Root storage conditions
Crop storage is the main concern of truck farmers in the fall. Perhaps the most difficult with root vegetables: they are quite demanding. It is not easy to create optimal conditions for them in an apartment.
What influences the rooting of roots?
Not all gardeners think that the preparation for storage of carrots and beets begins long before the time of autumn harvesting. The first step we are making, even at the stage of seed selection, because not all varieties can boast of good crocheting. Of the time-tested, it is worth mentioning:
Beets - 'Bordeaux 237'. 'Mulatto'. 'Detroit'. 'One-sprout', 'Egyptian flat', Mushroom flat A473.
Carrots - 'Nantes 4', 'Moscow Winter', 'Losinoostrovskaya 13 *,' Samson ',' Vitamin 6 '.
Of course, this list is far from exhaustive - many modern varieties and hybrids can supplement it.
But even if the varieties are suitable, a bad situation can lead to improper care or unfavorable weather conditions. For example, when there is a lack of moisture root crops are rough and sluggish, excess of dampness is more often affected by rot, but if dry periods are replaced by rainy, carrots and beets crack and can not be stored.
Naturally, it is necessary to reject all that pests have attempted to do. For processing all root crops with signs of disease and mechanical damages will go. Too large and too small are also stored poorly.
See also: Bow storage: how to correctly
Harvesting root crops - so that there is something to store
But here, it turns out, there are secrets.
Beetroot is usually extracted easily, but carrots are best for digging with a pitchfork first (with a shovel more likely to damage the root crop) and only then gently pull out of the bed.
When to clean root crops?
Depends on the variety, sowing date. The easiest and most reliable way to navigate is to look at what is written on a bag of seeds. It usually indicates how much time should pass from the time the seedlings appear until the crop ripens. So let's count ...
Their amendments are made in the calculation of weather conditions: if the forecast promises early frosts, you will have to hurry, but if the autumn is warm, you can not be too hasty. Especially dangerous are the cold for beets: it has a significant part of the root crop on the surface of the soil, and even a little frost will lead to the fact that there will simply be nothing to store.
Advice of a specialist
Neither beets nor carrots should be thrown during harvesting. When cleaning vegetables from lumps of soil, in no case should root beetles tap on the ground or on each other. In all such situations, they receive damage - albeit insignificant, but quite sufficient for the harmful microorganisms to invade and begin their destructive work.
It is worth accelerating the process of harvesting carrots and beets even if long rains are expected. In dry weather, working on the beds is much more pleasant than in the autumn slush. In addition, root crops extracted from wet soil will have to be dried longer before laying for storage, and then carefully cleaned of dried earth.
Reference by topic: Potato storage - how to store potatoes and create the best conditions for this
To wash and whether to wash root crops after harvesting?
By the way, some truck farmers after washing clean carrots. First, all the damage is immediately visible.
Secondly, the adhering soil is washed away without risking damage to the peel, which can easily happen if we clean it by hand.
Thirdly, it's just nice to get clean vegetables from storage in winter. Only having decided on the experiment, do not forget that the washed root crops must be dried before storing. And remember: carrots and potatoes can be washed, but beet water procedures are contraindicated.
Root crops pulled out of the bed are not dried for long so that they do not begin to wither: in the sun, beets, for example, last 2 to 3 hours (in wet weather, drying will last longer - up to 3 days, of course, indoors or at least under a canopy).
Tops should be cut. Some break out, unscrew it - this is a mistake! We cut the beets, leaving about 1 cm of petioles. Carrots should not have any “tails”. Some gardeners even cut off the "ass", arguing that this way the root crop lasts longer. In this case, it is better to sprinkle the slice immediately with ash or crushed coal.
Where and how to store root vegetables?
So, all the requirements are fulfilled: we selected root crops of downy varieties, correctly and promptly removed from the beds, made sure that they didn’t have any flaws ... Now we need to create conditions in which the crop will safely lie until next spring.
Beetroots a dark room with a temperature slightly above zero and a humidity of 90-95% is best suited.
Carrots allow a slightly higher storage temperature - up to + 10 ° C, but it is very important that it is stable. Where can such conditions be?
For example, in the refrigerator. In the vegetable box we put a large plastic bag, having previously made a few holes for ventilation. In the package neat row put root crops, cover (not too tightly) and remove the box in place.
The main thing is not to completely block the air, otherwise carrots and beets will quickly begin to deteriorate. The disadvantage of this method is one, but significant: the volume of the vegetable compartment is small even in the largest refrigerator.
If the apartment has a balcony, you can arrange a storage place there. However, in this case it will be necessary to put more effort, because without a well-insulated storage box, nothing will come out.
The designs of such mini-cellars are different - depending on the available area, materials and skills of the master. But in any case, laying vegetables in them, you need to consider that it is most difficult to provide the desired humidity in such a store.
All the same plastic bags, cling film or foil come to the rescue, into which each root crop is carefully wrapped individually. A mandatory element of the storehouse is a thermometer, root crops cannot tolerate even a short-term drop in temperature below the zero mark - having frozen, they will immediately begin to deteriorate, in case of severe frosts it is necessary to provide for additional insulation of the mini-cellar (for example, old cotton blankets that wrap the box well) .
If you have a place to store potatoes, it is perfect for root crops, which are laid out on top of tubers in one layer. This neighborhood is beneficial to everyone: beets and carrots absorb excess moisture, which harms the potatoes.
Carrots perfectly preserved, if you pour it with peat, sawdust, sand. Any substrate should be slightly moist, so that the roots do not dry out. But keep in mind: if the temperature in the store is high, rot will quickly develop in a moist environment, so the method is suitable only for cold cellars and cellars.
For the prevention of vegetable diseases during storage, they use ordinary ash (root crops are sprinkled with it), as well as everyone's favorite “Fitosporin” and other modern drugs (for example, the “Anti-Rot” aerosol)
If it is impossible to create the necessary conditions, part of the crop will have to be processed. The easiest and most popular way is freezing. But frozen vegetables are not very good for salads, vinaigrettes, and there is usually not much space in the freezer. So you need to preserve.
Keep in mind that conservation without vinegar often requires cold storage (in the cellar or refrigerator). If there is no possibility, try alternative recipes.
Tasty and useful sour beet. True, it is still better to store it in the cold, so as not to peroxidate. It is prepared very easily.
Clean the washed roots, cut into slices and place them tightly in a prepared container (jar, barrel, pan, etc.). To taste, you can add chopped horseradish root. Pour the prepared beets with cold brine, prepared at the rate of 30 - 40 g of salt per 1 liter of water. Leave it warm for several days, periodically removing the resulting foam. When active fermentation is over, the container is cleaned in a cold place. Beets will be ready in about a month.
In a word, there is plenty to choose from - there are not so few ways to preserve the grown crop.
FOR THE NOTICE
You can even harvest beet tops. To save for the winter, its leaves are dried, frozen, salted. Most often these blanks are used as a seasoning for hot dishes or vegetable salads. Raw beet tops contain substances that slow aging. And still it turns out a delicious filling for pies.
A couple of recipes from root vegetables
Hold the washed roots for 15 minutes. in cold water, then in hot (about +90 ° C) for 3-4 minutes. Clean, cut into circles. Stuff the prepared jars with carrots. Prepare a brine (30 g of salt per 1 liter of water), pour it hot (not boiling) in jars with carrots. Sterilize (1 L - 50 min., 0,5 L -40 min.), Roll up.
Washed root vegetables blanch for 20 minutes. in boiling water, clean. Fill the jars (the smallest beets canned whole, and the one that is larger, randomly chopped). Prepare a brine (20 g of salt per 1 liter of water), pour boiling into jars. Sterilize (1l-45 min., 0,5 L - 40 min.), Roll up.
Read also an interesting and complete article about storing vegetables here
Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Scarification and stratification of perennial seeds
- How to prevent carrots and cabbage from cracking and rotting potatoes
- How to harvest and store seeds from their plants
- Arrangement of a new site and planting a young garden
- Keeping the crop in autumn and winter - my proven tips
- How to properly prepare flower seeds for planting next year
- How to save plants after a shower or flood
- How to distinguish the southern seedling from the local seedlings (zoned)
- What should you plant in the fall and what shouldn’t? Councils of Agricultural Sciences
- Rules for placing plants in the garden, taking into account compatibility - a memo
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