood. A simple but stylish composition in the spirit of the Chelsea flower show exhibition gardens.
7. The cornflower of Delaway is one of the most attractive among all cornflowers, it looks especially advantageous against the background of green leaves, for example various large cereals.
8. Prone to decay bushes of yellow basil 'Glaucum' will be supported by reed grass.
BASSILIST - LANDING AND CARE: TIPS AND FEEDBACKS OF FLOWER GROVERS
BASSILY - A FLOWER FOR AESTHETES
We bought a basil a few years ago - He managed to survive a lot: both the moving, and the too snowy year, when a lot of plants were blowing under the snowdrifts, and the almost snowless frosty winter, which speaks of its resilience.
Basil plants do not like cold winds, so we hid our own behind the wall of a shed, where in partial shade the plant is sheltered from the mercilessly scorching sun (although the leaves still burn a little).
Delavea's Basil (Thalictrum delavayi) is a herbaceous perennial with a height of 80 cm to 2 m. It blooms in July-August - 2 months! Among its brethren, this species is less prone to lodging and can be used outdoors. One fall, we transported all our plants to another site. Each was with an earthen lump in boxes, cut off large bottles. There was not enough time to land them all (about 1 hundred square meters were occupied only by boxes), so many of the pets attached to each other, including the basil, were left to spend the winter without shelter. And they survived!
Planting and replanting is best in spring, and a closed-rooted seedling during the season.
The soil needs loose, breathable.
If the groundwater is close to the site, it is better to plant V. Delaway higher, since it does not tolerate waterlogging. And don't forget the drainage.
The plant loves watering, and abundant. By the way, with a lack of moisture, the smell of flowers disappears. And if in your country house, like ours, there is strong weathering or it is hot, you can mulch the ground around the bush.
One or two fertilizing is enough - with a mineral complex (according to the instructions), but not earlier than 3 years after planting. At the beginning of summer, we put a couple of extended-release fertilizer granules away from the center of the bush. In the spring, you can still give nitrogen. To preserve the decorativeness of the plant until late autumn, wilted inflorescences should be cut off.
© Author: Olga BELYAKOVA, agronomist, Saratov
© Authors: the most experienced gardener S. Voronin, G. Scherbakov
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