Conditions for storing garlic at home and its proper cleaning
Someone keeps it in the toilet, someone considers it a violation of sanitary standards. Here, as they say, to each his own. Perhaps the readers' advice will help you decide - an important and urgent topic.
It would be something to keep!
I want to share my experience of storing garlic. But to have something to store, I want to add tips on growing.
I live in the Southern Urals, in Chelyabinsk. And he was born in Ukraine.
The technology of growing garlic to me is known from early childhood. Himself began to engage in this years 20 back, with the acquisition of a summer residence. I grow garlic from my seeds, in a three-year culture, as recommended in all the reference books (it has already acclimatized to local conditions).
When growing garlic in a three-year culture, it is rejuvenated, getting rid of many diseases. I tried to buy varietal.
See also: How best to store garlic
The temptation is great: in the catalog of one large company engaged in the sale of seeds, listed 125 varieties with the names of breeders! I called the hotline with a request to indicate where the grade was purchased. The award with the retention period of 11 months.
I was told that the ordered goods are sent only by cash on delivery, at least three sets at a price of 180-190 rubles. each, 10 cloves in each set. But they did not give me guarantees that they would send exactly the garlic that was ordered. And I have already been taught the bitter experience of acquiring apple seedlings Symbol at the local breeding station - three times in five years: the variety I have not matured.
But back to the garlic. So, as I said, I grow garlic in a three-year crop. First, in the fall (in October) - with cloves, single teeth and bulbs in equal amounts. I mulch chicken humus, so my garlic has never frozen out. In the spring, after germination, I take care as usual. I feed it with mullein (1: 8) or bird droppings (1:10) with the addition of ash. I dilute the feeding solution in a large container (about 32 buckets to save time later on when dosing).
I feed three times a season at an interval of three weeks. After each feeding I water and loosen. Weeding as necessary.
Cultivation of garlic together with dill
I remove the garlic from July 20 to August 1 - the sooner the better. If the weather is rainy during harvesting, I dig up the garlic, wash it from the dirt in a trough of water and dry it, spreading it on the bed, for about a day, letting the water drain. After thorough drying, weave into lashes. In order to save time, I weave the whips, taking three garlics in one bundle at once.
To prevent spontaneous unleashing of the weave ends of the tatters are tied with ropes.
After weaving, I spread the garlic on boards, tables or hang on the bars in the attic of a bathhouse or garden house and leave to dry until the end of October. Before the threat of frost, at the end of October, I cut off the heads and put them in plastic vegetable boxes, and I remove the boxes either in the garden house or on the glazed veranda in the apartment - I put them in stacks on top of each other.
Trimmed the roots of garlic by half or less.
The main condition is that the garlic dry well before storage, especially the top layer of the husk. If there is a threat of lowering the temperature in the storage place to minus values, I put it in cardboard boxes from under drugs or shoes.
Depending on the number of heads in boxes, you can fill in the gaps between them with dill seeds (ideal!) Or agro-vermiculite.
Seeds of dill possess bactericidal properties, and agro-vermiculite is kept in ovens at a temperature of 900 °, which also contributes to good preservation of the crop.
Boxes with garlic stuck in them are sealed with adhesive tape and placed on the mezzanine in the corridor. For storage it is desirable to choose the coolest place in the apartment.
On the photo: garlic after storage at the end of April this year. In this way I stored the one-toed ones on the shelves in the basement of the garage, and they did not lose their germination.
Common methods of storing garlic in salt, with burning the roots over a gas stove or candle, coating the heads with molten paraffin are not suitable because of the complexity, and most importantly, they do not give the desired results.
© Ivan Mikhailovich LYCHAK. Chelyabinsk
Reference by topic: Winter and spring garlic: how to tell when to plant?
Storing garlic for the winter
I dig garlic in dry weather. Never its not mine! I clean from the ground, carefully remove the upper dirty layer, then cut off the roots and stem so that it can be tied into bundles. I bind six to seven pieces in a bundle and hang it in a barn to dry. If it's hot outside, I stand a few times in the sun. When the garlic dries, I cut off the stem, leaving only the heads.
Last year there was a lot of garlic, I put my head in a bucket and put it in the kitchen. A daughter in school for autumn crafts needed spruce cones. My husband brought many cones from the forest, some of them were taken by his daughter, and the rest was a pity to throw out, and I put them on top of the garlic in a bucket. The heads were taken as needed, and the cones lay on top in a bucket. And garlic was kept as well as ever! Clean, krepenky, as if he had just come from the garden!
I read that infusions of fir cones are treated with sore throat, sinusitis, pneumonia. Hence, they contain some antimicrobial substances. Probably, this is the whole secret. This is the bucket in the kitchen on the floor. In autumn, I will ask my husband to bring again cones!
Do not get rid of colds if you have garlic in your house
In winter and spring, colds are common. To cope with them, we take a handful of pharmacy tablets, pills, powders and other preparations. Meanwhile, most of us have garden plots where healthy vegetables grow.
And on one thing I want to stop: this is a universal medicinal plant - garlic. It is a natural antibiotic that copes with various bacteria and is able to defeat any infection.
Garlic is a pantry of vitamins and minerals. With the initial signs of a cold, he can become the first assistant. My grandmother was cooking garlic butter. It is necessary to take 4 heads of garlic, grate, fill a small jar with the resulting gruel and add a third part (by weight of garlic) of vegetable oil. Mix thoroughly, cover and put in a warm place to insist for two weeks, periodically opening and stirring. After this time, the mixture should be filtered and the oil is ready.
It is good for angina and colds. You need to take 1 tsp. garlic oil, dilute in 1 l boiled water, mix well and gargle or bury in the nose. After several procedures, the disease will recede. This recipe can also be used for influenza.
To cleanse blood vessels of cholesterol plaques, take 1 tsp at the same time. garlic oil and freshly squeezed lemon juice. Do this 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals. The duration of treatment is 90 days. After this, take a month break, and then repeat the course.
Garlic oil is used externally. It is rubbed into the scalp with loss, increased brittleness and dry hair, seborrhea. Oil is applied to problem areas of the skin with allergies, acne, long-term non-healing wounds, abrasions, bruises. With the use of oil, warming compresses can be done with radiculitis, neuralgia and inflammation of the joints. This remedy also helps to remove the itch from insect bites.
Garlic without oil
But it is quite possible to be treated and just fresh garlic, without insisting on oil.
If you have the flu, rub five cloves of garlic and inhale its vapors for 5 minutes three times a day - morning, afternoon and evening.
With toothache, peel one garlic clove from the husk and chew it for 3 min, all microorganisms will die in the mouth, and the pain will stop.
To relieve pain in the knees and joints, one must chop one head of garlic and 200 g onions. Prepared mass pour 1 liter of alcohol and let it brew for two weeks, periodically shaking (by the way, alcohol can be replaced with vodka). Finished means rub wary joints.
If there are abscesses on the body, clean the head of garlic, crush it to a homogeneous mass (like mashed potatoes), then add 15-20 drops of aloe juice into it and mix well. After this the preparation is ready. The mass is laid out on a sterile gauze, pressed against the abscess, and wrapped around the bandage. Keep this medicine for an hour.
Be sure to try at least one of the grandmother's products, which can be prepared from an amazing vegetable - garlic.
Iosif Vladimirovich VOYTYUK, Tatarstan, Kazan
ONION AND GARLAND TAKE PART ON LIFE
Some summer residents wonder why the onion and winter garlic are badly kept from year to year. The most common cause of the problem is that they are late with cleaning. When is it necessary to harvest?
Onion - Onions are ready for harvesting when the leaves have dried up and lie on the ground, and the bulbs are fully formed and have acquired a characteristic color for the variety. If you are late with cleaning, after a while growth will resume, and the bulbs will not be stored. If there is a wet and warm weather, the feathers of onion and in the middle of August remain green. In this case, for 1 -2 weeks before the proposed harvesting, shovel the land from the bulbs and partially cut the roots with a shovel or take the feathers with your hands so that they lie on the bed.
Depending on the cultivation region, garlic is harvested at the end of July and the first half of August. If you miss the harvest of winter garlic, the bulbs will burst with scales, and the heads will break into teeth, which will greatly shorten the period of storage. The harvest begins when the marginal leaves are completely turned yellow, and the middle leaves are one-third and one-third above. Characteristic signs of ripening of garlic are also the straightening of the curved peduncle and the opening of the wrapper on the inflorescences. A very important point! When cleaning garlic, do not shake the ground off the heads with the help of blows. Remove it by hand so as not to injure the first scales on which the shelf life of the vegetable depends.
TIP: Take the onion and garlic in good weather. Do not rush to take the bulbs from the garden, let them dry out in the fresh air, and after 5-8 hours, send it to a well-ventilated room for a few weeks to dry.
Anna LEBEDEVA, Master of Perm University of Agriculture and Technology.
Onions and garlic in our family love everything, so we grow these vegetables in large quantities. And that the bulbs quickly dried and well kept, asked my son-in-law to make benches and dryers. Of six bars length 50 cm and two lengths 2,5 m, he knocked off the frame in the form of a bench. Between the side rails at a distance of 3,5-4 cm from each other stuffed wooden pins. I installed a shed under the roof. Harvest, brought from the garden, we put between bulbs bulbs up. So the bulbs are better blown, and then the tops are then easier to cut. I do it with big scissors right away for a whole series.
Claudia Shupikova, Mogilev. Photo of the author
© Marina Kravtsova Tver region
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Planting garlic is a great harvesting method
- Planting winter garlic under a layer of mulch
- Planting winter garlic and advice on cleaning it (Moscow)
- Growing winter garlic - planting and care (Tyumen region)
- Winter Garlic: 5 harvesting tricks
- Black garlic do it yourself and other ways to store garlic
- Plants with the taste and smell of garlic - photos, names and description
- Garlic bulbs - Exibishen onion seedlings (Kursk region)
- "Family Garlic" - growing planting and care
- Grow garlic in the same place + plant the garlic deep!
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