15 Review (s)

  1. Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous)

    Take a closer look at the currants - young wrinkled brown leaves may have white or slightly yellowish larvae of currant leaf gall midge that will leave to winter in the soil. Do not allow this - tear off the leaves with the larvae and burn!
    Irina

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  2. Raisa MATVEEVA, Cand. Biol. science

    So that the moth does not eat the crop
    In the first half of summer, the most dangerous pest of apple and pear is the apple moth. Because of its "activity", you can lose up to 90% of the fruit.
    Control measures
    Collect the dropper regularly.
    Put on the trunks of the tree belts.

    During the flight of butterflies, the fruit moths in the evening (in order to avoid accidentally falling daily useful insects) hang bottles in the tree crowns, one third filled with bait scented liquid (fermented apple juice or compote, bread kvass, etc.). In the morning, take out the butterflies, and keep the mixture in a closed container in a cool place until the evening, then hang again for the night. And so every day for three weeks.

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  3. Elena Kolesnichenko

    In the summer, the branches of the apple tree were covered with a plaque, similar to flakes of cotton wool (photo below). What was it and how to deal with it?

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    • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous)

      On your apple tree, a dangerous pest has settled - a bloody aphid that affects mostly sweet varieties and varieties of apple trees with red-red fruits.
      Adult individuals of aphids are protected by white fluff, so their accumulation on the branches and resembles flakes of snow or scraps of cotton wool. The larvae, when crushed, produce a brown liquid, reminiscent of blood, from which the name of the pest occurs. The reason for the active reproduction of bloody aphids is warm weather in the winter. It is known that this pest massively dies when the temperature drops below -22 ° C. But, given the global warming factor, and the fact that aphids can winter both in cracks in the bark and in the ground with a subtree, it becomes clear why the aphids survive without problems our gardens.
      The bloody aphids settle on the branches of the apple tree in early spring and live on the tree until the fall, sucking the juice mainly from young shoots and pedicels. In places damaged by aphids, bacteria, viruses, various mushrooms penetrate. The tree is infected, which leads to a halt in growth and subsequent (during 2-3 years) death of the apple tree. Combat the bloody aphids with appropriate insecticides. A good effect gives the drug "Aktara". But it should be used in conjunction with the "Silvet Gold" moisturizer, which enhances the effect of the main protective equipment. The processing of trees is done carefully, trying to cover all parts. Sprinkle apples can only be in dry weather, at low relative humidity, at a temperature not exceeding 25 ° C, in the absence of dew, after sunset.

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  4. Gennady SVIRIDOV, the city of Saransk

    Abundant blossoming of apple trees is always pleasing, but it becomes insulting when pests destroy most of the crop.
    Plodozhorka is familiar to many, because it is its caterpillars that make the fruit wormy. In the blooming period of apple trees, small butterflies with transverse dark lines begin to age. Female lay on the leaves and ovaries eggs, from which the caterpillars are formed.
    I start the struggle in the spring, I spray the trees with insecticides. In the period of the formation of fruits, I gather the carrion daily, so that the caterpillars in it do not spoil the other apples.
    For those who do not want to use insecticides, it is advisable to buy a trichogram. The larvae of this insect destroy eggs of moth and other harmful insects. It is necessary to issue a trichogram on trees 2 times, with an interval of 8-10 days.
    If I notice that the leaves began to twist on the apple trees, I treat the trees with colloidal sulfur, as this is an obvious sign of powdery mildew. If you start the disease, the leaves will turn yellow and die. I raise 40 g of colloidal sulfur in 10 l of water and spray the affected tree.

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  5. Valentina Kuzmina

    Why do "freckles" appear on apples? Black dots and small specks completely covered the surface of the fruit.

    Reply
    • Valentine

      The presence of freckles on the fruit indicates the defeat of the apple tree as one of the most common diseases - scab. The scab has a mushroom nature and in some years can massively affect fruit trees. The first signs of the disease are light green dots on the underside of the leaves, which appear in the spring, which in the course of time acquire a brown color. Later, the fetuses themselves become infected - they grow worse, crack, and often rot.
      To combat the disease in the spring, it is necessary to treat the fruit trees with a fungicide. Spraying is carried out in two stages - immediately after the leaves bloom and at the end of flowering. Good results also show the Bordeaux mixture, but it will have to be sprayed more often. Remember, it is better to treat-kulyubym preparation after the rain.
      As an alternative to tree fungicides, 1-3% solution of mineral fertilizers {ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, potassium sulfate, potassium salt) can be used.
      It is necessary to pay attention to the means of prevention in combating scab: do not allow the thickening of the garden, create conditions for a better ventilation of the site. Do not get carried away by excessive watering and abuse of fertilizers containing large amounts of nitrogen. In autumn it is necessary to carefully collect the affected fruits and fallen leaves from the sick tree and take them far beyond the garden. The stalk of apple trees should be dug.
      We should not forget about the selection of novelties, which offer gardening varieties resistant to scab.

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  6. Maria Sokolova, Dimitrovgrad. Ulyanovsk region

    In early spring, when buds appear on the apple tree, the eggs of the female apple blossom are laid in them.
    Soon the eggs are larvae. They both eat out the buds from the inside and glue the petals with their excrement, turning them into shrunken caps. After blossoming of an apple-tree already young bugs of a tsvetoeda eat tree leaves for a while, then settle in the garden, hiding in cracks of a bark to wait for autumn and to get over on places of wintering. Yablonny tsveteod-very harmful insect, to begin to struggle with which it is necessary already during the swelling of the kidneys, when the beetles rise in the crown. But as? With the help of trapped belts, having previously cleared the trunk of the old bark. Even if the bugs still managed to get into the crown, shake them on the film spread out under the tree. Do this in the early morning, at a temperature of + 10 ° C (if it is warmer, some beetles will explode). Effectively spraying with "Carbofos", "Fufanon" or "Decis".

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  7. Maria Anashin

    "Antonov fire", or black cancer
    In recent years, gardeners have faced a real epidemic of black cancers of apple and pear trees. The bark of the trunk and branches is charred. The people attack, which destroys the fruit trees in just a few years, dubbed the "Antonov fire".
    First signs
    At first, brownish spots appear on the bark. And then in these places - grease plaque. The crust begins to exfoliate, exposing the wood. Through 3-4 the perishing apple and pear have to be uprooted.
    The weak are ill
    I noticed that the trees with frost-bitten trees are more affected by the "Antonov fire". Often, problems arise after the autumn whitewash. The modern garden paint is washed off by rain, leaving strips. Because of this, the bark of the trunk and branches is heated unevenly by the rays of the sun, deep ruptures of the cortex appear. As an output - to prepare your whitewashing. I dissolve 100 g of copper sulfate in 10 L of water, add glue, 2 kg of lime and I bleach with this composition trees. Whitewash is washed off evenly, without strips. Other causes of black cancer are unfavorable weather conditions, excess moisture, violations of agricultural technology.
    How to treat?
    ■ In spring and autumn with iron brushes I clean the bark of fruit trees and burn all the trash.
    ■ For treatment of wounds instead of garden var I prefer oil paint on the basis of drying oil or chemist's green.
    ■ After stripping, putty is made of fresh mullein and clay (1: 1).
    ■ When treating the trunk and branches without deep stripping, a strong solution of potassium permanganate or a saturated solution of common salt helps in which I add a few drops of iodine.
    ■ From systemic fungicides I use Vigaros and Krezoksim-methyl - modern preparations of long protective and therapeutic action.

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  8. Galina VESELKOVA, the city of Smolensk

    Glass girl, fly away!
    A good harvest of blackcurrant is my pride every year! And this winter on the foot again will be a wonderful currant jam. And it might not have been, because for almost the entire season I fought with currant glass.
    Branches of currants for some reason began to wither and dry, although I always watered well and fertilized bushes. Then I noticed on the shoots of small butterflies, which turned out to be those very glass-makers. Immediately I will say that it is more effective to prevent the glass woman than to withdraw it.
    I planted calendula and nasturtium among the currant bushes, and also brought here small plantings of onions and garlic - the smell perfectly repels the pest. Besides,
    Between the bushes she put several boxes of sand, which she soaked with kerosene. The very same bushes as it should be sprayed with infusion with the addition of oil with the aroma of pine needles (both citrus and onion smells will do) to disorient the glass.
    All bushes carefully examined, dried and damaged branches cut 5-7 cm below the damage and burned immediately. And after harvesting, she treated the shrub with a solution of karbofos (75 g per 10 l of water) - twice with an interval of a week. Traps for a glass case work well - for this I hung several plastic bottles with fermented currant jam in the area of ​​currant bushes and in their crown.

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  9. Oksana

    I noticed on the currant and root crops of small dark brown bugs. Do they represent a danger and, if so, how to get rid of them?

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    • Michael

      These bugs are practically harmless. Much more dangerous is their larvae-wireworms. So they are called because they outwardly look like pieces of rusty wire.
      Larvae can live in the soil for up to 5 years, feeding on the roots of berry plants and root crops, biting into the flesh like a borer. To significantly reduce the amount of wireworm, remove plant residues and destroy the weeds, especially the wild wheat. Thus, you deprive pests of food, and wintering on an empty stomach is very uncomfortable.
      Be sure to dig up the soil in late autumn. Larvae from the depth will move to the upper layers and die from frost. And another wireworm loves to settle in areas with acidic soil. Therefore, when digging once every three years, you need to make dolomite flour or wood ash.
      Some experienced gardeners recommend that when digging up the soil, add crushed slag, which remains after coal combustion. At 1 m2 site, you need about a liter of slag bank. With a large number of pests, it is necessary to use insecticides, for example, basidine (40 g / m2).

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  10. Anastasia LYALINA, Ryazan Region

    Fighting pests takes a lot of time and effort. To reduce the number of uninvited guests and prevent disease in the next season will help prevent.
    The most effective way to secure future landings is great. to combine cultures with pleasure. Garlic repels many pests, kills bacteria. Plant it throughout the garden, avoiding the proximity of cabbage and legumes. Have a bed of carrots next to the onion. After the crop is harvested, remove the topsoil (about 5 cm), make rotted compost, sow green manure.
    In autumn, free the garden from the tops, roots, weeds and unharvested fruit. Send the healthy remains to the compost. Sick plants or fruits immediately
    burn to destroy the remaining pathogens. Crops that were most damaged by pests or diseases, be sure to relocate to another place next year. k And where they grew, also remove the topsoil (10 cm thick), introduce manure and humus. Most of the pests winter in the soil, so dig the entire area, preferably using a cultivator.
    Pay special attention to fruit trees. As soon as the leaves begin to fall off, the nests of various pests will immediately become visible on the branches. Collect all the masonry by hand. After walking on the bark with a hard brush and whitewash the tree trunks.

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  11. Yulia LYUTIKOVA, town of Luga

    In autumn the apple moth, like many plant pests, goes to wintering and finds shelter under the old dead cortex and in cracks. Part of the caterpillars hibernate in the upper layer of the soil. In the bark, they gnaw out small indentations and cover themselves with dense arachnoid cocoons.
    Many gardeners make swift belts of paper or burlap, in which part of the caterpillars are arranged for wintering. After harvesting, you need to remove these belts, carefully examine the bark beneath them and destroy the cocoons. Pitfalls must necessarily be burned. Also, the bark can be cleaned with blunt scrapers so as not to damage the living tissue of the bark.
    But still the guarantee of health is, as it is banal, cleanliness. Take away the old bark, plant remains, scald boiling water from the apples, dig up the soil and burn the garbage. That's all the necessary measures to combat the fruit flies.

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  12. Elena GORODISHENINA, Krasnodar Region

    Plodojorka is afraid of lemon balm
    Codling moth is a well-known pest of the apple tree. For those who do not like to resort to "chemistry", I suggest using a more gentle, but no less effective way.
    It is necessary to travel to each melissa apple tree - the codling moth does not like its smell and does not fly onto a tree. I plant lemon balm in the garden every spring. It grows well without any nutrition and additional care. It is enough just to water the plant sometimes. In the fall, I usually dig up lemon balm.

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