The distillation of hyacinths, tulips and daffodils in room conditions
In them everything is fine: both fragrant flowers, and juicy leaves, and even stems and roots.
Reception, which creates artificial conditions for flowering in an unusual time for the plant, is called forcing.
The best conditions for it can be created in a greenhouse, but with some cultures it makes sense to experiment in an apartment. Most often, bulbs are distilled. Favorites - hyacinth, tulip and daffodil
Spring flowers in the winter
As in any business, there are a number of problems with forcing out, about which it is better to know in advance.
- Yellowing of the leaves is the most common problem, most often it is associated with drafts, but it is also possible due to improper watering and lack of lighting.
- The leaves are very long and sluggish - the plant most likely stood for too long in the dark or when flowering in the room was not light enough.
- Slowed growth - too early the plant was taken out of the dark room into the room, he still had to stay without light.
- Lack of flowering - insufficient moisture, the basement temperature is above + 4 ... + 6 ° C, the bulbs are too small, insufficiently ripened or not very high quality.
- Rot on the flowers - waterlogging or sloppy watering (when watering fell on the flowers).
- Non-opening buds - irregular watering and spraying, sloppy watering.
- Abnormal, curved, deformed flowers and peduncles - when rooting, the plant most likely received sunlight or the basement temperature was above + 4 ... + 6 ° С.
Reference by topic: Dismissal - what is it and how right. Micro-greenery
Growing out of grazing plants in glass vessels
In order to further emphasize the tenderness of the plants, some of them are grown in glass vessels.
The whiteness of the roots in the clear water and the flower stem, looking upwards, always respond in the heart with spring heat.
Most often from February to april on the windowsill you can find a bow in a glass jar, but sometimes it's worth changing the traditions. It is best to give water in the water hyacinths and daffodils from the group Tatsetnye.
In Holland, where a real cult of bulbous, in each store you can buy special glass containers for distillation in water. But we, if you look, you can find the right vessels.
Prior to the active growth of leaves, containers with bulbs are kept in a dark, cool (not higher than + 10 ° С) room, and then brought into an illuminated, warm room. After flowering, such bulbs are discarded.
The distillation of hyacinths
For distillation of hyacinths, large, heavy bulbs are taken without damage. It is better to buy them, since high-quality specimens in the central strip of Russia can only be obtained in a greenhouse. If a hyacinth with double flowers, then the bulb will be smaller than that of a variety with simple flowers. From the excavation to planting on the pasture bulbs must be stored in a dry, ventilated, cool room.
In September - October, prepared bulbs are planted one at a time in pots slightly larger than the diameter of the bulbs. The soil mixture should be light and be a quarter of sand. The tops of the bulbs do not fall asleep. Moistened pots are transferred to a dark room with a temperature of + 4 ... + 6 ° C for rooting. Additionally, they are covered with sand and a layer of sandy soil up to 16 cm.
Of course, it is more convenient to root on ridges or in a cold greenhouse. To do this, dig a shallow trench and fill the pots with sandy soil. But this option is not suitable for everyone. Often, for simplicity and convenience, the pots are placed in black plastic bags and put in a barn, cellar or garage. From time to time, check the moisture of the soil and the presence of shoots.
After rooting, leaves and a flower arrow appear. When the flower arrow becomes 8-10 cm, the temperature begins to gradually increase. And after 15 to 20 days, they bring to + 20 ... + 22 * C. If the temperature is raised too quickly, then only leaves will develop, and the peduncle will slow down in development. Until the length of the leaves reaches 10 cm, pots with hyacinths are covered from the light with paper bags or plastic pots.
Place in the room for a copy-out specimen should be away from radiators and should not be exposed to direct sunlight. In general, the cooler in the room, the longer the bloom will be. Constantly monitor the moisture of the soil: watered, sprinkled with leaves.
See also: Lily of the valley dewatering in winter
Another traditional plant for distillation is a tulip. Bulbs are selected large, in diameter greater than 4 cm, and dried slightly. Planted for 1,5 - 2 months before the intended date. In order for the plants to bloom alternately, some of the bulbs are planted in September, and some in October. First, early flowering varieties, then later. For planting, take pots with a diameter of 13 cm and plant 2 to 3 pieces. The soil is prepared for hyacinths, sandy.
Pots are buried in the sand and they also fall asleep 5-6 cm from above. This is necessary so that the fragile peduncle does not break under its own weight or bend. Store in a dark place at a temperature of + 4 ... + 6 C until flower arrows form. After that, the pots are placed in a warm, bright room. Full flowering begins, usually after 2 weeks. Pots are rotated periodically to keep the peduncle flat. For tall flower arrows sometimes additional support and props are required.
If you want, tulips will delight you with their flowering from mid-winter until they bloom in the flower beds. But the closer the timing of natural flowering in nature, the less spectacular and brightly looking forcing flowers, the color - they become faded, and flowering - short. Of tulips, varieties from the Simple Early or Terry early groups are more often used for distillation, but botanical ones, for example, Kaufman tulip or Greig's tulips, are also possible.
Similarly carry out the forcing of daffodils. For this, varieties from the Tubular, Coarse-crowned, Cyclamen and Tatsettny groups are better suited. For flowering in January - April, planting is carried out in August - October.
Bulbs are placed close to each other so that they are cramped, leaving only the tops on the surface. Tazetten narcissuses form several flowers on one peduncle, so when forcing out there will be a whole bouquet. By September specially prepared bulbs for distillation appear on sale.
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Lagurus (photo) sowing and cultivation, plant care
- Planting bulbous flowers in containers
- Dahlia cuttings at the end of winter-spring
- Flowers of hazel grouses - planting, care and reproduction of flowers
- What to do for more abundant flowering of Turkish carnation, pinnate and Shabo ...
- Flowers Emilia and Gilia - care description
- What flowers contribute to success in business and career?
- Celosia (photo) planting and care. Types of flowers
- Varieties of dahlias with dark leaves
- Ayuga or zhivichka (photo) cultivation, grades and care
Subscribe to updates in our groups and share.
Let's be friends!