What shrubs and trees blossom in the spring
Most of the local trees and shrubs bloom very early, before the leaves blossom: alder (Alnus), hazel (Corylus), elm (Ulmus), willow (Salix). Flowers are small, unattractive, but, as a rule, collected in inflorescences, which are clearly visible. Their flowering looks drowsy, but after a long winter we admire it with delight. Even the unassuming yellow earrings of alder and hazel are causing positive emotions. It is very interesting to watch the spring breeze catch a yellow pollen cloud, the movement of which is clearly visible against the background of still not melting snow. Very poplar look when they appear long, red men's earrings.
In the first decade of April blossoms willow goat (Salix sargea), dressed up in yellow male inflorescences-balls. Elm smooth (Ulmus laevis) during flowering covered with a light lilac fleece, but we do not always notice, because we do not raise our head up. Oriental graceful and bright female and male flowers larches (Larix).
Bright luxurious flowering trees and shrubs
In early spring, our gardens can be decorated with wolfberry and rhododendrons. Here they can no longer be called modest and unpretentious! For the early and colorful flowering is valued a wolfberry mortal (Daphne mezereum), or wolf lyke. This low shrub blossoms until the leaves bloom for 15 - 20 days. The flowers are small, fragrant, violet-pink or pink-lilac in color, collected in bundles of 2 -5 pieces or single. In the middle of summer the wolfberry shows no less decorative fruits of bright red color. The shrub is frosty, well developed in semi-shadowed places, but with it it is necessary to be pointed - all parts of the plant are poisonous.
Has popular varieties: 'Alba' - cream-colored flowers and light yellow fruits; 'Bowles White' - with white flowers and yellow fruits; '' Rubra Select ' - with large, bright red flowers, in autumn a repeated flowering is often observed; 'Variegata' - with spectacular white-leafed leaves.
Rhododendrons (Rhododendron) decorate any garden. To early-flowering species are the p. Dahur (Rhododendron dauricum) and Rhododendron schlippenbachii rhododendron. The first blooms from the middle of April, at which time its leafless shoots are adorned with pink flowers up to 4 cm in diameter. The second is considered the most beautiful deciduous rhododendron, at the end of April it shows luxurious pale pink with purple dots flowers up to 10 in diameter.
Real exotic plants
Deren men's (Comus mas), or dogwood, also refers to early flowering plants, among the fruit crops it blooms first, in late March - early April, before the leaves bloom. Dogwood is very beautiful in early spring, when its shoots are covered with small, rounded, golden inflorescences. This is not only a valuable fruit plant, but also an ornamental one,
Daphne is a wonderful plant for rock gardens and compositions with dwarf conifers. Sprigs can be used for distillation, as evidenced by the early spectacular flowering in spring, densely leafy crown in summer and bright red fruits in autumn. There are a number of varieties suitable for central Russia.
Exotic lovers will enjoy the magnolia (Magnolia), but it must be taken into account that in the middle zone of Russia only deciduous species can be grown. Almost every year we blossom Magnolia Lily Color (Magnolia liliflora) и magnolia kobus (Magnolia kobus). The first is a shrub with very large, dark leaves and gorgeous flowers, purple outside and white inside. It is considered very frost-resistant, especially its Nigra variety with flowers of rich purple color. The second grows in the form of a tree, but it is also formed in the form of a bush. Against the background of dark green leaves, snow-white, cup-shaped flowers look as impressive as 10 cm in diameter.
Magnolias do not like transplantation, so we must immediately choose their suitable place and do not disturb in the future.
A fairly promising view for the central part of Russia is the m. Labner (M.X loebneri). Its grade is interesting Merrille - a small deciduous tree or a high shrub with a wide-pyramidal crown and thin branches. The flowers are white with 9 - 12 petals, blooms until leaves blossom. It grows well on all types of soils, except lime.
Extremely bright and abundant bloom will please ovoid ovoidForsythia ovata). Its single bright yellow flowers bloom earlier than other species. In addition, for the conditions of the central strip of Russia, it is considered to be the most winter-hardy. It has interesting varieties: Spring Glory - numerous flowers, up to 3,5 in diameter; Tetragold - Shrub up to 1 m, yellow flowers
It is impossible to imagine spring without blooming apple trees, when gardens look like huge white-pink clouds appear very early; Week End - Shrub to 2 m height with erect branches and large flowers.
Reference by topic: Plants blooming in the home (indoors)
Magnificence of Rosaceae
Representatives of this large family each spring show abundant and colorful flowering. The most popular in decorative gardening is almonds low (Amygdalus nana), or a lover. It blooms simultaneously with the opening of the leaves, very abundantly, in May, for two weeks. At this time there are single bright pink flowers. Very photophilous, winter-hardy and drought-resistant, not picky to the soil. It has several varieties: Albiflora - with white flowers; Gessleriana- differs in smaller sizes of bush and leaves than in the original species, and larger, up to 2,5 cm in diameter, bright pink flowers.
Perfectly blossoms and fructifies in the middle strip of Russia Georgian almonds (A. georgica), In the fall, very furry, bristly fruits appear on its shoots.
One of the most revered plants in Japan is sakura, which is considered a symbol of spring. This common name unites 13-14 species of cherries of Far Eastern and East Asian origin. Unfortunately, they are very thermophilic, but for the middle zone of Russia it is possible to recommend substitute plants, for example apricot manchuArmeniaca mandschurica) and apricot Siberian (Armeniaca sibirica). These plants will please you early (before the leaves blossom) and abundant flowering. In the first species the flowers are large, light pink or pink, in the second - smaller, white or pink, flowering abundant during 7-10 days. All the phases of seasonal development pass earlier than the apricot of Manchurian. This can be taken into account in order to admire the flowering of these cultures for a longer time.
Apricot Manchu and Siberian Apricot can be used as substitutes for sakura in Japanese gardens, since they are not afraid of recurrent spring frosts that destroy flower buds. Stems of these trees for the winter is recommended to whiten to prevent the occurrence of burns and frostbite.
Plums can also be included in the list of early flowering plants, they are valued not only for their fruit qualities, but also for decorative ones.
For example, the prune plaque (Prunus spinosa), or thorn, will please you with unusual flowering, especially its varieties: Plena - long and abundantly blooming white terry flowers; Purpurea - with pink flowers that stand out against the background of large purple leaves.
Plum chinese (Prunus salicina) differs by elegant, oblong leaves and abundant flowering. White flowers are gathered in bundles resembling dense balls.
The native of Crimea and the Caucasus pear-loamy (Pyrus elaeagnifolia) famous horticulturist and breeder Richard Ivanovich Schroeder recommended for planting in Moscow and St. Petersburg, as it is able to withstand frosts up to - 30 ° C.
This beautiful tree is up to 10 m high very decorative during flowering, when its white with bright purple stamens reveal flowers. But the special charm of gnocular nature is given by silvery-green leaves of graceful lanceolate form, similar to the leaves of loch, for which the plant is given its specific name.
It is impossible to imagine spring without blooming apple trees, when apple orchards are like huge, fragrant, white-pink clouds that descended from heaven to our sinful land. If you add to this splendor decorative apple-trees with bright pink and purple-red flowers, you can easily imagine what a garden of paradise should look like. During the flowering of apple trees, the aroma spreads over a considerable distance and attracts many insects. But on human fragrant plants have a beneficial effect, as it is proved that they are powerful antibiotics.
Very popular and in demand in gardening apple berry (Malus baccata), which has a number of unique varieties: Royal Beauty - with a beautiful weeping crown, formed by branches hanging down to the earth, which are covered with dark pink flowers during the flowering period. Profusion - A luxurious tree up to 8 m high with a lush crown. Extraordinarily bright, simple flowers of burgundy color completely cover the branches. Thick, thick crown Street Parade spring decorate large white flowers, and in the fall - red fruits. The apple tree of Nedzwiecki (Malus niedzwetzkyana) dissolves its flowers of intense pink color in the second half of May - beginning of June, and in August on the branches there are spectacular, purple-purple fruits with pink flesh.
Especially popular are varieties of apple purple (Malus x purpurea): Macamic - with pink flowers up to 3 - 4 cm in diameter. Eleyi - during flowering bright red flowers almost completely hide dark purple leaves. Royalty- abundant and colorful flowering provide large red flowers. Apple-tree plumy (Malus prunifolia), or me. Chinese, is valued for abundant flowering and yellow with red blush fruits, from which are obtained deliciously delicious jam, jam and compotes.
See also: Flowers blooming in autumn
Trees and shrubs blooming in spring
Chaenomeles (photo 1)
Japanese henomeles are a thick-bush shrub. Flowers up to 5 in diameter are sharlough red *, assembled in 2 shields - 6 pcs. In the central strip of Russia, they blossom before the appearance of leaves, buds open not simultaneously.
Apple tree (photo 5)
Apple-tree - a long-lasting tree with a slender crown. It dissolves in late April-early May, flowering lasts a week, sometimes more. Buds are pink, flowers with a pleasant, light fragrance, tender pink or white.
Cherry (photo 2)
Cherry Ordinary is a tree with a broad, spreading crown. Flowers on long peduncles are collected in snow-white umbellate inflorescences with a slight aroma. They blossom in May. flowering can last two weeks.
Almond (photo 6)
Almonds are low - a small shrub with a spherical crown. Shoots are thick-leafed. Flowers are bright pink, appear simultaneously with the opening of leaves. The flowering is colorful and abundant, lasting 7-10 days.
Apple tree (photo 3)
Decorative apple trees of hybrid origin have many varieties. Flowers differ in color: from tender pink to maroon, terry or simple. Flowering is very abundant, can last up to two weeks.
Cherry (photo 7)
Cherry felt - a tree or shrub shirokoyatsevidnoy crown. The flowers are white or slightly pinkish, with a pleasant light aroma, blossom in early May for a week. Flowering is very abundant and spectacular.
Pear (photo 4)
Common pear is a tree with a wide, curved crown and bare, prickly branches in its youth. Flowers are white, up to 3 cm in diameter. Flowering is abundant and colorful, before the leaves blossom, in mid-May. Lives 300 and more years.
Forcing (photo 8)
Forsythia intermediate - a shrub with sprawling branches and straight or slightly drooping shoots. Golden-yellow flowers are collected in several pieces. Blossoms in late April - first half of May, within three weeks.
Forsythia twigs are a great material for creating original arrangements.
If you cut them in January - March, then after 8-12 days you will have a luxurious bouquet with a mass of golden yellow flowers.
Plum (photo 9)
Plum home is a fairly large shrub or small tree, h In a wild species, the 1 plant does not occur. Flowers are snow-white, usually blossom in mid-May. The flowering is bright and plentiful, lasts for 10 days.
Horse Chestnut (photo 13)
Horse chestnut ordinary - a mighty tree with a thick, wide-round crown. The flowers are white, in a pink speck, collected in large pyramidal panicle inflorescences. Flowering occurs in early May, after the leaves bloom.
Rakitnik (photo 10)
Podolsky broom is a small shrub S with straight or curving branches. The flowers are small, with bright yellow and rich red petals, collected 3 to 5 in the axils of the leaves. Blossom after the appearance of leaves.
Louiseania is a three-lobed 'Plena' - a bush with a crown and sticking out-dark-gray. Terry flowers, large, up to 4 cm in diameter. Blossom in the first half of May. Flowering abundant for two weeks.
Daphne (photo 11)
Volcheyagodnik deadly - a low shrub. Flowers are fragrant, collected in bundles according to 2-5 or solitary, sitting directly on the trunk, violet-pink or pink-lilac, in rare cases -cream-white.
Plum (photo 15)
The plum is prickly - spread out. Branchy bushes with very prickly branches. It blooms simultaneously by spreading the leaves, sometimes a little earlier, during 15 -20 days. Flowers are snow-white, up to 1,5 cm in diameter, collected in bundles on 1-3.
Reference by topic: Turn (photo) - landing and leaving
Bird cherry (photo 12)
Bird cherry - a tree with a wide, spreading crown. Flowers are snow-white, very fragrant. collected in brushes up to 12 cm long. Flowering usually occurs in May, filling the air with a heavy, slightly bitter aroma.
Rhododendron (photo 16)
Rhododendron Daursky - deciduous shrub. Blossoms before blossoming Flowers funnel-shaped, quite up to 4 cm, pink-violet. collected on 1 - 3 at the ends of the shoots. Flowering lasts up to three weeks.
© Author Olga Nikitina, famous dendrologist and landscape designer
Above: Left Apple tree in bloom. Blooming magnolia on the right
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