Winter garlic in the Moscow region - planting and care
Beams and advertising braids
Winter garlic in its biology is similar ... to tulips. The mother bulb disappears, forming a daughter. The most promising varieties with a small number of large cloves in the bulb. They are more often 4, less often 6. In skinny soils, 1-2 large daughter teeth develop. Low-graded varieties are rare. For example, Otradnensky (white).
Most varieties are always divided into 6 daughter teeth. Their onion on skinny soils can be quite shallow, and their teeth are negligible. It creates the illusion that the variety is degenerating. In addition, multi-tooth varieties are less vigorous. So you should look for and breed winter garlic of the first variety.
Winter garlic is perfectly stored indoors until 1 May. With this preserved garlic, when the crops are frozen, in case of frosts or when they are flooded with melt water, you can populate the garden bed in April, keeping your favorite variety.
However, during the spring planting of winter garlic, the flower bud will stay in development for two months. The apex tooth gives the same bulb to 100 g, but in September, the April garlic is torn out, the hands are taken to the teeth and again put under the winter. The next year the teeth develop and divide in the usual way.
Timely cleaning of a good grade is necessary in the phase of a bursting cap on pseudostem bulbs. However, garlic bulbs with retained peduncles (arrows) are always 30% smaller. Arrows need to break out on June 15. Only a couple of beacons with bulbs are left in the garden. The remaining arrows break out with your hands while they are soft. They can be cut and frozen for cabbage soup and borsch. The signal for garlic harvesting is a straightened arrow - garlic “votes” for the harvest.
Dry leaves are a conditional concept. But the binding of garlic leaves into bunches is not some kind of prejudice there, but a real need. Shelter of the wound prevents infection of the broken arrow with caterpillars of the crypto-onion onion. But the binding of garlic into braids is just a clever advertising move for wholesale.
Reference by topic: Cultivation of garlic - planting and care, varieties, benefits and recipes
Cleaning, storage, planting of winter garlic
Harvesting garlic in the suburbs falls on the last week of July. Immediately after pulling (or you-hammer fork), the bulbs are cut from two sides with a secate on the hemp 1 cm. Immediately disinfect in dense pink solution of potassium permanganate, washing off all the dirt. On the scales of bulbs should be without gaps: the broken garlic rot. I remove the tattered slippery wrapper. Such bulbs go to the kitchen first.
Sush the garlic in an unheated dry place, laying it in one layer on newspapers or fabrics. Sun drying hurts. Before freezing, we transfer it to a heated room, where we store in a closet in any clean ventilated container in bulk until the beginning of May.
For the landing pads from 21 September for 5 October, select the bulbs with the largest teeth. Such an annual artificial selection leads to an improvement in the commercial qualities of the variety. When a small tooth is chosen for planting, the variety degrades. The teeth from the head before planting are broken by hands or with the help of a plastic knife.
It is impossible to break the integumentary scales of the tooth - it will rot. Timely planted garlic has time to take root in a month, but never germinates in the winter.
Shelter for garlic
Many cover garlic with spruce branches. Vain work! Shelter is actually in demand once every 20 years - in frosts below -33 °. Winter garlic loves to eat and drink, but when it zamyvaetsya vypryvaet. Therefore, the teeth are planted on the beds raised by 10-15 cm.
For the beds choose a sunny place. Garden land is made up of equal parts of lowland peat (rp 6,7), sand, loam and manure. The best garden soil for all crops is pure compost, they cannot be overfertilized!
Reference by topic: Onion garlic
Fertilizers for garlic in the middle band
In connection with the inevitable shortage of minerals and trace elements in plants of the Middle belt, grown on podzolic soils, it is necessary to make mineral fertilizers. In the garden twice a year in autumn and spring are applied according to 20 ml / m2 (matchbox) full mineral fertilizer (azofosca and trace elements). To avoid chlorosis of leaves in April, winter garlic is sprinkled on shoots without sealing with urea, also a matchbox. This operation can be combined with watering or rain.
I recommend the densest planting of cloves of winter garlic without prejudice to development according to the scheme 12,5 × 12,5 cm (i.e. 49 pieces per 1 sq. M), like gladioli. Depth of planting - how fingers are pressed in (about 5 cm).
You can propagate garlic seeds from the bulb. Commodity odontology without transplantation develops on the 2nd-3rd year. I recommend a winter sowing scheme for seeds of 6 × 12,5 cm. By the way, a single tooth selected from the ground is stored better - it can be eaten until the new crop.
In the rotation for winter garlic every fall in the digging, I advise you to make manure-rye-1 l / m2 or compost - 2 l / m2. Do not forget about mineral fertilizers according to the specified scheme of application.
In addition, to increase the yield of winter garlic, I also recommend adding 20 ml / m2 full mineral fertilizer after each weeding, 1 June and 1 July. I do not shut up.
Subject to the proposed technology, I grow bulbs weighing up to 100 g, and an average of 85 g. Winter garlic is the most cost-effective crop. Yes, and work is done for disabled pensioners - not like strawberries!
Reference by topic: Giant garlic (photo) - secret of cultivation
Garlic: add to the note
- Garlic is the oldest culture. It was grown 6 thousand years ago.
- An unpleasant smell of garlic is interrupted by parsley and cinnamon.
- Garlic strengthens the immune system and is a natural antibiotic.
- In honor of garlic named the city in the US is Chicago.
© Elena Ivanova, Moscow
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- 7 rules for excellent winter garlic - my advice
- Cultivation of garlic - planting and care, varieties, benefits and recipes
- Garlic with one-tooth bulbs - planting and growing
- Growing garlic: light soil + crop rotation + shallow digging + deep planting
- Planting winter garlic under a layer of mulch
- Planting garlic in the Urals - secrets and tips
- Garlic Science - Growing and Care
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